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Daily News Analysis 06-09-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

US, India to hold climate talks (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     The White House has said that a senior Obama administration official will visit India and China next week to consult on climate change ahead of the crucial UN climate talks in Paris later this year.

2.

G20 vows to boost fragile growth, nudges China on currency (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     G20 finance ministers and central bank chiefs pledged to act decisively to shore up stuttering global growth and to refrain from unsettling currency moves after Chinas controversial devaluation last month.

3.

Akhand Bharat idea behind RSS cover for talks with Pak (Page 1)

a)     I.R

a)     Talks between India and Pakistan have always been a tricky issue, and lately, the Modi govt was faced with the cancellation of talks between the National Security Advisers of the two nations.

4.

BSF told to give fitting reply to truce violations: Rajnath (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)    Reiterating Indias position on border security vis-a-vis ceasefire violations, Home Minister Rajnath Singh told a gathering of BJP workers that the Border Security Forces have been told to give a bold reply to continuing Pakistani violations of the ceasefire on Kashmir border.

5.

Turkey knows better how many Indians are with Islamic State (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Syrian Ambassador to India Riad Kamel Abbas has said that Indias Home Ministry and intelligence agencies are in touch with their counterparts in Syria to track down Indians who have joined terrorist groups such as the Islamic State in the West Asian country.

6.

Govt should not speak in two voices (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Drawing the line for bureaucrats in policy making, the Supreme Court has held that govt departments should follow the policy decided by their political masters in the Cabinet and not evolve contrary ones of their own.

7.

OROP rolled out, but veterans want more (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)    Fulfilling one of the major election promises of BJP, Defence Minister Parrikar announced the implementation of the much-delayed One Rank, One Pension scheme for ex-servicemen.

8.

Gaya to be developed as spiritual capital (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     PM Modi said that his govt would develop Bodh Gaya as the spiritual capital because it served as the civilisational bond between India and Buddhist world.

9.

India among few bright spots in global economy (Pages 14 and 15)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde has said that India is among the few bright spots in the global economy.

10.

Kerala clamps down on child marriages (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Kerala govt has reacted to the rampant incidence of child marriages across the State with a bid to strengthen Child Protection Units in all districts and trying to empower Child Marriage Prohibition Officers in all blocks Statewide.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

US, India to hold climate talks (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     Paris Climate talks 2015

b)     Climate change

c)     Carbon emissions

 

a)     The White House has said that a senior Obama administration official will visit India and China next week to consult on climate change ahead of the crucial UN climate talks in Paris later this year.

b)     In both countries, he will underscore US commitment to strong domestic action on climate change and the value of strong bilateral partnerships to help secure an ambitious outcome at Paris conference.

2.

G20 vows to boost fragile growth, nudges China on currency (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     G20

b)     Currency devaluation

c)     Global economic situation

 

a)     G20 finance ministers and central bank chiefs pledged to act decisively to shore up stuttering global growth and to refrain from unsettling currency moves after Chinas controversial devaluation last month.

b)     The economic supremos from worlds top 20 economies said in a communique after their two-day meeting in the Turkish capital Ankara that global growth was falling short of expectations, despite strengthening activity in some economies.

c)     Their statement did not refer specifically to China but contained a clear pledge not to resort to competitive currency devaluations to give an unfair advantage to domestic exports.

d)     The meeting came after financial markets worldwide were rattled by Chinas clouding growth prospects, drastic loss in value of the stock market and its sudden devaluation in August of the yuan.

3.

Akhand Bharat idea behind RSS cover for talks with Pak (Page 1)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     NSA talks

c)     Idea of Akhand Bharat

a)     Talks between India and Pakistan have always been a tricky issue, and lately, the Modi govt was faced with the cancellation of talks between the NSAs of the two nations.

b)     So, on the last day of the coordination meeting between the RSS and the BJP, when joint general secretary of the Sangh gave political cover for the govt to pursue dialogue with Pakistan, it came as a surprise. Many believed the Sanghs idea of Akhand Bharat or unified India, which included parts of the subcontinent sundered from it, would not favour support for talks with Pakistan.

c)     In a statement co-signed by Deendayal Upadhyaya and Ram Manohar Lohia in 1962, the conception of Akhand Bharat is very clear. Both said that the division between India and Pakistan was historically proven as based on artificial grounds, and the governments of the two countries always indulged in piecemeal dialogue and piecemeal thinking.

4.

BSF told to give fitting reply to truce violations: Rajnath (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     Border Security Force (BSF)

 

a)    Reiterating Indias position on border security vis-a-vis ceasefire violations, Home Minister Rajnath Singh told a gathering of BJP workers that the BSFs have been told to give a bold reply to continuing Pakistani violations of the ceasefire on Kashmir border.

b)     He credited Indian diplomacy for prompting the US and UAE to warn Pakistan to stop encouraging terror activities on its soil. Claiming that the NDA govt had succeeded in effectively tackling internal security issues, he said the Maoist activities in the country had reduced by 30 percent. He also claimed that the morale of such elements had taken a beating following strict action by the government.

5.

