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Daily News Analysis 23-06-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

New Kailash route boosts people-to-people ties (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Bound for the Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage, 43 Indians crossed the India-China border at Nathu La, pioneering a pilgrim route and adding another dimension to the Sino-Indian people-to-people contacts.

2.

Taliban attacks Afghan Parliament (Page 12)

a)     International

a)    Taliban suicide bomber struck the entrance to the Afghanistan Parliament and gunmen tried to storm the heavily guarded compound.

3.

UN accuses Israel, Hamas of committing war crimes (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Criticising the unprecedented devastation and human suffering, a widely anticipated UN report said that both Israel and Palestinian militants may have committed war crimes during last years Gaza war.

4.

Eurozone finance chiefs look for Greek deal later this week (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Eurozone Finance Ministers broke off talks without an agreement on Greeces bailout, saying they aim to reach a deal later this week that might keep the country from defaulting and falling out of the currency union.

5.

The deadly new age war (Page 9)

a)     International

a)     Without a single shot fired or a drop of blood spilled, an entire country can be destroyed. That is cyber warfare and the govt must start working right away to combat the new enemy.

6.

Tiny island okays same-sex marriage (Page 7)

a)     International

a)     Pitcairn Island (a tiny spot in the Pacific thats home to just 48 people) has passed a law allowing same-sex marriage but has no gay couples wanting to wed.

7.

Section 8: Attorney General writes to Governor? (Page 1)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi is believed to have communicated his opinion over invocation of Section 8 of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, which has become a bone of contention between govts of A.P and Telangana, to the common Governor E.S.L Narasimhan.

8.

Only a few thousand pre-2005 notes left in circulation: RBI (Page 11)

a)     Economy

a)     With less than 10 days to go before the deadline for removal from circulation of all currency notes issued before 2005, the RBI says there are only a small number of notes left in circulation.

9.

HAL delivers Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft body (Page 6)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     The orbiter spacecraft module structure of proposed Chandrayaan-2 mission (built by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd) has been delivered to the ISRO Satellite Centre.

10.

Maharashtra gets State butterfly (Page 7)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)     Maharashtra has become the first State in country to have a State butterfly. The BJP-led govt has declared the Blue Mormon (Papilio polymnestor) as State butterfly.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

New Kailash route boosts people-to-people ties (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     Cultural ties

c)     Nathu La pass

d)     Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage 

a)     Bound for the Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage, 43 Indians crossed the India-China border at Nathu La, pioneering a pilgrim route and adding another dimension to the Sino-Indian people-to-people contacts.

b)     Chinese Ambassador said new route is more comfortable, more convenient and much safer than the old ones. Instead of traversing days through tough terrain at high risk, we can now reach the holy place by bus while enjoying the heavenly beauty along the way.

c)     The Nathu La passage for the holy site seemed to combine spirituality with Soft Power - an essential ingredient of India-China ties, which appear to be undergoing a rapid transformation.

2.

Taliban attacks Afghan Parliament (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Taliban

b)     Afghan forces

c)     US-led NATO combat operation

a)     Taliban suicide bomber struck the entrance to the Afghanistan Parliament and gunmen tried to storm the heavily guarded compound but the Afghan security forces managed to repel the attack.

b)     The Taliban claimed the attack. The militants groups spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid told that it targeted Masoom Stanekzai (who was to be confirmed as countrys Defence Minister) and the Parliament itself. He said the assault showed the capability of the mujahedeen, who can even attack the Parliament in capital.

c)     Taliban has seized a second district in the northern Kunduz province, which has borne the impact of their annual warm-weather offensive.

d)   Taliban attacks have surged ever since the start of US troops withdrawal earlier this year. Afghan forces have struggled to fend off Taliban advances since the US and NATO combat mission officially concluded at the end of last year.

3.

UN accuses Israel, Hamas of committing war crimes (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Gaza war

b)     Israel and Palestinian crisis

c)     Palestinian issue

 

a)     Criticising unprecedented devastation and human suffering, a widely anticipated UN report said that both Israel and Palestinian militants may have committed war crimes during last years Gaza war.

b)     The Commission of Inquiry on 2014 Gaza conflict announced it had gathered substantial information and credible allegations that both sides had committed war crimes during the conflict, which killed more than 2140 Palestinians and 73 people on Israeli side.

c)     With PM Benjamin Netanyahu insisting his country does not commit war crimes, Israel (which has been harshly critical of the commission since its inception last year) blasted the report as biased.

d)    Meanwhile, Hamas welcomes the reports condemnation of the Zionist occupier for its war crimes during last war against Gaza.

e)     The investigators voiced particular concern that a sense of impunity prevails across the board for violations allegedly committed by Israeli forces, whether it be in the context of active hostilities in Gaza or killings, torture and ill-treatment in the West Bank.

