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Daily News Analysis 09-09-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

India for better channels with Pak Rangers (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     A Pakistan Rangers delegation headed by Major General Umar Farooq Burki will enter India through the Wagah-Attari border and will be flown from Amritsar to Delhi to attend talks with the Border Security Force from September 10 to 13.

2.

Shun hostility: Farooq counsels India and Pakistan (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     National Conference president Farooq Abdullah counselled caution as tension shot up between India and Pakistan.

3.

Hindi makes foray into China through AIR (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     For the first time, the External Services Division of All India Radio has started broadcasting Hindi lessons in China and Southeast Asia.

4.

India will emerge as the investors choice (Page 13)

a)     International

b)     Economy

a)     The macroeconomic situation in India appears robust from various vantage points. It is one of the few large emerging markets poised to see further acceleration in growth momentum in 2015.

5.

On Tibet anniversary, China amplifies Marxist pitch (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     China celebrated the 50th anniversary of the formation of the Tibet Autonomous Republic by sending a powerful visual message of unity, along with an advocacy of fusing religious and socialist values.

6.

J&K report indicts agents of violence (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

a)     A new report on institutionalised impunity and violence in Jammu and Kashmir has named 972 alleged perpetrators of violence during counter-insurgency operations over the past 25 years.

7.

Welcome conviction (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     The conviction of six Army personnel by a court martial in the Machil fake encounter case is an important step in ensuring the accountability of the armed forces in Jammu and Kashmir and other States where the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act is in force.

8.

T.N. all set for a big leap forward (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

a)     Committed to a new growth model, Tamil Nadu plans to take a big leap forward in industrial growth with Global Investors Meet by firming up investments worth over Rs. 1 lakh crore.

9.

Crocodiles  need  protection  in  Adilabad (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     There are a good number of crocodiles living in water bodies in Adilabad district of Telangana other than the Shiwaram Crocodile Sanctuary of Chennur and they need protection.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

India for better channels with Pak Rangers (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     NSA talks

d)     Border Security Force (BSF)

 

a)     A Pakistan Rangers delegation headed by Major General Umar Farooq Burki will enter India through the Wagah-Attari border and will be flown from Amritsar to Delhi to attend talks with the BSF from September 10 to 13.

b)     For the first time, India will stress on adding more layers of channel of communication with Pakistan Rangers. At present, a communication channel exists only at the sector level, and India wants it extended it to the levels of company commander, battalion and Inspector-General.

c)     Sources said that D.K. Pathak (Director-General, BSF) held a four-hour meeting with NSA Ajit Doval and briefed him about the agenda points to be taken up with Rangers. The talks (supposed to take place biannually) started in 1989, but timings have not been followed. BSF has shared 11 agenda points with Pak and 18 points have been raised by them.

2.

Shun hostility: Farooq counsels India and Pakistan (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     Kashmir issue

 

 

a)     National Conference president Farooq Abdullah counselled caution as tension shot up between India and Pak.

b)    He said J&K and its people would have to bear the brunt of a conflict between the two countries, as was evident from the past. He said J&K is the first target to get hit by the bombardment and exchange of heavy fire, appealing to India and Pakistan to shun hostility.

c)     He said the negotiating table is the only way to resolve issues. 

3.

Hindi makes foray into China through AIR (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     All India Radio (AIR)

a)     For the first time, the External Services Division of All India Radio has started broadcasting Hindi lessons in China and Southeast Asia.

b)     Broadcast every Sunday, the 20-minutes programme is aimed at countering powerful China Radio International, which broadcasts in over 56 world languages, including Indian languages, right into India and other nations.

c)     The teaching of Hindi in AIRs Chinese language service started on Aug 15, in an attempt to project Indias image and point of view to listeners abroad.

4.

India will emerge as the investors choice (Page 13)

a)     International

b)     Economy

a)     Global economic situation

b)     Indias economic growth

c)     GDP

d)     Currency devaluation

e)     Currency war

f)     RBI

g)     US Federal Reserve

h)     Export Import (EXIM) policy

i)     Minimum Support Prices (MSPs)

a)     Since beginning of 2015, the global economy has been fraught with tantrum episodes. These include events like shift towards anticipated monetary policy normalisation by the US Federal Reserve in March; the Greek debt drama in June; further slide in global commodity prices from July onwards; and signs of financial stress in emerging markets caused by the unexpected currency devaluation by China in August.

b)    Except for the idiosyncratic Greek debt drama, the other global crosscurrents are a manifestation of tectonic shifts in the world order. The realisation that emerging markets are now slowing down after enjoying unbridled growth for more than a decade, along with the expectations of a move by US central bank towards the first interest rate hike in nearly a decade, has spooked global investors.

c)     Policymakers in countries witnessing subdued growth conditions have been forced to adopt a mix of conventional and unconventional measures to support growth. The surprise yuan devaluation by China has caused a mini currency war across the currency markets in emerging economies, something that got exacerbated by the ongoing weakness in commodity prices.

d)     According to the author, India has not remained safe as investor sentiments here are generally susceptible to a kneejerk reaction. Over the last one month, the benchmark Nifty Index has gone down by 8 percent while the rupee has become weaker by 3.1 percent.

e)     The Indian economy has made phenomenal macro strides in the last two years. Economic growth has accelerated by 2.2 percent even as inflation has declined by 4 percent. Current account and fiscal deficits have corrected by 3.3 percent and 0.5 percent of GDP respectively. The economy is better protected than it was in 2013, with RBI augmenting its reserves by over $80 billion since mid-2013.

f)     Macroeconomic situation in India appears robust from various vantage points. For global investors, the India growth story happens to be one of safest hedges against falling commodity prices. As a matter of fact, India is one of few large emerging markets that is poised to see further acceleration in growth momentum in 2015 and beyond.