Turkey knows better how many Indians are with Islamic State (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Turkey relations

b)     Islamic State (IS)

c)     Syria crisis

a)     Syrian Ambassador to India Riad Kamel Abbas has said that Indias Home Ministry and intelligence agencies are in touch with their counterparts in Syria to track down Indians who have joined terrorist groups such as the Islamic State in the West Asian country.

b)     Asked about the number of Indians who have joined the IS, the Ambassador said his govt did not have exact figures, as some Indians are going there from here and some others are going from the Gulf states.

c)     He has also appreciated Indias Syria policy. PM Modi has made it very clear that there is no bad terrorism and good terrorism. There is only terrorism. We should all join hands together to fight terrorism.

d)     The four-year-old Syrian civil war has caused a severe humanitarian crisis. The UN says more than 2 lakh people have been killed in the war. Amnesty International says over 40 lakh people have been made refugees.

e)     He said that Damascus had evidence for Turkish govts collaboration with IS terrorists. There are more than 10,000 Turkish nationals fighting alongside the IS in Syria. Among them are some officers of the Turkish Army.

6.

Govt should not speak in two voices (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Cabinet

b)     Council of Ministers

c)     Industrial Policy 2004

d)     Central Sales Tax (CST)

e)     Supreme Court

a)     Drawing the line for bureaucrats in policy making, the Supreme Court has held that govt departments should follow the policy decided by their political masters in the Cabinet and not evolve contrary ones of their own.

b)     The Supreme Court held that the government should not be seen to speak in two voices.

c)     The judgment dated Sept 3 was based on an appeal filed by Lloyd Electric and Engineering Limited against the Himachal Pradesh Excise and Taxation Department barring it from benefiting from the State Cabinets decision to extend its 2004 industrial policy, allowing concessional rate of CST at 1 percent.

d)     The Court held that once the Council of Ministers has taken a decision to extend 2004 industrial policy and extend tax concession beyond March 31 2009, only because the Excise and Taxation Department took some time to issue notification, it cannot be held that eligible units are not entitled to the concession till the Department issued the notification.

e)     The Bench said the State govt was bound by the policy decision taken by the Council of Ministers.

7.

OROP rolled out, but veterans want more (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     One Rank One Pension (OROP) scheme

 

a)    Fulfilling one of the major election promises of BJP, Defence Minister Parrikar announced the implementation of much-delayed OROP scheme for ex-servicemen. However, the protesting veterans rejected the unilateral announcement, saying it dilutes the accepted definition of several core issues.

b)     He said 2013 would be the base year for calculation of pension and the scheme would be implemented from July 1 2014, the earliest date after govt assumed office. Equalisation of pension would be done every five years as against the usual practice of once a decade.

c)     By definition, OROP implies uniform pension for personnel retiring in the same rank and with the same length of service, regardless of their date of retirement.

d)     OROP will be calculated as the average of the minimum and maximum pension scales in 2013, and arrears would be paid in half-yearly instalments. However, all widows (including war widows) would be paid in one instalment.

8.

Gaya to be developed as spiritual capital (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     Bodh Gaya

a)    PM Modi said that his govt would develop Bodh Gaya as the spiritual capital because it served as the civilisational bond between India and the Buddhist world.

b)     He said the Indian govt would provide all support to people of Buddhist nations visiting Bodh Gaya, which he called the land of enlightenment.

c)     He said that the themes of the conference (informed and shaped by the Hindu-Buddhist civilisational and cultural perspectives) promise to deepen the notion of conflict avoidance, philosophy and environmental consciousness in Asia and beyond.

9.

India among few bright spots in global economy (Pages 14 and 15)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Indias economic growth

b)     Currency devaluation

c)     International Monetary Fund (IMF)

d)     RBI

a)     International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde has said that India is among the few bright spots in the global economy.

b)     He said there were problems in most of the advanced world, while in emerging economies, there were problems in China although not that big as stock markets were making it to be.

c)     According to officials, RBIs Governor Raghuram Rajan at the same meeting said that they were surrounded by economic gloom probably hinting at concerns over slowdown in China.

d)     India voiced for global safety nets to address concerns over volatility in currency movements and markets, a demand that has come against the backdrop of economic shocks caused by the devaluation of the yuan.

e)     Union Finance Minister Jaitley sought well-designed and quickly caused safety nets under the IMF, such as the strengthening of liquidity arrangements through multilateral swap arrangements between member-countries to tackle negative spill-overs from domestic actions.

10.

Kerala clamps down on child marriages (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Child rights

b)     Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS)

c)     Prohibition of Child Marriage Act in 2006

d)     Child Protection Units

e)     Child Marriage Prohibition Officers

 

a)     Kerala govt has reacted to the rampant incidence of child marriages across the State with a bid to strengthen Child Protection Units in all districts and trying to empower Child Marriage Prohibition Officers in all blocks Statewide.

b)     Official sources said more authority and responsibilities had been given to the Child Protection Units. The CMPOs had been given full powers to intervene and take action in cases of child marriage.

c)    The Union govts Integrated Child Protection Scheme (which works in association with the Social Justice Department) has also allotted funds for a residential training module for CMPOs across the State.

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