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Daily News Analysis 19-07-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

India, Pak exchange fire, not sweets, on Eid (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India and Pakistan marked a tense Eid-ul-Fitr along the Line of Control and at major border-crossing points as Pakistani Rangers and the Border Security Force exchanged fire overnight.

2.

Indo-Pak hostility has affected SAARC: Karan Singh (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Former Union Minister and Rajya Sabha member Karan Singh said that hostility between New Delhi and Islamabad has prevented the SAARC from taking off like the European Union.

3.

In a first, China to participate in Indian International Fleet Review (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Official sources said that China has confirmed its participation in the Indian International Fleet Review in Visakhapatnam in February 2016. This is the first time the Chinese Navy will take part in the event.

4.

US, India to collaborate on second aircraft carrier (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     With the Navy formally initiating the process for the design and construction of a second indigenous aircraft carrier, the India-US cooperation on technologies for such platforms got a boost.

5.

Nuclear deal wont change Irans US Policy: Khamenei (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Irans supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said that Irans stated opposition to an arrogant US govt will not change despite a landmark nuclear deal with world powers.

6.

Tsipras reshuffles Cabinet to get rid of hardliners (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Greece said its banks will reopen after a three-week shutdown, as a revamped govt took up task of enacting unpopular fiscal reforms amid doubts over the viability of the countrys planned bailout. However, capital controls will remain in place.

7.

UPA set manufacturing job growth record (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     A new research has shown that the years from 2003-04 to 2011-12 (when the Manmohan Singh government had been in power in two terms since assuming office in 2004) had been the golden phase of manufacturing employment growth in Independent India.

8.

Interlinking of rivers vital for water, food security: Minister (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     The Centre has stressed that the river interlinking programme was crucial for water and food security, and sought the cooperation of the States in implementing it. The Ken-Bewta link between Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh will be the first project.

9.

Experts bat for space law (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Experts expressed that fifty years after it started the space programme and later entered the global market with products and satellite launches, India does not have a space law to protect sovereign, public or commercial interests.

10.

A.P plans to acquire INS Viraat (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     The Andhra Pradesh government has set in motion the formal process of acquiring the Centres clearance for stationing INS Viraat (the last British ship serving the Indian Navy), once it is decommissioned in 2016.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

India, Pak exchange fire, not sweets, on Eid (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     Line of Control (LoC)

d)     International Border (IB)

e)     Border Security Force (BSF)

a)     India and Pakistan marked a tense Eid-ul-Fitr along LoC and at major border-crossing points as Pakistani Rangers and BSF exchanged fire overnight.

b)     In Delhi, Pakistan High Commissioner Abdul Basit did not refer to the tensions or the sweets exchange, but said political will was required to improve the ties.

c)     Sweets are exchanged on most festivals and occasions such as Republic Day, Pakistan Day (March 23) and Independence Day between the soldiers posted at the border-crossing in Punjab. Sweets were not exchanged on Eid-ul-Adha last October because of similar hostilities over cross-border firing.

2.

Indo-Pak hostility has affected SAARC: Karan Singh (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     Kashmir issue

d)     Terrorism

e)     SAARC

f)     SCO

 

a)     Former Union Minister and Rajya Sabha member Karan Singh said that hostility between India and Pakistan has prevented the SAARC from taking off like European Union.

b)     His statement comes against backdrop of ceasefire violations by Pakistan in J&K and verbal duels between New Delhi and Islamabad over consular issues. He said trade barriers, absence of seamless travel and suspicion between India and Pak have been impediments in SAARC becoming as successful as the EU, on which it was modelled.

c)     He said choosing bilateral and trilateral agreements was an option till differences between the neighbours are buried. Agreements like the recent motor vehicle agreement between Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal will be a help for the region. It is a good thing if the whole region is involved.

d)     On the aggressive position taken by Islamabad on Kashmir following the meeting of PM Modi with PM Nawaz Sharif at Ufa in Russia on the sidelines of the SCO summit, he said the immediate need for Pak was to focus on threat that terrorism poses to its own people.

3.

In a first, China to participate in Indian International Fleet Review (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     Maritime cooperation

c)     International Fleet Review (IFR)

d)     Indian Ocean

e)     PASSEX (passing exercises)

f)     SAR (search and rescue) exercises

a)     Official sources said that China has confirmed its participation in the Indian IFR in Visakhapatnam in Feb 2016. This is first time the Chinese Navy will take part in the event.

b)     The development comes at a time of growing competition between the two countries for strategic space in Indian Ocean with Chinese Navys increasing forays into the region.

c)     Despite the growing maritime friction, both nations agreed on increasing bilateral naval cooperation during PM Modis recent visit to China.

d)     The joint statement (issued after Modis discussions with Chinese President Xi) said that the two sides will exchange visits of naval ships and hold PASSEX and SAR exercises.

4.

US, India to collaborate on second aircraft carrier (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Technology cooperation

c)     Electromagnetic aircraft launch system (EMALS) technology

d)     Indigenous Aircraft Carrier-II

a)     With the Navy formally initiating the process for the design and construction of a second indigenous aircraft carrier, the India-US cooperation on technologies for such platforms got a boost.

b)     The decision comes as US Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia just concluded her two-day visit to take forward the strategic dialogue and prepare for the first India-US Strategic and Commercial Dialogue in Washington in September.

c)     India and the US agreed to cooperate on aircraft carrier technologies as one of the six pathfinder projects during President Obamas visit to India in Jan. Consequently, a working group was set up to explore the possibility of installing EMALS technology under development by General Atomics on the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier-II.

5.

