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Daily News Analysis 25-01-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.

Nuclear deal possible when Modi, Obama meet: officials (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     During the bilateral talks in the coming Obamas visit, defence deals, climate change agreement will be discussed, with major focus on a possible outcome on nuclear deal.

2.

Bid to go beyond defence sales (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     Defence Framework Agreement is likely to be the key outcome of Obamas visit to India.

3.

UN team to visit Pakistan to assess JuD funds freeze (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     UN monitoring committee will be looking closely at the freeze on assets of JuD and other terrorist groups that are on the Al Qaeda Sanctions list.

4.

Consensus on implementing 13th amendment: Ranil (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankan govt is in the process of implementing the 13th amendment to end the countrys ethnic conflict.

 

5.

Japan condemns IS execution (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     International

a)     IS militants violence on the Japanese citizens.

6.

Microcredit no panacea for poverty: study (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Microcredit had no impact on Poverty and womens empowerment.

7.

A simple device to curb female foeticide (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     The Jind district administration (in Haryana) has introduced the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme to improve the sex ratio.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

Nuclear deal possible when Modi, Obama meet: officials (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Civil nuclear deal

c)     Defence partnership

d)     Defence Trade and Technological initiative

e)     Climate change agreement

f)     Counter terrorism

g)     Cyber cooperation  

a)     During the bilateral talks in the coming Obamas two-day visit, the India-US defence partnership is set to take centre stage.

b)     While signing a new defence framework, the two countries are likely to discuss co-production deals as part of the Defence Trade and Technological initiative, as well as closer exchanges between the armed forces.

c)     As economic issues are at the top of the agenda for both Modi and Obama, they hope to clear several issues that would elevate the relationship.

d)     Fighting climate change and an agreement on renewable energy is also expected after talks, as are MoUs on counter-terrorism, cyber cooperation and extended discussions on Pakistan and Afghanistan.

e)     The most anticipated outcome is the possibility of a development on the nuclear deal over suppliers liability and other issues that have held up the setting up of US nuclear reactors in India for the past decade.

2.

Bid to go beyond defence sales (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US ties

b)     Defence cooperation

c)     Defence Framework Agreement  

d)     Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI)

e)     Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)

 

a)     Defence cooperation is likely to be the key outcome of Obamas visit to India. 

b)     An announcement may be made for the local production of mini UAVs and surveillance systems for transport aircraft.

c)     The biggest deliverable will be the renewal of the Defence Framework Agreement by another 10 years.

d)     Since the first agreement in 2005, the US has bagged defence deals worth about $10 billion with deals of similar value in the pipeline.

e)     Discussions are on to identify projects for co-development and co-production under the DTTI.

f)     India has a large requirement for UAVs of different configurations in a variety of roles from surveillance, law and order to disaster management.

g)     Other projects under discussion include the possibility of cooperation on next generation aircraft launch system for aircraft carriers and a revised offer from BAE Systems for the local assembly of M-777 Ultra-Light Howitzers.

3.

UN team to visit Pakistan to assess JuD funds freeze (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     Terrorism

b)    UN resolution

c)     UNSC

d)     Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD)

e)     Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)

a)     Paks External Affairs Ministry spokesperson confirmed that there is no new ban on the JuD or Hafiz Saeed.

b)     A UN monitoring committee will be looking closely at the freeze on assets of these and other terrorist groups that are on the Al Qaeda Sanctions list.

c)     UN sources confirmed that the monitoring committee will look closer at the Pakistan special court proceedings against LeT commander and 26/11 accused Zaki-ur-Rahman Lakhvi during the visit as Lakhvi is also on the sanctions list. 

4.

Consensus on implementing 13th amendment: Ranil (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankan internal issues

b)     Human rights issue

c)     UNHRC

d)    Indo-Sri Lanka accord 1987 

a)     Sri Lankan PM said political parties have agreed to implement the 13th amendment as a solution to end the countrys over three-decade-old ethnic conflict involving the Tamil minority.

b)     He further said that all Provincial Councils will have equal powers now that the Tamil National Alliance has said that they are for a solution within an undivided Sri Lanka.

c)     Provincial Councils became part of the Sri Lankan statute as a direct result of the landmark 1987 Indo-Sri Lanka accord (popularly known as the Rajiv-Jayawardane Accord).

d)     He also blamed the former President Rajapaksa for failing to resolve the issues concerning the Tamil minority despite having ended the two-and-a-half decade-old civil war with the LTTE in 2009.

e)     The Rajapaksa govt agreed with the UN Secretary General to have an investigation after the war ended. Later confirmed it at the UNHRC.

f)     He said the new govts policy on the investigation is that all criminal charges will be probed through a local mechanism.

5.

Japan condemns IS execution (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     International

a)     Islamic State (IS)

a)     Japan criticised a recording claiming to announce the execution of a Japanese citizen held by IS militants and demanded the immediate release of another convict shown as appearing on the image.

b)     Prime Minister Abe said this is a shocking act of violence.

6.

Microcredit no panacea for poverty: study (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Microcredit

b)     Poverty

a)     Studies have shown that no evidence of microcredit successfully alleviating poverty.

b)     Microcredit also had no impact on womens empowerment.

c)      The profit-making side of microcredit surpassing its poverty alleviation side grew in Andhra Pradesh in 2012 in the wake of a series of suicides by borrowers.

7.

A simple device to curb female foeticide (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme

b)     Sex ratio

c)     Census 2011

a)     A simple set top box is helping to prevent sex determination and female foeticide.

b)     Though Jind (Haryana) is not among the 12 districts identified for joint action under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign launched by Modi, the district administration has introduced the scheme to track ultrasound machines to check their misuse for sex determination tests and to improve the sex ratio.

c)     A set top box is put along with every ultrasound machine and the power supply to the ultrasound machine is routed through it. So, both would have to be switched on together.

d)     The set top box contains a GPRS-based SIM card which sends a message to the CMO and the Deputy Commissioner the moment it is switched on.

e)     It records the entire functioning of the ultrasound machine and sends a video in encrypted form to the CMO every day.

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