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Daily News Analysis 08-07-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Islamic heritage of India has rejected terror: Modi (Pages 1,10)

a)     I.R

a)     PM Modi underlined the common Islamic heritage of both India and Central Asia, which had always rejected forces of extremism.

2.

Putting out the West Asian fire (Page 9)

a)     I.R

a)     PM Modis visit to the five Central Asian States presents an excellent opportunity for India to nurture peace in a region being swept by radical extremist winds.

3.

India can take on China only if it focusses on quality (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     PM Modis ongoing visit to 5 Central Asian nations of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan is expected to give a boost to trade between India and these countries, despite China having forged deep trade links in the region.

4.

Its a long-term war: Obama (Page 12)

a)     International

a)    US President Obama has announced that the US-led coalition was intensifying its efforts against the Islamic State in Syria but cautioned that it will be a long-term campaign and it will take time to root out the group.

5.

Possible meet on Sunday over new Greece plan (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Sources said that Eurozone leaders could hold a further emergency summit to approve a plan to aid Greece if creditor institutions are satisfied with a Greek loan application and reform plan.

6.

A new bank for a new era (Page 9)

a)     International

a)    The New Development Bank should not become a World Bank clone but focus instead on eradicating poverty, unemployment, and net carbon emission.

7.

MDG report: India on track in reducing poverty (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Millennium Development Goals Report 2015 shows that India has halved its incidence of extreme poverty, from 49.4 percent in 1994 to 24.7 percent in 2011 ahead of the deadline of 2015 set by the United Nations.

8.

Why cant we bring you under RTI, asks SC (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     In a step towards making political parties publicly accountable for their financial assets, the Supreme Court asked six national parties (including BJP and Congress) to come clean and explain their hesitation in disclosing complete details of their income, expenditure, donations and funding, including donor details, to the public under the Right to Information Act.

9.

Five States seek time toroll out Food Security Act (Page 11)

a)     National

a)     The govt will soon take a call on extending the September 30 deadline for implementation of the National Food Security Act as most States are not yet ready to roll out the programme.

10.

No mining, polluting units in eco-sensitive zones, says Javadekar (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)     Union Environment Minister Javadekar held a review meeting with State Environment and Forests Ministers to review the progress of demarcation of Ecologically Sensitive Areas in the Western Ghats region and discuss the further course of action in keeping with the recommendations of the 2013 Kasturirangan Committee report.

11.

Kalpakkam breeder reactor to go on stream (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)    The 500-MWe Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor at Kalpakkam is getting ready to be commissioned in September.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Islamic heritage of India has rejected terror: Modi (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Central Asia relations

b)     Economic ties

c)     21st Century silk route

d)     India – Kazakhstan relations

a)     PM Modi underlined the common Islamic heritage of both India and Central Asia, which had always rejected forces of extremism.

b)     On his first visit to Central Asian countries, he asserted that both India and Central Asia could not achieve their full potential without each other; nor would the region be more stable without cooperation between the two.

c)     He noted that the confluence of Indian and Islamic civilisations took place in Central Asia and enriched each other not only in spiritual thought but also in medicine, science, mathematics and astronomy.

d)     Modi held talks with his Kazakhstan counterpart Karim Massimov on various key bilateral and regional issues. He will be holding extensive talks with the Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev after which the two countries are likely to sign a number of pacts including in the field of energy.

e)     PM Modi touched upon important issues including regional connectivity, establishment of a 21st Century silk route and economic integration between India and Central Asian countries.

2.

Putting out the West Asian fire (Page 9)

a)     I.R

a)     West Asia crisis

b)     Islamic State (IS)

c)     Al-Qaeda

d)     Talibans

 

a)     PM Modis 8-day visit to the five Central Asian States (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan) is taking place at the most opportune juncture, for Modi has indicated that he proposes to focus on the radical Islamist threat to the region.

b)    Given the kind of extremist winds sweeping across the region, the Muslim populations of these states face uncertain times. States such as Tajikistan are especially vulnerable, as many from the ranks of their security agencies are beginning to join the IS.

c)     The threats that these states face from radical Islamist elements are real. At the same time, it is also significant that the leadership of these Central Asian States should look to India to provide them with answers on how to insulate their Muslim populations from these kinds of threats. Indias success in insulating its own Muslim population from such radicalism has gained wide acceptance, even as the so-called counter radicalisation programmes followed in the West are proving to be a failure.

d)     India also needs as many allies as possible at this time, to ward off the potential challenge posed by the widening embrace of radical Islam. As it is, Afghanistan, a country in which India had invested heavily for an entire decade is on the edge of falling into Taliban-IS net.

e)     Pakistan already poses many problems for India. However, the latest danger is that it demonstrates an intrinsic inability to withstand the forces of radical Islam. Pakistan cannot be expected to act as a buffer when it comes to checking an irredentist challenge from West Asia.

f)     As Modi travels through Central Asia, he also needs to think about what is taking place further to the West. West Asia is passing through one of most turbulent phases in its history, and it needs to figure far more prominently in Indias foreign policy priorities.

