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Daily News Analysis 02-09-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Decisive win in 1965 war: Parrikar (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Presenting a new narrative of the India Pakistan war of 1965, Defence Minister Parrikar said Pakistan made some misplaced assumptions and wrong calculations and it was a decisive victory for India though sceptics call it a draw.

2.

Efforts to trace PoWs in Pak have drawn a blank (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Union govt told the Supreme Court that the efforts to gather information from the Pakistan govt on prisoners of war from the 1965 and 1971 wars have drawn a blank with the neighbouring country even refusing to acknowledge their existence.

3.

Sirisena calls for era of consensual politics (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     The Eighth Parliament of Sri Lanka came into being with President Sirisenas call for promoting reconciliation and co-existence and developing the political culture of consensus in the country.

4.

ISI sheltered Mullah Omar (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     According to an email received by former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton during her tenure, top Taliban leader Mullah Omar was sheltered by Pakistans powerful spy agency ISI after the outfits leadership fled from Afghanistan in 2001.

5.

Hold anti-terror talks with rising powers, US told (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Former Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai called upon the US and its allies to seek advice from and consult with the three emerging great powers (India, China and Russia) to tackle the problem of terrorism.

6.

Europes refugee crisis (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     According to the UNHCR, 59.5 million people were forcibly displaced in 2014, a figure that rose sharply in 2015. A record number of 1,07,500 migrants reached the borders of the European Union last month. 

7.

8 die as Bills trigger fury in Manipur (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Protests against the passage of three Bills (Protection of Manipur Peoples Bill 2015, Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms (Seventh Amendment) Bill 2015, and Manipur Shops and Establishments (Second Amendment) Bill 2015) in Manipur escalated.

8.

Manipur on the brink (Page 11)

a)     National

a)     Given the strict criteria in the new bill, it is possible that many local people may be listed as outsiders because of their inability to provide the required documents.

9.

MAT to be waived for FIIs (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Union Finance Minister Jaitley announced that the Modi govt had decided to waive the controversial Minimum Alternate Tax on capital gains made by Foreign Institutional Investors prior to April 1 2015.

10.

RBI proposes formula to calculate Base Rate (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     To bring in uniformity among banks for calculation of base rate and for effective transmission of policy rates, the Reserve Bank of India proposed a formula to calculate the base rate for lending.

11.

UNESCO award for Kerala temple (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     India has won the top UNESCO Award of Excellence 2015 for the remarkable conservation efforts of the majestic Sree Vadakkunnathan Temple in Kerala.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Decisive win in 1965 war: Parrikar (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Indo-Pak war 1965

c)     Kashmir issue

 

a)     Presenting a new narrative of the India Pakistan war of 1965, Defence Minister Parrikar said Pakistan made some misplaced assumptions and wrong calculations and it was a decisive victory for India though sceptics call it a draw.

b)     A veteran agreed that India had an upper hand but felt that no one had won. The Pakistanis were definitely defeated in their aim of cutting off Kashmir but it is not a victory for India. However, he said credit must be given to our Generals and jawans for taking on the modern equipment that Pakistan had.

c)    Army Chief General Dalbir Singh said India is prepared to face offensive military action should the need arise. Referring to the frequent ceasefire violations along the border in J&K (which has put relations with Pakistan under a strain), he said India was aware of the need to remain prepared.

2.

Efforts to trace PoWs in Pak have drawn a blank (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Indo-Pak war 1965

c)     Shimla Agreement of 1972

d)     International Court of Justice (ICJ)

 

 

a)     The Union govt told the Supreme Court that the efforts to gather information from the Pakistan govt on prisoners of war from the 1965 and 1971 wars have drawn a blank with the neighbouring country even refusing to acknowledge their existence.

b)     In Sept 2014, reacting to arguments by the Centre that rows between India and Pak can only be governed by the Shimla pact, under which all issues are to be settled bilaterally and no party can approach the ICJ unilaterally, the court responded that the government should then take the initiative.

3.

Sirisena calls for era of consensual politics (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas internal issues

b)     Northern Provincial Council (NPC)

c)     Tamil National Alliance (TNA)

d)     SLFP

e)     UNP

f)     Sri Lankas human rights issue

g)     UNHRC

 

a)     The Eighth Parliament of Sri Lanka came into being with President Sirisenas call for promoting reconciliation and co-existence and developing the political culture of consensus in the country.

b)     The new govt would give importance to the task of accomplishing expeditious economic progress in conflict-hit regions of the Northern and the Eastern provinces, besides adjoining areas.

c)     Calling upon the newly elected MPs to support govts efforts towards developing the new political culture, he said that while framing a common plan of action, features of manifestoes of four parties – the UNP, the SLFP (95 members); the TNA (16 members) and the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (six members) would be incorporated along with those of his manifesto prepared at the time of Presidential polls.

d)     Meanwhile, the NPC of Sri Lanka urged the international community to establish an international tribunal to try those alleged to have committed the crimes against Tamils.

