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Daily News Analysis 20-01-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.

Open to new approach in Geneva: Sri Lanka (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Sri Lankan govt will take a new approach to the Human Rights issue in Geneva and also committed to implementing the controversial 13th amendment of the Constitution.          

2.

Can Barack Obama break the nuclear logjam? (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Bilateral talks and Nuclear issues will be the focus areas of US President Obamas visit to India.

3.

Indias Afghan dilemma (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     US stance with Afghanistan and Pakistan would cast a shadow to Indo-US ties.

4.

Germany eager to join Make in India initiative (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     Manufacturing sector is the focus area.

5.

Ceding ground to the Army (Page 8)

a)     International

a)     Military courts in democratic system.

6.

Over a billion live on less than $1.25 a day: Oxfam (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Global wealth inequality shows the heights of Poverty.

7.

Dealing with first generation school-goers (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Philosophy of Education and Child Education plan.

8.

RBI asks banks to review minimum lending rate every quarter (Page 14)

a)     Economy

a)     RBIs new guide lines with respect to the Base Rate.

9.

DRDO gears up for maiden canister-based trial of Agni-V (Page 5)

a)     S&T

a)     Indias first canister-based trial Agni-V.

10.

Looking back at Brahmo Samaj history (Page 7)

a)     National

b)     History

a)     Annual celebration of the Sadharan Bramho Samaj.

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

Open to new approach in Geneva: Sri Lanka (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Sri Lanka relations

b)     United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

c)     13th amendment

 

a)     Visiting Sri Lankan Foreign Minister Samaraweera has said that our govt will take a new approach to the UNHRC process in Geneva.

b)     About its reconciliation policy for the Tamil-majority provinces, Samaraweera told that the govt had already moved on two demands of the TNA government. 

c)     While ruling out an international inquiry of the kind pushed for by the US and cleared by the UNHRC in 2014, he hoped that some process would be worked out during this years meeting in Geneva in March.

d)     He also said the govt was committed to implementing the controversial 13th amendment of the Constitution on devolution of powers to Tamil-majority areas.

2.

Can Barack Obama break the nuclear logjam? (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Defence ties

c)     Defence Technology Trade Initiative (DTTI)

d)     Paris climate summit 2015

e)     Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT)

f)     Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)

g)     Totalisation Agreement

h)     Civil nuclear agreement

i)     Nuclear Liability Act 2010

j)     Section 46 of the law

k)     Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)

a)     Bilateral talks and a major speech on the future of Indo-US ties will be the highlight of US President Obamas visit to India.

b)     Discussions on Indo-US ties are expected to focus on four particular areas (identified by Kerry when he visited) - defence, climate change, bilateral trade and nuclear issues.

c)     On defence, the two sides will sign the new strategic framework replacing the earlier signed in 2005 and is set to expire in 2015.

d)     Also under the DTTI, the US is set to propose several projects for joint development and production.

e)     On the climate change front, both sides are expected to give a major push for renewable energy with the US set to offer a grant for India to purchase energy-efficient technologies.

f)     The US is also keen on having India on board the climate convention at the upcoming climate summit at the end of the year in Paris.

g)     On bilateral trade, US has been pushing for early conclusion of BIT for protection of IPRs of its companies.

h)     India is also hopeful of a totalisation agreement as well as a visa liberalisation agreement which would help Indians working in the US.

i)     Both sides are working to announce closer cooperation on counter terrorism including revitalising the cyber security working group and terror financing.

j)     The important discussions will be on clearing the nuclear deadlock over Indias supplier liability law.

k)      Two new proposals from India could make the way for a resolution of the deadlock: on an insurance pool and clarifying the contentious Section 46 of the law.

l)     This has become a sticking point for US nuclear companies to invest in India in spite of the US facilitating the privilege for India at the NSG for nuclear trade.

m)     India also expects US support for other nuclear regimes and the administrative arrangements to be readied ahead of any development.

3.

Indias Afghan dilemma (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Afghanistan relations

b)     Afghanistans internal issues

c)     International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)

d)     Operation Enduring Freedom

e)     US combat operations in Afghanistan

f)     NATO

g)     India-Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement 2011

h)     Global terrorism  

i)     Marshall Plan

 

a)     By the end of 2014, two important transitions in Afghanistan had taken place.

b)     A political transition to a post-Karzai period had begun after a difficult election process.

c)     Second, the ISAF flag had come down marking the end of the 13-year-long Operation Enduring Freedom, transferring primary responsibility for security to the Afghan Army and police forces.

d)     The timeline of the security transition was laid out when US President Obama announced the move in 2009, simultaneously laying out the schedule of the drawdown and withdrawal of US forces from combat operations in Afghanistan.

