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Daily News Analysis 12-07-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Modi pushes for TAPI project (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     PM Modi voiced for early implementation of the $10-billion TAPI gas pipeline project during his talks with Turkmenistan President Berdimuhamedov as the two countries signed seven pacts to ramp up engagement in key areas such as defence.

2.

Ready to discuss all issues: Aziz (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Pakistans Adviser on National Security and Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz responds to criticism in Pakistan over absence of an explicit reference to Jammu and Kashmir and other outstanding issues in the joint statement issued after the PMs of the two nations met in Ufa, Russia.

3.

As Rafale talks progress, race for fighter jets begins again (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)    Even as India and France negotiate a final agreement for the direct purchase of 36 Rafale fighter jets, there is a renewed push by the aircraft-makers left out in Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft contest to re-enter the race.

4.

Wary Eurozone demands more from Greece (Page 14)

a)     International

a)    Doubtful Eurozone Finance Ministers demanded that Greece go beyond painful austerity measures accepted by PM Tsipras if he wants them to open negotiations on a third bailout for his bankrupt country to keep it in euro.

5.

US drone strike kills IS Afghan chief (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Intelligence officials and militant commanders said that the head of the Islamic State group in Afghanistan-Pakistan region has been killed in a drone strike in eastern Afghanistan.

6.

India stands second on trust in national government, says survey (Page 11)

a)     International

b)     National

a)     India has secured second position amongst 40 countries in a survey of trust in national govts for 2014 conducted by Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Switzerland has emerged at the top with Norway coming in third.

7.

Indias population crosses 127-crore mark (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     On the World Population Day on July 11, India  recorded a population of 127,42,39,769, which is growing at a rate of 1.6 percent a year, and could make the country the most populous in the world by 2050.

8.

J&K to get a huge development package (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     National

a)     After reaching out to Pakistan with talks with PM Nawaz Sharif in Russia, PM Modi is planning a big outreach to Jammu and Kashmir.

9.

HC recalls order on mediation in rape case (Page 1)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Amid strong criticism from rights activists and a recent Supreme Court judgment which observed that a liberal approach in rape cases was nothing short of a spectacular error, the Madras High Court has recalled its controversial order that suggested mediation between a rape survivor and the convict.

10.

India imposes anti-dumping duty (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     India has imposed definitive anti-dumping duty on phenol imports from South Africa for a period of five years.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Modi pushes for TAPI project (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Turkmenistan relations

b)     Trade ties

c)     Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline project

d)     International North-South Transport Corridor

e)     Terrorism

f)     Situation in Afghanistan

 

a)     PM Modi voiced for early implementation of $10-billion TAPI gas pipeline project during talks with Turkmenistan President Berdimuhamedov as the two countries signed seven pacts to ramp up engagement in key areas such as defence.

b)   During their comprehensive talks, both leaders resolved to step up efforts against the cross-border threats of terrorism, organised crime and illegal drug-trafficking as they reaffirmed their commitment for a stable Afghanistan.

c)     Terming the TAPI project a significant initiative in the relationship between the two countries, Modi said he conveyed to Berdimukhamedov that multiple options such as the possibility of a land-sea route through Iran for the pipeline should be explored.

d)     The TAPI gas project is an over 1800-km pipeline with a design capacity to supply 3.2 billion cubic feet of natural gas a year from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. The pipeline is expected to be operational by 2018 and will carry gas from Galkynysh field of Turkmenistan that holds gas reserves of 16 trillion cubic feet.

e)     Modi highlighted the need for enhancing connectivity, calling it a key aspect of the relationship. He proposed that Turkmenistan become part of the International North-South Transport Corridor.

2.

Ready to discuss all issues: Aziz (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Kashmir issue

c)     Sir Creek issue

d)     Siachen Glacier issue

e)     Terrorism

 

a)     Pakistans Adviser on National Security and Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz responds to criticism in Pakistan over absence of an explicit reference to J&K and other outstanding issues in the joint statement issued after the PMs of the two nations met in Ufa, Russia.

b)     India and Pakistan have a collective responsibility to ensure peace and promote development. They prepared to discuss all outstanding issues. Now among these outstanding issues are Kashmir, Sir Creek and Siachen Glacier.

c)     According to the joint statement, he is expected to meet soon his Indian counterpart Doval to discuss all issues connected to terrorism.

3.

As Rafale talks progress, race for fighter jets begins again (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – France relations

b)     Rafale deal

c)     Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA)

d)     Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)

e)     MiG-21

a)    Even as India and France negotiate a final agreement for the direct purchase of 36 Rafale fighter jets, there is a renewed push by the aircraft-makers left out in MMRCA contest to re-enter the race.

b)     With the govt cutting down the Rafale deal from 126 fighters to 36 and Defence Minister Parrikar stating that another light aircraft could be procured to replace the MiG-21 (besides accelerating the development of LCA MK-II), these companies see an opportunity for a comeback.

c)     While Germany has consistently been voicing Eurofighter Typhoon, Lockheed Martin has renewed its offer of making F-16 in India.

d)     Air Force officials pointed to the already diverse inventory of IAF and two new additions in pipeline - LCA and Rafale.

4.

