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Daily News Analysis 08-02-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.

Trade across LoC suspended (Page 9)

a)     I.R

a)     Trade across the LoC in Kashmir was suspended due to smuggling of narcotics.

2.

Ukraine: Merkel leads push for peace (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     German Chancellor and French President held talks with Russian President to find out new peace proposals to end the Ukraine conflict.

3.

Position India in a leading role globally, Modi tells envoys (Page 8)

a)     International

a)     PM Modi put importance on the fight against climate change.

4.

Weaker States will suffer: Jairam (Page 8)

a)     National

a)     Former Union Minister claimed that PM Modi has centralised all resource allocation with the Finance Ministry which is far more politicised.

5.

Perform to get funds, Venkaiah tells civic bodies (Page 8)

a)     National

a)     To make smart cities a reality, the States and the civic bodies should maintain development projects with the help of their own assets.

6.

Despite high maternal mortality, India records drop in fertility (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Health

a)     India hopes to bring down the Total Fertility Rate by the end of the 12th five year plan. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

Trade across LoC suspended (Page 9)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Trade ties

c)     Border disputes

d)     LoC

a)     Trade across the LoC in Kashmir was suspended after the J&K police found smuggling of narcotics at Uri in northern Kashmir.

b)     Trade across the LoC started in 2008 as a confidence building measure between the two countries but has been suspended several times over various issues, including previous allegations of narcotic smuggling.

2.

Ukraine: Merkel leads push for peace (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Ukraine conflict

b)     Russia – Ukraine relations

 

a)     German Chancellor Angela Merkel supported last chance efforts to end the Ukraine conflict.

b)     She insisted that sending more weapons would not resolve the conflict.

c)     She and French President Francois Hollande held with Russian President Putin to beat out new peace proposals.

d)     Hollande for his part said the stakes could not be higher and the new peace plan was one of the last chances to stop the 10-month-old conflict.

3.

Position India in a leading role globally, Modi tells envoys (Page 8)

a)     International

a)     Climate change

b)     Paris Climate summit 2015

c)     Terrorism

d)     ISIS    

 

a)     PM Modi told Indian officials worldwide to use the current global environment to position India in a leading role and to adapt to global changes.

b)     He set importance on the fight against climate change, saying India must lead that fight.

c)     In the past month, both US President Obama and French Foreign Minister have visited Delhi with enlisting Indias support for the global climate change conference in Paris in Nov 2015. 

d)     While India has not yet committed to the protocol, it is in negotiations with several countries (including the BRICS grouping) and Modi highlighted to the Ambassadors that a love for nature is part of Indian culture.

e)     Speaking about the threat of terror, he said that India has a great responsibility to help the world counter new threats to global peace. Heads of Missions have been discussing the issues including the push from many countries for India to join the global coalition against ISIS.

4.

Weaker States will suffer: Jairam (Page 8)

a)     National

a)     National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog

b)     Planning Commission

a)     Former Union Minister Jairam Ramesh claimed that PM Modi removed the Planning Commission due to the criticism he faced from the body while he was Gujarat CM.

b)     He also said that now he has centralised all resource allocation with the Finance Ministry which is far more politicised.

c)     After coming to power last year, the NDA govt decided to replace the Commission with the NITI Aayog.

d)     He (who worked in the Commission for eight years) added that weaker States would suffer.

5.

Perform to get funds, Venkaiah tells civic bodies (Page 8)

a)     National

a)     Smart cities

b)     People-Public-Private-Partnership (PPPP) model

a)     To make smart cities a reality, Union Minister for Urban Development said that every city should prepare a vision document for the coming decade, based on the PPPP model.

b)     Making it clear that it was not possible for the Centre to give funds for all projects, he said the grants to the States and the municipal corporations for urban development would depend on their performance. 

c)     He said the States and the civic bodies should maintain development projects with the help of their own assets. 

d)     To establish such a system, the Centre was planning to rate cities and local bodies in credit, affordability, sanitation, open land and greenery.

6.

Despite high maternal mortality, India records drop in fertility (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Health

a)     Millennium Development Goals (MDG)

b)     Maternal mortality

c)     Total fertility rate (TFR)

d)     12th five year plan

a)     India (which is unlikely to achieve the fifth MDGs of reducing maternal mortality to 109 per 1,00,000 live births by 2015) is confident of meeting the target for lowering the TFR by the end of the 12th Plan.

b)     A reduction in the TFR rates in nine of the 11 high-focus States has given Health Ministry officials reason to believe that the family planning programmes are on the right track and that the unmet need for contraception is also declining.

c)     India hopes to bring down the TFR to 2.1 by the end of 2017 with nine of the 11 high-focus States registering a decline of 0.05 percent. 

d)     India has committed to spend $2 billion to provide family planning services to 48 million additional women and sustain the current coverage of over 100 million users till 2020.

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