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Daily News Analysis 31-05-2015

S.NO.

NEWS   ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE   OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Kerry, Zarif begin key n-talks (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     US Secretary of State John Kerry and his   Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif began high-stakes talks in Geneva to   try and form out a historic nuclear deal ahead of a June 30 deadline.

2.

Govt. for re-promulgation of land ordinance (Pages 1 and   8)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     The Union Cabinet has recommended   re-promulgation of the controversial land acquisition ordinance for the third   time in five months.

3.

PUCL plea in SC questions delay in implementation (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     The Centres   resolve to clear the country of hunger will be tested with a petition being   filed in the Supreme Court challenging the year-long delay in implementing   the Right to Food Act and validity of three administrative directions issued   by the govt, postponing food and cash entitlements from reaching the poor.

4.

MGNREGA stuck in limbo (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Sources finds   out that lack of demand and irregular work have affected the otherwise   successful MGNREGA scheme. Is it due to the delayed payments and funding cuts   by the central govt?

5.

Former Singapore Minister to be new Chancellor of Nalanda   varsity (Page 9)

a)     National

a)     The Centre   has announced the appointment of former Singapore Foreign Minister George Yeo   as the new Chancellor of Nalanda University, months after Noble laureate Amartya   Sen withdrew his nomination.

6.

INS Vikrant undocking postponed (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)    Siltation and   a minor technical error in lowering the building bay dock gate (which was   last operated when the maiden indigenous aircraft carrier INS Vikrant was   taken in post-launch for the second phase of work a year-and-a-half ago) have   forced the Cochin Shipyard to delay the undocking of the carrier.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS   ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT   POINTS

1.         

 

Kerry, Zarif begin key n-talks (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Iran – P5+1   nuclear deal

b)    Irans nuclear   programme

a)     US   Secretary of State John Kerry and his Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad   Zarif began high-stakes talks in Geneva to try and form out a historic   nuclear deal ahead of a June 30 deadline.

b)     US officials warned the coming   negotiations would be intense due to keep pressure on to force Iranians and   everyone at the table to make the tough decisions needed to end a 12-year deadlock   and put a nuclear bomb beyond Irans reach.

c)     After an interim deal struck in Geneva   in Nov 2013, Washington and Tehran are trying to fine tune the final details   of a ground-breaking agreement that would see Iran cut its nuclear ambitions   in return for a lifting of causing international sanctions.

d)     After three decades of enmity, it would   also give the way to bringing Iran back into the international fold and   create fresh momentum to resolve a host of conflicts in Middle East.

e)     On April 2, Iran and P5+1 agreed after eight   days of tough talks in Swiss city of Lausanne to the main outlines of a nuclear   deal, with Tehran agreeing to rein in and store large sections of its nuclear   programme.

2.

Govt. for re-promulgation of land ordinance (Pages 1 and   8)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Land Acquisition Act 2013

b)     Joint   Parliamentary Committee

c)     Parliament

a)     The Union Cabinet has recommended   re-promulgation of the controversial land acquisition ordinance for the third   time in five months.

b)     Opposition   leaders stressed that it was improper to recommend re-promulgation of the   ordinance as a 30-member Joint Committee of Parliament was currently   deliberating on changes sought to be made in the Land Acquisition Act 2013.

c)     But the NDA   government spokesperson said Cabinet had recommended re-promulgation of the   ordinance to ensure continuity so that farmers dont face hardships on   compensation as it would have lapsed on June 4.

d)     Cabinets   recommendation on re-promulgation of land ordinance will now be sent to   President Pranab for his approval.

e)     Meanwhile,   the Joint Parliamentary Committee on the Bill held its first meeting with   some Opposition MPs raising questions on rationale of the govts proposed   changes. Expressing dissatisfaction over the govts arguments in favour of the   Bill, the members had demanded a composite inter-ministerial reply on the   issue.

3.

