Current Affairs > Daily Current affairs

Back
Daily News Analysis 16-08-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Amid LoC firing, Sharif greets India (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     Even as India and Pakistan traded fire on the Line of Control, Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif sent a message to his counterpart Narendra Modi to wish him on Indias Independence Day.

2.

Abu Dhabi labour camp excited about PMs visit (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     I.R

a)     PM Modis visit to the UAE (the first to the West Asian nation by an Indian PM in 34 years) is a trip with as much a domestic constituency in mind as it is with bilateral relations.

3.

Ranil bats for devolution of power (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankan PM Ranil Wickremesinghe said devolution was the best way to take away barriers constructed by the previous Rajapaksa regime for provincial councils to operate.

4.

Taliban present gentler face but wield iron fist in Afghan district (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     As they have captured more territory in Afghanistan this year, the Taliban have twinned their military offensive with a publicity push.

5.

Naga peace deal only a framework: Rijiju (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

a)     Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju said the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) has withdrawn its demand of sovereignty and now wants a solution within the Constitution of India.

6.

EC suspends Aadhaarlinkage initiative (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Following the Supreme Courts August 11 orders on Aadhaar, the Election Commission of India issued notices suspending with immediate effect till further orders all activities to collect and feed Aadhar numbers of voters as part of its National Electoral Roll Purification and Authentication Programme.

7.

Scientific ambitions behind DNA Profiling Bill (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     This week, the Department of Biotechnology uploaded a slightly modified draft of the Human DNA Profiling Bill on its website, opening up the controversial Bill (now tabled in Parliament) for public scrutiny.

8.

Rupee likely to remain  weak despite better economic indicators (Pg 17)

a)     Economy

a)     Lot of factors have contributed to the recent fall of the rupee against the dollar. The major reason has been the concerns about an imminent interest rate hike by the US Fed after almost a decade which led the dollar index mounting to a high.

9.

Indias Mars mission exceeds expectations (Page 10)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Newly released images of the Martian surface taken by the Indian Mars orbiter show Ophir Chasma, a canyon 317 km long to the south of the Martian equator.

10.

Tiny bit found in India too (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)    The entomologists were surprised to find the worlds smallest flying insect (a fairyfly that goes by the name Kikiki huna) in India too.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Amid LoC firing, Sharif greets India (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     LoC

d)     Kashmir issue

a)     Even as India and Pakistan traded fire on the Line of Control, Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif sent a message to his counterpart Modi to wish him on Indias Independence Day. He said that Pakistan was committed to promoting friendly relations between the two countries for peace and prosperity in the region.

b)     On Aug 14 (when Pakistan marked its Independence Day), Modi had tweeted greetings and good wishes to the people of Pakistan on their Independence Day.

c)     However, the friendly exchange of words was belied on the border between both countries, with another day of shelling and mortar crossfire at LoC, the seventh consecutive day of ceasefire violations.

d)     The messages and tensions come days ahead of talks between the NSAs that promise to be stormy, given that India is preparing a full dossier of Pakistans involvement in the latest terror incidents in Punjab and J&K, while Pakistan has made it clear that it will raise the Kashmir issue as well as the trial of the Samjhauta blasts case and bail to prime accused Aseemanand.

2.

Abu Dhabi labour camp excited about PMs visit (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – UAE relations

b)     Trade ties

c)     Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque

 

a)    PM Modis visit to the UAE (the first to the West Asian nation by an Indian PM in 34 years) is a trip with as much a domestic constituency in mind as it is with bilateral relations.

b)     The nearly 2.6-million-strong Indian diaspora in the UAE sends the largest amount of remittances - up to $13 billion annually (or 60 percent of all remittances), despite making up only 17.5 percent of the diaspora population.

c)     Official sources describe Modis visit to the camp as an acknowledgement not just of the diaspora but also of the UAE as host country.

d)     First on the PMs journey is a visit to Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi, which is being looked at as a nod to the Muslim population of India. But official sources said it was to pay homage to the former ruler of the Emirate Sheikh Zayed rather than a domestic political statement.

3.

