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Daily News Analysis 30-11--0001

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.

On Day one, the nuclear deal is done (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     The nuclear deal was a key highlight of the India-US bilateral negotiations.

2.

Beyond the immediate present (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     Bilateral ties between India and US show the world that India is ready to play a central role beyond its borders. 

3.

India, US to extend Defence cooperation pact (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     India and the US agreed to extend the Defence Cooperation Agreement and also increase bilateral anti-terror cooperation, intelligence sharing and maritime security.

4.

Vision statement on Asia-Pacific, Indian Ocean (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     Modi and Obama issued a joint strategic vision statement for the Asia-Pacific and the Indian ocean region, which declares the importance of safeguarding maritime security and ensuring freedom of navigation and over the region.

5.

State inks pact with US trade agency (Page 5)

a)     I.R

a)     Signed a MoU for development of Smart cities in Andhra Pradesh, particularly in Visakhapatnam.

6.

Critical transition in Saudi Arabia (Page 8)

a)     International

a)     The death of King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia caused a transition of power.

7.

The love for sons and appropriate attire (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Son preference and norms on appropriate clothing for women are two different issues related to gender bias in India.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

On Day one, the nuclear deal is done (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Civil nuclear deal

c)     Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act 2010

d)     Convention on Supplementary Compensation (CSC)

e)     Nuclear Suppliers Group

f)     Wassenaar Arrangement

g)     Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)

 

a)     Announcing an end to the nuclear deadlock, Obama said we had reached a development understanding that would allow nuclear contracts to be signed between US firms and India. 

b)     The agreement (including the completion of administrative arrangements) was a key highlight of the India-US bilateral negotiations.

c)      They announced a development understanding that would allow commercialisation of the Indo-US civilian nuclear deal launched in 2005.

d)      The development also signalled a significant diplomatic victory for Indias stand that it would not dilute its liability law, although it would almost definitely mean a higher cost to any nuclear deal concluded with US companies than was earlier anticipated.

e)      For the last few years, talks on the civilian nuclear deals administrative arrangements had been stopped after the US raised objections to Indias Compensation for Nuclear Liability and Damages law of 2010.

f)     The law included two sections (17(b) and 46) which the US felt would compensate companies supplying nuclear reactors and parts to India beyond what was required by international law or CSC.

g)     Proposals involved an enhanced insurance pool with a liability package of at least $200 million, as well as a clarification or explanation of section 46 of the liability law.

h)     Modi announced that India also won US assurances of support for its membership in four nuclear regimes: the Nuclear Suppliers Group, Wassenaar Arrangement, Australian Group and the MTCR.

2.

Beyond the immediate present (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US ties

b)     Nuclear deal

c)     Defence cooperation

d)     WTO issue

e)     UNSC

 

a)     The invitation to Obama to be the chief guest at the Republic Day is both a reflection of something bold and at the same time unsurprising, when understood in historical context. 

b)     Nuclear agreements, defence contracts and export control laws absorb the headlines and for good reason.

c)     In fact, the close relations in the present are the real outcome of almost 70 years of crises, understanding and dialogue.

d)     India was a democracy but believed in giving the Peoples Republic of China a place in the UNSC.

e)     India would be moved by her own interests.

f)     Unlike the USs relationship with France or Britain, there was a rough edge to an advance with India where disagreement and come-back incrementally invested in strategic resilience.

g)     Such resilience is what has allowed Modi to expect a future with America, despite disagreements over a whole range of issues whether at the WTO or to do with insurance liabilities.

h)     Prior to 2014, the focus of the relationship between India and the US was primarily dependent upon a fund that conditioned bilateral transactions. 

i)     Free market politics is what seems to motivate Modi.

j)     Obamas visit is as important from the perspective of furthering bilateral ties, as it is to show the world that India is ready to play a central role well beyond its borders. 

3.

India, US to extend Defence cooperation pact (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)    India – US ties

b)     Defence Cooperation Agreement

c)     Defence Technology Trade Initiative (DTTI)

d)     Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

e)     Anti-terror cooperation

a)    India and the US agreed to extend the Defence Cooperation Agreement and identified four projects under the DTTI for joint production and development and exploring cooperation for jet engines and aircraft carrier systems.

b)     Obama said the agreement would guide the bilateral defence cooperation for the next 10 years.

c)     In another significant step, the two countries agreed to set up a working group to explore aircraft carrier technology and design and develop jet engine technology in India.

d)     The projects identified under the DTTI include next-generation Raven mini- UAVs, roll-on, roll-off intelligence kits for C-130 transport aircraft and mobile electric hybrid power source.

e)     Both leaders agreed to increase bilateral anti-terror cooperation, intelligence sharing and maritime security.

