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Daily News Analysis 05-07-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Netanyahu called up Modi on eve of vote (Pages 1 and 8)

a)     I.R

a)     Sources said that Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu called up PM Modi to speak about a UNHRC resolution against Israel a day before it was put to vote at council in Geneva. India abstained from voting on the resolution.

2.

Greece referendum today (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     International

a)     A crisis bailout referendum which could determine Greeces financial future and its place in the Eurozone will be held on July 5.

3.

Endgame in sight in Iran n- talks (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     After months of intense negotiations, global powers and Iran launched into a key weekend of talks amid signs they may be within sight of a historic nuclear deal to end a 13- year deadlock.

4.

US- Russia relations key to stability: Putin (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Russian President Putin said relations between Russia and US were key to ensuring global stability and called for dialogue based on equality and respect.

5.

Govt looking for common ground to break impasse over Land Bill (Page 1)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Following directions from the PMO, thinking heads in the Modi govt have begun to formulate a strategy for breaking the deadlock in Joint Parliamentary Committee over the controversial Land Acquisition Bill.

6.

Cellphones outnumber landlines in rural India, finds census (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 finds that nearly 28 percent of rural households in India still do not have access to a phone, whether landline or mobile.

7.

Greece crisis: exporters asked to diversify (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     In the wake of the current disorder in Greece, Director General of Foreign Trade said that Indian exporters need to look beyond eurozone and explore opportunities in emerging markets such as Latin America, CIS nations and Africa.

8.

Corporation Bank launches first MUDRA card (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     Official said that the MUDRA card under the Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana scheme was launched by the Corporation Bank.

9.

Victoria Memorial to display Tipu Sultans notebook on artillery (Page 7)

a)     National

b)     History

a)     The lovers of history and experts of artefacts are up for a treat as the Victoria Memorial Hall is going to display for the first time a notebook belonging to Tipu Sultan, the legendary ruler of Mysore.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Netanyahu called up Modi on eve of vote (Pages 1 and 8)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Israel relations

b)     Gaza conflict

c)     UNHRC resolution

 

a)     Sources said that Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu called up PM Modi to speak about a UNHRC resolution against Israel a day before it was put to vote at council in Geneva. India abstained from voting on the resolution.

b)     During the conversation, Netanyahu is believed to have made several points of criticism against the UNHRC, which he accuses of having an anti-Israel bias. He says the 33-page report equates Israel with the Hamas, and more than 50 percent of the resolutions at the council since 2006 have been focussed on Israels actions, more than those on North Korea, Iran and Syria put together.

c)     Noting Indias abstention in his statement welcoming vote, Palestinian Foreign Minister welcomed UNHRC resolution, saying it reflects a strong support by the international community at large for accountability.

d)     Modi is expected to visit Israel, Palestine and Jordan soon. India was among five countries that abstained from voting against Israel, which only the US opposed. Forty-one members of UNHRC voted for the resolution that was presented by Pakistan.

e)     However, in 2014, India had voted in favour of an UNHRC resolution that had called for an inquiry into Israels strikes on Gaza in retaliation for death of three Israeli teenagers and rocket attacks by the Hamas group.

2.

Greece referendum today (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     International

a)     Greece debt crisis

b)     Greece referendum

c)     European Union (EU)

d)     European Commission

e)     European Central Bank (ECB)

f)     International Monetary Policy (IMF)

 

a)    A crisis bailout referendum which could determine Greeces financial future and its place in the Eurozone will be held on July 5. On the eve of the vote, polls showed the Yes and No camps were neck and neck. The verdict could make or break PM Tsiprass radical-left govt.

b)     EU leaders have warned that a No victory could cause Greece to crash out of the Eurozone. But Tsipras and his closest ally (Finance Minister Yanis) have accused them of fear-mongering.

c)     Tsipras says the vote is needed to force creditors to accept his demand of another round of debt relief.

3.

Endgame in sight in Iran n- talks (Page 12)

a)     International

a)      Iran – P5+1 nuclear deal

b)     Irans nuclear programme

c)     P5+1 group

d)     IAEA

a)     After months of intense negotiations, global powers and Iran launched into a key weekend of talks amid signs they may be within sight of a historic nuclear deal to end a 13- year deadlock.

 

b)     While all sides remained cautious, Iranian Foreign Minister said the world had never been closer to reaching an unprecedented accord with his country aimed at blocking Irans pathways to developing nuclear arms.

 

c)     In signs of a possible development on one of difficult issues still blocking a deal, the IAEA announced that it may be able to complete a probe into whether Iran has ever sought nuclear weapons by the end of the year.

