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Daily News Analysis 13-09-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

BSF, Pak Rangers to float new CBMs (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     The BSF and the Pakistan Rangers decided to ensure the well-being of the border population (the worst affected by ceasefire violations and cross-border firing) during talks that concluded on Aug 12.

2.

India, China face-off at Burtse in Ladakh (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Indian and Chinese troops are locked in another standoff at Burtse in northern Ladakh after India objected to China building a watch tower.

3.

Modi to meet media barons in New York (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     PM Modi will interact with global media owners and investors in New York in the last week of this month.

4.

Social Corbyn win Labour Party leadership in landslide (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     International

a)     In a historic moment for the Labour Party and for British politics as a whole, Jeremy Corbyn (the socialist candidate in Labour Partys leadership elections) stormed to victory with 59.5 percent of vote in very first round.

5.

Two Russian aid planes land in Syria (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Amid reports that Moscow is beefing up military support to its ally Damascus, Sources said two Russian planes carrying humanitarian aid landed in Syria.

6.

Hizbul now biggest militant group (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Kashmir has witnessed a dramatic shift in the nature of militancy in recent months, resulting in the end of the supremacy of LeT, with a majority of members from Pakistan. The indigenous Hizbul Mujahideen (with almost all members from Kashmir) is now back as the number one militant group.

7.

Government plans defence tie-ups with private sector (Page 13)

a)     National

a)     In an effort to speed up defence procurements and build domestic expertise in critical areas, the govt is planning to build strategic partnerships with the private sector and has appointed a committee to formulate the guidelines for forging such partnerships.

8.

Grand start to maiden maritime exercises between India and Australia (Page 8)

a)     S&T

a)     The first edition of the biennial bilateral maritime exercises between the two major Indian Ocean naval powers (Australia and India - AUSINDEX 15) began on board Indian Navy stealth frigate INS Shivalik.

9.

Out of reach of the law, ganja freely grown in A.P. Agency areas (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Inaccessibility, hilly terrain and cool climes are the 3 qualities possessed by tribal areas of Visakhapatnam that attracted ganja traders from Tamil Nadu and Kerala to seed the hills with marijuana 20 years ago.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

BSF, Pak Rangers to float new CBMs (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     Border Security Force (BSF)

d)     Pakistan Rangers

f)     International Border (IB)

 

a)     The BSF and the Pakistan Rangers decided to ensure the well-being of the border population (the worst affected by ceasefire violations and cross-border firing) during talks that concluded on Aug 12.

b)     The two sides particularly agreed on sending back people who inadvertently cross the border within 24 hours after recording their fingerprints and other details.

c)   India and Pakistan agreed to resolve jointly sensitive issues such as ceasefire violations and cross-border infiltration through timely exchange of information, by e-mail and telephone. They signed new confidence-building measures and signed a joint record of discussions which highlighted the need to ensure the security and well-being of the border populations.

d)     The two sides agreed to stop ceasefire violations along the IB through enhanced communication via multiple modes at all possible levels.

e)     The joint record of discussion charting a future route map for cooperation between two border guarding forces was signed in the day. It was mutually agreed to hold the next talks in the first half of 2016 in Pakistan.

2.

India, China face-off at Burtse in Ladakh (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     Burtse

d)     Daulat Beg Oldie (DBO)

 

 

a)     Indian and Chinese troops are locked in another standoff at Burtse in northern Ladakh after India objected to China building a watch tower. As China rejected Indias objections both sides moved a platoon each of soldiers in a show of strength.

b)     Sources said this standoff is not an isolated incident as minor incidents keep happening regularly due to difference of perception on un-demarcated boundary. India claims 15-23 km ahead of its holding point in this region which is rejected by the Chinese.

c)    A strategic road India plans to build to DBO passes through Burtse. DBO was the scene of a 21-day standoff in April 2013.

3.

Modi to meet media barons in New York (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Silicon Valley

c)     United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)

a)     PM Modi will interact with global media owners and investors in New York in the last week of this month.

b)     During his seven-day tour of the US starting on Sept 23, he will also visit the campuses of Facebook and Google in Silicon Valley.

c)     Modi is expected to meet the US President Obama on Sept 28 in New York, but the White House has not confirmed the time yet.

d)     Sources said the White House was flooded with requests from numerous world leaders who converge on New York to attend the UNGA in the last week of September. On Sept 28, Obama is scheduled to address a special summit on UN peacekeeping.

4.

Social Corbyn win Labour Party leadership in landslide (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     International

a)     Britains internal issues

b)     Labour Party

c)     Refugee crisis

d)     NATO    

a)     In a historic moment for the Labour Party and for British politics as a whole, Jeremy Corbyn (the socialist candidate in Labour Partys leadership elections) stormed to victory with 59.5 percent of vote in very first round.

b)     He will now seek to win support within the party for his radical political and economic agenda. He has said a Labour government in 2020 will scrap tuition fees, re-nationalise the railways and the energy sector, scrap the Trident programme and withdraw from NATO. The first act of Corbyn after the election was to address a large gathering in support of refugees in Parliament Square.

c)  In three months, he has gone from obscurity as a backbench MP best known for opposing the Iraq War to leading Britains main opposition party.

