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Daily News Analysis 02-02-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.

India, China can realise Asian Century: Sushma (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Announced a six-point proposal to increase ties and enrich the civilizations of India and China in the modern period.

2.

We will resolve boundary row: External Affairs Minister (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India and China declared that they will find a solution to the border issue.

3.

Pakistans elusive quest for parity (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     As it has started tackling its terrorist problem, Pakistan would benefit more by giving up the search for parity with India.

4.

Kabul accepts Delhis aid on polio drive (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India has been polio free since 2011 and offering help to the neighbouring nations, as it can easily transmit through contaminated water and faeces.

5.

Where prosperity, poverty co-exist (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Study shows the trend of increasing tribal concentration in the most backward sub-districts of the country.

6.

Not much has changed under Modi govt: industry survey (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Survey shows not much has changed at the industry level in the last six months but the situation is going to improve within the first half of 2015.

7.

Putting monetary policy in context (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     Areas of Higher growth and lower inflation should have maximum attention in the coming policy statement. 

8.

HIV treatment to be linked to Aadhaar (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Health

a)     ART treatment for HIV infection will be linked to Aadhaar to avoid duplication.

9.

Agni-Vs canister-based configuration validated (Page 11)

a)     S&T

a)     The configuration of the canister-based Agni-V (which was successfully test-fired from Wheeler Island for a range of more than 5000 km) has been validated.

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

India, China can realise Asian Century: Sushma (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     Maritime Silk Road (MSR) project

c)     Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) economic corridor  

d)     Kunming

e)     Yunnan province

a)     India has revealed a progressive agenda to elevate its ties with China, with External Affairs Minister announcing a six-point proposal to jointly realise the dream of an Asian Century with Beijing.

b)     She said the six-point template could enrich the civilizations of India and China in the modern era.

c)     She said the two countries needed to achieve convergence on common regional and global interests and develop new areas of cooperation.

d)     China acknowledged that bilateral ties had entered a new period of major-country relations, a formulation reserved to describe Beijings ties with regional and global heavyweights, including the US.

e)     Chinese official proved Beijings aspirations by inviting India to participate in the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st century Maritime Silk Road.

f)     India has so far supported the BCIM proposal that would connect Kolkata with Kunming - the capital of Yunnan province, which is the gateway to three ASEAN countries (Myanmar, Laos and Thailand).

g)     Chinas incursions in the Indian Ocean (including Sri Lanka and Maldives) are delayed New Delhis full support for the MSR.

2.

We will resolve boundary row: External Affairs Minister (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China border disputes

b)     1962 war

c)     Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage

d)     Nathu La pass

e)     Maritime Silk Road (MSR) Project

a)     External Affairs Minister said that the Chinese side declared the Indian perception that differences between the two countries on the alignment of their territorial boundaries would not be handed over to the next generation.

b)     She acknowledged that the leadership in both countries had the political will to find a solution to the problem that had caused the 1962 war.

c)     During talks, both sides concluded the exchange of notes on the new alternative route for the Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage through the motorable Nathu La pass in Sikkim.

d)     She also said that Indias participation in the China-proposed 21st century MSR project was synergy-based.

3.

Pakistans elusive quest for parity (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Pakistan concerns

c)     India – Pakistan disputes

d)     Kashmir issue

e)     Pentagon report

 

a)     President Obama and PM Modi carefully neglected mentioning Pakistan during the US Presidents recent visit to India.

b)     Paks Foreign Office issued an official statement complaining that an India-US partnership would change the South Asias balance of power and create a regional imbalance.

c)     In reality, the Pakistani reaction reflects the Pakistani security establishment sticking to the notion of parity with India.

d)     The parity doctrine as well as the emphasis on Kashmir are rooted in ideology and the two-nation theory that was the basis of Muhammad Ali Jinnahs demand for Pakistan.

e)     All nations are equal in international law but sovereign equality is not synonymous with parity.

f)     Notwithstanding internal problems, Indias $2 trillion economy has managed consistent growth whereas Pakistans $245 billion economy has grown periodically and is undermined by jihadi terrorism and domestic political disorders.

g)     India is expanding by most measures of national power while Pakistan has been able to keep pace with it only in manufacturing nuclear weapons and their delivery systems.

h)     There is little recognition that with nuclear weapons, Pakistan no longer has any reason to feel insecure about being overrun by a larger Indian conventional force.

i)     The notion of an existential threat to Pakistan is now only psycho-political and ideological.

j)     As for Jammu and Kashmir, one need not reject Pakistans initial claims to recognise that it might not be an issue that can be resolved in the foreseeable future.

k)     Islamabad should also evaluate realistically its hope of internationalising the Kashmir issue. 

l)     Pakistanis thought that with the support of external allies, Pakistan could compensate for its inherent disadvantage in size against India. But now Washington sees India as Americas longer-term ally and partner.

m)     A 1949 Pentagon report described India as the natural political and economic center of South Asia and the country with which the US had greater harmony of interests.

n)     Pakistan (a new state unsure of its future and searching for aid to strengthen its economy and security) stepped in to become a part of US-led military alliances.

o)     China is already a close ally of Pakistan and cannot tip the balance in Pakistans favour on its own.

p)     As it has belatedly started acknowledging its terrorist problem, Pakistan would benefit more by giving up the search for parity with India.

q)     The process could begin with efforts to address Pakistans institutional weaknesses, eliminate terrorism, improve infrastructure and modernise its economy.