Ranil bats for devolution of power (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas internal issues

b)     Devolution of power

c)     13th Amendment

d)     United National Party (UNP)

e)     Sri Lankas Human Rights issue

f)     UNHRC

g)     Eelam War

h)     Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

a)     Sri Lankan PM Ranil Wickremesinghe said devolution was the best way to take away barriers constructed by the previous Rajapaksa regime for provincial councils to operate.

b)   Asserting that his party (the UNP) had always stood for a unitary state, he said the UNP had supported devolution. We had brought in the 13th Amendment. This time, we will give powers down to the level of villages.

c)     Referring to the Dec 2002 Oslo communique (which talks of an agreement between the Sri Lankan govt and the LTTE for exploring a solution founded on the principle of internal self-determination in areas of historical habitation of Tamil-speaking peoples, based on a federal structure within a united Sri Lanka) he said we did not say we agreed to federalism. But, we had said we would explore it during the talks.

d)     On issue of accountability for alleged crimes during the Eelam War, he said it had been agreed finally that let the report of the UNHRC be tabled and brought out to the public in September. Within the adequate time agreed by both sides, we will give our response.

e)     On economic ties with India and China, he said Indian and Chinese investors were free to come and invest here. Sri Lanka will take loans from those who offer them on a competitive basis and on a concessional basis.

4.

Taliban present gentler face but wield iron fist in Afghan district (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Taliban

b)     Taliban – Afghan government peace talks

c)     Afghanistan situation

a)     As they have captured more territory in Afghanistan this year, the Taliban have twinned their military offensive with a publicity push.

b)    But for insight into how the Taliban might rule if they succeed in holding large stretches of Afghanistan, consider Baghran district, in the southern province of Helmand. There, where the Taliban were scarcely ever out of power, the harsh old policies of the 90s are still in full swing.

c)     The Taliban in Baghran are not an insurgent force but the government, and a long-established one at that.

d)     There is probably nowhere else in Afghanistan more completely under Taliban rule. Officially, the Afghan govt acknowledges having lost only 4 out of roughly 400 districts to the Taliban. Of these, Baghran was the first to fall, about a decade ago.

e)     The Talibans rule has proved attractive to many rural Afghans who have endured decades of war. Residents of other parts of Helmand have sought out Baghrans relative security, migrating away from the front lines.

5.

Naga peace deal only a framework: Rijiju (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

a)     Naga Peace Accord

b)     National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah)

c)     NSCN-Khaplang

d)     India – Myanmar border relations

a)     Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju said the NSCN (I-M) has withdrawn its demand of sovereignty and now wants a solution within the Constitution of India.

b)     He said the accord became possible because PM Modi took a big lead, even as he acknowledged that northeastern states of Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh were not consulted as the final solution has not been arrived yet. He said the deal was only a framework agreement.

c)     Referring to the episode in which Special Forces of Indian Army crossed into Myanmar and destroyed insurgent camps including that of the NSCN-K (a group that violated ceasefire with India in March), he said the 1643-km-long border the two countries shared was not manned properly as India and Myanmar had friendly relations. India would require an agreement to fence the border.

6.

EC suspends Aadhaarlinkage initiative (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Aadhaar

b)     National Electoral Roll Purification and Authentication Programme (NERPAP)

c)     Unique Identification (UID) number

d)     Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)

e)     Election Commission of India

a)     Following Supreme Courts Aug 11 orders on Aadhaar, the Election Commission of India issued notices suspending with immediate effect till further orders all activities to collect and feed Aadhar numbers of voters as part of its NERPAP. It has also duly withdrawn all publicity activities to collect Aadhaar numbers of citizens for seeding in electoral database.

b)     The directions have made it clear though that all other activities under NERPAP to purify the poll process will continue. Meanwhile, civil liberties activists have called for delinking the already merged voter ID card details from the UID number.

7.

Scientific ambitions behind DNA Profiling Bill (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     DNA Profiling Bill  

b)     Department of Biotechnology (DBT)

c)     Aadhaar

d)    Unique Identification (UID) project

a)     This week, the DBT uploaded a slightly modified draft of the Human DNA Profiling Bill on its website, opening up the controversial Bill (now tabled in Parliament) for public scrutiny.

b)     Expert spoke about the modified draft Bill which continues to raise several critical concerns relating to privacy, ethical usage of DNA samples and uses of proposed DNA database.

c)     Like the UID project in which govt collected biometric samples of citizens to create a general database, marketing it as Aadhaar or the basis for citizens to seek entitlements, the DNA database too aims to collect citizen DNA samples and make a database out of it.

d)     In UID, biometric data samples were collected from willing or coerced citizens, but there was no way people could opt out of database once in it, as no consent clause or guidelines for sample collection were specified for it. DNA Profiling Bill too brings similar concerns.

e)     With the Supreme Court now coming down heavily on the govt for insisting on biometric profiling of citizens through Aadhaar, the question is whether the govt ought to push the draft DNA Bill in its current form, given its unresolved concerns.

