Current Affairs > Daily Current affairs

Back
My notes 12-09-2015

La excellence IAS

Sep 12, 2015

 

 

March Of IS

  1. IS occupied the state of Ramadi in Iraq and ancient city of Palmyra in Syria.
  2. The major reason for the progress of these extreme elements are
  3. Lack of cohesive fight Syrian forces, Iraqi army, Kurd forces, Us led allies
  4. Weak capacities of Iraqi forces
  5. Sectarian violence

 

Failures in the fight against IS

Coordination and sectarian fault lines - every group fighting against IS is guided by self-interest and sectarian calculations. Sunni dominated Turkey and Saudi do not coordinate with Lebanese Hezbollah, Iran. Similarly west, Saudi, turkey do not take the support of Syrian army.

 

The hot saudi - Iran cold war

Demographic Composition in west asia

s.no

country

Shias

Sunni

others

Ruling classes

1

Iraq

65%

34%

Assyrian Christians

Saddam Hussein - Sunni/ presently a republic. During Baath party regime Saudi enjoyed relations. Now, Iran influence is increasing. The shia Government is in power now.

2

Iran

90%

8-9%

insignificant

Shia

3

Saudi Arabia

15-20%

80-90%

 

Monarchy - Sunni

4

Yemen

45%

53%

 

Rule by Sunnis -   Shia militia is growing. Ruler supported by Saudi. Rebels by Iran

5

Bahrain

65-70%

30%

 

Ruled by Sunni monarchy. Monarchy supported by Saudi

6

Lebanon

27%

27%

Christians - 40%

Hezbollah - a Shia terrorist organization. It supports Hamas in Palestine. Hezbollah is supported by Iran.

7

Syria

13%

60%

 

Ruler Assad is a alwaite Shia. Friend of Iran

 

GCC - dominated by conservative gulf monarchies.

  1. The three major reasons for the growth of IS are
  2. External interventions
  3. The Arab revolts
  4. Saudi - Iran antagonism
  5. History
  6.   Initially opposition between Saudi- Iran before Islamic revolution can be more seen as a competition for an edge in global energy market and for regional influence. After revolution it transformed itself in to a Shia Islamic republicanism and Sunni Wahhabism.
  7. Iran - Iraq war between 1980-88, most of the Sunni states stood with Saddam Hussein. The GCC formed during the war, became an axis of Sunni monarchies against Iran.
  8. Iran on the other hand, encouraged Shia militia such as Hezbollah in Lebanon.
  9. After American Invasion of Iraq, There is a political rise of Shia population and it has revived historical connections with Iran.  There are reports that Saudi is supporting the Sunni extremist groups in Iraq Shia - Sunni sectarian war.
  10. During and after Arab spring, Saudi sent its troops to Bahrain and Yemen to protect Sunni regimes.
  11. Syria - Assad is a friend of civil war and his regime is supported by Iran. Rebels are supported by Saudi and GCC.
  12. Saudi - Iran rivalry is no longer about two nations , it got entangled with regional politics and is the basis for instability in the region.

Kurds and their fight against IS

 

  1. Kurdish fighters captured the Tal Abyad on Syria border from Islamic state. It disconnects the vital supply chain of IS.
  2. The Kurds are social liberals and are committed towards gender equality and secularism opposed to the IS barbarism and misogyny.
  3. The Kurdish fighters on Syrian border are the armed wing(people protection units) of Democratic union party. But, they are not getting the necessary support from other forces in fight.
  4. The major reason is turkey sees any strengthening of Kurds may strengthen Kurdistan workers party, which is seen as a terrorist org by turkey.
  5. Already, people democratic party won necessary 10% mandate and able to enter representative house in turkey.
  6. However, turkey has to realise that , IS is more dangerous and failure of states can aggravate the refugee crisis and makes its borders vulnerable. So, it is better to engage with secular Kurdish workers party, where peace dialogue is already going on.

 

Branches

Ashok Nagar Branch
1-10-223/A, Sub-register office Line
Hyderabad
+91 9052 29 29 29, 9052 19 29 29

Madhapur Branch
Plot No.3, 2nd floor, Raghuma Towers
Hyderabad
+91 9052 492929

Delhi:
Old Rajendra Nagar

Send to mail

Request for call