PUCL plea in SC questions delay in implementation (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Right to Food Act

b)     National Food   Security Act (NFSA) 2013

c)     Section 4(b)   of the Act

d)     Peoples Union   for Civil Liberties (PUCL)

e)     Socio-Economic   Caste Census 2011

f)     Antodaya Anna   Yojana (AAY)

g)     Indira Gandhi   Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)

h)     Integrated   Child Development Scheme (ICDS)

i)     Anganwadis

a)     The Centres resolve to clear the country of   hunger will be tested with a petition being filed in the Supreme Court   challenging the year-long delay in implementing the Right to Food Act and   validity of three administrative directions issued by the govt, postponing   food and cash entitlements from reaching the poor.

b)     A petition   filed by the PUCL, asks the Supreme Court to intervene with the govt for the   implementation of NFSA 2013 and publication of the final lists of   Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011 to identify priority and AAY households   under the Act.

c)    The PUCL   petition in 2001 for enforcement of the poors right to food had seen the   Supreme Court pass repeated directions to the govt to provide food security.   The petition highlights several issues for the apex court to consider in   govts proposals to implement the Act.

d)     Section 4(b)   of the Act requires that pregnant and lactating women be paid a cash benefit   of a minimum of Rs. 6000 through the IGMSY. The petition said a revised   proposal for IGMSY is with the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs. As per   the proposal, IGMSY would reach all districts only by 2016-17, and that too   if financial resources permit.

e)     In the second   instance, the Act wants free meals to be provided through anganwadis to   pregnant and lactating women and children up to the age of six years. The   govt proposes to do this through the existing ICDS, which has low coverage.

4.

MGNREGA stuck in limbo (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment   Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)

b)     Skill   Development

c)     Poverty

d)     Economic   growth

a)     MGNREGA has generated more rural   employment than any other govt scheme or private initiative in the history of   independent India. At the same time, it has also generated a great deal of   controversy over its merits and demerits.

b)    Critics claim that the assets created by   MGNREGA works are of poor quality; that the money would be better spent on   skill-development; that promoting economic growth and private investment is   the only way to battle rural poverty, and so on.

c)     Some studies reveal that far from being   a wasteful expenditure, MGNREGA has helped create rural assets and   infrastructure, ranging from anganwadis, toilets for individual households,   crematoria, cyclone shelters, and playgrounds for children, to   drought-proofing, flood protection and control, water conservation and   harvesting, and rural road connectivity.

d)     In many states, up to half of the   MGNREGA income was spent on food, which improved health and nutrition – a   critical factor in a country troubled by malnutrition. And since only most   needy sought work under this Act, it was an accurate self-targeting scheme,   with a major proportion of the beneficiaries belonging to SCs/STs and other   marginalised communities.

e)     A country like India which accounts for   one-third of worlds poorest needs a multi-pronged approach to poverty   alleviation. Skills development is necessary for the integration of the rural   poor into a modernising economy. But till date there are no studies which   prove that skills development can take place on an empty stomach.

f)     However, the two biggest complaints   against MGNREGA are ones that are not often aired in public, perhaps because   they might show the critic in poor moral light. One, MGNREGA has altered the   power balance between the landless poor and their employers (agricultural   landlords, labour contractors), making it less loaded in favour of the   latter; two, by raising rural incomes, it has decreased distress migration to   the cities, thereby reducing the numbers of reserve army of labour and   increasing the cost of labour.

g)    While the govt might argue that this   reflects falling demand, testimonies from field reports indicate that it is   the delay in payments that is turning people away from this programme.

h)     MGNREGA is a demand-driven scheme. A   widespread denial of work under MGNREGA and endless delays in wage payment   would end up killing the demand for work. If that happens, it would not be   long before the programme is deemed a failure and wound up for good.

5.

Former Singapore Minister to be new Chancellor of Nalanda   varsity (Page 9)

a)     National

a)     Nalanda University

b)     East Asia Summit

a)     The Centre has announced the appointment of   former Singapore Foreign Minister George Yeo as new Chancellor of Nalanda   University, months after Noble laureate Amartya Sen withdrew his nomination.

b)     Located at   Rajgir in Bihar, the university was set up for the revival of an ancient   centre of learning in Nalanda. It is a non-profit public-private partnership   institution with significant contribution from Centre. Foreign govts and   entities too have made voluntary contributions.

c)     In Oct 2013,   India signed agreements with 7 countries (Australia, Cambodia, Singapore,   Brunei, New Zealand, Lao PDR and Myanmar), who promised their commitment to   the Nalanda University project. These MoUs were signed at the East Asia   Summit in the presence of former PM Manmohan Singh.

d)     The idea to   revive Nalanda University was first raised in 2005 by then President A.P.J.   Abdul Kalam.

6.

INS Vikrant undocking postponed (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)       INS Vikrant

a)     Siltation and a minor technical error in   lowering the building bay dock gate (which was last operated when the maiden   indigenous aircraft carrier INS Vikrant was taken in post-launch for the   second phase of work a year-and-a-half ago) have forced the Cochin Shipyard   to delay the undocking of the carrier.

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