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Daily News Analysis 14-08-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

As US changes tack, India redraws UNSC bid (Pages 1, 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Despite facing unexpected opposition from the US to its bid for a permanent seat in the UNSC, India plans to make a go of it.

2.

NSAs to meet on August 23 (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Pakistans National Security Adviser Sartaj Aziz will visit India for talks with his counterpart Ajit Doval on August 23.

3.

Iran Minister eyes trade beyond oil (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Investment in infrastructure, oil imports and ironing out troubles over the planned Chabahar port development project are on the agenda as Irans Foreign Minister Javad Zarif meets the government in Delhi.

4.

Italys Rs. 4.4 crore offer to free marines rejected (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Saying murders are not compensable offences, India has rejected Italys offer to pay Rs. 4.4 crore to secure protection from any legal action against the two Italian marines.

5.

Radcliffe Line has a colour: green (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)    68 years on, even though it politically divides India and Pakistan, the Radcliffe Line remains an imaginary one, making little difference to the lives of people on either side of the border.

6.

In Abu Dhabi, Modi to visit Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque (Page 1)

a)     I.R

a)     PM Modis journey for his trip to the UAE will include a visit to Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi.

7.

Calculated devaluation (Page 10)

a)     International

b)     Economy

a)    In a surprise action that set off shock waves across the globe and led to the currencies of many a nation taking a collapse, the Peoples Bank of China cut its daily yuan reference rate by 1.9 percent.

8.

Torture of Tamil detainees persists in Sri Lanka: report (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     A UK-based human rights organisation has alleged in a new report that torture by Sri Lankas state agencies of Tamils seen to have links to the LTTE continued unabated well after the end of the civil war in May 2009.

9.

India could lead on Climate Change (Page 11)

a)     International

b)     National

a)     A dialogue on sustainable consumption should get centre stage at the Paris Summit for combating climate change.

10.

Russian tie-up to boost ISROs semi cryogenic launcher plan (P9)

a)     S&T

a)     The national space programme looks set to ride on a new thaw in the 40-year-old Indo Russian Space ties, as indicated by the just unveiled MoU between the ISRO and Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS).

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

As US changes tack, India redraws UNSC bid (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     UNSC

b)     UNGA

c)     India – US Joint Statement

a)     Despite facing unexpected opposition from the US to its bid for a permanent seat in the UNSC, India plans to make a go of it. US has joined Russia and China in their blocking of any large-scale reforms of the council and rejection of veto power to new members.

b)     An official source said that US and these other countries cannot veto UN reform, which will be decided by the General Assembly, where each country has one equal vote. If it comes to a vote, India will need the support of at least 129 (or two-thirds) of 193 member-states. However, the unity of the US, Russia and China on the issue puts the whole process of expansion in some doubt.

c)     In letters to the UNs special committee in charge of inter-governmental negotiations in July, Russia and China made it clear that they are not in favour any large-scale reforms of UNs prized P-5 structure that gives them and the US, the UK and France a special status on all international issues. UK and France support Indias position.

d)     India-US Joint Statement issued during President Obamas visit in Jan said that President Obama reaffirmed his support for a reformed UNSC with India as a permanent member. However, unlike countries such as Kazakhstan and Romania (which specifically mentioned India as their approved candidate for the seat), the US made no mention of India.

2.

NSAs to meet on August 23 (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     LoC

d)     Kashmir issue

e)     Terrorism

f)     Gurdaspur terror attack

g)     26/11 Mumbai attacks

h)     Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)

a)     Pakistans National Security Adviser Sartaj Aziz will visit India for talks with his counterpart Ajit Doval on August 23.

b)     Uncertainty prevailed for some weeks over the holding of the talks, which were decided by PMs Modi and Nawaz Sharif during their meeting in Ufa in July, as Pak had not responded to the dates suggested by India more than two weeks ago.

c)     Sources said that the NSAs are expected to discuss a format for DGMO talks that would include Foreign Ministry officials. The focus of the talks, as mandated by the PMs will be on terror.

d)     India is preparing full dossiers with evidence collected from the attacks in Gurdaspur and Udhampur to hand over to Aziz. The files will prove that the LeT and other terror groups operating in Pakistan carried out the attacks.

e)     MHA sources said India will raise the issue of fugitives like underworld don Dawood Ibrahim who is believed to be in Pakistan; the inflow of Fake Indian Currency Notes from Pakistan into India; and the lack of progress in the trial against Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi and others in the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks.

f)     Aziz will be under some pressure over criticism that the Ufa statement made no reference to J&K, and officials expect that he will raise the resolution of the Kashmir dispute during the talks.