4.

Eurozone finance chiefs look for Greek deal later this week (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Greece debt crisis

b)     European Union (EU)

c)     International Monetary Fund (IMF)

a)     Eurozone Finance Ministers broke off talks without an agreement on Greeces bailout, saying they aim to reach a deal later this week that might keep the country from defaulting and falling out of currency union.

b)     Greece needs more loans from its creditors (which include its fellow eurozone states and the IMF) in time for June 30, when it faces a debt repayment it cannot afford. The country has been negotiating for four months what economic reforms it should make to get the money.

c)     Earlier, the Greek govt submitted proposals to its creditors aimed at breaking the deadlock over the crisis.

d)     EU leaders have a two-day summit starting on June 25th and hopes are a full agreement can be reached then.

5.

The deadly new age war (Page 9)

a)     International

a)     Cyber warfare

b)     Computer Network Exploitation (CNE)

c)     Deliberate Denial of Service (DDoS)

d)     Critical Information Infrastructure (CII)

e)     Information Technology (IT) Act 2000

f)     Section 70A and 70B

g)     Article 70A

h)     Department of Information Technology (DIT)

i)     National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC)

j)     National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO)

a)     In late 2006, the US Department of Defence detected a major violation in their computer systems leading them to believe that their $337 billion F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) programme had been compromised.

b)     JSF programme (claimed to be producing one the worlds most advanced combat aircraft) was primarily being developed by private defence contractor Lockheed Martin. While the companies were busy meeting deadlines, no one had noticed a deliberate CNE attack that had taken place on their premises.

c)     Unlike the spies of Cold War era (when collaborators would provide access to secret documents to physically copy and photograph documents), the new age spies did not need any physical access. Working over the Internet thousands of miles away, they sucked out thousands of secret documents, threatening one of the most secret programmes under development by US military.

d)     In 2007, Estonia (a tiny former Soviet republic) faced one of most debilitating attacks in modern times. Anonymous hackers (suspected to be operating from Russia) launched a massive cyber-attack on its information systems. For three days, it faced disorder. The attack (known as a DDoS) had proved what modern warfare could achieve without any blood being spilled.

e)     The attack on Lockheed Martin and Estonia revealed the extent of vulnerability of the systems that operated some of most critical sectors in a country. From defence to energy, power, aviation and law enforcement, every sector that depended on computer networks was suddenly left extremely vulnerable. It led to identification of several areas to be designated as CII that would need a slew of measures to be strengthened against future threats.

f)     The last decade has witnessed a slow but steady realisation within the Indian govt that the threats of future will come from cyberspace. In 2008 (when the IT Act 2000 was amended), the introduction of Section 70A and 70B went largely unnoticed in policy circles.

g)     Article 70A mandated the need for a special agency that would look at designated CIIs and evolve practices, policies and procedures to protect them from a cyber attack.

h)     On Jan 16 2014, the DIT issued a notification announcing the creation of a specialised body to protect Indias CIIs. The NCIIPC was created and placed under the technical intelligence agency, the NTRO to roll out counter-measures in cooperation with other security agencies and private corporate entities that man these critical sectors.

i)     The govt has identified 12 sectors that fit the bill and can be covered under the NCIIPC project as mandated by Section 70A of the amended IT Act. These range from energy to power, law enforcement, aviation, banking, critical manufacturing, defence and space. While the guidelines for protection of CIIs were issued by govt in May2012, the sectors still lack specific guidelines that will address their peculiar challenges in cyberspace.

j)     When the US govt was struggling with its cyber security challenges, there was a clear realisation that it did not have the money or the scope to protect all the critical sectors. It realised that it needed to work closely with the private sector manning these sectors to establish a foolproof defence system. It was only possible if both sectors (govt and private) agreed to come together and establish joint mechanisms to repel future attacks.

k)     In India, there should be a proliferation of similar efforts at every level led by NCIIPC. It needs to take lead, as mandated by the DIT notification to assist in development of appropriate plans, adoption of standards, sharing best practices, and refinement of procurement processes in respect of protection of CII.

6.

