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Daily News Analysis 13-06-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Land pact rollout in next 11 months (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Bangladesh and India will implement the Land Boundary Agreement of 1974 and Protocol of 2011, in a phased manner over the next 11 months.

2.

Agriculture  a  key  area in  Delhi- Colombo  ties (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Sri Lanka has identified agriculture, logistics and textiles as potential areas of economic engagement with India.

3.

Manipur attack will not deter BCIM plans, says V.K. Singh (Page 10)

a)     I.R

b)     National

a)     Minister of State for External Affairs Gen. (retd.) V.K. Singh has brushed aside worries that the attack in Manipur by militants based in Myanmar that killed 18 Indian troops would obstruct progress of the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor.

4.

Frances Thales pitching pods for Indias fighters (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     As India and France negotiate the final agreement for direct purchase of 36 Rafale fighter jets announced by PM Modi in Paris recently, the Thales group of France is in talks with India for supply of its Damocles multi-function targeting pods for Mirage 2000 fighters and potentially for the Rafale jets.

5.

The Ukraine imbroglio (Page 8)

a)     International

a)     The G-7 nations put on a brave face against Russia at a summit held this week in the Bavarian Alps and decided to continue their sanctions against President Putin for what they called his war in Ukraine.

6.

NJAC ensures transparency (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     The career graph of a former Supreme Court judge became a hot topic of debate between Supreme Courts Constitution Bench hearing the merits of the NJAC and the govt on what qualities make an ideal judge.

7.

Smart cities scheme to take off on June 25 (Pages 1, 8 and 10)

a)     National

a)     India has asked all the countries keen on partnering with it in the smart cities initiative to ready the blueprint for the projects they want to undertake, to avoid delay in execution.

8.

Govt. moves to re-impose ban on NSCN(K) (Page 10)

a)     National

a)     Following the attack and killing of 18 soldiers in Manipur (which is believed to have been planned by the NSCN(K)), the govt initiated proceedings to once again ban the organisation.

9.

Have we asked the children? (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     The childs right to be heard has been validated by a UN Convention. Its time to let children decide when and what kind of labour is right.

10.

Industrial production up 4.1 % in April (Pg13)

a)     Economy

a)     Index of Industrial Production for April registered a growth of 4.1 percent, much faster than the 2.1 percent registered in March.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Land pact rollout in next 11 months (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Bangladesh relations

b)     Land Boundary Agreement (LBA)

a)     Bangladesh and India will implement LBA of 1974 and Protocol of 2011, in a phased manner over next 11 months.  The entire process includes physical exchange of enclaves and land parcels in adverse possession along with boundary demarcation.

b)   The countries will exchange strip maps showing the narrow stretch of territory on the Appointed Day (July 31 2015) completing the transfer of territorial jurisdiction, while the ground demarcation of the boundary will be completed by respective Survey Departments by June 30 2016.

c)     Both govts will facilitate orderly, safe and secure passage to the enclave dwellers along with their personal belongings and moveable property to Bangladesh or India through proper travel documents.

2.

Agriculture  a  key  area in  Delhi- Colombo  ties (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Sri Lanka relations

b)     Economic ties

c)     Currency swap agreement

a)     Sri Lankan Finance Minister said that Sri Lanka has identified agriculture, logistics and textiles as potential areas of economic engagement with India. Shipping and open- aviation policy were among the other areas of cooperation.

b)     On the currency swap agreement with India, he said his country had so far used $400 million. It could go up to $1.5 billion. Announced by PM Modi during his visit, the agreement is between the RBI and the Central Bank of Sri Lanka. It is meant to keep the Sri Lankan rupee stable.

c)     He also said the govts plan was to develop Sri Lanka into a mini-financial centre as neighbouring countries such as India, Pakistan, Maldives and Bangladesh would find the country an ideal place.

3.

Manipur attack will not deter BCIM plans, says V.K. Singh (Page 10)

a)     I.R

b)     National

a)     Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) economic corridor  

b)     India – China relations

c)     Manipur attack

d)     Yunnan province

 

a)     Minister of State for External Affairs Gen (retd) VK. Singh has brushed aside worries that the attack in Manipur by militants based in Myanmar that killed 18 Indian troops would obstruct progress of the BCIM economic corridor.

b)     His remarks signalled a shift in Indias position from a passive to an active supporter of the BCIM corridor, powered by the Chinese province of Yunnan and West Bengal.

c)    Asked whether the growing consolidation of New Delhi-Dhaka ties (following PM Modi visit to Bangladesh last week) could also encourage stronger economic ties between Kolkata and Dhaka within the BCIM framework, Indias Ambassador to China said India was awaiting recommendations of a four-nation composite group in order to take a call.

d)     Hoping to encourage economic ties, Yunnan and West Bengal (two engines of BCIM project) are focussing real estate development, food processing and manufacturing as core areas of cooperation.

