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Daily News Analysis 19-02-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.

India-Israel ties in the open, says Yaalon (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Israel official said that India was important to his countrys defence industry and promised complete support to partner with India on Make in India.

2.

Egypt drops UN bid for military intervention (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Egypt said a draft UNSC resolution on Libya submitted by Arab states makes no mention of the international military intervention against jihadists that Cairo originally proposed.

3.

Evidence matters to policymaking (Page 11)

a)     National

a)     The challenge for the Modi govt is to evaluate what works in development programming before making large spending decisions.

4.

Centre in no hurry to cut PDS cover for poor (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     The Modi govt is in no hurry to accept the recommendation of the Shanta Kumar panel to reduce the number of PDS beneficiaries for subsidised foodgrains under the National Food Security Act.

5.

Framing of charges not enough to bar candidates from contesting polls: SC (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Supreme Court said that barring a person from contesting elections as soon as criminal charges are framed against him will regarded him even before he is proven guilty.

6.

Why kids in rural India die of diarrhoea, pneumonia (Page 17)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Diarrhoea and pneumonia are the biggest killer diseases in children aged under five years in India. 

7.

Displacement cuts life expectancy among tribal people (Page 17)

a)     National

b)     Health

a)     DNA study of a tribal community finds that displacement can reduce life expectancy.

8.

Millions at risk from sea rise in Sundarbans (Page 17)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Seas are rising more than twice as fast as the global average in the Sundarbans.

9.

Satellite images reveal ocean acidification (Page 17)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     The use of satellites orbiting the Earth to monitor ocean acidification is set to revolutionize the way that marine biologists and climate scientists study the ocean.

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

India-Israel ties in the open, says Yaalon (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Israel relations

b)     Defence cooperation

c)     Make in India

d)     Rafaels Spike anti-tank guided missile

e)     Javelin missile  

 

a)     Israel Defence Minister said that India and Israel ties were out in the open after keeping a low profile for years.

b)     He said that India was important to his countrys defence industry and promised complete support to partner with India on Make in India.

c)     India and Israel established bilateral relations in 1992 and with several common concerns, strategic cooperation quickly progressed.

d)     India is one of Israels biggest defence customers and both sides have embarked on joint development of weapon systems.

e)     A long-range surface-to-air missile under development was tested for the first time in November. In October, India selected Rafaels Spike anti-tank guided missile over the US Javelin missile in a deal worth $525 million.

2.

Egypt drops UN bid for military intervention (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Islamic State (IS)

b)     Libya situation

c)     UNSC

d)     NATO

a)     Egypt said a draft UNSC resolution on Libya submitted by Arab states makes no mention of the international military intervention against jihadists that Cairo originally proposed.

b)     The announcement comes after Western powers resisted at taking on the local branch of the IS group, stressing instead the need for a political solution to the unrest there.

c)     A US-led coalition is already carrying out air strikes against IS targets in Syria and Iraq, and Egyptian officials have suggested that effort should be expanded to Libya.

d)     The US, Britain, France, Germany, Italy (the former colonial power in Libya) and Spain stressed the urgent need for a political solution to the conflict in Libya. 

3.

Evidence matters to policymaking (Page 11)

a)     National

a)     Policy making

b)     Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

c)     Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)

d)     Financial inclusion

e)     Sanitation programmes

f)     WHO

g)     UNICEF

h)     Progresa

i)     National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL)

a)     Govts in India have always launched social development programmes with strong goals.

b)    Modis Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aims to make India open defecation-free by 2019. The PMJDYs financial inclusion programme set a target of opening 10 crore bank accounts by Jan 26 2015.

c)     Most govts across the world run social development programmes that focus on increasing supply.

d)     It is harder to assess if these programmes are really achieving the results that matter and whether they are improving the lives of the poor. The focus on supply (while ignoring demand) is an approach that has often failed. 

e)     Flagship development programmes in India have not been designed or modified based on evidence from evaluations. But politics rather than evidence is the key driver for programmes getting closed, changed or renamed.

f)     Synthesised evidence from impact evaluations of water and sanitation programmes in low and middle-income countries shows that building toilets is not enough for improving sanitation. 

g)     According to the WHO and UNICEF, diarrhoea causes the deaths of more than 7,50,000 children under the age of five every year. A study published in the Lancet in 2012 reports that in India alone, an average of 2, 12,000 children under the age of five die of diarrhoea every year.

h)     Global evaluation evidence on sanitation interventions highlights the need to highlight behavioural factors for promoting the use and sustained adoption of water, sanitation and hygiene technologies. 

i)     Financial inclusion programmes also need to consider evaluation evidence. According to a 2014 report, over 2.5 billion adults around the world are unbanked.

