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Daily News Analysis 28-01-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.

Uphold religious freedom, Obama urges India (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Obamas strong statement against fundamentalism and extremism in India and US.

2.

A new chapter of openness (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     Nuclear deal, Defence Framework Agreement and the vision statement on the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean region are the major developments of Obamas visit.

3.

Pakistan resents US concession to India (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)      Pakistan opposed elements in the Indo-US agreements including Indias entry to the NSG, terrorism cooperation and also US support for India in the UNSC.

4.

After the nuclear step, the big leap (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     The real outcome of the Obamas visit is captured in the statements on the India-US bilateral Strategic Vision and the Declaration of Friendship.

5.

Task forces set up for smart cities (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India and US had signed three MoUs for developing Ajmer, Allahabad and Visakhapatnam as smartcities.

 

6.

Obama leads bipartisan delegation to Riyadh (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Obamas visit to Saudi Arabia is to meet new King Salman and to develop ties.

7.

Centre to launch services sector push on April 23 (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Services sector has an important role to play in the success of Make in India.

8.

Two Harappan sites being excavated (Page 18)

a)     National

b)     History

a)     Binjor in Rajasthan and Rakhigarhi in Haryana are the two Harappan sites which are being excavated.

9.

Satavahana site to be explored again (Page 18)

a)     National

b)     History

a)     The Archaeology department will excavate the Satavahana site near Ter for Terracotta figurines.

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

Uphold religious freedom, Obama urges India (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Religious freedom

c)     Gender equality

d)     Article 25

e)     Human rights

f)     Fundamentalism

g)     Extremism

 

a)     In his speech, US President Obama spoke about religious freedom and gender equality.

b)     He said that India will succeed as long as it is not separated along religious lines.

c)     His words along with a pointed reference to Article 25 of the Indian Constitution which guarantees religious freedom are seen as a strong statement against fundamentalism and extremism in India and US.

d)     He drew many similarities between India and the US, saying he was optimistic about their shared future because we vote in free elections, reach for similar heights and respect human rights.

e)     He said the US wanted to be first in line to build Indias infrastructure, including roads, ports, bridges and airports.

2.

A new chapter of openness (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

c)     Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act 2010

d)     Defence Framework Agreement

e)     Bilateral trade

f)     Trade dispute at WTO

g)     H1B Visa issue

h)     IPR issue

i)     Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission

j)     Make in India policy

 

a)     From the joint statement, to a declaration of friendship, to a strategic vision for the Asia-Pacific region, rarely has the state-of-play between New Delhi and Washington been so clearly mapped out during any Indo-US summit. 

b)     Officials said that the strategic defence framework will see their militaries move to a new level of closeness.

c)     The vision statement on the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean region is likely to have a more long-term impact on relations with China, as it seeks to describe an India-US front against diplomatic, economic and security challenges in the region.

d)     For the past six years, India and the US have been unable to conclude the administrative arrangements that would enable commercial cooperation between Indian and American companies under the civil nuclear deal.

e)     While diplomats are to be congratulated on having cleared this hurdle, the Indian public must be informed about exactly what assurances have been given to US officials in return for their acceptance of the Indian liability law.

f)     Since the Indian taxpayer will be the consumer, the underwriter and the potential victim of any unexpected nuclear accident, the subject of liability in the nuclear deal is of most importance.

g)     On the business side, there were no significant outcomes to talk about except for the resolve to expand trade ties and a $4 billion commitment from the US in investment and loans. 

h)     Half of the investment committed by Obama will go into the renewable energy sector where the US and India are locked in a trade dispute at the WTO.

i)     The dispute is over Indias imposition of local content requirements on solar cells and modules as part of the projects awarded under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission.

j)     The US is also unhappy with the Make in India policy, especially in the renewable energy sector where it sees great prospects for its own companies.

k)     If the Indian IT sector was hoping for an agreement on the issue of H1B visas, then it must be disappointed for Obama did not go beyond giving an assurance that the US would look into all aspects as part of overall immigration reform.

l)     Obama also had India on the back foot on the subject of Intellectual Property protection, pointing out that US companies were restricted by the lack of adequate protection in India.

m)     Evidently, there are issues where the two countries have a lot of work to do to align their respective positions but that may just have got easier now after Obamas visit and the understanding struck between him and Modi.

3.

