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Daily News Analysis 31-08-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Obama invites Sharif for talks at White House (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     US National Security Adviser Susan Rice said that President Obama has invited Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif for a meeting at the White House in October.

2.

Adding new hurdles to a deteriorating peace process (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)    The cancellation of NSA-level talks between India and Pakistan due to new red lines drawn by the Modi government is disconcerting.

3.

UNGA president-elect sounds positive in talks with Sushma (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     As Indias hopes for the UNSC expansion process hinge on a vote at the United Nations in next fortnight, External Affairs Minister Sushma met with the incoming president of the UN General Assembly.

4.

Tamil parties turn down US call for internal war crimes probe (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Leaders representing three constituents of the Tamil National Alliance rejected the stand of the US, which favours a domestic investigation mechanism on alleged crimes during the final stages of the Eelam War.

5.

Europe wakes up to refugee crisis (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     The situation of migration phenomena outside and inside the European Union has recently taken unprecedented proportions.

6.

Land ordinance gets a burial (Page 1)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     PM Modi declared that the land acquisition ordinance would be allowed to lapse and not re-promulgated as his government had done thrice before.

7.

NIA for softer cases against youth saved from terror path (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Taking forward a debate in govt on whether to book young men stopped from joining terrorist organisations such as the IS under strict penal provisions, the National Investigation Agency has asked the Home Ministry to invoke lighter sections of the law against them.

8.

Needed, smart solutions (Page 10)

a)     National

a)    After the unveiling last week the govts list of 98 cities that it wants developed as smart cities, companies ranging from smart energy management firms to surveillance equipment providers have welcomed the great clarity and focus for industry players to engage with the cities administration.

9.

Roadblocks to Make in India drive (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Free trade pacts have made imports cheaper for many segments of the Indian industry. But they are now perhaps becoming impediments in PM Modis Make in India initiative.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Obama invites Sharif for talks at White House (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     US – Pakistan relations

b)     India – Pakistan relations

c)     NSA talks

d)     Kashmir issue

e)     LoC

a)     US NSA Susan Rice said that President Obama has invited Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif for a meeting at the White House in October.

b)     Sharif gave US delegation the reasons for the cancellation of talks between NSAs of India and Pakistan. He said Pakistan wanted a meaningful and objective dialogue on all outstanding issues.

c)   Sources said the US NSA is in Islamabad on an emergency visit as part of American effort to reduce the ongoing tensions between the two neighbours.

d)     Her visit coincides with an escalation in tensions along the LoC. Also, Pakistan called off the scheduled NSA-level talks between two countries at last minute over Indias refusal to allow Pak to have consultations with Kashmiri separatists.

2.

Adding new hurdles to a deteriorating peace process (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     NSA talks

c)     Ufa joint statement

d)     Kashmir issue

e)     Hurriyat Conference

 

a)     The recent cancellation of NSA-level talks between India and Pakistan is a cause for both disappointment and deep concern. According to author (Mirwaiz Umar Farooq is the chairman of the Hurriyat Conference), the stark reality is that it is the people of J&K, who have had to suffer the direct loss, pain, injustice and indignity of conflict and who stand to suffer the most if Indo-Pak hostility continues.

b)     When PM Modi and PM Nawaz Sharif announced in Ufa that they would resume a process of dialogue and engagement, we wholeheartedly and publicly welcomed it. We appreciated that the two PMs had agreed that India and Pakistan have a collective responsibility to ensure peace and promote development and, for this, they were prepared to discuss all outstanding issues.

c)     A peaceful solution to Kashmir issue is obviously central to this and is the key to positively transforming relationships and to unlocking a new future of lasting peace, stability and prosperity for the entire South Asian region.

d)     The cancellation of the talks is worrisome and we are deeply concerned that the dangerous trajectory that the region has been heading along is being reinforced following this breakdown. It is highly alarming that the Govt of India opted to make the discussions on the Kashmir issue and the role of the Hurriyat subjects of new, narrowly drawn red lines - positions that impose a straightjacket on the future prospects for any meaningful peace process.

e)     The imposition of a so-called red line against meeting us raises serious questions as to whether there is really any intent on the part of Modi govt to work towards a resolution of the Kashmir conflict and the achievement of a lasting peace. When hurdles actually needed to be removed by both sides, why is Govt of India erecting a set of new barriers in the way of initiating a process of dialogue?