j)     There are many reasons people dont use bank accounts - lack of trust in financial institutions, distance to the bank, illiteracy and dependence on informal and traditional banking sources. 

k)     In addition to tackling these issues, there may be a need for complementary activities to ensure that the poor can benefit from having bank accounts.

l)     The challenge for the Modi govt now is to evaluate what works in development programming before making large spending decisions. 

m)     Building a culture of evidence-informed policymaking would also require moving towards institutionalising evaluation within government.

n)     Mexico is widely known in the international development community for its system of evaluating social programmes. In the mid-90s, the Mexican govt launched Progresa, one of the worlds first conditional cash transfer programmes.

o)     Progresa handed out cash to poor families on the condition that they send their children to school and young mothers seek antenatal care.

p)     The impact evaluation showed that Progresa increased school enrolments and use of health services and reduced poverty. 

q)     Mexico has since also set up CONEVAL. It is a governmental body that has the mandate to independently evaluate govt programmes and policies.

r)     India can have the same reputation as Mexico. It is home to many bold social development programmes. It is a lost opportunity for govts to achieve recognition for what they are doing. 

4.

Centre in no hurry to cut PDS cover for poor (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Public Distribution System (PDS)

b)     Shanta kumar committee recommendations

c)     National Food Security Act

a)     Sources said the Modi govt is in no hurry to accept the controversial recommendation of the Shanta Kumar panel to reduce the number of PDS beneficiaries for subsidised foodgrains from 67 percent to 40 percent under the National Food Security Act.

b)     The Assembly elections in Bihar will be held later this year and any backlash on account of reduced coverage under the Act is not something that the Modi govt would like at this juncture.

c)     Union Food and Consumer Affairs Minister has strong reservations about the suggestion to cut down the number of priority beneficiaries from the Targeted PDS.

5.

Framing of charges not enough to bar candidates from contesting polls: SC (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Supreme Court

b)     Disqualification of persons from contesting elections

c)    Election Commission

a)     Supreme Court said that barring a person from contesting elections as soon as criminal charges are framed against him will regarded him even before he is proven guilty.

b)     It said that disqualifying such persons from contesting elections is clearly pre-emptive and against the very spirit of the Constitution.

c)     Under the present law, a person has to be convicted to attract such disqualification.

6.

Why kids in rural India die of diarrhoea, pneumonia (Page 17)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Diarrhoea

b)     Pneumonia

c)     Oral Rehydartion Salts (ORS)

d)     WHO

a)     The reason why a large number of children under the age of five years die of diarrhoea and pneumonia (generally in rural India and especially in Bihar) has become abundantly clear.

b)     Diarrhoea and pneumonia are the biggest killer diseases in children aged under five years in India. With 55 per 1000 live births, Bihar has the highest infant mortality rate in the country. 

c)     According to 2013 WHO recommendation, cheap, life-saving, widely available ORS with zinc supplementation is the correct treatment for diarrhoea.

d)     Shockingly, no health care provider prescribed the correct treatment for the patients with diarrhoea - only ORS.

e)     In the case of pneumonia, the figure went up marginally to 15 percent during practice. Severe pneumonia requires treatment with appropriate antibiotics.

7.

Displacement cuts life expectancy among tribal people (Page 17)

a)     National

b)     Health

a)     Life expectancy

b)     Displacement

c)     Telomere

d)     DNA

e)     Kuno Wildlife Sancuary

a)    A DNA study of a tribal community relocated from Madhya Pradeshs Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary, displacement can reduce life expectancy.

b)     The families suffered acute stress as they faced with their radically changed life in unfamiliar, semi-urbanized surroundings 10 km away.

c)     To find a possible link between these confused life changes and lifespan, scientists studied their subjects telomeres (the protective caps on either end of a chromosome) which are known to be associated with aging and disease.

d)     Premature telomere shortening has for long been used as an indicator of psychosocial stress and accelerated human aging.

e)     Telomere shortening among displaced tribal communities shows that these DNA stretches are clearly a pan-cultural biomarker of compromised health and aging.

8.

Millions at risk from sea rise in Sundarbans (Page 17)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Sundarbans

b)     Sea level rise

a)     Seas are rising more than twice as fast as the global average in the Sundarbans.

b)     Much of the Sundarbans could be underwater in 15-25 years.

9.

Satellite images reveal ocean acidification (Page 17)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Ocean acidification

b)     Climate change

a)     The use of satellites orbiting the Earth some 700 km above to monitor ocean acidification is set to revolutionize the way that marine biologists and climate scientists study the ocean.

NOTE: Read all snapshots in S&T Page 17.

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