e)     The original objective in 2002 was to build a stable, strong, effectively governed Afghanistan which will not degenerate into disruption; following the Iraq distraction, this was perceived as nation building and too ambitious during Bushs second term

f)     And Obama settled for the more modest goal of preventing Afghanistan from becoming a safe haven for global terrorism.

g)     US expenditure on rebuilding Afghanistan stands at $104 billion, slightly more than what the US spent on the Marshall Plan (adjusted for inflation) for rebuilding 16 European countries after World War II.

h)     Progress has been registered in terms of life expectancy, literacy, school attendance especially for girls, health care, urbanisation, roads, etc. and GDP has gone up from $2 billion to $20 billion but is far short of what could have been achieved.

i)     Development plans need more than $5 billion of external aid annually.

k)     The weakness of both the political and the security transitions creates uncertainty and consequently, raises the likelihood of instability.

l)     India has played a significant role in Afghanistans economic reconstruction committing and delivering upwards of $2 billion distributed between humanitarian assistance, rebuilding infrastructure and human resource development.

m)     Pakistan was uncomfortable with Indias role in Afghanistan which had remained restricted to the economic sphere.

n)     President Ashraf Ghanis early visits to China, Saudi Arabia and Islamabad show that he understands Pakistans abilities to exploit the weak transition and the US is unlikely to provide much comfort.

o)     The India-Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement (2011) positioned India for a security role post-2014 but US unwillingness to irritate Pakistan and Indian restraint prevented any significant development.

p)     A decade of democracy has opened up Afghan society and Indias cooperation programmes have helped develop sustainable linkages cutting across ethnic lines around the shared vision.

q)     Dialogues with Afghanistans neighbours will become important as these countries start feeling nervous about the return of instability.

r)     To manage its exit and keep the transitions on track for 2015 implies that US dependence on Pakistan will only rise in the near term.

s)     Normally, this would cast a shadow on India-US ties but given its temporary character, the Indian leadership should work to protect the wider relationship by keeping the focus on broader counter-terrorism cooperation and deepening the many other aspects of the bilateral relationship. 

4.

Germany eager to join Make in India initiative (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)    India – Germany relations

b)     Make in India initiative

a)     Visiting German Finance Minister said that Germany views Modis Make in India initiative as a big opportunity for its industrial firms.

b)     He expressed interest in working with India in the manufacturing sector, especially in the auto and solar energy industries.

c)     Manufacturing was the focus of the talks.

d)     This positive note comes close on the part of US Secretary of State John Kerrys voicing of the Obama administrations worries over the initiative.

e)     Modi is scheduled to jointly inaugurate the Hannover trade fair along with German Chancellor Angela Merkel during his visit to Germany in April.

5.

Ceding ground to the Army (Page 8)

a)     International

a)     Terrorism

b)     Pakistan internal issues

c)     Peshawar attacks

d)     Military courts

e)     21st Amendment to the Constitution

a)     The Pakistans National Assembly and the Senate showed in the 21st Amendment to the Constitution under which military courts are to be set up for a period of two years to adjudicate on terrorism-related cases.

b)     The last time Pakistan had military courts was during the martial law regime of General Zia-ul-Haq in the 1980s.

c)     The next military ruler (General Pervez Musharraf) did not enact martial law; there were no military courts during his nine-year regime.

d)     That Parliament sanctioned the assumption of judicial powers by the Pakistan Army during the time of an elected govt led by Nawaz Sharif, who knows only too well the dangers of military rule, is a further contradiction.

e)     The move has undermined the hard-fought 2007 struggle of the judiciary for the separation of powers and is a move to the countrys weak democratic structure.

f)     Instead of using the opportunity to strengthen investigations into terrorism offences and put in place mechanisms to protect witnesses and judges from intimidation by terrorist groups, the govt grasped all too easily the hand offered by the military, an admission of civilian helplessness.

g)     Years of support by the security establishment of terrorist groups have radicalised all sections of society.

h)     Pakistan can tackle this problem only by strengthening its democratic institutions.

i)     For New Delhi, the military courts present an interesting double-edged opportunity.

j)     India could now possibly make the demand that the cases against the accused in the Mumbai attack should now be shifted to a military court.

6.

Over a billion live on less than $1.25 a day: Oxfam (Page 12)

a)     International

b)     Social issue

a)     Global wealth inequality

b)     Poverty

c)     Oxfam report

d)     Forbes list

a)     Global wealth inequality has reached shocking proportions with 1 in 9 people not getting enough to eat and over a billion on less than $1.25 a day.

b)     According to a report by Oxfam, if wealth concentration grows at the present rate, in another two years the top one percent of the global population will earn more than the remaining 99 percent.

c)     Report says that data from Credit Suisse shows that since 2010, the richest 1 percent of adults in the world have been increasing their share of total global wealth.

d)     The poorest half of the world has seen an absolute decline in their share of the worlds wealth since 2010.

e)     The international agency has called for govts to adopt a seven-point programme to address the problem of inequality.

f)      It says that the programme should include prevention of tax avoiding; investment in free public services like health and education; spreading the tax burden to the rich; introduction of both minimum wage legislation and equal pay legislation for women and ensuring safety-net for the poorest.