Pakistan resents US concession to India (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US ties

b)     Pakistans concerns

c)     Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)

d)     UNSC

e)     Terrorism

 

a)     Pak PMs National Security Adviser said in a statement that Islamabad opposed elements in the Indo-US agreements including Indias entry to the NSG, terrorism cooperation as well as US support for India in the UNSC.

b)     On the issue of the NSG membership, he said that Pakistan is opposed to yet another country-specific exemption from NSG rules to grant membership to India, adding this would undermine the credibility of NSG and weaken the non-proliferation regime.

c)     Pakistans position was at balance with Chinas statement of conditional support a day ago.

d)     He also issued a threat on the operationalisation of the nuclear deal, saying that the move on the basis of political and economic expediencies would have a harmful impact on restraint stability in South Asia.

e)     On the joint statement declaration on terrorism, calling the Indo-US partnership a defining one to counter terrorism in the 21st century, he said they would reject any suggestion or criticism over its commitment to fight terrorism.

f)     Pakistan also opposed Obamas statement on supporting a reformed UNSC with India as a member, criticising what it claimed is Indias record on human rights.

4.

After the nuclear step, the big leap (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Civil nuclear agreement

c)     Joint Strategic Vision for the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean Region 

a)     It is a measure of how important the India-US civil nuclear agreement was to the bilateral relationship that even Modi has said that it constitutes the centrepiece of the strategic partnership between the two great democracies.

b)     However, Obamas visit was not about that centrepiece but about the entire mantle.

c)     The George Bush administration helped legitimise Indias status as a nuclear weapons power and expected at least some of the business that would then get generated.

d)     The liability law that India then enacted was viewed as an act of bad faith.

e)     To return the relationship to where it was in 2008, when the US secured the approval of the NSG for Indias nuclear programme, it was necessary to clear the air on the liability law.

f)     The new mantle is now defined by the joint statement issued by Obama and Modi, which has to be read within the wider framework of bilateral relations defined by the Declaration of Friendship and the Joint Strategic Vision for the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean Region.

g)     The three documents issued by the two leaders in New Delhi offer a realistic assessment of the existing power equation between the two interlocutors on the one hand, and between them and other major powers, like Russia and China on the other.

h)     This new way of approaching the bilateral relationship within a larger global context would enable the two leaders to avoid the zero-sum-game trap in the regional context.

i)     For the new Modi-Obama vision to succeed, India would need a much more alert and quick management of its international engagement on the economic and political side.

j)     This would require much greater inter-ministerial coordination at the bilateral, regional and global levels.

5.

Task forces set up for smart cities (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India - US relations

b)     Smart cities

c)     Tourism

a)     India and the US have made rapid progress on their agreement to develop Ajmer, Allahabad and Visakhapatnam as smart cities by setting up task forces for each city, chosen for its significance to tourism and trade.

b)     They had signed three MoUs for developing Ajmer, Allahabad and Visakhapatnam.

c)     The Ministry said these mid-sized cities had the potential to develop into major hubs for religious tourism.

6.

Obama leads bipartisan delegation to Riyadh (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     US – Saudi Arabia relations

b)     Middle east crisis

c)     Islamic State

a)     US President Obama moved to Saudi Arabia, leading a heavyweight delegation to meet new King Salman and support ties that have suffered in recent years.

b)     US official said the kingdom was emerging as the major defensive wall against efforts by Iran to expand its influence in Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Yemen and Bahrain.

7.

Centre to launch services sector push on April 23 (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Make in India initiative

b)     Indias economic growth

a)     After launching the Make in India initiative aimed at the manufacturing industry, Modi is set to initiate a big push for the services sector in April.

b)     Services must grow alongside manufacturing as the services sector contributes over 50 percent to the countrys economic growth.

c)     Official said that the services sector has an important role to play in the success of Make in India.

8.

Two Harappan sites being excavated (Page 18)

a)     National

b)     History

a)     Harappan civilization

b)     Binjor

c)     Rakhigarhi

a)     Excavations have begun at the two Harappan sites of Binjor in Rajasthan, close to the India-Pakistan border and Rakhigarhi in Haryana.

b)     There are about 2000 Harappan sites in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, with 500 in India and 1500 in Pakistan.

c)     The Harappan civilisation flourished over 2 million sqkm, from Sutkajendor on the Makran coast of Balochistan to Alamgirpur in UP and from Manda in Jammu to Daimabad in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra.

9.

Satavahana site to be explored again (Page 18)

a)     National

b)     History

a)     Satavahana dynasty

b)     Terracotta figurines

c)     Paithan

a)     In an offer to establish the missing cultural sequences after and during the Satavahana dynasty, the Archaeology department will excavate the site near Ter in Osmanabad district after 40 years.

b)     This was an important place on the trade route with the then Roman Empire.

c)     The site was first discovered by British researchers in early 1900.

d)     The trade route with Rome was established after the researchers in Italy found similar terracotta figurines that can be found in Ter.

e)     Satavahana dynasty was ruled the larger part of Central India in the second century B.C.

f)     Todays Paithan (then Prathisthan) was the capital of the Satavahana Empire.

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