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Daily News Analysis 10-02-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.

No decision on arming Kiev: Obama (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Obama warned that the West could not allow Russia to redraw Europes borders by force.

2.

Xi to visit US later this year (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     US and China have been working together on a range of high-profile issues including commitment on carbon emissions cut.

3.

The silence of the liberal Muslim (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     While India has no specific anti-blasphemy law, certain provisions of the IPC banning hate speech are being increasingly abused to legitimise intolerance.

4.

Fast tracking disputes resolution (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     The Law Commission has recommended the establishment of a commercial division in the High Courts to ensure speedy disposal of commercial cases.

5.

Right to religion not to above public morality: SC (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Sharp distinction must be drawn between religious faith and belief and religious practices.

6.

India set to overcome China (Page 11)

a)     Economy

a)     The CSO estimates show that India is set to grow 7.4 percent on the support of strong manufacturing sector performance and increase in public expenditure.

7.

OECD asks India to ease regulatory burden for economic growth (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     OECD said more financial reforms and RBI steps are needed to achieve a more efficient allocation of capital.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

No decision on arming Kiev: Obama (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Ukraine crisis

b)     Russia – Ukraine relations

c)     Ukraine summit

a)     President Obama said no decision had been made on whether to send weapons to Ukraine to help Kiev battle pro-Russian separatists.

b)     German Chancellor Merkel and many European nations believe weapons would not overturn the military mismatch between Ukraine and pro-Russian forces allegedly supported by Moscow and would simply increase a conflict.

c)     She has sought to negotiate a peace deal with Russian President Putin after joining crisis talks in Moscow last week with French President.

d)     A summit of leaders of Ukraine, Germany, France and Russia is tentatively planned for later this week.

e)     Obama warned that the West could not allow Russia to rewrite Europes borders at the barrel of a gun.

f)     Merkel said that breaking the principle of territorial integrity at the heart of the Ukraine crisis caused a threat to the peaceful order of Europe.

2.

Xi to visit US later this year (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     China – US relations

b)     Commitment on carbon emissions cut

c)     Greenhouse gases

d)     US pivot to Asia

e)     South China Sea

a)     Sources said that Chinese President Xi plans to make his first state visit to the US later this year.

b)     The US and China have been working together on a range of high-profile issues, including committing in November to cut back on their emissions of greenhouse gases.

c)     They have also clashed diplomatically on several fronts such as claims over cyber-intelligence and Chinese actions stating its territorial claims in the East and South China seas.

3.

The silence of the liberal Muslim (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Religious intolerance

b)     Religious freedom

c)     Anti-blasphemy law

d)     Indian Penal Code (IPC)

 

a)     While India has no specific anti-blasphemy law, certain provisions of the IPC banning hate speech are being increasingly abused to legitimise intolerance.

b)     Section 295A of the IPC (which comes closest to the notion of blasphemy) punishes any speech, writings, signs or any other visible representation intended to anger religious feelings of any class of citizens with deliberate and harmful intention.

c)     The key question is the intention of the person accused of hate speech. The individual must be shown to have set out with deliberate and harmful intention to hurt someones religious feelings.

d)     With the police fixing down on grounds of law and order and courts depending on the inviolability or holiness of religious beliefs, we have ended up effectively with an anti-blasphemy regime through the backdoor.

e)     It is time to take a fresh look at a colonial law to bring it in line with the demands of a more open and argumentative society.

4.

Fast tracking disputes resolution (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Law Commission recommendations

b)     Law Commission of India (LCI)

c)     Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts and Commercial Courts Bill 2015

d)     Civil Procedure Code(CPC) 1908

e)     High Courts

a)     Recognising the optimism in Indian markets, the LCI in its recent 253rd Report has recommended reforms that can support this economic growth from a legal perspective.

b)     These are much-needed reforms in a growing economy where commercial disputes are often complex and of high value.

c)     The LCI has recommended the establishment of a commercial division in the High Courts to ensure speedy disposal of high-value commercial suits.

d)     It has proposed a bill (The Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts and Commercial Courts Bill 2015) and substantive procedural changes in the form of amendments to the CPC 1908.

e)     The bill will define commercial disputes so as to include ordinary transactions of merchants, bankers, financiers, joint ventures, partnerships, insurance companies and so on.

f)     A commercial appellate division will hear appeals on the orders and commands of the commercial courts.

g)     The Chief Justice will nominate judges with expertise and experience in commercial matters to the commercial and appellate courts.

h)     All pending commercial disputes beyond the specified value will be transferred to the commercial division.

i)     The LCI considers the suggested measures to be a pilot project that would lead to more expansive structural reforms.

j)     The LCIs recommendations are undoubtedly timely and need to be taken up without delay.

5.

Right to religion not to above public morality: SC (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Fundamental rights

b)     Religious freedom

c)     Article 25

d)     Bigamy

e)     Monogamy

a)     Confirming the dismissing of a govt servant for bigamy, the Supreme Court ruled that the fundamental right to religion did not include practices which ran counter to public order, health and morality.

b)     A bench of justices challenged the constitutionality of the provision in the 1956 Rules, arguing that it violated his right to freely practice his religion.

c)     It said what was protected under Article 25 was the religious faith and not a practice which may run counter to public order, health or morality.

d)     It said that Polygamy was not integral part of religion and monogamy was a reform within the power of the State under Article 25.

e)     Further, it said that sharp distinction must be drawn between religious faith and belief and religious practices.

6.

India set to overcome China (Page 11)

a)     Economy

a)     Economic growth

b)     GDP

c)     Fiscal deficit

d)     Central Statistics Office (CSO)

a)     The CSO said that India is set to grow 7.4 percent and cross the $2.1 trillion mark this year against 6.9 percent in 2013-14.

b)     According to the estimates released, India grew 7.5 percent in the Oct-Dec quarter, overtaking Chinas 7.3 percent growth in the same quarter to become the fastest growing major economy in the world.

c)     The smart economic pick-up is largely on the support of strong manufacturing sector performance and a flow in public expenditure.

d)     With the advance estimate for the nominal GDP for 2014-15 of Rs. 126 trillion being somewhat lower than the level assumed in the Union budget presented in July, the Finance Minister stated challenge of restricting the fiscal deficit to 4.1 percent of GDP has become more tough.

e)     The advance estimates are on a new base year of 2011-12 against 2004-05 used earlier.

7.

OECD asks India to ease regulatory burden for economic growth (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     Economic growth

b)     Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

c)     FDI

d)     Inclusive growth

a)     OECD said that India needs to ease administrative and regulatory burden on companies and to encourage infrastructure development to promote economic growth

b)     While acknowledging that barriers to FDI have been reduced by India in various sectors, it said that more needed to be done for efficient allocation of capital.

c)     According to the OECD, the FDI barriers have been reduced in particular in telecom, civil aviation, railways, defence, construction and multi-brand retail.

d)     It noted that financial reforms are gradually implemented and the RBI has taken steps to increase competition in the banking sector as well as its efficiency but more is needed to achieve a more efficient allocation of capital.

e)     Further, the report said that reforms to promote the development of a dynamic and efficient financial sector are needed to support investment and inclusive growth.

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