Nuclear deal wont change Irans US Policy: Khamenei (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Iran – US relations

b)     Iran – P5+1 nuclear deal

c)     Irans nuclear programme

d)     Islamic State (IS)

e)     Syria and Iraq crisis

a)     Irans supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said that Irans stated opposition to an arrogant US govt will not change despite a landmark nuclear deal with world powers.

b)     The nuclear deal between Iran and six powers led by US has raised hopes it might pave the way for greater cooperation with Tehran elsewhere, particularly in the war against the IS group in Iraq and Syria.

c)     He told worshippers the nuclear agreement would not alter Irans support for the govts of Syria and Iraq nor its backing of oppressed people in Yemen and Bahrain, and the Palestinians. In contrast, the US had backed Israeli atrocities in Gaza last year.

d)    He stressed that the nuclear agreement was not yet law and would have to be carefully scrutinized.

6.

Tsipras reshuffles Cabinet to get rid of hardliners (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Greece debt crisis

b)     European Union (EU)

c)     European Commission

d)     European Central Bank (ECB)

e)     International Monetary Fund (IMF)

a)     Greece said its banks will reopen after a three-week shutdown, as a revamped govt took up task of enacting unpopular fiscal reforms amid doubts over the viability of the countrys planned bailout. However, capital controls will remain in place.

b)     Fresh-faced Cabinet members were sworn in, after PM Tsipras reshuffled to fill the vacancies left by rebellious Ministers who were axed for voting against the reforms demanded by international creditors.

c)     Tsipras faced down a mutiny from his party in Parliament last week, with over 30 of his 149 Syriza lawmakers refusing to approve the package of tax hikes, pension reform and privatisations demanded by lenders.

7.

UPA set manufacturing job growth record (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Economic growth

b)     Economic reforms

c)     Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)

d)     Central Statistical Organisation (CSO)

 

a)     A new research has shown that the years from 2003-04 to 2011-12 (when the Manmohan Singh govt had been in power in 2 terms since assuming office in 2004) had been golden phase of manufacturing employment growth in Independent India.

b)     An analysis by ICRIER has found that job generation in the manufacturing sector rose almost 7 percent on an average year after year during the period. It is based on data from the Annual Survey of Industry published by the CSO.

c)     The analysis found that manufacturing employment witnessed healthy growth during the 1970s when it grew at an annual rate of 4.6 percent. The growth lost momentum and remained stagnant in the 1980s.

d)     It was Manmohan Singh as Finance Minister in the P.V. Narasimha Rao government who introduced in 1990s a set of economic reforms aimed at reviving employment growth in organised manufacturing sector.

e)     In the post-reform period, the analysis shows that overall employment grew but without any consistent trend. Growth was respectable during the first half of 1990s, when it grew at an annual rate of 2.91 percent, turned negative in 1997-98 with the downturn becoming more pronounced on the removal of quantitative restrictions on the imports of consumer goods.

8.

Interlinking of rivers vital for water, food security: Minister (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     River interlinking programme

b)     National Water Development Agency

c)     Ken-Bewta link

d)     Par-Tapi-Narmada link

e)     Damanganga-Pinjal link

f)     Mahanadi-Godavari link

g)     Sapt-Kosi project

h)     Kosi-Ghagra link

i)     Manas-Sankosh-Teesta-Ganga link

a)     The Centre has stressed that the river interlinking programme was crucial for water and food security, and sought the cooperation of the States in implementing it.

b)     Ken-Bewta link between Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh will be the first project. The various clearances related to environment, forest and wildlife protection for the Ken-Betwa link were at an advance stage of processing.

c)   The Detailed Project Report for the Par-Tapi-Narmada link was expected to be ready within a month. After this, the Damanganga-Pinjal link would be taken up, though the issue of water sharing between Maharashtra and Gujarat needed to be addressed.

d)     Referring to the objections raised by Odisha govt on the Mahanadi-Godavari link, the Minister said senior Ministry officials made a presentation on an alternative proposal.

e)     The National Water Development Agency proposed to take up the Sapt-Kosi project, which would facilitate the Kosi-Ghagra link and help in flood control in Bihar. For this, talks were on with Nepal.

f)     In consultation with the governments of Assam, West Bengal and Bihar, the Manas-Sankosh-Teesta-Ganga link was also under consideration. This project would make water available to the southern States.

9.

Experts bat for space law (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Space law

b)     Satellite Communications (SatCom) Policy of 2000

c)     Remote sensing policy of 2011

d)     Outer Space Treaty of 1967

e)     ISRO

a)     Experts expressed that fifty years after it started the space programme and later entered the global market with products and satellite launches, India does not have a space law to protect sovereign, public or commercial interests. They said a law was needed to ensure that space assets and applications are used for the right causes.

b)     While ISRO early this year launched discussions on a law, space activities are currently guided by a handful of international space agreements, the Constitution, national laws, the SatCom Policy of 2000 and revised Remote sensing policy of 2011.

c)     They said India is among the five countries that do not have a space law; while 15 others (including US, Russia, Japan, China, Kazakhstan and Ukraine) have laws based broadly on the Outer Space Treaty of 1967.

d)   They suggested that the law include a regulator, registration and licence of private operators, compensation for harm caused by space objects, insurance, investor disputes, and rescue of space tourists, environmental damage and handling of intellectual property issues.

10.

A.P plans to acquire INS Viraat (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     INS Viraat

b)     International Fleet Review (IFR)

a)     The Andhra Pradesh govt has set in motion the formal process of acquiring the Centres clearance for stationing INS Viraat (the last British ship serving the Indian Navy), once it is decommissioned in 2016.

b)    INS Viraat (which was launched in 1953 and acquired by India and commissioned in 1987) is slated to get a grand farewell at the International Fleet Review in Visakhapatnam in February next year.

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