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Daily News Analysis 04-09-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

G-20 discussions set to focus on impact of yuan devaluation (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     The Indian govt said competitive devaluation of currency is a major threat to the stability of the global economy.

2.

Pak ready for short or long war (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     Paks Defence Minister Khawaja Asif has said that Pakistan is ready for a short or long conflict and will inflict heavy losses on India in case war hysteria overcomes Indian leadership.

3.

MoU with ISI dropped, says Karzai (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Former Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai said that a MoU signed in May between Pakistans Inter-Services Intelligence and the National Directorate of Security of Afghanistan will not be implemented.

4.

China flaunts military might (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     China sent a resounding message to the rest of the world about the scale, depth and sophistication of its military deterrent, coupled with an olive branch that its growing technologically-intensive armed forces would be scaled down by 300,000 troops.

5.

Hasina accuses US, Canada and Pakistan of sheltering Mujib killers (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has alleged non-cooperation from the US, Canada and Pakistan to bring back convicted killers of the countrys founding father Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

6.

Kashmir, terror dominate agenda (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Kashmir and how to deal with Pakistan-sponsored terror dominated the second day of the BJP-RSS co-ordination meet.

7.

Smart City has to be compact: experts (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     At the first-ever workshop on the Smart City Mission hosted for  mayors and commissioners, Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu said the govts urban renewal policies were designed to accommodate the urban poor.

8.

Got investment proposals worth $3.05 bn, says Minister (P 1,12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has said the Indian govt has received investment proposals worth $3.05 billion under PM Modis Make in India initiative.

9.

Child marriages remain Keralas secret shame (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Child brides continue to be Keralas secret shame, despite its hugely applauded human development indices and other laurels, if the latest available data are anything to go by.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

G-20 discussions set to focus on impact of yuan devaluation (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     G-20

b)     Currency devaluation

c)     Global economic situation

a)     The Indian govt said competitive devaluation of currency is a major threat to the stability of the global economy. The statement was made in the release announcing Finance Minister Jaitleys departure to Ankara in Turkey for a meeting of G-20 Finance Ministers and central bank governors.

b)     The Ministry said the recent devaluation of major currencies followed by currency depreciations in a large number of Asian emerging markets raises risk of competitive devaluations. Competitive currency devaluations (at a time when global demand is sluggish) is a major threat to stability in the global economy.

c)     The two-day meeting will take stock of the global economic situation and the yuan devaluation is expected to dominate the agenda.

d)     According to several economists, the Chinese devaluation of the yuan is not of serious consequence to the Indian economy, even in the medium term.

2.

Pak ready for short or long war (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     India – Pakistan War 1965

 

a)     Paks Defence Minister Khawaja Asif has said that Pakistan is ready for a short or long conflict and will inflict heavy losses on India in case war hysteria overcomes Indian leadership.

b)     His remarks came in reaction to the statement by Army Chief Gen. Dalbir Singh that India is prepared for swift and short wars in the future.

c)     Commenting on Indian Army Chiefs remarks, he said Pakistan is fully prepared to give a befitting response if India imposed short or prolonged war. Talking about previous wars, he said Pakistan armed forces foiled designs of Indian forces in 1965.

3.

MoU with ISI dropped, says Karzai (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Afghanistan – Pakistan relations

b)     Pakistans Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI)

c)     Afghanistans National Directorate of Security (NDS)

d)     Taliban

e)     Haqqani network

f)     India – Afghanistan relations

a)     Former Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai said that a MoU signed in May between Pakistans ISI and the NDS of Afghanistan will not be implemented.

b)     In the first indication that the Ghani govt may not be able to operationalise the controversial agreement between the two intelligence agencies, Karzai said it was rejected by the Afghan people.

c)     He said the relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan have taken a nosedive in recent weeks over a spate of attacks in Kabul and other cities, and President Ghani has issued two sharp statements blaming Pakistan for the violence. There is credible evidence that the leadership, command and control centre, support infrastructure and sanctuaries of the Haqqani Network and other terrorist groups are inside the Pakistani territory.

d)     The relations have been further strained after peace talks with the Taliban were cancelled in a cloud of mistrust over the announcement of the death of Taliban leader Mullah Omar.

e)     Speaking about relations between India and Afghanistan, Karzai said that the Strategic Partnership Council at the Foreign Ministers level must be revived at the earliest.

4.

