Current Affairs > Daily Current affairs

My notes 28-08-2015


Patels agitation in Gujarat for OBC status

Caste based reservation

  1. It is to compensate the historical injustices done to certain communities on the basis of their birth.
  2. The caste in India correlates well with the low education, economic status. Most of the people from dalits has no access to productive assets, the levels of poverty is very high.
  3. Reservation shall be considered only as a means towards development and empowerment.


On the other side


  1. They may be divisive and are the sources of vote bank politics
  2. Merit may have compromised
  3. There is no proper caste census and social and economic criteria are not completely available to correlate between these factors.


Inspite of all these, the reservations has lead to a growth of educated , middle class among the dalits and it is assertive, aspirational. It can be seen in political, social mobiolisation of dalits across India.


The Supreme court of India also said that perception of a self proclaimed backwardness can not be a constitutionally permissible yardstick for backwardness. Court has warned against the caste based definition of backwardness and recommended for new yardsticks for identification of backwardness and extension of reservations.


Reservations to Gujjars

  1. Gujjars blocking the road and rail network became an annual phenomenan in rajasthan.
  2. Though, the Government agreed for 5% reservations to Gujjars under separate backward community. The Rajasthan High court quashed the act, as it over and above the mandated 50% reservation.
  3. The issue of Gujjar reservation shows that caste based politics once set in motion, they only take a vicious cycle of unsustainable promises.
  4. On issues of populism, reservations Succumbing to the mob pressure by the state, will ultimately result in lawlessness and sets dangerous precedents. Gujjar reservation issue stands as an example to this.





Smart cities mission


Cities accommodate nearly 31% of India s current population and contribute 63% of GDP (Census 2011). Urban areas are expected to house 40% of India s population and contribute 75% of India s GDP by 2030



 It includes


Development of core infrastructure


  • Adequate water supply,
  • Assured electricity supply,
  • Sanitation, including solid waste management,
  • Efficient urban mobility and public transport,
  • Affordable housing, especially for the poor,
  • Robust IT connectivity and digitalization,
  • Good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen participation,
  • Sustainable environment,
  • Safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly, and
  • Health and education.



  1. smart solutions



Smart Cities focus on their most pressing needs and on the greatest opportunities to improve lives. They tap a range of approaches - digital and information technologies, urban planning best practices, public-private partnerships, and policy change - to make a difference. They always put people first.


  • Pan-city initiative in which at least one Smart Solution is applied city-wide
  • Develop areas step-by-step – three models of area-based developments
  • Retrofitting,
  • Redevelopment,
  • Greenfield



The Mission will cover 100 cities and its duration will be five years (FY2015-16 to FY2019-20). The Mission may be continued thereafter in the light of an evaluation to be done by the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) and incorporating the learnings into the Mission.

5) Area based development          



The Smart City Mission will be operated as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) and the Central Government proposes to give financial support to the Mission to the extent of Rs. 48,000 crores over five years i.e. on an average Rs. 100 crore per city per year. An equal amount, on a matching basis, will have to be contributed by the State/ULB; therefore, nearly Rupees one lakh crore of Government/ULB funds will be available for Smart Cities development.





The total number of 100 Smart Cities have been distributed among the States and UTs on the basis of an equitable criteria. The formula gives equal weightage (50:50) to urban population of the State/UT and the number of statutory towns in the State/UT.. This distribution formula has also been used for allocation of funds under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation - AMRUT.






Comprehensive development occurs in areas by integrating the physical, institutional, social and economic infrastructure. Many of the sectoral schemes of the Government converge in this goal, although the path is different. There is a strong complementarity between the AMRUT and Smart Cities Mission in achieving urban transformation. While AMRUT follows a project-based approach, the Smart Cities Mission follows an area-based strategy.

Similarly, great benefit can be derived by seeking convergence of other Central and State Government Programs/Schemes with the Smart Cities Mission. At the planning stage itself, cities must seek convergence in the SCP with AMRUTSwachh Bharat Mission (SBM)National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)- External Website that opens in a new windowDigital India, Skill development, Housing for All, construction of Museums funded by the Culture Department and other programs connected to social infrastructure such as Health, Education and Culture.


From <>



  • This is the first time, a MoUD programme is using the Challenge or competition method to select cities for funding and using a strategy of area-based development. This captures the spirit of competitive and cooperative federalism .
  • States and ULBs will play a key supportive role in the development of Smart Cities. Smart leadership and vision at this level and ability to act decisively will be important factors determining the success of the Mission.
  • Understanding the concepts of retrofitting, redevelopment and greenfield development by the policy makers, implementers and other stakeholders at different levels will require capacity assistance. Major investments in time and resources will have to be made during the planning phase prior to participation in the Challenge. This is different from the conventional DPR-driven approach.
  • The Smart Cities Mission requires smart people who actively participate in governance and reforms. Citizen involvement is much more than a ceremonial participation in governance. The participation of smart people will be enabled by the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) through increasing use of ICT



Saturday, August 29, 2015

2:42 AM


  1. It was launched by GSLV - D6 with an indigenously developed cryogenic engine.
  2. Thr satellite GSAT 6 has has largest S band Unfurlable antenna of 6m diameter.

Getting the talk atmospherics right


  1. 1.       The real problem is lack of a single power centre in Pakistan. The military establishment calls the shots in pakistan on its India policy and civilian Government is involved with talks. This always brings in inconsistency and change in stand from time to time. The only solution is strengthening the arms of the civilian Government and it can happen only with deepening of democracy. So, Talks can only be a solution and a way forward.



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