f)     As promised in his election campaign, we had hoped that Modi would continue forward with the vision of peace and dialogue that former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee adopted. Vajpayee had declared at the base of the Minar-e-Pakistan in Lahore that it was his dream and wish to resolve the Kashmir issue. He had affirmed the need for unconditional talks, reaching out to us as well as Pak and asked for talks to be held under ambit of humanity.

g)     Vajpayee believed in complementary processes of dialogue, including the Delhi-Islamabad, Srinagar-Delhi, Srinagar-Muzzafarabad and Srinagar-Islamabad tracks. He had the wisdom to realise that Kashmiri leadership could be a partner for peace and a bridge between India and Pakistan. He facilitated our interactions and even our visit to Pakistan to meet President Musharaf so that we could help push the process forward.

h)     While a breakthrough on Kashmir eventually proved elusive, the steps Vajpayee took at least created the necessary space and context for all the parties to begin to engage in a process that was aimed at finding solutions. Indeed, some useful progress was achieved in terms of reducing war risks and allowing people-to-people interaction across the LoC.

i)     Even some potentially workable ideas on a possible way forward towards a Kashmir settlement were developed. Those ideas could serve as a starting point for discussions even today. It took tremendous courage and a big heart for Vajpayee to take steps without the solid parliamentary majority that the present BJP enjoys. Involving and creating space for Kashmiris to be included in the process demonstrated an understanding on his that the road to peace runs through Kashmir and that, at its core, Kashmir is a human issue requiring a political solution.

j)     PM Modi needs to have a serious rethink on his govts Kashmir policy. There are two possibilities. He can choose to adopt same old, default policy approach that has allowed the Kashmir issue to linger on for more than 6 decades. Or he can adopt a visionary detour and pursue a serious political and diplomatic effort to resolve the issue once and for all. Rather than narrowing the space for dialogue, he needs to focus on his responsibility to lead the region out of deadlock and away from risks of dangerous escalation and confrontation.

k)     As for us, we support the way of dialogue. We are firm in view that there is no military solution and negotiation is the way. This is why we welcomed Modis initial gesture to invite PM Sharif to his inauguration and this is why we hailed PM Sharif for having the courage to accept the invitation to come to New Delhi. This is also why we openly welcomed the decision of the two PMs in Ufa to make another attempt at a dialogue.

3.

UNGA president-elect sounds positive in talks with Sushma (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     UNSC

b)     UNGA

c)     Inter-Governmental Panel (IGN)

d)     Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism

a)     As Indias hopes for the UNSC expansion process hinge on a vote at the United Nations in next fortnight, External Affairs Minister Sushma met with the incoming president of the UNGA Lykketoft.

b)     UNGA is required to take a decision to roll over the text that contains positions of all countries on the UN reform and inducting permanent members into the UNSC, as India and other countries have demanded.

c)     The text for the UN reform that has been circulated by the outgoing UNGA president Sam Kutesa, will lapse on Sept 15, and diplomats at the UN are already hard at work to push the decision through between Sept 10 and 15.

d)     Lykketoft will take charge as UNGA President on Sept 16 only after that vote or decision is taken to adopt the text. But if it is cleared that he will be responsible for squaring the UN reform process in the UNs 70th year, along with an IGN.

e)     Sushma conveyed Indias expectations to achieve concrete forward movement under presidency of Lykketoft on UNSC reform negotiations as well as finalisation of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.

4.

Tamil parties turn down US call for internal war crimes probe (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas internal issues

b)     Tamil National Alliance (TNA)

c)     Tamil Eelam Liberation Organisation (TELO)

d)     Eelam Peoples Revolutionary Liberation Front (EPRLF)

e)     Peoples Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam (PLOTE)

f)     Eelam War

g)     Statute of Rome

a)     Leaders representing three constituents of the TNA rejected the stand of the US, which favours a domestic investigation mechanism on alleged crimes during the final stages of the Eelam War.

b)     Leaders of TELO, EPRLF and the PLOTE felt that justice would be possible only through an international probe.

c)     Leader of TELO recalled that International Independent Group of Eminent Persons (constituted in Feb 2007 to go into certain instances of human rights violations that took place since Aug 1 2005) could not complete its task.

d)     He added that there were ways to circumvent the legal restriction in calling for a global probe mechanism, given Sri Lanka is not a signatory to the Statute of Rome.