8.

Rupee likely to remain  weak despite better economic indicators (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)     Indias economic growth

b)     Devaluation of currency

c)     Greece debt crisis

d)     US Federal Reserve (US Fed)

e)     Inflation

f)     Current Account Deficit (CAD)

 

a)     With the unprecedented fall of rupee in 2013, the Indian currency turned out to be worst performing currency amongst the other emerging market currencies on the back of policy logjam, sub-par growth regime, high inflationary pressures, soaring CAD and the talk of tapering of bond buying programme of the US Fed.

b)     However, there was a significant recovery in domestic unit after the appointment of the new RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan, as he introduced a slew of measures to control volatility in the Indian rupee, which curtailed further fall.

c)     The rupee also got a boost after the formation of a BJP-led Govt at centre, which resulted in significant capital inflows to equity as well as debt markets. This was a time when the rupee transformed itself from being one of worst to one of the best performing currencies within a span of just 8 to 9 months compared to other emerging market currencies. The rupee held its ground thereafter.

d)     Gradually, the country witnessed growth ticking slightly higher as govt initiated a lot of reforms, which resulted in an upsurge in the domestic equities. The boom came in the form of considerable fall in crude oil prices in the global markets since June 2014, resulting in reduction in import bill, contained CAD and cooling off headline inflation.

e)     It was the time the rupee was seen inching up to a level of 58.32 in May 2014, in spite of fact that the US Fed was on course to end its bond buying programme. The year 2014 was also witnessed significantly reduced volatility in the value of rupee as compared to the environment of 2013.

f)     Lot of factors have contributed to the recent fall of the rupee below 64.30 a dollar. The major reason has been the concerns about an imminent interest rate hike by the US Fed after almost a decade which led dollar index mounting to a high. The dollar index hit a 12-year high of 100.39 in March 2015.

g)    Any hike in interest rate by US Fed either in September or most possibly in October this year would lead to investors fleeing away from emerging markets risky assets and lead to concerns about capital outflow.

h)     Another factor is Greece debt crisis which led a flight to safety towards dollar index, thereby hurting Indian rupee. More recently another add-on to the downward trajectory of the Indian rupee has been the decision by the People Bank of China earlier this week to change the way it calculates the reference rate of yuan which led to more than 4 percent fall in Chinese currency against the dollar. This also raised concerns about a full-fledged currency war and, in order to protect their trade, other emerging market economies devalued their currencies.

9.

Indias Mars mission exceeds expectations (Page 10)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Indian Mars Orbiter Mission

b)     Ophir Chasma

c)     Valles Marineris

d)     Solar system

a)     Newly released images of the Martian surface taken by the Indian Mars orbiter show Ophir Chasma, a canyon 317 km long to the south of Martian equator.

b)  The chasma is part of Valles Marineris, which scientists say is the largest canyon system in the entire solar system. It is a long, steep-sided depression as designated by the International Astronomical Union.

c)     The Ophir Chasma lies in Coprates square (quadrangle) and is named after Mars enthusiast Ophir Bentov of Los Angeles, who has invested in Mars expeditions for eventual human exploration.

d)     The first Indian Mars Orbiter Mission has been going round the red planet since Sept 2014 and has exceeded planned life of six months. Its mission is to look for revealing signs of atmospheric methane (which could indicate ancient life on Mars) and to map its terrain and minerals.

10.

Tiny bit found in India too (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)     Biodiversity

b)     Kikiki Huna

a)    The entomologists were surprised to find the worlds smallest flying insect (a fairyfly that goes by the name Kikiki huna) in India too. Measuring a just 0.16 mm, Kikiki huna is a multicellular organism that is smaller than single-celled organisms.

b)    Kikiki huna has been found in Chidambaram as well. While the insects functions are yet to be determined, Kikiki was first discovered in Trinidad around 20 years ago and later in Hawaii. It has also been found in Australia and Argentina. It derives its name from Hawaiian which means tiny bit.

Branches

Ashok Nagar Branch
1-10-223/A, Sub-register office Line
Hyderabad
+91 9052 29 29 29, 9052 19 29 29

Madhapur Branch
Plot No.3, 2nd floor, Raghuma Towers
Hyderabad
+91 9052 492929

Delhi:
Old Rajendra Nagar

Send to mail

Request for call