4.

Frances Thales pitching pods for Indias fighters (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – France relations

b)     Rafale deal

c)     Damocles

d)     Mirage 2000 fighters

e)     Sukhoi-30

a)     As India and France negotiate the final agreement for the direct purchase of 36 Rafale fighter jets announced by PM Modi in Paris recently, the Thales group of France is in talks with India for supply of its Damocles multi-function targeting pods for the Mirage 2000 fighters and potentially for the Rafale jets.

b)     India has contracted Dassault for the upgrade of its Mirage 2000 jets and the first two upgraded fighters had been handed over to the Indian Air Force recently.

c)     Targeting pods facilitate high-resolution imaging, targeting and weapons guidance in all weather conditions during day and night. The Indian Air Force currently employs Israeli-built targeting pods on its frontline fighters.

d)     Official said the Damocles pods can be integrated into Indias Sukhoi-30 aircraft.

5.

The Ukraine imbroglio (Page 8)

a)     International

a)     G7 summit

b)     Ukraine crisis

c)     Bavarian Alps

d)     Crimea annexation

e)     Irans nuclear talks

f)     Syrian civil war

g)     NATO

a)     The G-7 nations put on a brave face against Russia at a summit held this week in the Bavarian Alps and decided to continue their sanctions against President Putin for what they called his war in Ukraine.

b)     US President Obama accused Putin of damaging his country in act of a wrong-headed desire to recreate the glories of the Soviet empire. Russia countered by warning that it would prolong its own counter-sanctions, indicating there would not be any change in its Ukraine policy.

c)    While all this is happening, a fresh outbreak of violence between govt troops and pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine is threatening to obstruct a weak ceasefire. Ukraine is paying a heavy price for this deadlock. It has lost Crimea to Russia and its economy is in a state of collapse. The West wants to punish Russia for its annexation of Crimea and for helping separatists in eastern Ukraine.

d)   On the other hand, Moscow sees Western involvement in the dismissal of Ukraines pro-Moscow President Yanukovych and seems determined to resist the NATOs outreach to its backyard. If the Wests real intention is to get Russia to change its policy towards Ukraine, it should rethink its sanctions regime.

e)     Besides, there is little to suggest that Western policy of isolating Russia is working at all. More than a year after Russia was suspended from the G-8 following its annexation of Crimea, the leading powers still need Russia to deal with pressing global issues ranging from the Iranian nuclear talks to the Syrian civil war.

f)     So a more pragmatic approach would be to start a diplomatic engagement in a mutually good environment. The rough handling by both sides of what was a domestic issue in Ukraine has turned it into a regional problem. Left unchecked, the problem could well turn into a war. It is high time the West and Moscow set aside expression and started addressing the problem directly.

6.

NJAC ensures transparency (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC)

b)     Collegium system

c)     NHRC

d)     Supreme Court

e)     High Court

f)     CJI

g)     Attorney General

a)     The career graph of a former Supreme Court judge became a hot topic of debate between the Supreme Courts Constitution Bench hearing the merits of the NJAC and the government on what qualities make an ideal judge.

b)     On the last day of the govts arguments to justify the replacement of two decades-old collegium system of judges appointing judges with broad-based NJAC law, Attorney-General once again took up the case of the particular former judge, saying he hardly made any judgment before he was elevated to the Supreme Court and the collegium went on to give honours on him.

c)     But Justice Khehar (who leads the Bench) countered why the govt went ahead to appoint this judge in NHRC when it had so little opinion of his skill. The Bench further asked whether a judges ability should be tested by the number of judgments he scripted.

d)     The Attorney-General said proper guidelines would be in place for appointing judges.

7.

