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Daily News Analysis 26-07-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

China says Indias fears of military base in Maldives unfounded (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     Chinas state media said Indias worries that Beijing could establish a military base in the Maldives were groundless, after Male approved a law to allow foreigners to buy land in the country.

2.

Italy moves ITLOS in Marines case (Pages and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     The Italian government has approached the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (one of the four forums available for international disputes) in the Italian Marines case.

3.

Ceasefire on agenda for next Taliban talks (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sources said an Afghan government delegation due to meet Taliban representatives for a second round of official peace talks next week will press for a ceasefire in the fighting.

4.

Obama chides Kenya on gay rights (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Comparing homophobia to racial discrimination he had encountered in the US, President Obama called for gay rights in Africa during his landmark visit to Kenya.

5.

Turkey strikes IS in Syria, Kurdish militants in Iraq (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     In an escalating campaign Ankara says is aimed at rooting out terror, Turkeys military carried out a new wave of air and artillery strikes against Islamic State jihadists in Syria and Kurdish militants in northern Iraq.

6.

No joy in cities as safety, civic services fall short (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     A survey of 21 cities shows that while there is deep dissatisfaction with lack of safety and the inadequate provision of civic services, there is little citizen involvement in improving the situation and high level of cynicism about elected officials.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

China says Indias fears of military base in Maldives unfounded (Page 13)

a)     I.R

b)     Maritime security

b)     Indian Ocean

c)     String of Pearls theory

d)     Marina Bay Sands

e)     Palm Islands

a)     Chinas state media said Indias worries that Beijing could establish a military base in Maldives were groundless, after Male approved a law to allow foreigners to buy land in the country.

b)     It ran a report which quoted a senior military officer as saying that China did not own any military base abroad, nor did it seek military expansion. These remarks were in tune with Chinas military White Paper presented in May.

c)     The write-up pointed out that President Abdulla Yameen of Maldives dismissed concerns about possible foreign military expansion, assuring India and other neighbours that his govt would keep the Indian Ocean a demilitarised zone.

d)     Analysts point out that some of anxieties about Chinas military intentions have been fuelled by a belief in the String of Pearls theory about Beijings plan to establish electronic spying posts in countries in the Indian Ocean, including Myanmar, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

2.

Italy moves ITLOS in Marines case (Pages and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Italy relations

b)     Marines issue

c)     International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS)

d)     United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

 

a)     The Italian govt has approached the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (one of four forums available for international disputes) in the Italian Marines case.

b)     It wants India to refrain from taking or enforcing any judicial or administrative measures and ensure that restrictions on the liberty, security and movement of the Marines are immediately lifted.

c)     Indian official said that India has decided to oppose the appeal when the case comes up for hearing at Hamburg in August. Before ITLOS, we will be contending that India alone has jurisdiction to try offences within the country and that the tribunal has no jurisdiction.

d)     India will also contend that Italy has not exhausted all remedies, which is a requirement before invoking the jurisdiction of ITLOS. Finally, India will also contend that there is no compelling circumstance to pass any order for provisional measure.

3.

Ceasefire on agenda for next Taliban talks (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Taliban and Afghan government peace talks

b)     Afghanistan situation

a)     Sources said an Afghan government delegation due to meet Taliban representatives for a second round of official peace talks next week will press for a ceasefire in the fighting.

b)     Any temporary reduction in attacks would represent a development and boost the legitimacy of the budding peace process aimed at ending the 13-year-old war that kills hundreds of Afghans each month.

4.

Obama chides Kenya on gay rights (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     US – Kenya relations

b)     Civil war in South Sudan

c)     Al-Qaeda-affiliated Shabab militants

a)     Comparing homophobia to racial discrimination he had encountered in the US, President Obama called for gay rights in Africa during his landmark visit to Kenya.

 

b)     In a joint press conference after talks with Kenyan President Keyatta, he also pushed a tough message on Kenyan corruption, the civil war in South Sudan, controversial elections in Burundi and the fight against Somalias al-Qaeda-affiliated Shabab militants.

 

c)     However, despite the areas of disagreement, the President said he was delighted to be back and praised Africas entrepreneurship at a business summit earlier.

5.

Turkey strikes IS in Syria, Kurdish militants in Iraq (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Islamic State (IS)

b)     Syria and Iraq crisis

c)     Kurdish forces

d)     Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK)

e)     NATO

a)     In an escalating campaign Ankara says is aimed at rooting out terror, Turkeys military carried out a new wave of air and artillery strikes against IS jihadists in Syria and Kurdish militants in northern Iraq.

b)    The two-pronged operation against IS and the outlawed PKK (two groups who are themselves bitterly opposed) came after a week of deadly violence in Turkey the authorities blamed on both organisations.

c)     The raids against IS marked a major shift in policy towards the group by key NATO member Turkey, which has faced severe criticism from its Western allies for not doing enough to combat the jihadists. But anti-terror operation has now been expanded to strikes on PKK in neighbouring Iraq, where the banned groups military forces are based.

d)     The air strike raised questions about the future of the fragile peace process between Turkey and the PKK, which has for decades waged a deadly insurgency in the southeast for self-rule that has claimed tens of thousands of lives.

6.

No joy in cities as safety, civic services fall short (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Civic services in India

b)     Voice of Indias Citizens (VOICE) study  

a)     A survey of 21 cities shows that while there is deep dissatisfaction with lack of safety and inadequate provision of civic services, there is little citizen involvement in improving the situation and high level of cynicism about elected officials.

b)     The VOICE study is conducted annually by the Bengaluru-based urban governance group Janaagraha to gauge citizens perceptions on the quality of life and civic services in their cities. The VOICE 2014 study spoke to over 25,000 respondents in 21 cities across India.

c)     The 2014 survey found that satisfaction with policing is significantly lower in Delhi than in Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Chennai which are significantly more satisfied.

d)     Delhi and Mumbai score high on citizen satisfaction with civic amenities, while Bengaluru and Chennai score poorly. For Chennai, the most acute problem is water supply.

e)     Mumbai had the countrys best power supply system with nearly 70 percent of respondents reporting no power cuts. Chennai had the lowest proportion of residents with a water storage system and reported the longest gaps in water supply as compared to other metropolitan cities.

f)     Expert said that active citizenship and robust city-systems go hand in hand in liveable cities. Therefore first step is for political leadership to undertake systemic reforms underlying each aspect of quality of life such as water, roads and transport, safety, open spaces etc.

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