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Daily News Analysis 04-10-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Merkel, hailed as Europes moral symbol, coming tonight (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)    As she begins her visit to India on Oct 4, there will be a special symbolism to German Chancellor Angela Merkels first engagement, the traditional wreath laying at Indias apostle of peace Mahatma Gandhis memorial, Rajghat.

2.

NIA team for Bangladesh to probe fake currency case (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)    A team of the National Investigation Agency will go to Bangladesh to investigate the trail of a huge consignment of fake Indian currency notes seized at Chittagong port on September 21.

3.

36 Rafales not enough, says IAF chief (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     IAF chief Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha has said the 36 Rafale fighters that India is buying from France are not enough to meet the requirements of the Indian Air Force, adding that at least six more squadrons of similar fighters would be needed.

4.

Cold War is back: peace activist (Page 13)

a)     International

a) Mathias Rust (the iconic peace activist from Germany) has advised India to maintain neutrality in political issues involving Russia and the EU member-states. 

5.

Russian jets bomb Islamic State targets in Syria (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Russian jets hit IS targets and other rebel groups in Syria, on a fourth day of air strikes by Moscow in support of President Bashar al-Assad which have dramatically escalated foreign intervention in Syria.

6.

Indias climate action targets achievable: expert (Page 13)

a)     National

a)    Economist Kirit Parikh said that the main targets (up to 35 percent cut in emissions intensity of the GDP and 40 percent non-fossil fuel energy share by 2030) were both realisable.

7.

Gujarat Congress moves President against anti-terror and land Bills (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     A six-member delegation of the Congress from Gujarat met President Pranab and sought his intervention to strike down the Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime Bill and the Gujarat Agricultural Land Ceiling Amendment Bill, which were passed by the Assembly in Aug after suspending leaders of Opposition.

8.

Modigovt gives Aadhaar one more push (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)    In a move led by the Prime Ministers Office, BJP-ruled States (including Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Haryana) have petitioned the Supreme Court to allow Aadhaar to be used for all government welfare schemes.

9.

Capital spending shows pick-up (Pages 1 and 15)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Data from the Controller-General of Accounts show that the Union governments Plan capital expenditure is showing a robust pick-up.

10.

ICRISAT introduces finger millet as mandate crop (Page 1)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)    Finger millet (which figured among the six small millets in research portfolio of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics) has now been formally made its mandate crop.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Merkel, hailed as Europes moral symbol, coming tonight (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Germany relations

b)     Europes refugee crisis

c)     West Asia crisis

a)    As she begins her visit to India on Oct 4, there will be a special symbolism to German Chancellor Angela Merkels first engagement, the traditional wreath laying at Indias apostle of peace Mahatma Gandhis memorial, Rajghat.Thats because she is being considered the frontrunner in the race for this years Nobel Peace Prize, due to be announced on Oct 9.

b)     Confirming that her name is among the strongest of 273 nominations this year, the Peace Research Institute Oslo said that Merkel was on the top of their list for her response to the refugee crisis. This year is marked by a global migration crisis, and Merkel has done more than anyone to change the debate.

c)     During her visit to Delhi to chair the Inter-Governmental Commission that she pioneered, Merkel is expected to discuss both the situation in West Asia as well as Afghanistan, where Germany is a key donor and provider of forces.

d)     Diplomats say that Merkel has also played a role in being bridge builder in international conflicts. She has also been a key interlocutor on the talks between Iran and the P-5+EU, and sent her Vice Chancellor to Teheran in June to hold talks with President Rouhanis govt. At the same time, she is one of the few popular international leaders, and will host Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu in Berlin as soon as she returns from India this week.

2.

NIA team for Bangladesh to probe fake currency case (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Bangladesh relations

b)     Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN)

c)     National Investigation Agency (NIA)

d)     Jamaat-ul-MujahideenBangladesh (JuMB)

 

 

 

 

a)    A team of the NIA will go to Bangladesh to investigate the trail of a huge consignment of FICN seized at Chittagong port on September 21.

b)     Officials say Bangladesh is being used as a transit point by Pakistan to pump fake currency into India.

c)     The NIA and the Rapid Action Battalion (the anti-crime and anti-terror unit of Bangladesh) have been working in close coordination ever since the Burdwan module of JuMB was unearthed in West Bengal last year.

d)     The visit of PMModi to Bangladesh in May this year has further helped the Indian agencies in getting information about terrorist elements and Pakistan-based groups involved in circulation of FICN operating out of Bangladesh. After the PMs visit, the two agencies signed a MoU to share intelligence on fake currency notes and other terrorist modules on real-time basis.

3.

36 Rafales not enough, says IAF chief (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – France relations

b)     Rafale deal

c)     Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA)

d)     Light Combat Aircraft(LCA)

e)     Tejas

f)     Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA)

a)     IAF chief Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha has said the 36 Rafale fighters that India is buying from France are not enough to meet requirements of the IAF, adding that at least six more squadrons of similar fighters would be needed. He said we would like to have MMRCA variety of aircraft.

b)     He was responding to a question on the possibility of the IAF wanting more than 36 Rafale fighters being negotiated now under a govt-to-govt deal announced by PM Modi during his trip to France in April.

c)     IAF sources said they were looking at two possible scenarios: Of ordering more Rafale fighters, or of filling the gaps with more indigenous LCA Tejas and the proposed AMCA, which is an indigenous fifth generation fighter for which the feasibility study has been completed.

d)    The original plan under the MMRCA contract was to buy 126 fighters, for which Rafale was finalised and negotiations were under way. However, in April, Modi sprang a surprise in Paris by announcing the govt-to-govt deal.

