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Daily News Analysis 07-10-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Pranab to visit Jordan, Palestine, Israel (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)  Marking a historic first in Indias diplomacy, President Pranab will begin a trip to Jordan, Palestine and most importantly, Israel, from October 10.

2.

Unbundling the coal-climate equation (Page13)

a)     International

b)     National

a)    There is still enough room for India to grow its coal consumption while continuing to accelerate its thrust on the expansion of renewable energy.

3.

Is JeM pushing Myanmar rebels into J&K? (Pg15)

a)     International

a)    Security agencies are grappling with the identities of two JeM militants killed at Harriparigam(a village in Awantipora), 30 km south of Srinagar.

4.

Syrian rebels unite against Russia (Page 16)

a)     International

a)    More than 40 Syrian insurgent groups have vowed to attack Russian forces in retaliation for Moscows air campaign, in a show of unity among usually fragmented rebels against what they called the occupiers of Syria.

5.

Security agencies suspect NSCN (I-M) is regrouping (Page 14)

a)     National

a)   A series of developments in the north-east (especially in Manipur), since the August peace accord between the Centre and the Naga rebel group NSCN (I-M), have raised serious concern that the security situation in the region could dramatically worsen in the coming months.

6.

Poor will shed privacy rights for Aadhaar (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)The govt told the Supreme Court that a poor, starving man will have no second thoughts about shedding his privacy rights to enrol for Aadhaar as it gets him a square meal and earnings.

7.

Modi assures favourable conditions for doing business (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)     In a bid to woo more foreign investments from Germany, PMModi said his government would provide favourable business conditions for industries to set shop in India.

8.

GST roll out: Ministry says yes, we can (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)    The Union Finance Ministry is gearing up to ensure that the GST can be rolled out in 2016 itself, if Parliament passes in the Winter Session the Constitution (122nd Amendment), meant to introduce it.

9.

IMF sees favourable growth in India, urges structural reforms (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)     The IMF said the growth prospects for India remain favourable despite a slowdown in the global economy, but the govt should speed up structural reforms and relax supply constraints in energy, mining, and power sectors.

10.

INS Astradharini commissioned (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)    Addressing a long felt need of the Indian Navy for a torpedo launch and recovery vessel, Indias first totally indigenously designed and built INS Astradharini was commissioned and added to the Eastern Fleet.

11.

Two share Nobel in Physics for decoding elusive neutrino (Page16)

a)     S&T

a)    A Japanese and a Canadian scientist won the 2015 Nobel Prize for Physics for discovering that elusive subatomic particles called neutrinos have mass, opening a new window onto the fundamental nature of universe.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Pranab to visit Jordan, Palestine, Israel (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     India –Israel relations

 

a)     Marking a historic first in Indias diplomacy, President Pranab will begin a trip to Jordan, Palestine and most importantly, Israel, from Oct10.

b)     The five-day tour will be noted especially since it will be the first time that an Indian President will be visiting Jerusalem, since normalisation and upgrading of India-Israel diplomatic ties in 1992.

c)     Despite being connected by deep defence and strategic ties, India had avoided sending the President to Israel in the past. According to sources, he will visit the YadVashem, the famous Holocaust Memorial on a hill near Jerusalem, apart from addressing the Knesset, the Israeli Parliament.

2.

Unbundling the coal-climate equation (Page13)

a)     International

b)     National

a)     Paris Climate summit 2015

b)     Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)

c)     Human Development Index (HDI)

 

a)    Ahead of the Paris climate summit, India announced on Oct2 its INDCs for climate change mitigation and adaptation. India intends to reduce its carbon emissions intensity by 33-35 percent by 2030, from its 2005 levels.

b)    While this commitment has drawn fulsome praise from many, the green ayatollahs have predictably ignored its herculean clean energy ambitions and focussed on Indian dependence on coal. It is time to lay bare the coal hypocrisy of these privileged western greens.

c)     Indias total energy consumption is a fraction of that of China, the US, the EU and the OECD.  Its position at the climate change negotiations has continued to reflect the centrality of access to energy for human development. And Indias normative position is supported by data, such as the positive correlation between energy access and the HDI.

d)Based on a Swiss research groups findings,while a number of estimates exist on how much energy is needed to meet development objectives, an interesting benchmark is that of the 2000-Watt society. The research states that 2000-W per capita is a basic level of energy which accounts for housing, mobility, food, consumption (manufactured goods) and infrastructure.

e)     On an average, US citizens consume nearly the full extent of this lifeline energy benchmark using coal, the dirty fuel. India consumes only 19 percent of the benchmark through coal. In fact, citizens of OECD countries get a much larger proportion of their energy needs relative to the 2000-W benchmark from coal than non-OECD countries.

f)     It is important to note that in 2014, the average Indian accounted for around 20percent of the average Americans coal consumption and around 34 per cent of those from the OECD. What has caused concern in the developed world is that while they have reduced per capita coal consumption relative to pre-financial crisis levels, India has increased consumption over the same period.

