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My notes 05-09-2015

E Governance

Issues of control over social media

 

  1. The social media companies are the MNC and are not controlled by local laws.
  2. Social media played a mischief during muzaffarnagar riots and in spread of panic in relations to attacks on people of NE in Bengaluru etc.
  3. Lack of control over these , during security crisis is masking the Government to resort to blanket closure on Internet services. This is causing huge financial loss.
  4. Recently, Government resorted to data localisation policies that require companies to set up servers in india.
  5. In this contest, a strong policy and understanding is necessary between these tech giants and Government to face the crisis. To that extent, privacy policies of these companies need to be relooked at.

 

P - Notes - SIT appointed on Black money also has recommended to the Government to develop a stringent norms to identify individuals holding P notes.

 

  1. P notes or offshore derivative instruments stand at 2.715 crores. The major source of these are from cayman islands,US, UK, Mauritius and bermuda. The cayman islands with 55000 populaiton is responsible for the investments of 85,000 crores.

The patidar idea of reservation

 

  1. The idea of reserations is to repudiate the religiously sanctioned oppression of caste society. It is to achieve formal equals and is a pre condition for a nationhood.
  2. Today, it is also seen as  a redressal of economic backwardness.
  3. General category vs reserved category - general category is a sphere of equal citizenship , where caste do not matter. It is not a reservation for upper castes. If more people from resered castes are visible in general category means the reservations are working.  That is the objective of reservation is to empower beneficiaries , so that later generations can successfully benefit in the open category.

Reasons for growth of reservation demand from upper castes

  1. increased compeition, weakening of oppourtunities, shift in pattern of economy have kept them away from their inbuilt structural advantages.
  2. The neo reservation movements consider reservation as simply a welfare benefit, that can be granted by the executive at its discretion. So, financially strong, politically signnificant groups are interested to convert their political presence into a welfare benefit to the community.
  3. Caste pride - The perceived social distance that seperates upper and lower castes is decreasing. It is creating a sense of relative deprivation.
  4. Many upper castes , though are a single caste but are spread across the multiple classes ( ex - patidars) . The failure of the market model of development and increased uncertainities has made them to look towards certainity in Government driven oppourtunities.
  5. Market forces - liberalisation and OBC quota have simultaneously came in to india in 1990a. It is not coincidental. It is the responsibility of the state to protect the interests of poor and people from lower castes.

Issues of control over social media

 

  1. The social media companies are the MNC and are not controlled by local laws.
  2. Social media played a mischief during muzaffarnagar riots and in spread of panic in relations to attacks on people of NE in Bengaluru etc.
  3. Lack of control over these , during security crisis is masking the Government to resort to blanket closure on Internet services. This is causing huge financial loss.
  4. Recently, Government resorted to data localisation policies that require companies to set up servers in india.
  5. In this contest, a strong policy and understanding is necessary between these tech giants and Government to face the crisis. To that extent, privacy policies of these companies need to be relooked at.

Seventh pay commisison

 

  1. General illustation is Pay commision recommendations are leading to a huge financial burden on the Government with out any remarkable improvement in productivity.

 

An analysis

  1. Job markets are compeititive and need parity - The private sector salaries are sky rocketing and maintaining parity is a necessity to attract best people in to services.
  2. Pay scales at the low levels are very high - It is true, but, the  Government want to have low disparitites in its ranks on salary figures. The ratio of minimum to maximum pay shall be in acceptable band. Sixth pay commission has recommended for a ratio 1:12.  The Government shall act as a model employer.
  3. It is burdensome to Government - In the first year of announcement, it may appear high. But, slowly economy absorbs the shock.  For example, the pay, allowances and pensions in central Government climed from 1.9% of GDP in 01-02 to 2.3% in 09-10 after 6th pay commission recommendations. Slowly, it has come down to 1.8% of GDP. On the other side, the environment in the state is not very encouraging. 14 th finance commission estimated that , the share of pay, allowances, pensions in revenue expenditure of the state vary between 29% to 79%. In centre it is just 13%. So, the commission recommends consultation with the states in drawing up the policy on Government wages.
  4. Downsizing - Government is increasing salaries with out downsizing - actually, what is required in the Government is right sizing rather than down sizing. It mean, it shall recruit more teachers, doctors, engineers than the general administrators.
  5. Contrary to private sector, Public sector is increasing salaries without productivity- Thomas piketty , in his book capital in 21st century has clearly said, increase in salary in relation to productivity in private sector is a myth.  Perfrmance linked incentives are turned down in companies like google, accenture etc. The reason is it is acting counter to team spirit.
  6. The Government has to conduct audit on parameters  sucha s cost effectiveness, timeliness, customer satisfaction to improve overall performance.

 

 

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