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Daily News Analysis 09-10-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

India to sign education pacts with Palestine, Israel (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)    When Indian professors and educators arrive in Palestine as part of a bilateral agreement to foster educational ties, officials are hopeful that they will have a deeper understanding of the raging conflict between Palestine and Israel and come up with a resolution.

2.

Security concerns trump diplomacy (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)    Indias decision to highlight the atrocities by Pakistani forces in Pakistan occupied Kashmir and in Balochistan, is a clear departure from past practice.

3.

Nepals crisis is an outcome of its internal discord: India (Page 16)

a)    International

a)    India tore into Nepals promise to provide security to Indian truckers, and said the blockade on the border and the resultant fuel crisis are prompted by a section of the Nepalis.

4.

Climate goals on target (Page 13)

a)     International

a)    At last, India has a credible response to climate change as its INDCs indicate.

5.

After 60 years, SC to take a relook at right to privacy (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)    Over 60 years after an eight-judge Bench declared that right to privacy was not a fundamental right, the Supreme Court decided to set up another Constitution Bench to have a relook at the question in the light of raging controversy that the Aadhaar card scheme was an invasion into citizens privacy.

6.

IAF to induct women as fighter pilots (Pages1,14)

a)     National

a)     Indian Air Force is planning to induct women as fighter pilots.The surprise shift in policy will see women in combat duty for the first time in the Indian military.

7.

Involve farmers in fight against climate change (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)    A regional consultation on agro forestry underscored the need for enabling policies to ensure that farmers get technology and financial incentives to integrate trees and shrubs on farmland for developing resilience to climate change.

8.

Reserve Bank of India hopes banks will pass on rate cut benefit (Pg17)

a)     Economy

a)    The Reserve Bank of India Deputy Governor H. R. Khan expressed hope that banks would pass on the entire benefit of the cut in the key interest rate.

9.

ISRO eyes a global role in satellite navigation (Pg11)

a)     S&T

a)    The ISRO has unveiled plans to gradually make its regional satellite navigation system global - akin to powerful position-telling systems such as the US GPS and the Russian GLONASS.

10.

Journalist wins literature Nobel (Page 16)

a)     International

b)     Awards

a)    Swedish Academy announced that Svetlana Alexievich(a Belarusian journalist and prose writer) won the Nobel Prize in Literature for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

India to sign education pacts with Palestine, Israel (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Palestine relations

b)     Israel – Palestine conflict    

c)     Palestinian issue

a)    Palestine wants Indian academia to be a part of its efforts in charting out a peace plan for the conflict-hit region. When Indian professors and educators arrive in Palestine as part of a bilateral agreement to foster educational ties, officials are hopeful that they will have a deeper understanding of the raging conflict between Palestine and Israel and come up with a resolution.

b)     An agreement for strengthening cooperation in the field of education is being signed for first time between the two sides when President Pranab Mukherjee visits Palestine during October 12-13.

c)     Palestinian official said we are very keen to partner with India for exchange of knowledge in various sectors like information technology, mobile communications and electronic industry, but what we need more is for the world to listen to the Palestinian problems and to come up with solutions for peace.

d)     India will also sign agreements with Israel during Pranabs visit from Oct 13 to 15.

2.

Security concerns trump diplomacy (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK)

c)     Balochistan

d)     Baloch Liberation Organisation (BLO)

e)     UNSC

 

a)    Indias decision to highlight the atrocities by Pakistani forces in PoK and in Balochistan, is a clear departure from past practice.

b)     The difference can be gauged by comparing the strong reactions 6years ago to previous Indian govts acceptance of Balochistan in the Sharm el-Sheikh statement, with how the Ministry of External Affairs now openly accepts in the context of Balochistan that Indiais home to persecuted people everywhere.

c)    Meanwhile, a spokesman of the BLO(that faces a barrage of charges in Pakistan) has been speaking freely at public meetings in Delhi. After India highlighted suppression of protests and atrocities in PoK, these meetings make it clear that the govt is on the front-foot and that it intends to use PoK and Balochistan to counter Pakistans persistent allegations of human rights violations in J&K.

d)   These allegations have been particularly sharp over the last year, perhaps due to Islamabads discomfort over the progress India has made in pushing for a seat in the UNSC. It remains to be seen whether New Delhis new tack will help tone down Pakistans position on J&K.

e)     What is perhaps more significant is that the govts new policy indicates the growing space ceded to Indias security establishment in the external relations sphere. By engaging in a spy-vs-spy and tit-for-tat engagement, and seeking to answer Paks false claims on J&K with a series of counter-allegations, New Delhi has only stooped to level of neighbour that it seeks to contain.

f)   Indias actions have included the handing out of videos, and leaking of details from dossiers of wanted criminals and terrorists under investigation. More important, it is unclear how its efforts would play out on international stage. There, Pakistan is already discredited on the issue of sponsoring and training terror groups, while India is seen as a powerful and responsible country waging war against terror.

g)     Eventually, diplomacy is a projection of a countrys own values, and must prevail over all other instincts.

