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Daily News Analysis 11-02-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.

Nuclear talks with Indian companies under way: US (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     US nuclear suppliers would have to undertake risk assessment and make their own judgments after taking a close look at the insurance pool proposal and interpretations of Indian liability law.

2.

Israel offers expertise to clean up Ganga (Page 22)

a)     I.R

a)     The agenda of the Israeli officials visit is mainly to introduce technologies to India as well as to expand cooperation in the field of water management and waste treatment, etc.

3.

Tamil province charges Colombo with genocide (Pages 1 and 9)

a)     International

a)     The resolution sought to give an overview of the evidence demonstrating successive Sri Lankan govts genocide against Tamils and appealed to the UNHRC for probe.

4.

The long road to justice (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     Global humanitarian law has evolved degree in recent decades to provide victims of brutalities and witnesses a critical forum to testify to violations.

5.

Worlds biggest solar telescope being built in Hawaii (Page 22)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     The telescope would improve the forecasting of space weather hazards and will provide unprecedented details on the surface of the Sun.

6.

Heart of earths inner core revealed (Page 22)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Scientists found a distinct inner-inner core, about half the diameter of the whole inner core.

7.

Taking the pain out of injections (Page 22)

a)     S&T

a)     Scientists have successfully tested an alternative to syringes for drug delivery.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

Nuclear talks with Indian companies under way: US (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Civil nuclear agreement

c)     Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act 2010

d)     Section 17(b)

e)     Section 46

a)     Official has confirmed that consultations with US nuclear suppliers for Indias civil nuclear needs have begun.

b)     Discussions have gained momentum in a development understanding on how the two sides could overcome the issues posed by Indias nuclear liability law.

c)      It is also clarified that Indias position on Section 17 (b) and Section 46 - the clauses on the nuclear operators right to recourse in channelling liability to the supplier in the event of a nuclear incident; and the right of victims of such an incident to file legal claims against the supplier respectively.

d)      The clarification came even as US nuclear suppliers expressed doubt over the assurances on interpretations of civil nuclear liability provided.

e)     Official said that US nuclear suppliers would have to undertake a risk assessment and make their own judgments after taking a close look at the insurance pool proposal and the legal interpretations offered by the Indian liability law.

2.

Israel offers expertise to clean up Ganga (Page 22)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Israel relations

b)     Economic cooperation

c)     Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

d)     Ganga cleaning plan

e)     Water management

f)     Waste water treatment

a)      In an effort to deepen economic cooperation, Israel has offered its expertise and technological capabilities to India in its progressive move to clean up the Ganga.

b)     Visited Israeli official is leading a large trade delegation to continue talks on the FTA (which both countries had initiated in 2007) as well as expand cooperation in the field of water management, waste water treatment and more.

c)     He said the agenda of the visit is mainly to introduce technologies to India.

d)     Israel has made significant technological advancement in desalination and drip irrigation with the worlds largest desalination plants and recycles 90 percent of water for agricultural needs.

3.

Tamil province charges Colombo with genocide (Pages 1 and 9)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankan internal issues

b)     UN probe on Sri Lankan rights issue

c)     Tamil National Alliance (TNA)

d)     Northern Provincial Council (NPC)

e)     United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

 

a)     Sri Lankas NPC passed a strong resolution accusing successive govts in the island nation of committing genocide against Tamils.

b)     It appealed to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to probe the claim and recommend prosecution.

c)     It has been engaging extensively with different countries, hoping to mobilise international support ahead of the UNHRC in Geneva.

d)     The document details different episodes of violence and oppression in Sri Lankan history (from the controversial Sinhala Only Act of 1956) terming them genocidal acts targeting Tamils over the years, culminating in the brutal final phase of war.

e)     CM Wigneswaran has said that it should not be considered a report only to the international community but a challenge to the moral integrity and humaneness of the Sinhalese majority.