Wary Eurozone demands more from Greece (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Greece debt crisis

b)     European Union (EU)

c)     European Commission

d)     European Central Bank (ECB)

e)     International Monetary Fund (IMF)

a)    Doubtful Eurozone Finance Ministers demanded that Greece go beyond painful austerity measures accepted by PM Tsipras if he wants them to open negotiations on a third bailout for his bankrupt country to keep it in the euro.

b)     EU officials forecast a deal would be reached by end of the weekend to keep Greece out of debt, but sources said there was consensus among other 18 Ministers that the leftist govt in Athens must take further steps to convince them it would honour any new debts.

5.

US drone strike kills IS Afghan chief (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Islamic State (IS)

b)     National Directorate of Security (NDS)

a)     Intelligence officials and militant commanders said that the head of the IS group in Afghanistan-Pakistan region has been killed in a drone strike in eastern Afghanistan.  

b)     The NDS (the Afghan spy agency) said Hafiz Saeed was among 30 IS-linked cadres killed in the strike in restive Nangarhar province, close to the Pakistani border.

c)     NDS said that IS presence in Afghanistan is still thought to be at an embryonic stage and the killing of Saeed will come as a blow to the groups efforts to establish itself as a serious force.

6.

India stands second on trust in national government, says survey (Page 11)

a)     International

b)     National

a)     Trust in government

b)     Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

c)     Good governance

d)     Fundamental rights

a)     India has secured second position amongst 40 countries in a survey of trust in national govts for 2014 conducted by OECD. Switzerland has emerged at the top with Norway coming in third.

b)     According to the OECD Govt at a Glance 2015 report, (for the purpose of the survey) trust represents the confidence of citizens and businesses in government to do what is right and considered as fair.

c)     The report goes on to say that evidence also shows that trust in govt is negatively correlated with the considered levels of corruption in Govt.

d)     This is the only survey that collects data on the issue of trust in govts. It is a sampling survey of 1000 citizens in each country conducted by World Poll, which has been doing it since 2005.

e)     Changes in trust levels could be affected by many factors, including the economic outlook, political changes such as elections or other major events such as disasters or major scandals including corruption cases. Moreover, expectations of citizens could grow at a faster pace than government responses.

f)     However, India scored less than the OECD average and came 24th out of 35 countries in the comparison on protection of fundamental rights.

g)     The report says that these are rights established under international law - the right to equal treatment and the absence of discrimination, the right to life and security of the person; due process of law and rights of the accused, freedom of opinion and expression; freedom of belief and religion, absence of arbitrary interference with privacy etc.

7.

Indias population crosses 127-crore mark (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Population

b)     World Population Day

c)     Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh or National Population Stabilisation Fund (NPSF)

d)     Census of India 2011

e)     Total Fertility Rate (TFR)

 

a)     On the World Population Day on July 11, India recorded a population of 127,42,39,769, which is growing at a rate of 1.6 percent a year, and could make the country the most populous in the world by 2050.

b)     As per Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh or NPSF (an autonomous body under Union Health Ministry), it is 17.25 percent of global population.

c)     Noting that Indias population was growing at a faster rate than China (which is now the worlds most populous country at around 1.39 billion), an official of the Fund said that the country could become the most populated one by 2050.

d)     According to data from NPSF, the TFR in India has seen a decline and stood at 2.3 in 2013 although the decline is not consistent. It suggests that a high percentage of female (21-26 percent) are married below 18 years of age in States like Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Bihar.

e)    Population of India (at 1.21 billion as per the 2011 Census) is almost equal to the combined population of US, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan put together.

8.

J&K to get a huge development package (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     National

a)     Jammu and Kashmir development

b)     Article 370

a)     After reaching out to Pakistan with talks with PM Nawaz Sharif in Russia, PM Modi is planning a big outreach to Jammu and Kashmir.

b)    Sources said that the Union govt is finalising a massive development package of as much as Rs.70,000 crore. The funds will be spent over next five years on projects to be identified by Mufti Mohammad Sayeed government.

c)    The projects will include a medical institute (affiliated to the AIIMS) in Anantnag, an IIT each in Jammu and in Kashmir, and an IIM in Jammu.

d)   In June, the govt announced a flood rehabilitation package of Rs. 2437 crore taking the Centres assistance over the past year to Rs. 5039 crore.

9.

HC recalls order on mediation in rape case (Page 1)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Mediation of cases

b)     Nirbhaya Act

c)     Supreme Court

d)     High Court

a)    Amid strong criticism from rights activists and a recent Supreme Court judgment which observed that a liberal approach in rape cases was nothing short of a spectacular error, the Madras High Court has recalled its controversial order that suggested mediation between a rape survivor and the convict.

b)     In view of the Supreme Court order of July 1, Justice P. Devadass recalled his June 10 order in which he had favoured such mediation and cancelled interim bail granted to convict.

c)     The Supreme Court in a judgment delivered on July 1 held that dignity of a woman is a part of her non-perishable and immortal self, and ruled that courts should not fall for the deception of a rapist to corner the injured victim into a compromise, or even worse, enter into wedlock with him.

d)     Refusing to accept the High Courts direction for mediation, the rape survivor had questioned how she could hold talks with the rape convict, who denied knowing her till he was confronted with a DNA test which proved that he was the father of the survivors seven-year-old daughter.

10.

India imposes anti-dumping duty (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     Anti-dumping duty

b)     Phenol

a)   India has imposed definitive anti-dumping duty on phenol imports from South Africa for a period of five years.

b)     Phenol is a basic organic chemical used in plywoods, laminates, particle boards, pharmaceuticals and phenyl formaldehyde resins.

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