3.

Nepals crisis is an outcome of its internal discord: India (Page 16)

a)    I.R

a)     India – Nepal relations

b)     Nepals new Constitution

c)     Banglades-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Motor Vehicles Agreement

d)     SAARC

a)    India tore into Nepals promise to provide security to Indian truckers, and said the blockade on the border and the resultant fuel crisis are prompted by a section of the Nepalis.

b)    It is due to the fact that a part of the population is not happy with the Constitution that Nepal has passed recently and they are asking for changes in that Constitution.

c)     He indicated that the blockade against the movement of trucks carrying commodities and petroleum products will continue until a political solution is found to the disaffection and alienation of the Madhesi people who share deep cultural links with India.

d)     The verbal spat and the blockade have nearly wrecked the BBIN Motor Vehicles Agreement, which was perceived to be an initiative of Foreign Secretary Jaishankar.

e)     India (which was leading player in the BBIN initiative) showcased the agreement as a sign of SAARC moving forward without Pakistan.

4.

Climate goals on target (Page 13)

a)     International

a)     Climate change

b)     Carbon emissions

c)     Paris Climate summit 2015

d)     Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)

a)    The significance of Indias re-framing of climate change as climate justice goes beyond the numbers, which focus on milestones in emissions reduction rather than global transformation.

b)     According to International Energy Agency,the criticism that Indias use of coal for generation of electricity is projected to double by 2030 has to be seen in perspective as India will use less coal for electricity generation than the US even in 2040.

c)     India (the third largest economy in PPP terms) is now offering concrete deliverables. In 2009, it had promised an emissions intensity reduction of 20-25 percent by 2020, from 2005 levels. It has achieved an emissions intensity reduction of 18.6 percent and will now aim for 33 to 35 percent reduction.

d)     Second, India will have 40 percent of total installed power capacity in 2030 based on non-fossil fuel-based sources. Currently, renewable energy, nuclear energy and hydropower together contribute 30 percent of the overall installed capacity. With power production expected to triple, this will amount to 320 GW of non-fossil fuel capacity.

e)   India is seeking investments of US $100 billion over 7 years to boost the domestic solar energy capacity by 33 times to 1,00,000 megawatts by 2022. Nuclear would increase more than ten times to 63GW and hydro power is expected to double to 84 GW, with land availability being the key concern.

f)     Third, additional carbon sinks of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent will be created by 2030. The huge afforestation fund is meant to encourage the setting up of projects on forest land. The govt also plans to develop a 1,40,000-km tree-line along both sides of national highways. Since sequestration depends on forest management, this element will require greater focus on implementation.

g)   The INDCs state that Indias objective in Paris in Dec 2015 is to establish an effective, cooperative and equitable global architecture. Three key elements of this framework are promoting sustainable production processes and sustainable lifestyles across the globe, the creation of a regime where facilitative technology transfer replaces an exploitative market-driven mechanism and a common understanding of universal progress.

h)  Chinas industrial production is eight times, consumption of primary energy five times, metals eleven times, GDP four times and per capita emissions two times higher. Moreover, climate variability will affect India much more than China. By 2030, per capita energy use and emissions in China and the US are expected to around 10-12 tonnes of carbon dioxide per capita whereas Indias per capita emissions will be just one-quarter of this level.

i)     India has also taken the initiative to host a meeting of 107 sunshine countries before the Paris summit, to forge a common platform on sharing research and looking for common financial solutions. PMModis proposal at the G20 meeting in Brisbane in Nov 2014 (to set up a global virtual centre for clean energy research and development and fund collaborative projects) will come up in the form of a draft Energy Access Action Plan to be discussed in the G20 in November 2015.

j)     The importance of peaking of emissions is misplaced, as it does not address modification of longer term trends in natural resource use. The current emphasis on emission reductions really focuses on symptoms rather than causes and solutions. Faced with global ecological limits, focus has to shift from environmental risk management to economic growth within ecological limits.

k)     Responding to the global trend, social sciences are reframing climate and global environmental change from a physical into a social problem. Authoritative reports point out that transforming key systems such as the transport, energy, housing and food systems lie at the heart of long-term remedies. It is on these parameters that periodic reviews of national contributions should be undertaken.

l)   India should have integrated its Smart Cities campaign into a plan for low carbon development of cities. The research focus would then shift to measuring consumption patterns and inevitable indicative targets for cities as China is now doing. Second, a greater focus on sharing rather than owning cars would impact the fastest growing emissions. Third, changing lifestyles must begin in schools. Fourth, better linkages are also needed - for example, afforestation in catchments of hydro projects to check silting.

5.