4.

Vision statement on Asia-Pacific, Indian Ocean (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Maritime security

c)     South China Sea

d)     Terrorism

e)     LeT

f)     JeM

g)     Haqqani Network

h)     D Company

a)     Modi and Obama issued three separate documents: a declaration of friendship with a commitment to regular summits, a joint statement called Shared Effort, Progress for all and a joint strategic vision statement for the Asia-Pacific and the Indian ocean region.

b)     It says we declare the importance of safeguarding maritime security and ensuring freedom of navigation and over flight throughout the region, especially in the South China Sea.

c)     Clearly by its absence was mention of cross-border terrorism or Indias issues with Pakistan, although the two sides repeated their September commitment to disrupt terror groups including LeT, JeM, D Company and the Haqqani Network.

5.

State inks pact with US trade agency (Page 5)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US ties

b)     US Trade and Development Agency (USTDA)

c)     Smart cities

a)     The Govt of Andhra Pradesh and the USTDA signed a MoU for development of Smart cities in Andhra Pradesh, particularly in Visakhapatnam. 

b)     Under the MoU, the USTDA intends to contribute funding for feasibility studies, study tours workshops. 

c)     It also proposes to support infrastructure development for AP by contributing funding towards advisory services to support the development of a smart city in Visakhapatnam.

6.

Critical transition in Saudi Arabia (Page 8)

a)     International

a)     Saudi Arabia internal issues

b)     Political istability

c)     Human rights issues

d)     Islamic State (IS)

a)     The death of King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia signaled a cautiously arranged transition of power to his successor Salman in the Al Saud dynasty that holds power in the nation. 

b)     Given the rising violence and political instability in the region, and the surplus in oil supply and consequent fall in prices, this transition of power is a critical moment. 

c)     The transition of power is happening at a time when politics in the region is worry with uncertainty. 

d)     Sunni-dominated Saudi Arabia and Shia-dominated Iran (with their decades of rivalry) are closely following the turmoil in Yemen since the resignation of President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi.

e)     The Shiite rebel group Houthi (suspected to have affiliations with Iran) has often accused Saudi Arabia of interfering in the countrys internal affairs.

f)     Riyadh has been praised for its effective counter-terrorism activities, especially with the IS-dominated Iraq on its northern borders.

g)     Saudi Arabia continues to have favourable strategic partnerships with the US, the UK and Europe. 

h)     India maintains significant economic ties with Saudi Arabia, which is its biggest supplier of oil.

i)     From a socio-economic perspective, India has a lot at support in the stability of the country.

j)     Given the centrality of Saudi Arabia to western economic interests, the West has often treated the country as an exception when it comes to human rights issues.

7.

The love for sons and appropriate attire (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Social bias in India

b)     Gender bias

c)     Sex ratio

d)     Census 2011

e)     Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme

a)     Social bias in India is pervasive across a range of key cleavages - whether caste or class, region or religion.

b)     In this article, the author discusses a different social bias, not between different castes and religions but with in all castes and religions, namely gender.

c)     Last week, while launching the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative, Modi called female foeticide a mental illness paining the whole country. 

d)     His comments describe the distressing determination of female foeticide in contemporary India and underscore the broader cause of gender bias in Indian society.

e)     One might have expected that the major societal changes that have occurred over the past three decades (improvements in literacy and levels of education, rapid economic growth and urbanization) would have led to a decline in gender bias.

f)     While there is undoubtedly some improvement in the gender gap, the growing sex ratio problem and continued gender-based violence reveal just how far India still has to travel to bring dignity to half its population.

g)     We focus on two different issues related to gender bias - son preference and norms on appropriate clothing for women, which can be a form of social control.

h)     Son preference is widespread across Indian society with little variance across income classes, education levels, and rural/ urban areas.

i)     Inter-State variation on this issue exceeds variation on any other social division in Indian society.

j)     There was a strong correlation between the State-wise son preference as revealed in the experiment and the actual sex ratios of the States, suggesting that these attitudes are manifesting in sex-selective behaviours.

k)     Gender discrimination in India is undoubtedly one of the countys most shameful social realities.

l)     Although urban Indians are gradually showing more openness in their attitudes on womens clothing, this is not the case on the critical issue of son preference, an attitude that remains deeply rooted in Indias family ideals and social structure across a wide cross-section of society.

m)     Without addressing some norms and structures, and fundamentally delegitimising gender bias in wider social discourse, there is little reason to believe that India will see a reversal in male child preferences in the foreseeable future. 

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