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My notes 27-08-2015

 

Textile sector

Thursday, August 27, 2015

11:29 PM

The challenges -

  1. Decreasing compeititveness - high input and transaction costs and USA is imposing duties on Indian tetiles and other countries such as vietnam, Cambodia are enjoing zero duty.
  2. The minimum support price is tinkering with cotton market and raw material costs became significantly high. Here,as like in China , India can also try with direct subsidies.
  3. Technology upgradation fund scheme shall be continued further.
  4. A comprehensive National Textile Policy must be announced at the earliest to create a level playing field with regard to tariff rates, raw material costs, cost of funding and transaction costs.

Naga peace accord

  1. The government signed a peace accord with the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (IsakMuivah), one of the largest insurgent outfits, which has been demanding a unified Naga identity and a separate ‘Nagalim’ State for over six decades.
  2. The details of the accord were not released by the government, and there is no clarity on the “sovereignty clause,” being demanded by the insurgent group.
  3. The NSCN (I-M) has been fighting for an independent Nagaland, but later on demanded a ‘Greater Nagaland’ by slicing off parts of Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh to unite 1.2 million Nagas.
  4. The peace accord signed with Nagas is just a framework agreement and not a final solution.
  5. The success of the accord depends on to what extent NSCN can compromise on its demand for sovergnity and Nagalim through Territorial realignment. At the same time, to what extent , centre can respect the Naga identity and accommodate naga aspirations for Unity.
  6. In this context, shared sovergnity recognising unique history of Nagas with in the framework of Indian constitution, Supra state solution are suggested as best solutions.
  7. Myanmar angle- It also faces the Naga insurgency in its east and Khaplang, a Myanmarese national operates from here. He signed a caese fire agreement with Myanmar Government and at the same time broke it with India and associated with Ulfa and other insurgent elements to form United North east liberation front of west southeast asia. It involved in violence in India. Bringing him also to accept the accord is a major challenge. The inherent differences between Naga insurgent groups is a major challenge over here.


 

 

 

 

 

Breakthrough Soon in Talks With Government on OROP

The army veterans and the Prime Minister’s Office are on the verge of a breakthrough to seal the deal on one rank one pension (OROP). The government is likely to accept the figure of Rs. 8,298 crore per year as the basic additional annual payout.

  • There have been speculations that the announcement will be made on August 28, the 50th anniversary of the 1965 war with Pakistan.

all about One-rank one-pension scheme:

This is a scheme which will ensure that soldiers of the same rank and the same length of service receive the same pension, irrespective of their retirement date. In simple words, it demands equal pensions for those who have retired in one particular year, as those who retire in another year at the same position, and for the same duration of services rendered. It is expected to benefit 3 million former soldiers.

Present situation: At present, a soldier who retired many years ago is paid far less than someone several ranks junior to him retiring now.

Why difference? The difference in the pension of present and past pensioners in the same rank occurs on account of the number of increments earned by the defence personnel in that rank.

So far, there was no such rule. While every pay commission bumps the salaries of government servants, pensions of ex-servicemen remain the same.

Why Army veterans are demanding OROP?

Soldiers are compulsorily retired in the armed forces: jawans at 35, NCO/JCOs at 45, majors at 50, and so on. While early retirement keeps the Army young, it is difficult for the veterans, especially jawans, to access fresh employment or secure lateral entry into other government services at a late stage in their life.

Why the centre is delaying?

The implementation of one rank, one pension is also expected to push up the Centre’s defence pension payments by a record 40%, posing fresh challenges to keep the Centre’s fiscal deficit within the budgetary target of 4.1% of the Gross Domestic Product.

Chabahar Port: India, Iran’s plan to build railway link faces hurdles

Iran’s offer to India to help build a rail link to connect the strategically located Chabahar Port with the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) project is facing hurdles over terms of contract, a development that would need political intervention for a quick resolution. The issue is related to the ownership and maintainance of the rail network.

  • Tehran has offered a proposal to India to help build over 500-km-rail link from the Chabahar in Southeast Iran to connect with Zahedan, capital of Sistan-Baluchistan province.
  • Zahedan is connected with the main Iranian railway network and the proposed rail link when concluded will join Chabahar with INSTC and provide access to Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and beyond.