g)     This is better explained by two key trends, visible after the crisis. One, while developed countries have been cutting down energy consumption as a whole, developing countries have been increasing consumption, albeit at a gradually declining pace.

h)     Two, while developed countries have been cutting coal consumption faster than primary energy consumption, developing countries have increased coal consumption faster than primary energy consumption. Clearly then, industrial consumption (manufacturing and jobs) is very much part of the lifeline consumption matrix for developing countries.

i)     India is neither in the same basket of per capita coal consumption as developed countries nor comparable to China. In fact, research has shown that India will meet a larger proportion of the 2000-W benchmark through clean fuels than developed countries. Therefore, there is enough room for India to grow its coal consumption while continuing to accelerate its renewable energy thrust. And this is precisely what the Indian INDCs reflect.

j)     India has set a target of renewable energy capacity of 175 gigawatts by 2022; and has promised to achieve 63 GW of nuclear energy if supply of fuels is ensured. It will be among a handful of countries to source a large proportion of its lifeline energy needs from non-conventional sources, across the developing and developed worlds.

k)     It is worth emphasising that unlike developed countries that have already peaked their energy consumption, India must first strive to provide the 2000-W per capita lifeline energy to all, even as it seeks to clean this energy mix. India will continue to consume coal to grow its industrial base, improve HDI and develop its economy. This in turn will allow it financial capacity to invest heavily in non-conventional sources.

l)     Developed countries such as those within the EU want to reduce their emissions to two tonnes per capita by 2050; which will in turn reflect the total carbon space available per capita if the world is to limit global warming to manageable levels. While the road to Paris is paved with such good intentions, it is essential that each person on this planet begins to move towards an equitable carbon profile. This has two clear implications.

m)     First, large developing countries such as India must invest in renewable energy benchmarks that match developed countries. Second, developed countries must pare down per capita coal consumptions to levels which would match Indias lifeline consumption through coal in the future.

3.

Is JeM pushing Myanmar rebels into J&K? (Page15)

a)     International

a)     JeM

b)     Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami

c)     Al-Qaeda

d)     Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK)

a)    Security agencies are grappling with the identities of two JeM militants killed at Harriparigam(a village in Awantipora), 30 km south of Srinagar.One of them was identified as ChotaBurmi. Now, it is emerging that his real name is Abdul Rehman-al-Arkani, a possible member of the Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-IslamiArakan, a militant group operating in Myanmar.

b) After the encounter on Oct 4, the security agencies identified them as foreign militants AdilPathan and ChotaBurmi, active in south Kashmir for over two years to revive the JeM. Sources said investigations revealed that Pathan was from Rawlakot in PoK and Burmi from Multan in Pakistan.

c)     Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami and MaulanaMasoodAzharsJeM enjoy close ties in Pakistan. Islami was founded by Maulana Abdul Quddus(a Myanmar Muslim who fled to Pakistan in 1980s), operating from Korangi in Karachi. The group used to work closely with Ilyas Kashmiri, head of al-Qaedas 313 Brigade.

4.

Syrian rebels unite against Russia (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Syria crisis

b)     Islamic State (IS)

c)    Nusra Front

a)    More than 40 Syrian insurgent groups have vowed to attack Russian forces in retaliation for Moscows air campaign, in a show of unity among usually fragmented rebels against what they called the occupiers of Syria.

b)     The insurgents warning came as the chairman of Russias parliamentary defence committee suggested that Russian volunteer units could join with forces fighting for Assad.

c)     Russia launched its air campaign and claims it is targeting the IS group and al-Qaidas Syrian affiliate, the Nusra Front. But many of the strikes appear to have hit western-backed rebel factions.

5.

Security agencies suspect NSCN (I-M) is regrouping (Page 14)

a)     National

a)     Naga Peace accord

b)     Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagalim (I-M)

c)     NSCN(K)

a)   A series of developments in the north-east (especially in Manipur), since the August peace accord between Centre and Naga rebel group NSCN (I-M), have raised serious concern that the security situation in the region could dramatically worsen in the coming months.

b)    Dim is the assessment from sources in the military and other security agencies about developments in Manipur (where the NSCN (I-M) has probably set up a training camp), has already recruited a few hundred new cadres, and is contributing to possible new flare-up of inter-tribe tensions in the fragile State.

c)     Officials said Manipur could slip back into violence if govt failed to take steps to ensure that NSCN (I-M) does not exploit the legitimacy gained out of their peace accord to expand operations in Manipur.

d)     The official warned that the NSCN (I-M) flexing of muscles could also unite the various Manipuri militant groups. And these groups could enjoy tacit support from the NSCN (K), which has been sidelined in the new strategy and has been lying low.

6.

