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My notes 26-06-2015

June 26, 2015

 

  1. AMURT - It will replace the JNNURM
  2. Now, the states and UT s have more flexibility. liberty in formulation, approval and execution of projects.
  3. The financial allocation will be based on size of Urban population and number of cities and towns in each state.
  4. Every state has to submit state level action plan on mobilization of resources.
  5. Under AMRUT, no projects without availability of land and clearances will not be included in mission.
  6. Cities will be selected on the basis of competitive criteria set.
  7. Prime minister awas Yojana - one lakh rupees is provided to each house built as a grant. The house will be registered in a joint ownership. It envisages houses for all by 2022.

Deepak Parikh - fewer approvals will cut the costs.

 

BCIM corridor

  1. It connects Kolkata with Kunming in Yunnan province of China. Total of 2800 km stretch.
  2. It is part of China s one belt one road initiative.
  3. India is upgraduinf Silchar in Assam to Imphal in Manipur. In Myanmar Kalewa to Monywa need to be upgraded. Tamu - Kalewa link in myanmar is already finished by India.
  4. It reduces the reliance of Straits of Malacca. It provides sea access to North Eastwrn states in India.

Problems -

  1. Part of the stretch goes through Arunachal Pradesh, it is considered as a disputed territory in China
  2. Insurgency prone areas are there in Myanmar and Manipur in India.

 

IIM bill 2015 - criticism

  1. The bill provides discretion to the Government on
  2. Terms and conditions on Appointment of directors.
  3. Central Government can give directions on questions of policy for efficient administration of the institute. The decision of the central Government is final to decide whether the question is on policy or not.
  4. It takes away the independence in appointment of faculty and makes the board of IIM a vestigial organ.
  5. Government s overreach will erode the freedom of the institutions.
  6. The MOA of IIM promises the autonomy and the Government did not explain why this autonomy need to be diluted?

 

Madras HC - Mediation on Rape.

  1. Case - a Person convicted for raping of a minor is referred to Mediation by Madras HC.
  2. Mediation - Mediation is a form of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) where a neutral mediator assists the parties concerned in arriving at a mutually agreeable settlement. It is a mechanism that seeks to reduce the burden on the courts. It also provides for an alternative where parties can have an active role in the final outcome as opposed to a decision handed down from the judiciary. Though mediation has been used with some degree of success in civil and matrimonial disputes concerning adjudication between private parties, its applicability to criminal law is questionable.
  3. Civil vs criminal cases - responsibilty of state - A civil dispute, or disputes with a predominantly civil flavour, are those cases where private rights of parties are in dispute. Contrary to civil disputes which affect individuals, criminal offences are looked at as impacting society at large. Thus, a criminal offence is considered to be not just against the rights of the victim, but also against society. This is because it is understood that the whole of society has an interest in preventing crimes. A direct result of this conception is that in a criminal case, the state, through appointed public prosecutors, steps in to prosecute, convict and punish the accused. The individual victim does not have any major role in this process.
  4. An increasing dependence on ADR dilutes the authority of the court, and also provides scope for the abdication by the state of its duty to prosecute the accused.
  5. Rape is “not merely a crime of passion but an expression of power” and the same has been observed in the Justice Verma Committee report.
  6. Role of the survivor - . The judgment in Sathyavani Ponrani v Samuel Raj by the Madurai bench of the Madras High Court, have ensured that survivors of rape have an opportunity to be heard, and have more participation in the process, otherwise primarily between the state and the accused.

 

 

 The Narrowing Persian Gulf

  1. Impact of sanction on Iran has damaged the Iranian economy - oil exports have halved since 2012. The GDP has contracted from $568 bn to $406bn.
  2. Sanctions have slowed down the nuclear program, but did not halt it.
  3. Interim Frame work agreement signed in Lausanne on APR 2, 2015. Final agreement is pending.
  4. Issues in Final agreements - 

  a) Timelines for sanction relief

             b) access and verification of compliance

             c) mechanism of restoring sanctions in case of a breach.

             d) Number of Centrifuges to be kept at Furdow

              e) Amount of enrichment of Uranium allowed for research and development.

 

Political differences

 

  1. Russia and china among P5+1 do not favor snap back mechanism of sanctions in case of Noncompliance.
  2. In USA, Republican dominated congress is not favorable to the debate. The Iran nuclear agreement review act - 2015 is a big hurdle to cross. Tomorrow, china and Russia may show this law as  a reason to make independent agreements with Iran. It is feared that, a rejection by US congress will further worsen the scenario.
  3. Allies such as Israel are opposed to any deal with Iran - Israel is demanding to take away the power of Iran to make a bomb itself. However, the present agreement can increase the Iran break out time from 2-3 months to 12 months. It cannot totally take away its capabilities.
  4. If Iran returns to its nuclear program, it will have a cascading effect in west Asia. It will spell doom to NPT. The threat of IS can also lead to nuclear terrorism.
  5. Iran issue shall see a triumph of diplomacy over military power.

 

 

China blocks India s request on Lakhvi

 

  1. China blocked the India s request to UN security council sanctions committee seeking Pakistan clarification on release of Lakhvi- mastermind in 26/11 attacks.
  2. India s argument is freeing of Lakhvi  has violated the UN resolution 1267 that deals with designated entities and individuals with links to al Qaeda and it has listed Lakhvi since dec10, 2008.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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