Smart cities scheme to take off on June 25 (Pages 1, 8 and 10)

a)     National

a)     Smart cities scheme

b)     Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation

c)     Urbanisation

 

a)     India has asked all the countries keen on partnering with it in smart cities initiative to ready the blueprint for the projects they want to undertake, to avoid delay in execution.

b)     PM Modi will announce the scheme along with the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation on June 25. So far, 14 countries have shown interest in sharing their expertise in building components that are preconditions for a smart city.

c)     Sources said each State will be given a month to draw up a list of cities eligible for works under the scheme. Each State will have at least one smart city, with the bigger States being eligible for 10.

d)     The total number across the country will be 100. Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh have signed agreements with the US for non-financial assistance; some agreements have been signed with Sweden and China, but work will pick up by end of July.

e)     Denmark is the latest to join the list of countries that have offered know-how in building smart cities, with emphasis on river cleaning, water, waste and transport management, and setting up IT services.

f)     The 14 countries that have either signed up for various works or are in the process of finalising them are US, Japan, China, Singapore, South Korea, Israel, UK, France, Germany, Spain, Netherlands, Sweden, South Africa and Australia. France recently indicated that it will extend an additional credit line of 2 billion euros for the project.

8.

Govt moves to re-impose ban on NSCN(K) (Page 10)

a)     National

a)     Manipur attack

b)     Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K)  

c)     Unlawful Activities Prevention Act

d)     Shillong Accord

a)     Following the attack and killing of 18 soldiers in Manipur (which is believed to have been planned by the NSCN-K), the govt initiated proceedings to once again ban the organisation.

b)     NSCN-K was a banned organisation till 2001 which was revoked after it declared a ceasefire with govt. It walked out of the 14-year ceasefire agreement in May 2015, which resulted in renewed attacks.

c)     Khaplang along with Isak Chishi Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah had formed the NSCN after revolting against Shillong Accord of November of 1975 and in 1988 Khaplang split away to form NSCN(K).

d)     Meanwhile, National Security Advisor Ajit Doval will visit Myanmar on June 17 to discuss with authorities the possibilities of further joint action against Northeast insurgents.

9.

Have we asked the children? (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Child rights

b)     Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986

c)     UN Convention of the Rights of the Child

d)     International Working Group on Child Labour  

e)     Child Labour Programme (CLP)

f)     Apprenticeship Act

a)     The debate over children working has been raging for centuries, with policies constantly changing to reflect the attitudes of a given time. There are different views in society about why children should or should not work.

b)     Rationalists see the need for children to work in poverty-stricken countries and close their eyes to the oppressive and often hazardous conditions under which they work. Moralists want to ban all work for children to enable them to enjoy their childhood, regardless of the conditions they face at home. Economists see children as contributing to GDP of nations economy. Politicians make compromises between what is convenient for industry to flourish and what is feasible to implement.

c)     But few of these groups bother to ask the children themselves what they want. Children are thinking beings who know what they like and dislike and, depending on their age and ability, also most often know what the solutions are to particular problems they face. Childrens right to be heard has been validated by the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child that India has ratified.

d)     International Movement of Working Children adopted the Kundapur Declaration drafted by working children from 36 countries. They demanded of states and international agencies that they be consulted, their initiatives recognised, and their products not boycotted; that their work be respected and made safe; that they have access to appropriate education, professional training and quality healthcare; that poverty be addressed aggressively; that rural development to stem rural-urban migration be made a priority; and that exploitation of their labour be brought to a halt.

e)     Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 has been in force for almost 30 years; yet there are a large number of working children. CLP has been renewed several times over years, irrespective of fact that the rate of convictions for employing children is dismal and little is being done to mitigate the situation of children in the workforce.

f)     Instead of analysing the root causes of child labour, we have continued with an ostrich-like approach. An example of this is the recent proposed amendments to the Child Labour Act of 1986. Even though it recognises that work can also be a learning arena for children and that socio-economic conditions are the root cause of child labour, which is a step in the right direction, the amendments it proposes ignore these insights.

g)     The proposed amendments also extend the ban from children below 14 years to include children below 18, thus extending criminalisation as well. Instead, they should have explored the Apprenticeship Act and provided earn as you learn avenues for children in this age group, as countries such as Zimbabwe and Norway have done.

h)     The proposed amendments are a setback just minor repairing of an already faulty approach. What is required is an approach that focuses on childrens rights and which addresses the causes of child labour, primarily poverty. Yet, the proponents of the total ban persist in their simplistic equations and strict strategies.

10.

Industrial production up 4.1 % in April (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     Index of Industrial Production (IIP)

b)     Consumer Price Index

c)     Inflation

a)    The IIP for April registered a growth of 4.1 percent, much faster than the 2.1 percent registered in March.

b)     The Consumer Price Index inflation for May rose to 5 percent, in line with expectations. However, it was at 4.87 percent in April.

c)     The Indices of Industrial Production for the Mining, Manufacturing and Electricity sectors for the month of April 2015, registered growth rates of 0.6 percent, 5.1 percent and -0.5 percent respectively, as compared to April 2014.

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