4.

ISI sheltered Mullah Omar (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Taliban

b)     Pakistans ISI

c)     Afghan government – Taliban peace talks

a)     According to an email received by former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton during her tenure, top Taliban leader Mullah Omar was sheltered by Pakistans powerful spy agency ISI after the outfits leadership fled from Afghanistan in 2001.

b)     Mullah Omar is reported to have died at a hospital in Karachi two years ago. However, till date the Pakistani authorities have strongly refuted reports of direct links between ISI and Mullah Omar.

c)     The US too has insisted that it has no such evidence in this regard. However, an email written to Clinton on August 25 2010 indicates otherwise.

d)     According to the article, ISI gave refuge to leadership of the Taliban after it fled from Afghanistan in 2001. Mullah Mohammed Omar was kept in an ISI safehouse in Quetta, while his militia was lodged in the sprawling suburb of Pashtunabad.

5.

Hold anti-terror talks with rising powers, US told (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Terrorism

b)     North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

a)     Former Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai called upon US and its allies to seek advice from and consult with the three emerging great powers (India, China and Russia) to tackle the problem of terrorism.

b)     He suggested this as one of the two options to deal with the problem of terrorism, which was on the rise. The other option mentioned by him was the return to morality in international politics.

6.

Europes refugee crisis (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     Europes refugee crisis

b)     United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

c)     European Commission

a)     There is forced human displacement across treacherous sea and land routes into the promised land of Europe. Thousands leave every day from the war-ravaged and economically broken countries of northern Africa, Syria and West Asia.

b)     The statistics on recent migration are staggering. According to the UNHCR (the UN refugee agency) 59.5 million people were forcibly displaced in 2014, a figure that rose sharply in 2015. A record number of 1,07,500 migrants reached the borders of the EU last month.

c)     A practical response to the refugee crisis has not been forthcoming from the govts of those countries most affected by the recent influx, namely those of the EU and Britain. They have tried to turn the focus on criminal trafficking rings that conduct risky refugee escape operations, even as they tighten their own borders.

d)    The political and economic destabilisation of countries from where the refugee flow is the greatest (those in West Asia, Libya and Syria) are due in large part to western military intervention carried out on the strength of promises to bring democracy to peoples portrayed as the victims of totalitarian rule.

e)     A scheme of mandatory quotas to take in refugees (proposed by the European Commission) has met with stiff opposition from several member-states. EU and Britain must adopt a more humane and responsible protection and immigration policy on refugee crisis or be consumed by it.

7.

8 die as Bills trigger fury in Manipur (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Protection of Manipur Peoples Bill 2015

b)     Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms (Seventh Amendment) Bill 2015

c)     Manipur Shops and Establishments (Second Amendment) Bill 2015

d)     Inner Line Permit (ILP)

 

a)    Protests against the passage of three Bills (Protection of Manipur Peoples Bill 2015, Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms (Seventh Amendment) Bill 2015, and Manipur Shops and Establishments (Second Amendment) Bill 2015) in Manipur escalated.

b)     The tribal student groups claimed the Protection of Manipur Peoples Bill 2015 and the other two amendment Bills would facilitate buying of land by migrant workers in the State.

c)     The issue of losing ones ancestral land is a big issue in Manipur as the indigenous population is getting outnumbered due to inward migration from neighbouring countries and other parts of the country.

d)   While the ethnic population is demanding imposition of an ILP, in line with a few north-eastern States to restrict outsiders, the govt passed the Bills prompting fresh clashes.

e)     Experts feel the Manipur govt has not explained the content of Bills to the people.

8.

Manipur on the brink (Page 11)

a)     National

a)     Protection of Manipur Peoples Bill 2015

b)     Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms (Seventh Amendment) Bill 2015

c)     Manipur Shops and Establishments (Second Amendment) Bill 2015

d)     Inner Line Permit (ILP)

e)     Sixth Schedule

f)     Kukis

g)     Nagas

h)     Meiteis

a)     Violence has erupted in the tribal districts after the Manipur Legislative Assembly passed three bills - Protection of Manipur Peoples Bill 2015, the Manipur Land Revenue & land Reforms (Seventh Amendment) Bill 2015 and the Manipur Shop & Establishment (Second Amendment) Bill 2015.