3.

Iran Minister eyes trade beyond oil (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Iran relations

b)     Trade ties

c)     Iran – P5+1 nuclear deal

d)     Chabahar port

a)   Investment in infrastructure, oil imports and ironing out troubles over planned Chabahar port development project are on the agenda as Irans Foreign Minister Javad Zarif meets the government in Delhi.

b)     Zarif (who successfully negotiated the nuclear deal with the P-5 and EU countries) is in India as part of a briefing tour to speak about the deal.

c)     The dual focus of their negotiations was to turn India-Iran buyer-seller relationship into a real partnership, while bringing diversity to our economic ties. To that end, India and Iran will look to discuss investment in each others countries after all UN and Western sanctions are lifted.

d)   In particular, Iran is keen on Indian expertise and investment in rebuilding railways, as part of a total of $8 billion in infrastructure projects. Officials said Modi had told President Rouhani that India was keen for Iran to also invest in Indias proposed $1 trillion infrastructure development.

4.

Italys Rs. 4.4 crore offer to free marines rejected (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Italy relations

b)     Marines issue

c)     International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS)

d)     UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

 

a)     Saying murders are not compensable offences, India has rejected Italys offer to pay Rs4.4 crore to secure protection from any legal action against the two Italian marines. They are accused of killing two fishermen off the Kerala coast in 2012. India said it would help speed up the trial at a Special Court within 4 months.

b)     India informed the ITLOS that no bilateral agreement exists between India and Italy for granting diplomatic immunity to armed forces personnel of Italy.

c)     The ITLOS is expected to deliver its judgment on Aug 24 after the two sides finish their arguments.

5.

Radcliffe Line has a colour: green (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     Redcliffe Line

b)     Partition of India

c)     India – Pakistan relations

d)     India – Bangladesh relations

a)     One cannot be certain whether green has always been its colour, though one can say with absolutely certainty that the line (when it was drawn 68 years ago) was red - soaked in the blood of some one million people killed in riots preceding and following Partition of India.

b)     Sixty-eight years on, even though it politically divides India and Pakistan and also India and Bangladesh, Radcliffe Line largely remains an imaginary line, making little difference to the lives of people who are settled on the line. The author said if we had an aerial view of the border, all we will see is greenery, farmers bent over their fields - difficult to tell which of the green patches belong to India and which dont.

c)     While hostilities between India and Pakistan get reported, what is not widely publicised is that trains still run between the two countries. There are also the goods trains and countless trucks that keep the trade going across the border.

d)     It is always the poor who are worst sufferers of calamities - natural or manmade. But Radcliffe Line (even though it partitioned the country 68 years ago) has not entirely succeeded in dividing people living on the border. They still ignore the imaginary line to attend each others weddings and funerals. Though in the highly-guarded western border, they would need a visa for that.

6.

In Abu Dhabi, Modi to visit Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque (Page 1)

a)     I.R

a)     India – UAE relations

b)     Trade ties

c)     Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque

a)     PM Modis journey for his trip to the UAE will include a visit to Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi.

b)     During the trip, the PM will spend considerable time interacting with the Indian community and visit the International City Abu Dhabi.

c)     Noting that it was the first visit of a PM to the UAE in 34 years, Modi said he was certain that it would boost people-to-people ties.

7.

Calculated devaluation (Page 10)

a)     International

b)     Economy

a)     Chinas currency devaluation

b)     Peoples Bank of China

c)     IMF

 

a)    In a surprise action that set off shock waves across globe and led to currencies of many a nation taking a collapse, the Peoples Bank of China cut its daily yuan reference rate by 1.9 percent. Even before the rest of the world could come to terms with unexpected devaluation, Beijing made a further 1.6 percent cut the very next day.

b)    The moves especially had a sharp negative impact on many Asian currencies. Though the rupee too fell to a two-year low in the wake of the double-dose devaluation, Indian currency has been relatively less affected compared to its Asian peers.