g)     The current disorder in West Asia impacts India in various ways. First, post-Arab Spring fracturing of West Asian States into ethnic and sectarian controls has geo-political and geo-strategic implications. Second, India is marginalised from a region from which it obtains 70 percent of its oil - this has economic implications.

h)     Third, the region is home to around 7 million Indians, and the regions Foreign Exchange remittances add substantially to Indias Foreign Exchange Reserves. Also, as a country with one of the largest Muslim population in the world, India cannot be oblivious to the fact that it could be infected by the same virus sweeping across West Asia, if radical extremist fires are not extinguished soon.

i)     As religious wars destroy Syria and Iraq, Libya gets increasingly drawn into vortex of the IS, disorder takes place in Yemen, and epic struggles take place between Shiite Iran and Sunni Saudi Arabia, India must not remain on the sidelines, as it has been a factor in the politics and history of countries in West Asia for a long time.

j)     With many states currently  having to deal with a new uber-Wahhabi model of Islam, and with the IS and latest al-Qaeda offshoots seeking to redraw the contours of West Asia by replacing history with sectarian geography, India must act for its own security and stability.

k)     Not only is the IS growing rapidly, but its success has also produced many new al-Qaeda proxies who shows different labels. Across West Asia, wars are being fought not only between state armies and non-state outfits like the IS, but increasingly between non-state militias, each backed by various countries such as Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and the Gulf states.

l)     Instability in West Asia adversely affects India. With the number of militant outfits growing rapidly and a steady increase in number of recruits to their ranks, India must not live in the hope that Muslims in country will not fall a victim to such inducements. Modi must use all the forces available to nurture peace in West Asia - using Indias moral strength, spiritual influence and its current position in the comity of world nations.

3.

India can take on China only if it focusses on quality (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Central Asia relations

b)     Trade ties

c)     India – China relations

a)     PM Modis ongoing visit to five Central Asian nations of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan is expected to give a boost to trade between India and these countries, despite China having forged deep trade links in the region.

b)     While Indian officials admit that trade with Central Asian region (despite a huge demand for generic drugs, leather, expertise in telecommunication, exploration and food processing capabilities) has been extremely low, experts are optimistic that India can take on China.

c)     They said that India can compete with China if it focuses on quality instead of quantity, improves credit line and takes trade disputes seriously.

d)    According to them between 2000 and 2014, trade between India and the Central Asian republic was just 0.1 percent of Indias overall trade. They points out that despite trade increasing sharply during 2013-14 to reach $1238 million, it is only with Kazakhstan that bilateral trade has grown.

4.

Its a long-term war: Obama (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Islamic State (IS)

b)     Syria and Iraq crisis

c)     Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)

d)     Kurdish forces

a)    US President Obama has announced that the US-led coalition was intensifying its efforts against the IS in Syria but cautioned that it will be a long-term campaign and it will take time to root out the group.

b)     He said ISs recent losses in both Syria and Iraq prove that IS can and will be defeated. Indeed, we are intensifying our efforts against ISILs base in Syria. Our air strikes will continue to target the oil and gas facilities that fund so much of their operations.

c)     He said the US strategy recognises that no amount of military force will end the terror posed by IS unless it is matched by a broader effort (political and economic) that addresses the underlying conditions that have allowed it to gain grip.

5.

Possible meet on Sunday over new Greece plan (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Greece debt crisis

b)     European Union (EU)

c)     European Commission

d)     European Central Bank (ECB)

e)     International Monetary Fund (IMF)

a)     Sources said that Eurozone leaders could hold a further emergency summit to approve a plan to aid Greece if creditor institutions are satisfied with a Greek loan application and reform plan.

b)     Greece was expected to submit within hours a formal request for a medium-term assistance programme from the European Stability Mechanism rescue fund and Eurozone Finance Ministers have said they will hold a conference call to consider that request.

6.

A new bank for a new era (Page 9)

a)     International

a)     New Development Bank (NDB)

b)     BRICS

c)     World Bank

d)     Social Business

e)     Poverty

f)     Unemployment

a)     At their annual summit in Russia this week, BRICS leaders will announce the worlds newest multilateral development bank - the NDB, which will have $100 billion as initial capital to fund infrastructure and sustainable development projects both in their own countries as well as elsewhere.

b)     Obviously, NDB should not become another World Bank which finances the same types of projects in the same countries, using the same tools and mindset. At same time, its purpose should not simply be to symbolise emerging countries desire to show off their financial and political power. The reason for its creation must be very substantive.

c)     According to the author, the primary objectives of NDB should be to achieve three zeros by 2050 - zero poverty, zero unemployment, and zero net carbon emissions. Every year the NDB could publish a report on the BRICS progress against these objectives.

d)     The NDB could achieve these goals using four basic strategies. The first strategy would be to release the creative power and commitment of the new generation of youth. If the BRICS can mobilise the power of the youth, it will become easier to achieve the goals.

e)     The second strategy would be to focus on technological innovations to solve human problems. Today, technology is under the command of money-makers and war-makers. Socially committed drivers must take charge of technology. Combining the power of youth with that of technology will create an unshakeable force.