f)     He said that the TNA has urged the US to take a strong position on Sri Lanka at the upcoming HRC session in Geneva.

g)     Sources have said any attempt to challenge the new govt in Colombo with an international genocide investigation at this point could complicate matters.

h)     The UN special expert is expected to submit a report on a US-sponsored war crimes investigations and a resolution on Sri Lankas genocide against Tamils could also be tabled then.

i)     India has traditionally opposed any international investigation into war crimes in Sri Lanka, a position that led to India restraining from the US-supported resolution at the UNHRC in March 2014.

j)     Sources said that the issue of reconciliation and rehabilitation for the Tamil-dominated areas will be a key issue when President Sirisena meets with PM Modi next week.

k)     The govt will be eager to discuss the new govts plans as well as the just-started talks on repatriation of one lakh Sri Lankan refugees living in India.

4.

The long road to justice (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     Serbia – Croatia relations

b)    1990s Balkan wars

c)     International Court of Justice (ICJ) 

d)    1948 UN Convention

e)     International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)

a)     The recent ICJ verdict absolving Serbia and Croatia of crimes of genocide in the 1990s Balkan wars underscores the political sensitivities involved in holding sovereign states liable for serious cruelties.

b)     The litigation dates back to 1999, when Croatia alleged genocide by Serbia during the 1991-1995 war over its secession from the former Yugoslavia.

c)     In its ruling, the ICJ held that despite large-scale cruelties and displacement of people on both sides during the break-up of Yugoslavia, the intent to destroy an entire population could not be proved under the 1948 UN Convention on genocide.

d)     Clearly, the fine line between ethnic cleansing and genocide is a politically problematic matter for the Hague court to determine in relation to inter-state disputes.

e)     Conversely, the conviction of a number of top individual leaders for genocide by the ICTY established in 1993 serves as an instructive comparison.

f)     The Tribunal has already pronounced a guilty verdict on at least five Bosnian Serb army officers of crimes of genocide in the Srebrenica massacre.

g)     Global humanitarian law has evolved degree in recent decades to provide victims of brutalities and witnesses a critical forum to testify to violations.

h)     Imposing transparency and accountability within and across national boundaries is a long and difficult process. But the framework is critical to provide the world as a whole kind.

5.

Worlds biggest solar telescope being built in Hawaii (Page 22)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Solar telescope

b)     Solar winds

c)     Space weather hazards

a)     Researchers say that the worlds biggest solar telescope (to be launched in 2019) based in Maui (Hawaii) would significantly improve the forecasting of space weather hazards.

b)     The development of this telescope provides great potential for us to make earlier forecasts of space weather hazards, such as identifying solar winds which can cause huge disruption to life on Earth.

c)     It will be able to pick up unprecedented details on the surface of the Sun.

6.

Heart of earths inner core revealed (Page 22)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Earths core

b)     Inner-inner core

c)     Earthquakes

a)     Scientists have found that the earths inner core has its own smaller core within it, a discovery that may throw light on how our planet evolved.

b)     They said that it may tell us about how our planet formed, its history and other dynamic processes of the Earth. It shapes our understanding of whats going on deep inside the earth.

c)     The team used a technology that gathers data not from the initial shock of an earthquake but from the waves that resonate in the earthquakes consequences.

d)     The team found a distinct inner-inner core, about half the diameter of the whole inner core. 

7.

Taking the pain out of injections (Page 22)

a)     S&T

a)     Micro-shock wave method

b)     Insulin

c)     Ciprofloxacin

a)     Scientists have successfully tested an alternative to syringes for drug delivery.

b)    The method (tested on mice) delivers medicine through very small capsules when caused by a micro-shock wave.

c)     The capsules are loaded with either insulin or the antibiotic ciprofloxacin. They are then placed on the infection site and are caused by micro-shock waves produced by a handheld machine.

d)     They said that the micro-shock waves we create last a millionth of a second and affect a small area. They dont affect living cells in the body.

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