5.

Two Russian aid planes land in Syria (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Russia – Syria relations

b)     Syria crisis

c)     Islamic State (IS)

a)     Amid reports that Moscow is beefing up military support to its ally Damascus, Sources said two Russian planes carrying humanitarian aid landed in Syria.

b)     The reported aid delivery comes as US expressed concern about an alleged Russian military build-up in Syria. US officials say Russia has sent ships, armoured personnel carriers and naval infantry to the country in recent weeks.

6.

Hizbul now biggest militant group (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Hizbul Mujahideen

b)     Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)

c)     Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)

d)     Al Badar

e)     Kashmir issue

a)     Kashmir has witnessed a dramatic shift in the nature of militancy in recent months, resulting in end of supremacy of LeT, with a majority of members from Pakistan. The indigenous Hizbul Mujahideen (with almost all members from Kashmir) is now back as the number one militant group.

b)    Many see it as a warning to policymakers in both New Delhi and Srinagar to wake up to the new tide of local youths joining militancy, and dramatic indigenisation of militant violence, which since the late 1990s was dominated by LeT. 

c)     Officials say about 200 active militants are operating in the State. Of them, over 80 are in Hizbul Mujahideen. In most dependable estimates available from J&K police and other sources, LeT has about 60 members, of which 40 are believed to be Pakistanis.

d)     The most interesting case is that of Al Badar, once a dreaded group known for its suicide attacks and commitment to liberate Kashmir to make it a part of Pakistan.

e)     JeM, founded by Maulana Masood Azhar (who was released in 1999 in Kandahar in exchange for passengers of the hijacked IC 814 aircraft) is now down to less than a dozen militants on its rolls.

f)     But political neglect by New Delhi of the improving condition, its failure to find a lasting solution to the Kashmir issue, and continuing heavy militarisation of the region seem to be breathing life back into local militancy. The new generation of militants are not ideologically-driven Islamic fighters, but mostly have local grievances and may have suffered excesses by security forces or are dejected with basic lack of opportunities.

g)    Hizbuls growing popularity could also mean that Pakistani agencies find it a better strategy to encourage local militants, rather than risk sending terrorists across border. More expensive is the infiltration of terrorists through other routes such as Nepal and Bangladesh.

7.

Government plans defence tie-ups with private sector (Page 13)

a)     National

a)     Indias defence plans

b)     DRDO

c)     Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)

 

a)     In an effort to speed up defence procurements and build domestic expertise in critical areas, the govt is planning to build strategic partnerships with the private sector and has appointed a committee to formulate the guidelines for forging such partnerships.

b)     The idea is to have one or two domestic firms with expertise in each critical area which includes submarines, aircraft, missiles, electronic warfare systems, UAV and critical materials and components.

8.

Grand start to maiden maritime exercises between India and Australia (Page 8)

a)     S&T

a)     India – Australia maritime exercises

b)     AUSINDEX 15

c)     INS Shivalik

d)     Indian Ocean

a)    The first edition of biennial bilateral maritime exercises between the two major Indian Ocean naval powers (Australia and India - AUSINDEX 15) began on board Indian Navy stealth frigate INS Shivalik.

b)     Official said the bilateral exercises that have been a long time in the making got a push after the PMs of two countries signed a Framework for Security Cooperation in 2014. These are bilateral exercises intended to further the maritime and strategic interests of the two countries.

c)     He said there has been a rise in number of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations and the exercise would further the ability to undertake regional joint and/or combined operations for the benefit people in the Indian Ocean region.

9.

Out of reach of the law, ganja freely grown in A.P. Agency areas (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Ganja cultivation

b)     Kumaon hills

c)     Parvati valley

d)     Nilgiris

 

a)     Inaccessibility, hilly terrain and cool climes are the three qualities possessed by tribal areas of Visakhapatnam that attracted ganja traders from Tamil Nadu and Kerala to seed the hills with marijuana 20 years ago. Today these tracts produce enough ganja to supply narcotics markets all over the country.

b)     Be it in the Kumaon hills in Uttarakhand, or the Parvati valley in Himachal or the Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu, traffickers look for cool hill slopes that are populated by tribal people and not reachable by motorable roads.

c)     The cannabis plant grows best on hill slopes in conditions of moisture. The inaccessibility ensures that these villages are beyond the reach of the administration and the law and order machinery.

d)     Most of the villages in the nine ganja-growing mandals are located close to the Andhra Odisha Border where the Maoists hold sway.

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