Poor will shed privacy rights for Aadhaar (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)Aadhaar

b)     Public Distribution System (PDS)

 

a)     The govt told the Supreme Court that a poor, starving man will have no second thoughts about shedding his privacy rights to enrol for Aadhaar as it gets him a square meal and earnings.

b)     With this, the govt asked the Supreme Court not to stand in the way of crores of citizens willing to voluntarily enrol for Aadhaar to get social benefits and services.

c)     Appearing for the govt,Attorney-General MukulRohatgi said Aadhaar enrolment is voluntary.

d)    The Bench on Aug 11 2015 had made Aadhaar optional except for PDS and LPG connections. Various State govts(including Gujarat and Jharkhand) along with Central bodies from various fields like RBI, SEBI, TRAI and the Pension Regulatory Authority, returned to the court saying the August order had become a roadblock for people with Aadhaar card to enrol in other social benefit schemes.

7.

Modi assures favourable conditions for doing business (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)     India – Germany economic ties

b)     Ease of doing business

c)    Free Trade Agreement

a)  In a bid to woo more foreign investments from Germany, PMModi said his government would provide favourable business conditions for industries to set shop in India.

b)   He also said the govt would provide strong IP protection regulations, fast-track approvals and clearances for industry and infrastructure, and there would be no retrospective taxes.

c)German Chancellor Merkel welcomed the negotiations for fair trade agreement with EU. A comprehensive agreement is needed between India and EU for fair trade. The talks on these lines will be resumed as quickly as possible. A free trade agreement will pave way for more trade between both Indian companies and German firms.

8

GST roll out: Ministry says yes, we can (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)     Goods and Services Tax (GST)

b)     Constitution (122nd Amendment)

a)     Union Finance Ministry is gearing up to ensure that the GST can be rolled out in 2016 itself, if Parliament passes in Winter Session the Constitution (122nd Amendment), meant to introduce it.

b)     Official said the rationale behind introducing GST on Apr 1, or the beginning of a new financial year, was to ensure administrative convenience for tax authorities and make compliance easy for tax payers.

c)     A change in the taxation system mid-year could imply tax payers will have to maintain two sets of records and file two different types of returns-one for the existing system and the other for the GST.

d)     Official said the April 1 2016 deadline is now ruled out because after the Constitution amendment, which will need to be ratified by at least half the State legislatures, the Centre will have to seek Parliament approval for Bills on Central GST and the integrated GST.

9.

IMF sees favourable growth in India, urges structural reforms (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)     Indias economic growth

b)     GDP

c)     Inflation

d)     Fiscal deficit

e)     RBI

f)     International Monetary Fund (IMF)

g)     World Economic Outlook 2015

a)     The IMF said the growth prospects for India remain favourable despite a slowdown in the global economy, but the govt should speed up structural reforms and relax supply constraints in energy, mining, and power sectors.

b)  It marginally lowered Indias growth forecast to 7.3 percent this year(from its earlier estimate of 7.5 percent) and said that a faster-than-expected deceleration in inflation provides leeway for modest cuts in interest rates.

c)     Last month, the RBI cut its policy interest rate by a bigger-than-expected 50 basis points to a 4-1/2 year low of 6.75 percent, front-loading monetary easing in an effort to stoke a slowing economy.

d)     Since being battered by emerging market turmoil in 2013, India has brought down inflation and narrowed its external deficits. But, with govt borrowing high, the IMF says India should reform taxes and trim subsidies to narrow its budget deficit.

e)     Finance Minister Jaitley aims to cut the fiscal deficit to 3.9 percent of GDP in current fiscal year ending March, and to 3.6 percent of GDP in the 2016-17 fiscal year. In the past, India has met deficit targets through spending cuts that have undermined economic growth.

f)   The Fund lowered its global growth forecast for 2015 to 3.1 percent, 0.3 percentage point lower than in 2014, and 0.2 percentage point below its forecasts in the July 2015 World Economic Outlook.

10.

INS Astradharini commissioned (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     INS Astradharini

b)     Torpedo Launch and Recovery Vessel (TLRV)

c)     Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL)

a)    Addressing a long felt need of Indian Navy for a torpedo launch and recovery vessel, Indias first totally indigenously designed and built INS Astradharini was commissioned and added to the Eastern Fleet.

b)     INS Astradhani will be used to carry out the technical trials of underwater weapons and systems developed by city-based NSTL.It is an advanced replacement for Astravahini which was decommissioned on July 17 this year.

11.

Two share Nobel in Physics for decoding elusive neutrino (Page16)

a)     S&T

a)     Neutrinos

b)     Neutrino oscillation

c)     Big Bang

a)    A Japanese and a Canadian scientist won 2015 Nobel Prize for Physics for discovering that elusive subatomic particles called neutrinos have mass, opening a new window onto the fundamental nature of universe.

b)     Neutrinos are the second most bountiful particles after photons, which carry light, with trillions of them streaming through our bodies every second, but their true nature has been poorly understood.

c)     TakaakiKajita and Arthur McDonalds breakthrough was the discovery of a phenomenon called neutrino oscillation that has upended scientific thinking and promises to change understanding about the history and future fate of the cosmos.

d)    For many years, the central enigma with neutrinos was that up to two-thirds fewer of them were detected on Earth than expected, based on how many should be flooding through the cosmos from our Sun and other stars or left over from the Big Bang.

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