China flaunts military might (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Chinas military deterrent

b)     US Pivot to Asia

c)     World War II

a)     China sent a resounding message to the rest of the world about the scale, depth and sophistication of its military deterrent, coupled with an olive branch that its growing technologically-intensive armed forces would be scaled down by 300,000 troops.

b)    At perfectly choreographed military parade at Tiananmen Square marking the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, China, for the first time rolled out an array of sophisticated missiles that could credibly engage the United States on land and sea.

c)     Most of the weaponry demonstrating Chinas full-spectrum fighting skills was indigenous, including the Beidou satellite navigation system, which is set to compete with US-owned GPS.

d)     Four missiles, capable of shifting the strategic balance of power in the Pacific) were the star attractions of the parade, which took place in the context of the US Pivot to Asia, a doctrinal shift by Washington towards the Asia-Pacific. Out of them, the DF-21D came under the scanner, for these are seen as the most potent weapons to neutralise military dominance so far exercised in the Pacific by the US aircraft carrier fleet.

5.

Hasina accuses US, Canada and Pakistan of sheltering Mujib killers (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Bangladeshs internal issues

b)     Sheikh Mujibur Rahmans assassination

a)     Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has alleged non-cooperation from the US, Canada and Pakistan to bring back convicted killers of the countrys founding father Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

b)     Hasina (who survived 1975 plot to overthrow the first Bangladesh govt by a group of disgruntled army officers) said its very unfortunate that US and Canada have provided shelter for the self-proclaimed killers.

c)     She noted that Interpol had issued red corner notice for the killers and the countrys home and foreign ministries are trying for their repatriation.

6.

Kashmir, terror dominate agenda (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Terrorism

b)     Kashmir issue

a)     Kashmir and how to deal with Pakistan-sponsored terror dominated the second day of the BJP-RSS co-ordination meet.

b)     The heavy presence of Ministers, with PM Modi expected to attend, saw the Opposition raise the red flag over the accountability of the government to the RSS.

c)     The RSS told Rajnath Singh and Parikkar that the escalation in terror incidents needed to be tackled both by security forces and through political efforts.

d)     Sources said the RSS was unhappy with the lax attitude of the Peoples Democratic Party which is a coalition partner of the BJP in Jammu and Kashmir, in dealing with terror.

e)     The govt was advised that the people of J&K need to be made aware of Pak-sponsored terror and its true nature. The RSS also expressed concern that the Hindu population had fallen under the psychological mark of 80 percent in the recently released census data on religious demographics.

7.

Smart City has to be compact: experts (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     Smart City Mission

b)     Urbanisation

 

a)     At the first-ever workshop on Smart City Mission hosted for  mayors and commissioners, Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu said the govts urban renewal policies were designed to accommodate the urban poor.

b)     For the first time in Indias urban governance, mayors will be given powers to design their cities.

c)     The workshop panellists explained the structure of Smart City Mission, emphasising that the cities have to be compact, spread on minimum of 500 acres with adequate water supply, assured electricity, sanitation and efficient urban mobility.

d)     Since a smart city needs to be built on land, several mayors said the process of acquisition would be tricky. They wondered if the Central govt would roll out additional funds to help them purchase land. They were told no such funding would be provided.

8.

Got investment proposals worth $3.05 bn, says Minister (Page 1 and12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Make in India initiative

b)     Indias economic growth

c)     GDP

a)     Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has said the Indian govt has received investment proposals worth $3.05 billion under PM Modis Make in India initiative.

b)     She also assured exporters that the government would give top priority to developing modern infrastructure for boosting shipments to overseas markets and spurring growth.

c)     She said India was very much on the recovery path with a higher GDP growth rate and improving manufacturing growth. The investment proposals worth $3.05 billion received were indicative of the impetus to the economy.

9.

Child marriages remain Keralas secret shame (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Child marriages

b)     Census of India 2011

c)     Prohibition of Child Marriage Act in 2006

d)     Child Marriage Prohibition Officers (CMPOs)

 

a)     Child brides continue to be Keralas secret shame, despite its hugely applauded human development indices and other laurels, if the latest available data are anything to go by.

b)     Data from the last Census in 2011 released last fortnight by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India show there were 23,183 married girls below the age of 15 years in the State.

c)     Malappuram (the most populous district in the State) logged the highest number (3615) of married girls below age 15. But in percentage terms, this is below the overall State average (0.604).

d)     Detecting and stopping child marriages are still a huge challenge to the dozens of CMPOs who have been appointed in the wake of enactment of the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act in 2006.

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