b)     The Protection of Manipur Peoples Bill was introduced by CM Okram Ibobi Singh. The Manipur Land Revenue & Land Reforms and the Manipur Shop & Establishment Bills were moved by Revenue Minister Thoudam Debendra and Labour Minister Irengbam Hemochandra respectively. All three belong to the dominant Meitei community.

c)     The Land Reforms Bill is perceived by many among the tribal Kuki and Naga communities as attempts by the Meitei community to gain access to scheduled hill districts. They argue that outsiders are never a real threat since they can neither own land in the valley areas, nor are they competitors for govt jobs.

d)     Under Section 158 of the Manipur Land Revenue & Land Reform Act 1960, land belonging to a ST in the valley areas cannot be sold to a non-ST person without the prior consent of the Deputy Commissioner concerned.

e)     Further Clause 2(b) of the Protection of Manipur People Bill, which defines Manipur People as Persons of Manipur whose names are in the National Register of Citizens 1951, Census Report 1951 and Village Directory of 1951 and their descendants who have contributed collective social, cultural and economic life of Manipur has justified worries among the tribal groups.

f)  If the bill is enacted into law, a person needs to have been enumerated in all three registers to be considered as belonging to the State. Conversely, being registered in just one or two registers/directories means he or she has not met the criteria. Hence if the bill becomes a law and is implemented strictly, many people in the hill areas face the prospect of being excluded. In 1951, many of the remote hill areas were cut off, without proper communication and transportation systems.

g)     Since Manipur attained Statehood status only in 1972, there is a possibility that many of the local people may be listed as outsiders because of their inability to provide the required documents. If such a situation arises, who should be blamed - the people or govt?

h)     Despite the tension and violence, the author believes that one possible amicable solution for the govt is to implement the Sixth Schedule in the hill areas. Under such a political arrangement, the Kukis and Nagas would enjoy autonomy in their respective areas but remain within the State of Manipur.

i)    The extreme scenario could be that the Indian government intervenes to redraw the Manipur State boundary to allow the Kukis, Nagas and Meiteis to govern themselves under separate administrations.

j)     Whatever the long-term solution, the immediate need is to restore peace and normalcy in the State at the earliest possible, more importantly to prevent the further loss of lives which can aggravate the already tense situation.

9.

MAT to be waived for FIIs (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT)

b)     Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs)

a)     Union Finance Minister Jaitley announced that the Modi govt had decided to waive the controversial MAT on capital gains made by FIIs prior to April 1 2015.

b)     Through the amendment, the govt proposes to clarify that MAT provisions will not be applicable to FIIs/FPIs not having a place of business/ permanent establishment in India for the period prior to April 1 2015.

c)     The A.P. Shah Committee that submitted its report to Jaitley on July 25 was appointed by the govt to go into the question of levy of MAT on capital gains made by FIIs. Jaitley exempted FIIs from the levy from April 1 onwards through a provision in the Budget for 2015-16.

d)     FIIs have argued that MAT is applicable only to domestic companies that had their base in India. By virtue of not being established in India, they should be exempted. They have also alleged inconsistency and called for avoiding arbitrary application.

10.

RBI proposes formula to calculate Base Rate (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     Monetary Policy

b)     Base Rate

c)     CRR

d)     SLR

e)     RBI

a)     To bring in uniformity among banks for calculation of base rate and for effective transmission of policy rates, the RBI proposed a formula to calculate base rate for lending.

b)     RBI suggested banks to consider marginal cost of funds to calculate individual lending rates.

c)     RBI said that it would implement these proposals with effect from April 1 2016.

d)     The components of Base Rate will include cost of funds, negative carry on CRR/SLR, un-allocable overhead costs and average return on networth.

e)     At present, banks follow different methodologies for computing their Base Rate. While some use the average cost of funds method, some have adopted the marginal cost of funds while others use the blended cost of funds (liabilities) method.

f)     It was observed that Base Rates based on marginal cost of funds are more sensitive to changes in the policy rates. In the first Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement this fiscal the RBI had stated that in order to improve the efficiency of monetary policy transmission, it will encourage banks to move in a time-bound manner to marginal-cost-of-funds-based determination of their Base Rate.

11.

UNESCO award for Kerala temple (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)    Sree Vadakkunnathan Temple

b)    Vastu Sastra

c)     UNESCO

a)     India has won the top UNESCO Award of Excellence 2015 for the remarkable conservation efforts of the majestic Sree Vadakkunnathan Temple in Kerala.

b)     UNESCO said the award recognises the remarkable conservation effort undertaken at the sacred site which employed age-old rituals and conservation techniques drawn from Vastu Sastra focussing on architecture and construction.

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