c)     The IMF is optimistic that Chinese move will let market forces have a greater role in determining the exchange rate. The timing of the action (in the context of a decelerating economy and in the light of Chinas heavy dependence on exports) suggests that it is a calculated move meant to regain economic momentum.

d)     The immediate collapse in global currencies aside, the wider implications of a largely devalued yuan on individual economies of the world will play out intensely in minds of policy-formulators within govts across the world in the coming days. Given its overbearing status as an exporter, Chinas step may cause rearguard action on the currency and trade policy fronts.

e)     For India, this throws up a fresh challenge as it battles to stem a slide in exports. It has to make counter-moves to stop quickly and effectively the flooding of Chinese goods in the wake of yuan devaluation, which could have a cascading effect on a host of sectors.

8.

Torture of Tamil detainees persists in Sri Lanka: report (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas Human rights issue

b)     UNHRC

c)     Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

a)     A UK-based human rights organisation has alleged in a new report that torture by Sri Lankas state agencies of Tamils seen to have links to the LTTE continued unabated well after end of civil war in May 2009.

b)     The report says the eradication of torture by the military and police is one of the most urgent tasks that the government to be elected on August 17 must address.

c)     The report states that the new leadership will need to tackle vested interests in the military, police and intelligence services who until now have resisted any proper estimation for torture and other grave abuses committed during the civil war and the six years since the conflict ended.

9.

India could lead on Climate Change (Page 11)

a)     International

b)     National

a)     Climate change

b)     UN Framework Convention on Climate Changes (UNFCCC)

c)     Conference of Parties (COP)

d)     Paris Climate Summit 2015

a)     The world is gearing up for the UNFCCC COP-21 or the 2015 Paris Climate Summit, to be held later this year, where 195 countries are expected to participate, mostly at the heads of state level.

b)     A key player Laurence Tubiana (French Ambassador for Climate Change Negotiations) spoke on Indias role and expectations at the upcoming Paris meeting, explaining that a debate on sustainable consumption should become the keystone.

c)     She said that clean energy has a link to local pollution and there is a connection between clean energy and health. This creates a different option for Indias thinking that combating climate change and development can be hand-in-hand.

d)     She said that India can show most developing countries the pathway, the direction and a different way of developing - both as a source of energy and way to cleaner development. At the same time, India should also talk about how to promote a life style that is compatible with nature.

e)     She said that India is a big power (politically, internationally) so any agreement has to have India on-board and one that supports the development model that India has chosen. And this is clearly a clean development model, on which I see no contradiction between India and others.

f)     She said there is a convergence in trying to draft an agreement that India would be comfortable with. This could be a model agreement for many of the smaller countries to emulate and who face the same problems as India. A solution in Paris that is acceptable to India would create a basis for powerful support from these countries as well.

10.

Russian tie-up to boost ISROs semi cryogenic launcher plan (Page 9)

a)     S&T

a)     Indo – Russian Space ties

b)     Semi-cryogenic launch vehicle  

c)     PSLV

d)     GSLV

e)     Aryabhata

f)     Bhaskara-1

g)     IRS-1A

h)     GLONASS

i)     GPS

j)     ISRO

k)     Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

a)     The national space programme looks set to ride on a new thaw in the 40-year-old Indo Russian Space ties, as indicated by the just unveiled MoU between the ISRO and ROSCOSMOS.

b)    The ISRO is working on its new-generation (Rs.1800-crore third rocket programme) called semi-cryogenic launch vehicle, to beef up its current portfolio of the PSLV and the GSLV.

c)     It will use space-grade kerosene and liquid oxygen as fuel and is meant to pitch spacecraft totally weighing 6 to 10 tonnes to heights of 36,000 km. This would be double the lifting power of the GSLV and triple that of the PSLV. Only the US and Russia have this technology.

d)     The MoU includes new areas such as navigation. India is building its regional fleet of navigation satellites; Russia is completing its GLONASS global navigation constellation on lines of US GPS. The two expect to augment each others reference signals for sharpness through ground receivers.

e)     The new thaw is said to have been triggered in April this year when two countries celebrated the 40th anniversary of the then Soviet Union putting into space the first Indian experimental satellite (the 358-kg Aryabhata) in 1975. Then followed Bhaskara-1, IRS-1A and first Indian astronaut flying in space in the Soviet Soyuz T-11 in 1984.

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