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My notes 29-06-2015

29 June 2015

 

Iran nuclear agreement

Issues in Final agreements - 

  a) Timelines for sanction relief

             b) access and verification of compliance

             c) mechanism of restoring sanctions in case of a breach.

             d) Number of Centrifuges to be kept at Furdow

              e) Amount of enrichment of Uranium allowed for research and development.

              f) limiting the current uranium reserves for 15 years

              g) limiting Irans nuclear activity for 10 years

 BCIM corridor

  1. It connects Kolkata with Kunming in Yunnan province of China. Total of 2800 km stretch.
  2. It is part of China s one belt one road initiative.
  3. India is upgrading Silchar in Assam to Imphal in Manipur. In Myanmar, Kalewa to Monywa need to be upgraded. Tamu - Kalewa link in Myanmar is already finished by India.
  4. It reduces the reliance of Straits of Malacca. It provides sea access to North Eastern states in India.

Problems -

  1. Part of the stretch goes through Arunachal Pradesh, it is considered as a disputed territory in China
  2. Insurgency prone areas are there in Myanmar and Manipur in India.- these areas are known for human, drug trafficking , terrorism and ethnic insurgencies.

 

Insurgency Issues

  1. In Myanmar, near Chinese border, Kokang rebels, known as Myanmar National democratic  alliance army is active.
  2. In north eastern Myanmar , united wa state army is major threat.
  3. Communal violence involving Buddhists and Rohingyas in Rakhine state.

 

The solution to this issue can be creating and handling joint command HQ, intelligence sharing and joint operations on security threats. The Mekong experience shall guide the nations in this.

 

 

Building ties with the new silk road

 

  1. The one belt, one road initiative and maritime silk road of China under Xi Jingping are to be seen as a response to changing economic structure in China.
  2. As economy is undergoing a major structural change from export driven, investment led, labour intensive , manufacturing driven to a more diversified, industrially transformed internal consumption driven economy.
  3. After 2008 economic crisis , a major stimulus was initiated in china. It led to overheating of real estate sector and a credit bubble and already the over capacities created are unable to find demand in this global slow down.
  4. The Maritime silk road is established as a string of pearls theorization in strategic thinking in India. It is meant for export of Chinese capital and goods. Silk road, belt is a fixed value investment. 
  5. China sees synergies between India s act east policy, BCIM corridor to strengthen its one belt one road initiative.
  6. Pro west conceives a role for India in containing china.
  7. India s strengths in Tertiary sector and china s capital investments for its infrastructure can be a win win situation for both.

NGO s - Good Bad and Ugly

  1. PM Modi criticized few NGOs as Five star activists
  2. To increase the accountability of NGOS an Accreditation agency for Nonprofits was recommended in National policy on voluntary sector in 2007 and guidelines were proposed in 11th and 12 th five year plans.
  3. The accreditation  is a process of certifying voluntary organizations based on a set of codified norms , principles standards and practices. Credibility network , an NGO is a pioneer in this area.
  4. The rating system may not help voluntary sector as standardized measurement methodologies are still evolving and the sector is too diverse.

 

NGOs foreign funds and Trust deficit

 

  1. The funds received by NGOs in comparison to other foreign funds is very miniscule. It is to a tune of 11000 crore rs. Among this, the money that can be used for potentially questionable purposes is less than 13%. The major uses of foreign funds are for rural development, health, education etc.
  2. Ina  society all institutions Government, civil society shall be accountable. In this context, protections given to Bureaucrats, politicians do not come for major discussions. But, the civil society and their funds, accountability for discussion shows the decreasing space for argument and dissent in Indian society.
  3. Cracking down NGO s saying they are involved in actions detrimental to national interest is more colonial in its overtones.  The major challenge is lack of trust between Government and civil society.

 

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