5.

Europe wakes up to refugee crisis (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Refugee crisis

a)     The EU Home Affairs Ministers will hold emergency talks on Sept 14 in Brussels on the continents escalating migration crisis. The situation of migration phenomena outside and inside the EU has recently taken unprecedented proportions.

b)     In order to assess the situation on the ground, the political actions underway and to discuss next steps in order to strengthen European response.

6.

Land ordinance gets a burial (Page 1)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Land Acquisition Resettlement and Rehabilitation (LARR) Act 2013

b)     Highways Act

c)     Railways Act

a)     PM Modi declared that the land acquisition ordinance would be allowed to lapse and not re-promulgated as his govt had done thrice before.

b)     He said the govt will not re-promulgate the ordinance, but will include 13 points to reform the land acquisition law to benefit farmers. These 13 points (meant to provide direct financial benefit to the farmers) are being brought under the rules effective from Aug 30 so that farmers do not face financial loss.

c)     The reference was to Acts such as the Highways Act and the Railways Act which would be tagged onto the LARR Act 2013.

7.

NIA for softer cases against youth saved from terror path (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Terrorism

b)     Islamic State (IS)

c)     National Investigation Agency (NIA)

d)     Section 151 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CPC)

e)     Section 153 A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC)

f)     Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA)

 

a)     Taking forward a debate in govt on whether to book young men stopped from joining terrorist organisations such as IS under strict penal provisions, the NIA has asked the Home Ministry to invoke lighter sections of law against them.

b)    Official said unlike western countries, where a potential IS recruiter comes on the radar just by his travel plans to Middle East, that was difficult in India.

c)     NIA has suggested Section 151 of the CPC; Section 18 of UAPA (which has a provision of minimum imprisonment of 5 years for any act preparatory to the commission of a terrorist act); Section 153 A of the IPC (for promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc., punishable with three years imprisonment); and so on.

8.

Needed, smart solutions (Page 10)

a)     National

a)      Smart Cities Mission

b)     Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation

c)     Urbanisation

d)     Planning Commission

a)     After unveiling last week by Union Urban Development Minister of the govts list of 98 cities that it wants developed as smart cities, companies ranging from smart energy management firms to surveillance equipment providers have welcomed the great clarity and focus for industry players to engage with the cities administration.

b)    They all seem upbeat about selling their hi-tech products to cities. But govt is yet to reveal what kind of technology it intends to procure and deploy. So far it has maintained the line that smart cities are meant to integrate public transportation, drinking water, solid waste management, sanitation and sewerage. But the same convergence is seen in the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (Amrut).

c)     From the objectives of the new policy, nothing appears smart about them; they simply aim to straighten up unplanned municipal services. And we are left wondering what smartness the govt could now add to the cities. This vagueness does put finger on Indias urban planners.

d)     And considering the amount of time and energy the urbanisation experts at Planning Commission have invested in discarding old policies and experimenting with new ones, we wonder why they chose to invoke the flashy adjective when their motive was pretty basic. Perhaps the answer lies somewhere between the time the country had a change in political leadership in May 2014 with the BJP coming to power, and now.

9.

Roadblocks to Make in India drive (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

b)     Make in India initiative

a)     FTAs have made imports cheaper for many segments of the Indian industry. But they are now perhaps becoming impediments in Modis Make in India initiative, as certain sectors such as paper industry are feeling the heat of the cheap imports of key raw materials enabled by these trade pacts.

b)     This is happening at a time when the countrys green laws bar paper manufacturers from taking up farm forestry projects for accessing the same raw materials indigenously.

c)     Admitting that reduction in import duties under various regional FTAs especially with ASEAN, impacts profitability of the domestic paper and paperboards industry and erodes the economic viability of small paper mills.

d)     Expert said that allowing commercial forestry on dry and wastelands, giving incentives to industry to develop forestry mechanisms and incentives for developing fallow land were the need of the hour.

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