4.

Kabul accepts Delhis aid on polio drive (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Polio virus

c)     WHO

a)     Indias offer to share its expertise on polio eradication has been accepted by Afghanistan but Pakistan is yet to communicate its decision.

b)     Official said that India has been polio free since 2011 and in the past as well we have offered our help to the neighbouring nations, as the polio virus can easily transmit through contaminated water and faeces.

c)     WHO has also cautioned against the spread of the virus from Pakistan.

d)     In 2014, the WHO confirmed that polio virus from Pakistan had spread to Israel, West Bank and Gaza.

5.

Where prosperity, poverty co-exist (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     District development

b)     Poverty

c)     Backwardness

d)     Scheduled Tribes (STs)

a)     A study of the level of development of Indias 640 districts and 5,955 sub-districts showed that Indias most developed sub-districts are some of its smallest ones, where services can presumably be delivered more easily.

b)     To measure the extent of backwardness, experts looked at five indicators - agricultural workers as a proportion of all workers, female literacy rate, access to electricity, access to water and sanitation and access to banking.

c)     One factor systematically common to the least developed sub-districts across the country was the presence of STs.

d)     The trend of increasing tribal concentration in the most backward sub-districts of the country is very evident in the data set.

6.

Not much has changed under Modi govt: industry survey (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Industry level growth

b)     Investment

c)     Export market

a)     According to a survey, majority of business leaders say not much has changed on the ground at the industry level in the last six months but the situation is going to improve within the first half of 2015, as reflected in the optimism about sales volume and hiring of workforce by corporate.

b)     Industry believes that exports market will remain inactive as majority of respondents see no change in the exports volume.

c)     Typically investment follows improvement in sales and profitability. Sales and profitability are falling in place and there would be a visible change in the next few months after which investment should follow since there is always a lag.

7.

Putting monetary policy in context (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     Monetary policy

b)     GDP

c)     Fiscal deficit

d)     Repo rate

e)     Inflation

f)     Retail inflation

g)     Food inflation

h)     CPI

a)     The RBI will reveal its next installment of the bi-monthly policy review on Feb 3.

b)     The Union Budget will be presented to Parliament on Feb 28, less than a month after the RBI review.

c)     The commitment to check in the fiscal deficit at within 4.1 percent of the GDP by March this year will be examined from all sides.

d)     In the broadest sense, it is neither the inflation numbers nor the deficits are important but the growth expectations from the economy that matter the most. 

e)     Right now, both the RBI and the govt estimate the current years (2014-15) rate of growth to be around 5.5 percent, below what most international institutions (including the IMF and the World Bank) estimate it to be.

f)     The RBI has initiated an easing monetary policy by reducing the repo rate from 8 to 7.75 percent on Jan 15.

g)     The reasons for the monetary softening have been well documented. They include softer-than-expected consumer inflation (retail inflation as measured by the CPI index) and broad-based disinflationary tendencies, particularly in core and even food inflation.

h)     Retail inflation at 5 percent in December was well below the RBIs Jan target of 8 percent.

i)     Further, rate cuts during the year might depend upon how well the govt progresses on the fiscal front and the support it gives to reviving industrial activity.

j)     The widely quoted observation of the IMF-World Bank that by 2016 Indias rate of growth will improve that of China, making India the fastest growing major economy.

k)     RBIs credit policy review might be the right forum to begin that exercise.

l)     After all, the RBI has always been cautious in highlighting the risks to a higher growth as well as lower inflation. It is these areas that should command maximum attention in the coming policy statement.

8.

HIV treatment to be linked to Aadhaar (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Health

a)     Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART)

b)     HIV/AIDS

c)     Aadhaar

a)     ART treatment for HIV/AIDS infection will now be linked to Aadhaar to avoid duplication of patients going to several ART Centres for testing.

9.

Agni-Vs canister-based configuration validated (Page 11)

a)     S&T

a)     Agni-V

b)     ICBM

c)     Wheeler Island

d)     Canister method

e)     DRDO

f)     Agni-1

g)     Agni-3

a)     The configuration of the canister version of ICBM (Agni-V) which was successfully test-fired from Wheeler Island for a range of more than 5000 km, has been validated.

b)     With the DRDO successfully conducting three Agni-V missions in a row (including the latest canister-based flight test), only one more trial would be conducted jointly with the user before it gets inducted into armed forces by year-end.

c)     Meanwhile, the user trials of Agni-3 and Agni-1 are scheduled to be conducted next month.

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