f)     This brings us to the third strategy - building social businesses to mobilise their creative power to solve long-standing and complex social, economic, and environmental problems. Conventional businesses cannot solve social problems. Social businesses are sustainable, efficient, replicable, and transferable.

g)     He said this type of business has been created and promoted around the world with great results. Unemployment can be brought down to zero through social business initiatives. Social businesses can turn the unemployed into entrepreneurs. We are doing that in Bangladesh. NDB can adopt this as its prime programme.

h)     Once the NDB creates a new window for financing and promoting social businesses, it will attract the young, old, men, women, individuals and organisations, with social business ideas. It can encourage each conventional business to undertake social businesses alongside their main business activities. Ensuring financial services and healthcare to the poor can be done through creating social businesses.

i)     Finally, human rights and good governance should lie at the heart of NDBs operations. At its inception, the NDB has the opportunity to create the right objectives and strategies for their implementation.

7.

MDG report: India on track in reducing poverty (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Report 2015

b)     Poverty

c)     GDP

d)     Carbon emissions

e)     United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP)

 

a)     MDG Report 2015 shows that India has halved its incidence of extreme poverty, from 49.4 percent in 1994 to 24.7 percent in 2011 ahead of the deadline of 2015 set by UN.

b)     It set the limit for extreme poverty as those living on $1.25 or less a day. However, this reduction in poverty is still less than that achieved by several of Indias poorer neighbours. Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh have each surpassed India in poverty reduction over comparable time periods.

c)     While the report says India is on-track to achieving the hunger targets, it still remains home to one quarter of the worlds undernourished population, over a third of the worlds underweight children, and nearly a third of the worlds food-insecure people

d)     The report is especially important because it marks the deadline by which the MDG should have been achieved. India has already achieved 11 out of 22 parameters in report (spanning issues like education, poverty, health, and education) and is on track to achieve one more by the end of 2015.

e)     The report said that India is categorised as making slow progress on other 10 parameters including maternal mortality, access to sanitation etc.

f)     On the environment front, India is one of the few countries that has reduced its CO2 emissions in relation to its GDP. India emitted 0.65 kg of CO2 per $1 of GDP in 1990, which fell to 0.53 kg in 2010.

8.

Why cant we bring you under RTI, asks SC (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Accountability of Political parties

b)     Right to Information (RTI) Act

c)     Schedule 10 of the Constitution

d)     Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act 1951

e)     Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution

f)     Supreme Court

a)     In a step towards making political parties publicly accountable for their financial assets, Supreme Court asked six national parties (including BJP and Congress) to come clean and explain their hesitation in disclosing complete details of their income, expenditure, donations and funding, including donor details, to the public under the RTI Act.

b)     The petition argued that political parties should come under the RTI as they play a core role in governance and enjoy a stronghold over their elected MPs and MLAs under Schedule 10 of the Constitution. It makes it compulsory for MPs and MLAs to abide by the directions of their parent parties.

c)     It contended that it would be within the average voters fundamental right to information to know financial details of political parties. Under Section 29A of the Representation of People Act 1951 all political parties must affirm their allegiance to the Constitution of India and such allegiance is made compulsory for the purpose of registration under sub-section (7) of Section 29A.

d)     Therefore, political parties must furnish information to the public under the right of information under Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India, since right of information has been held to be a part of freedom of speech and expression under Article 19(1)(a).

9.

Five States seek time toroll out Food Security Act (Page 11)

a)     National

a)     National Food Security Act  

b)     Public Distribution System (PDS)

c)     MGNREGA

d)     Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC)

a)     The govt will soon take a call on extending the Sept 30 deadline for implementation of the National Food Security Act as most States are not yet ready to roll out the programme.

b)     Tamil Nadu, J&K, Gujarat and Kerala sought over a year to implement the Act while UP asked for six months.

c)     Tamil Nadu representative said the State has a universal PDS and limiting priority beneficiaries under NFSA will open a Pandoras box. Gujarat representative said the State was planning to connect PDS beneficiary data, NREGA card holders and SECC statistics for which it required at least a year.

10.

No mining, polluting units in eco-sensitive zones, says Javadekar (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)     Ecologically Sensitive Areas (ESA)

b)     Western Ghats  

c)     Kasturirangan Committee report

a)     Union Environment Minister Javadekar held a review meeting with State Environment and Forests Ministers to review the progress of demarcation of ESAs in the Western Ghats region and discuss the further course of action in keeping with the recommendations of the 2013 Kasturirangan Committee report.

b)     He said that as per the report, commercial mining and polluting industries would be strictly banned in areas identified as eco sensitive zones. The final notification on demarcation of eco-sensitive zones and mining and polluting industries to be banned would be available by August.

11.

Kalpakkam breeder reactor to go on stream (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR)

b)     Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB)

c)     Bharatiya Nabikhiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BHAVINI)

a)    The 500-MWe PRBR at Kalpakkam is getting ready to be commissioned in September.

b)     PFBR will use plutonium-uranium oxide as fuel and 1750 tonnes of liquid sodium as coolant. It is called a breeder reactor because it breeds more fuel than it consumes.

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