 

The Hindu

India and chabahar port:

  • India had recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Iran for the development of the Chabahar port. India is keen to tap the trading potential with countries in the region and has been pushing for providing connectivity.
  • Chabahar port is suitably located to serve India’s outreach in the region to Afghanistan and beyond as well as link with INSTC to which India is one of the initial signatories.

About the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC):

  • The International North–South Transport Corridor is the ship, rail, and road route for moving freight between India, Russia, Iran, Europe and Central Asia.

 

The Hindu

  • The route primarily involves moving freight from India, Iran, Azerbaijan and Russia via ship, rail and road.
  • The objective of the corridor is to increase trade connectivity between major cities such as Mumbai, Moscow, Tehran, Baku, Bandar Abbas, Astrakhan, Bandar Anzali and etc.
  • Russia, Iran and India signed the agreement for the INSTC project in 2002.
  • Dry runs of the two routes in INSTC were conducted in 2014, the first was Mumbai to Baku (Azerbaijan) via Bandar Abbas (Iranian Port) and the second was Mumbai to Astrakhan (Russia) via Bandar Abbas, Tehran and Bandar Anzali (Iran).

Sources: The Hindu, Wiki.

 

Inner line permit

Inner Line Permit is required for Indian citizens to enter Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram. Inner Line Permit is issued under theBengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873

 

From <http://www.mdoner.gov.in/content/inner-line-permit>

 

The demand in Manipur is to implement the Inner Line Permit (ILP).

 

 The Inner Line Permit The ILP is a special pass or permit that is required to enter the Northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram.

 

The system was introduced by the British to protect their commercial interests, particularly in oil and tea, and continues now essentially as a mechanism to firewall the tribal peoples and their cultures from onslaughts by outsiders. Before the Anglo-Manipur war of 1891, non-Manipuris needed permission from the cabinet of the independent kingdom of Manipur to enter and exit the territories of the King.

 

 The British introduced the ILP, which remained in force until 1950, when the Commissioner of Assam, in whose jurisdiction Manipur fell, revoked it in the areas that went on to become, in 1972, the state of Manipur.

 

 The Regulation of Visitors, Tenants and Migrant Workers’ Bill made it mandatory for non-Manipuris to register themselves with the government for reasons of “their safety and security and for the maintenance of public order” upon entering the state.

 

The Bill proposed to set up visitor registration centres in the state. Owners of “transit units” — hotels, motels, inns, lodges, guesthouses, private stay lodges and individual accommodations let out to visitors — were to register with a Director for Registration of Visitors and Tenants, and submit details of visitors along with identity documents to the government. Contractors hiring labour from outside Manipur were to follow similar rules, and the government was to issue permits to migrant workers. The Bill proposed to punish non-compliance with fines, the largest of which was Rs 50,000.

 

Demographic change

 

 Manipur’s population grew at 12.80% during 1941-51, but jumped to 35.04% and 37.56% during 1951-61 and 1961-71 respectively after the permit system was abolished. According to Sapamcha, “there is a serious danger of the indigenous Manipuri population being wiped out along with their culture, history and languages”. The protesters claim that foreigners from Bangladesh, Nepal and Burma have been entering the state freely, settling in both hill and valley areas, and buying property in the Imphal valley. 

 

The 2001 Census indicated the size of the migrant community was nearly as much as that of the dominant ethnic Meiteis.

 

Manipuris are losing land to “extractive” non-Manipuri industries. The leasing out of “onesixth of the total area” of Manipur for oil exploration and drilling to international oil majors, unthinkable in the other States.

 

The agitators had recommended that the Manipur Land Revenue and Reforms Act, 1960, should be amended to restrict the transfer or sale of land to non-residents — on the lines of the Himachal Pradesh Tenancy and Land Reforms Act, 1972. But this recommendation was not incorporated in the Bill.

 

On July 15, the House withdrew the earlier Regulation of Visitors, Tenants and Migrant Workers Bill as demanded by the protesters, and Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh promised to introduce the ILP Bill within three months.

Conclusion -  The State should ensure that alien-investor-driven development does not disrobe its people. After all, they are supposed to benefit from the growth generated out of its own domestic resources.

 

In Manipur, only Meiteis are demanding for Inner line permit , but not the other tribes such as Kukis and Nagas.

 

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