4.

Cold War is back: peace activist (Page 13)

a)     International

a)     EU – Russia relations

b)     Second Cold War in Europe

a) Mathias Rust (the iconic peace activist from Germany) has advised India to maintain neutrality in political issues involving Russia and the EU member-states.His observations have come in view of the growing military tension between the US-EU block and Russia, which has caused the Second Cold War in Europe.

b)     Rust became famous when he flew a lightweight Cessna aircraft from West Germany across the Iron Curtain and landed in Moscows Red Square on May 28 1987.

c)     After a year-long stay in Moscow which included his trial, Rust was allowed to return to West Germany in Aug 1988. Three years later, the Cold War ended when the Soviet Union collapsed. On October 3, 1990 Germany was reunited. But 25 years later, at eve of celebration of German reunification, Rust feels that the Cold War has returned, thanks to the worsening political relations between the EU and Russia.

5.

Russian jets bomb Islamic State targets in Syria (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Syria crisis

b)     Islamic State (IS)

a)     Russian jets hit IS targets and other rebel groups in Syria, on a fourth day of air strikes by Moscow in support of President Bashar al-Assad which have dramatically escalated foreign intervention in Syria.

b)     Russias air campaign in Syria (where a US-led air coalition and fighters on ground from regional states are already entangled in the 4-year-old civil war) has drawn strong criticism from the US and its allies.

6.

Indias climate action targets achievable: expert (Page 13)

a)     National

a)     Climate change

b)     Carbon emissions

c)     Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)

a)  Economist Kirit Parikh (who led one of committees formed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests to come up with modelling studies and calculations for framing Indias INDCs)said that the main targets (up to 35 percent cut in emissions intensity of the GDP and 40 percent non-fossil fuel energy share by 2030) were both realisable.

b)     However, as far as Indias desired economic growth rate goals are concerned, these may suffer if necessary technology and financial resources are not provided by developed countries to support the goals.

c)     He said that pushing for solar energy (as envisaged in the INDCs) will cost in terms of initial investments in capacity and infrastructure, eight times more than what it will cost to invest in coal-fired plants.

7.

Gujarat Congress moves President against anti-terror and land Bills (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)    Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime Bill (GCTOC)

b)     Gujarat Agricultural Land Ceiling Amendment Bill

 

a)     A six-member delegation of Congress from Gujarat met President Pranab and sought his intervention to strike down the Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime Bill and the Gujarat Agricultural Land Ceiling Amendment Bill, which were passed by the Assembly in Aug after suspending leaders of Opposition.

b)     CriticisingPMModi for introducing odious methods of human surveillance in Gujarat, Congress spokesman said the GCTOC Bill would promote phone-tapping by intelligence services.

c)     As for the amended land Bill, he said the Bill was introduced by the Congress in the early 1960s. It was aimed at identifying landowners with surplus land and transferring the surplus land to the landless farmers. But the amendment to the Bill (without the consent of the Opposition) stripped it off all the pro-poor clauses. The govt will not give the land to the poor anymore, and the land will be given to corporates.

8.

Modigovt gives Aadhaar one more push (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Aadhaar

b)     Unique Identification Authority Of India (UIDAI)

c)     Public Distribution Scheme (PDS)

a)    In a move led by the Prime Ministers Office, BJP-ruled States (including Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Haryana) have petitioned the Supreme Court to allow Aadhaar to be used for all government welfare schemes.

b)  Simultaneously, the Election Commission of India and a phalanx of banking and economic regulators have also filed similar clarification/modification applications in the apex court.

c)    This comes ahead of Oct 6, when the Supreme Court will consider the merits of these applications seeking clarification of the order it passed on Aug 11 to restrict the use of Aadhaar cards to PDS, including the disbursement of kerosene and LPG.

d)     The Supreme Court had also decided to refer to a Constitution Bench whether the right to privacy of a citizen is a fundamental right or not.

e)     Now, the Modigovts push to universaliseAadhaar will once again foreground the concerns about violation of privacy as well as the fear that the poor and vulnerable might themselves be excluded from welfare benefits.

9.

Capital spending shows pick-up (Pages 1 and 15)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Indias economic growth

b)     GDP

c)     Capital expenditure

a)     Data from the Controller-General of Accounts show that the Union governments Plan capital expenditure is showing a robust pick-up.It is up to Rs. 52,612 crore in the first five months of the current fiscal, till August, 38 percent higher than Rs. 38,112 crore spent in the corresponding period last year.

b)     Shifting the thrust of govt spending to capital expenditure is key growth-boosting strategy of this years Union Budget. Jaitley allocated Rs. 70,000 crore for public investments, including in railways and road infrastructure.

c)   Finance Minister Jaitley has reiterated that India is ready to be one of the new drivers of growth of the world economy, especially in the backdrop of China entering a period of economic slowdown. Jaitley also called for businesses worldwide to invest in India, which is growing faster than the rest of the world and has the potential to grow much faster.

10.

ICRISAT introduces finger millet as mandate crop (Page 1)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Finger millet crop regions in India

b)     International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

 

a)   Finger millet (which figured among the six small millets in research portfolio of ICRISAT) has now been formally made its mandate crop. It is an important recognition for a crop which has been an integral part of the ICRISATs research portfolio.

b)     Through a multi-institutional collaboration, ICRISAT scientists in East and Southern African region have generated a whole genome sequence of finger millet. In Karnataka finger millet is among the climate smart crops that figures high on the agenda of the government.

c)     The other mandate crops of ICRISAT are sorghum, pearl millet, chickpea, pigeonpea and groundnut.

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