7.

Dealing with first generation school-goers (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Right to Education Act of 2009

b)     Socio-economic opportunities

c)     Philosophy of Education

a)     The overall socio-economic opportunities are vastly different for children, which also have significant educational implications.

b)     Education of these first generation school-goers is a complex of challenges.

c)     It requires substantially higher commitment and lot more work and its the responsibility of the teachers to make this education happen.

d)     All children must get education, no child can be refused admission in a govt school and that special measures must be taken to get disadvantaged children in to schools have been policy in some way or the other for decades.

e)     These policies and their details have become sharper and tighter over time, culminating in the Right to Education Act of 2009.

f)     Education is just about the most complex of all intentional social processes, it is a humanistic social effort.

g)     Therefore, it is entirely dependent on the capacities, dispositions, beliefs and relationships of those involved, most significantly of the teachers.

h)     Such a process of building understanding and convictions through deep personal examination and inquiry is absolutely fundamental to the effectiveness of education.

i)     Education poses many more such basic questions every day to the practitioner: what do we want our children to learn and why, should basic existing social norms be questioned, what are good values and how are they developed, what does it mean when we say that a child understands, what are our basic assumptions about human beings, what is the use of knowledge etc.

j)     These kinds of basic issues along with the related process of critical examination and systematic inquiry is philosophy of education.

k)     Philosophy is absolutely essential in the practice of good education.

l)     That is why India needs people in education to be able to philosophise carefully about education.

8.

RBI asks banks to review minimum lending rate every quarter (Page 14)

a)     Economy

a)     Base rate (Minimum lending rate)

b)     Monetary policy

c)     Repo rate

d)     Reverse repo rate

a)     The RBI asked banks to notify the Base Rate at least once in every three months based on the cost of funds, a move seen as a push to lenders to pass on the changes in the policy rate to borrowers.

b)      The direction comes soon after the RBI cut the repo rate by 0.25 percentage point (the first reduction in 20 months) to increase credit and economic growth.

c)     According to the RBIs new guidelines on interest rates on advances, banks are required to review the Base Rate at least once in a quarter.

d)     While computing the Base Rate, banks will have the freedom to calculate the cost of funds either on the basis of average cost of funds or on the marginal cost of funds or any other methodology in popular.

e)     RBI said it had been decided to allow banks to review the Base Rate methodology after three years from the date of its finalisation instead of the current periodicity of five years.

9.

DRDO gears up for maiden canister-based trial of Agni-V (Page 5)

a)     S&T

a)     Agni-V

b)     Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)

c)     Wheeler Island

d)     Missile Ejection Test

a)     India is all set to carry out the first canister-based trial of the 5000 km-plus nuclear weapons capable Agni-V ICBM from the Wheeler Island on Jan 31.

b)     In view of the long range of the missile, the radars, telemetry and electro-optical tracking systems would be spread out and deployed in a way that there would be repeatability of data.

c)     A sophisticated high-end telemetry system would be exercised for its full capacity to capture data.

d)     DRDO missile technologists had in the past conducted Missile Ejection Test from a canister in simulated conditions on two occasions.

e)     DRDO sources said the major advantage of canister was that it would provide operational flexibility to the user to launch the missile from anywhere as also easy and safer transportation.

f)     India joined a group club of nations which possess ICBMs after the first launch of Agni-V ended in a huge success on April 19 2012.

10.

Looking back at Brahmo Samaj history (Page 7)

a)     National

b)     Histroy

a)     Brahmo Samaj

b)     Social custom of Sati

c)     Raja Rammohan Roy

d)     Dwarkanath Tagore

e)     Keshav Chandra Sen

f)     Rabindranath Tagore

a)     An exhibition highlighting the history of Brahmo Samaj through old letters written by Raja Rammohan Roy, Keshav Chandra Sen and Rabindranath Tagore was held in Kolkata on the occasion of an annual celebration of the Sadharan Bramho Samaj.

b)     The Brahmo Samaj (a prominent socio-religious movement) was founded by Raja Rammohan Roy along with Dwarkanath Tagore and others on Aug 20 1828.

c)     It was against some social practices that Raja Rammohan Roy started his reform movement and ultimately succeeded in bringing a ban on the custom of Sati.

11.

Sukhna Lake reopens (Page 7)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Sukhna Lake

a)     After remaining closed for nearly a month due to bird fly scare, the famous Sukhna Lake opened to the public.

           

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