g)     Policymakers over the last two years have shown the initiative to take tough decisions. Curtailment in food inflation through structural and tactical steps like restrained adjustment to MSPs, timely use of buffer stocks, and efficient alignment of food related EXIM policy has proved to be a resounding success.

h)     The direction of reform process has been laid out with every quarter adding towards incremental progress. The success in clearing the policy mess in Indias natural resources (mines, spectrum, etc.) has infused transparency and reliability in govt processes. Despite labour being a State subject, the govt is laying the framework for composite labour reforms. These steps have restored confidence while giving an immense boost to policy credibility.

i)     From an investors perspective, it is not just about improving the growth-inflation dynamics. What is important is to be able to sustain the improvement process in the longer run. This govt (ever since it assumed power) has been emphasising the ease of doing business in India.

j)     A country that is moving structural levers of job creation, skill development, and technological innovation is bound to uplift productivity in the longer run. India is a story that has started to play out.

5.

On Tibet anniversary, China amplifies Marxist pitch (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Tibet Autonomous Republic

b)     Communist Party of China

c)     Marxism

d)     Buddhism

e)     Confucianism

f)     Taoism

a)     China celebrated the 50th anniversary of the formation of the Tibet Autonomous Republic by sending a powerful visual message of unity, along with an advocacy of fusing religious and socialist values.

b)   In the backdrop of imposing Potala palace (once home of the Dalai Lama), people gathered to listen to Yu Zhengsheng, a top Chinese official who had flown in from Beijing. He said that Tibet had entered a new stage of sustained stability after people of all ethnic groups had foiled sabotage attempts by the 14th Dalai Lama group and international hostile forces.

c)     President Xi had pointed out that stability in Tibet would resonate in a much larger territorial swathe, as ethnic Tibetans and other ethnic minorities were residing in strength in neighbouring provinces, such as Sichuan and Yunnan.

d)     Though China has been focusing on a cultural renaissance based on the revival of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism, President Xi had made it plain that Marxist values should be promoted in shaping peoples views on ethnicity, religion and culture.

e)     Analysts say that a fresh focus on Marxism could be part of drive to consolidate support within the Communist Party of China, following the Presidents extensive, but sometimes divisive, anti-corruption campaign.

6.

J&K report indicts agents of violence (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

a)     Violence in J&K

b)     UN rights panel

c)     RTI Act

a)     A new report on institutionalised impunity and violence in J&K has named 972 alleged perpetrators of violence during counter-insurgency operations over past 25 years. The report (Structures of Violence: The Indian State in J&K) is based on information gathered through the RTI Act and witness testimonies.

b)     The report puts together estimates of security forces deployed in J&K from the armed forces, Intelligence services, J&K police and paramilitary organisations. The report outlines the pattern and scale of violence organised by the security forces in the State.

c)   The govt would not respond to the latest report by Kashmiri non-governmental organisations that have documented alleged disappearances in J&K over the past two decades. However, the Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson said the govt interacted with UN rights panel and addressed any complaints.

7.

Welcome conviction (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA)

b)     Jammu Kashmir situation

 

a)     The conviction of 6 Army personnel by a court martial in the Machil fake encounter case is an important step in ensuring the accountability of the armed forces in J&K and other States where the AFSPA is in force.

b)    The Army opted for a court martial in this case after the Supreme Court ruled in an earlier case of encounter in Pathribal that unlike civilian investigating agencies, which under AFSPA required prior sanction to prosecute its personnel, Army was free to try its members by a court martial.

c)     That justice has been done by court martial is significant in the larger context of efforts to make armed forces answerable for their actions in conflict zones, and to force withdrawal of special laws that grant impunity to security personnel in such areas.

d)     After the denials and delays in the Pathribal case, the Army did well to hold the rogue elements in its ranks to account in the Machil instance. The Army top brass knew this was no case of mistaken identity or bad judgment in a conflict situation. There was simply no excuse to tolerate such elements in a force claiming to fight militancy and terror.

e)     For too long, the default response of the Army has been that its personnel cannot be subject to the regular processes of the criminal justice delivery system. But post-Pathribal, cries to do away with AFSPA had grown shriller.

f)     The verdict by the court martial in the Machil encounter case represents the first instance where Army personnel have been convicted for an instance of human rights abuse in Kashmir; it should thus give civil society greater confidence in the internal mechanisms of Army in dealing with deviant behaviour by its personnel.

g)     In the long run, the life sentence handed down to the six men will allow the Army greater room in dealing with militancy in the Valley. The verdict actually reduces the pressure on Army personnel doing their job in Kashmir and other conflict zones in India.

8.

T.N. all set for a big leap forward (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

a)     Tamil Nadus growth initiatives

b)     FDI

a)     Committed to a new growth model, Tamil Nadu plans to take a big leap forward in industrial growth with Global Investors Meet by firming up investments worth over Rs. 1 lakh crore.

b)     Across 12 sectors, companies and even countries have committed the investment, with the State govt promising faster clearances of proposals and improving infrastructure, especially in the power sector.

c)     According to official data, Tamil Nadu is already home to some of the biggest companies in the world, especially in the automobile sector. The State is home to over 50 Fortune 500 companies and has received $17 billion in FDI in the last 15 years.

9.

Crocodiles  need  protection  in  Adilabad (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Crocodiles

b)     Shiwaram Crocodile Sanctuary

c)     Godavari river

a)     There are a good number of crocodiles living in water bodies in Adilabad district of Telangana other than the Shiwaram Crocodile Sanctuary of Chennur and they need protection.

b)     All the water tanks are linked to the Godavari through channels and streams which are apparently used by the reptiles to creep into the water bodies primarily for breeding and for the abundant food.

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