 

d)     Global powers are trying to draw the curtain on almost two years of roller-coaster negotiations. The aim is to finalise a deal which would put a nuclear bomb beyond Irans reach, in return for lifting a web of biting international sanctions slapped on the Islamic republic, some of which date back to 1995.

 

e)     The agencys chief said that the UN nuclear watchdog could issue a report on its investigation into past Iranian research suspected of being linked to nuclear weapons development by the end of the year if Tehran cooperates.

4.

US-Russia relations key to stability: Putin (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     US – Russia relations

b)     Ukraine crisis

a)   Russian President Putin said relations between Russia and US were key to ensuring global stability and called for dialogue based on equality and respect.

b)     He said that Russia and the US are able to find solutions for most difficult international problems and effectively counter global threats and challenges.

c)     Russia has used increasingly antagonistic rhetoric about the US since the start of the conflict in Ukraine, claiming that sanctions against Moscow over its alleged involvement in the hostilities are the result of US pressure on EU countries.

5.

Govt looking for common ground to break impasse over Land Bill (Page 1)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (LARR) Act 2013

b)     Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency

c)     Social Impact Assessment (SIA)

d)     Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC)

 

a)     Following directions from the PMO, thinking heads in the Modi govt have begun to formulate a strategy for breaking the deadlock in JPC over the controversial Land Acquisition Bill.

b)   Options are being discussed to find a meeting ground for the govt and Opposition parties on three contentious provisions of the Bill - the consent clause, the social impact analysis and issues related to food security.

c)     Modi govts Bill proposes to exempt from consent five kinds of projects (defence, rural infrastructure, affordable housing, industrial corridors and infrastructure) when the Centre owns the land. A new category of essential infrastructure will be created and defined for both rural and urban areas that will be exempted even from this redefined consent clause.

d)     On SIA, one of the options was to break it up into two parts - decide whether or not to go ahead with acquisition; and, decide on compensation and rehabilitation and resettlement and apply as per requirements of the projects.

6.

Cellphones outnumber landlines in rural India, finds census (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC)2011  

b)     Kisan Credit Card

c)     Ministry of Rural Development

a)     The SECC 2011 finds that nearly 28 percent of rural households in India still do not have access to a phone, whether landline or mobile.

b)     The census finds that the number of mobile-phone connections far exceeds that of landlines in rural India. Sixty-eight percent of households own only a mobile phone, one percent own only a landline phone and 2.7 percent own both.

c)     The census provides an insight into transport facilities in villages, showing that only 20.6 percent of households own motorised two/three/four-wheelers or motorised fishing boats requiring registration.

d)     Chhattisgarh, Odisha and M.P perform badly when it comes to rural consumption of items measured in the census.

e)     The census found that only 3.62 percent of rural households across the country have a Kisan Credit Card with a credit limit of Rs. 50,000 or more.

7.

Greece crisis: exporters asked to diversify (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     Greece debt crisis

b)     Indias exports

c)     Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

 

a)     In the wake of the current disorder in Greece, Director General of Foreign Trade said that Indian exporters need to look beyond eurozone and explore opportunities in emerging markets such as Latin America, CIS nations and Africa.

b)     Adding that Indian exporters will also do well by focusing on the countries with which India has a FTA, he said that govt will back this move.

c)     The volume of Indian exports in eurozone is 18-19 percent of the countrys total exports. Exporters have been asked to go to Laitin America, CIS nations and Africa.

8.

Corporation Bank launches first MUDRA card (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     MUDRA (Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency) card

b)     Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY) scheme

c)     RuPay   

a)     Official said that the MUDRA card under the Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana scheme was launched by the Corporation Bank.

b)     The card facilitates the withdrawal and use of the working capital finance by micro entrepreneurs.

c)     Corporation Bank was the first bank to launch the MUDRA Card based on the RuPay platform.

9.

Victoria Memorial to display Tipu Sultans notebook on artillery (Page 7)

a)     National

b)     History

a)     Tipu Sultan

b)     Rulers of Mysore

c)     Victoria Memorial

a)     The lovers of history and experts of artefacts are up for a treat as the Victoria Memorial Hall is going to display for the first time a notebook belonging to Tipu Sultan, the legendary ruler of Mysore.

b)     The notebook reflects his keen interest and the first hand information on the use of arms and artillery along with the fact that he was introducing modern equipment in his armoury. In fact Tipu Sultan was one of the few great kings who died fighting.

c)    Historians believe that Tipu Sultan was one of the first kings to have made use of rockets in war as early as 1790s.

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