Tiny island okays same-sex marriage (Page 7)

a)     International

a)     Pitcairn Island

b)     Same-sex marriage law

 

a)     Pitcairn Island (a tiny spot in the Pacific thats home to just 48 people) has passed a law allowing same-sex marriage but has no gay couples wanting to wed.

b)     First settled in 1790, Pitcairn is a British Overseas Territory that has some legal autonomy and is often considered the worlds smallest country by population.

c)     Pitcairn Deputy Governor said the change was suggested by British authorities after England, Wales and Scotland legalised same-sex marriage last year. He said the law change was unanimously approved by the local council.

7.

Section 8: Attorney General writes to Governor? (Page 1)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act

b)     Section 8 of the Act

c)     Governor

d)     Attorney General

 

a)     Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi is believed to have communicated his opinion over invocation of Section 8 of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act (which has become a bone of contention between govts of A.P and Telangana) to common Governor E.S.L Narasimhan.

b)     This comes in the wake of a petition by AP CM Chandrababu Naidu to PM Modi asking the Governor to implement Section 8 of the Act. He had accused the Telangana govt of tapping the phones of his colleagues and charged the Governor with being a silent spectator to the alleged shameless violation of the Act.

c)     Naidu and his Cabinet colleagues had been demanding the Governor to take over the law and order jurisdiction in Hyderabad, while Telangana CM KCR continued to maintain that law and order was a State subject and Hyderabad was integral part of Telangana.

d)     It is understood that the Governor had written a letter to the Centre last July soon after bifurcation seeking clarity on his role in implementation of Section 8. There is no reply yet from the Centre on the issue.

e)     Sources also pointed out that when Centre has appointed two advisors to the Governor to oversee implementation of Section 8, where was the need for the first citizen of the two States to directly contact the Attorney General.

f)     As per Section 8 of the Act, responsibility of Governor shall extend to matters such as law and order and internal security in the common capital area. The section also specifies that in discharge of functions, the Governor shall (after consulting Council of Ministers of State of Telangana) exercise his individual judgment as to the action to be taken.

8.

Only a few thousand pre-2005 notes left in circulation: RBI (Page 11)

a)     Economy

a)    Currency notes circulation

b)     RBI

a)     With less than 10 days to go before the deadline for removal from circulation of all currency notes issued before 2005, the RBI says there are only a few thousand pre-2005 notes left in circulation.

b)     According to the RBI, it is easy to distinguish the old notes from the new. The notes issued before 2005 do not have the year of issue printed on them while those printed after 2005 have the year on the reverse side of the note, at the bottom. In addition, the newer notes have a security thread that runs alternately through the currency note with Bharat (in Hindi) and RBI visible on the thread.

c)     Official said the reason behind the phasing out of old notes is that they have fewer security features than the new series. Even internationally, central banks prefer to have notes of only a single series in circulation.

9.

HAL delivers Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft body (Page 6)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Chandrayaan-2

b)     GSLV-MKII

c)     GSLV-MKIII

d)     PSLV

e)     Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL)

f)     Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre

g)     ISRO

a)     The orbiter spacecraft module structure of proposed Chandrayaan-2 mission (built by HAL) has been delivered to the ISRO Satellite Centre.

b)     Chandrayaan-2 is countrys second lunar mission and is likely to come up in 2017 or 2018. It will have a lander and a rover to explore Moons surface.

c)     HAL said the lunar spacecraft is a two-module configuration having the orbiter craft and lander craft. Orbiter Craft Module structure is a 3-tonne category bus made out of a central composite cylinder, shear webs and deck panels.

d)     The ISRO said it will launch the mission using the more powerful rocket GSLV-MkII, which is powered by the indigenous cryogenic engine. The satellite centre is working on the main spacecraft and the rover. The lander is being developed at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in Thiruvananthapuram.

e)     HAL has provided hardware for the ISROs communication satellites as well as operational PSLV rocket and its higher siblings GSLV-MKII and MKIII (or LVM3).

10.

Maharashtra gets State butterfly (Page 7)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)     Biodiversity

b)     Blue Mormon

c)     Birdwing

d)     Western Ghats

a)     Maharashtra has become the first State in the country to have a State butterfly. The BJP-led govt has declared the Blue Mormon (Papilio polymnestor) as State butterfly.

b)     The Blue Mormon is a large, swallowtail butterfly found primarily in Sri Lanka and India, mainly restricted to Western Ghats of Maharashtra, South India and coastal belts. It may occasionally be spotted in the Maharashtrian mainland between Vidarbha and Western Maharashtra.

c)     It is reportedly the second largest butterfly found in India, just smaller than the southern birdwing.

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