After 60 years, SC to take a relook at right to privacy (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)Aadhaar card scheme

b)     Public Distribution System (PDS) scheme

c)     LPG scheme

a)    Over 60 years after an eight-judge Bench declared that right to privacy was not a fundamental right, the Supreme Court decided to set up another Constitution Bench to have a relook at the question in light of raging controversy that the Aadhaar card scheme was an invasion into citizens privacy.

b)   In 1954, the Supreme Court Bench led by then Chief Justice M.C. Mahajan held that right to privacy was not recognised by the Constitution makers as a fundamental right, and so there was no need to strain to make it one.This judgment held that the States power of search and seizure was overriding and necessary for the protection of social security.

c)  The new Constitution Bench (which will sit for the first time on Oct 14) will hear the fundamental issue whether the State is in the right by creating a situation by which a citizen is enticed to voluntarily part with his privacy rights (bank account details, fingerprints, iris signatures, etc) for social benefit schemes he is already entitled to from a welfare State.

d)     Attorney-General Rohatgi made an urgent mention before a Bench that a previous order by the Supreme Court on Aug 11 (restricting the use of Aadhaar to PDS and LPG schemes) is affecting day-to-day governance and depriving crores of beneficiaries easy access to other welfare schemes.

6.

IAF to induct women as fighter pilots (Pages1 and 14)

a)     National

a)     Indian Air Force (IAF)

b)     Indian Navy

c)     Indian Army

a)    Air Chief Marshal Rahasannounced that IAF is planning to induct women as fighter pilots.The surprise shift in policy will see women in combat duty for the first time in the Indian military.At present, the IAF has women pilots only for transport aircraft and helicopters.

b)     His announcement comes in the face of several legal challenges mounted by women officers (including those from the Air Force) against what they claim is rampant gender discrimination in the male-dominated military.

c)     Indias reluctance to allow women into combat duties is in contrast to the policy of countries such as Pakistan, the UAE, Israel, the UK, Canada, Germany, and the US, where women flying fighter aircraft or performing most other combat duties is common.

7.

Involve farmers in fight against climate change (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)     Climate change

b)     Agro forestry

 

a)    A regional consultation on agro forestry underscored the need for enabling policies to ensure that farmers get technology and financial incentives to integrate trees and shrubs on farmland for developing resilience to climate change.

b)     Agro forestry is defined as a land use system which integrates trees and shrubs on farmlands and rural landscapes to enhance productivity, profitability, diversity and ecosystem sustainability. It is practised in both irrigated and rain-fed conditions and is an important component for bringing about resilience in agriculture to face up to climatic changes.

c)     Expertdoes not believe Indian farmers need to earn carbon credits especially the ones with small holdings so long as the country moves in the direction of increasing its green cover. The important thing is to align the needs of small farmers with that of the village, the State, the country and the world.

d)   He pointed out that the agro forestry policy was targeted at increasing the tree cover to 33 percent from present level of less than 25 percent. This will require an aggressive approach and in a mission mode.

e)     Agro forestry requires an integrated approach (a convergence programmes that integrates trees, crops, water use, livestock, fodder and other livelihood initiatives) which is missing in the present system. Availability of investment, appropriate planting material for tree species in different agro-climatic zones, insurance, de-regulation, market linkages, extension services and above all capacity building for farmers to undertake an integrated approach are all requirements that need urgent attention.

8.

Reserve Bank of India hopes banks will pass on rate cut benefit (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)     Monetary policy

b)     Repo rate

c)     Bank rate

d)     RBI

a)    The RBI Deputy Governor H. R. Khan expressed hope that banks would pass on the entire benefit of the cut in the key interest rate.

b)     RBI slashed its benchmark short-term lending (repo) rate by 0.50 percent in its fourth bi-monthly monetary policy review last week but banks have not passed on the rate cut benefit to customers.

9.

ISRO eyes a global role in satellite navigation (Page 11)

a)     S&T

a)    Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)

b)     GAGAN

c)     GPS

d)     GLONASS

e)     ISRO

a)    The ISRO has unveiled plans to gradually make its regional satellite navigation system global - akin to powerful position-telling systems such as the US GPS and the Russian GLONASS.

b)     ISRO Chairman Kiran Kumar said four of the seven IRNSS satellites are in orbit and the last three spacecraft would be added in orbit by March 2016. The IRNSS would provide self-reliance in the strategically important area of position-related information.

c)     In April this year, ISRO and the Airports Authority of India also completed GAGAN, focussed on airlines, airports and the civil aviation sector but applicable to land and sea-based services. GAGAN enhances the GPS-derived details of location and time of objects or persons.

d)     Both IRNSS and GAGAN would drive an unlimited set of personal, public and industrial users, from transportation, railways, forestry, farming, agriculture and security.

10.

Journalist wins literature Nobel (Page 16)

a)     International

b)     Awards

a)     Polyphonic writings

b)     World War II

c)    Chernobyl nuclear disaster of 1986

a)     Swedish Academy announced that Svetlana Alexievich(a Belarusian journalist and prose writer) won the Nobel Prize in Literature for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time.

b)     Her works often blend literature and journalism. She is best known for giving voice to women and men who lived through World War II, the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan that lasted from 1979 to 1989, and the Chernobyl nuclear disaster of 1986.

c)   Perhaps her most acclaimed book is Wars Unwomanly Face (1988), based on interviews with hundreds of women who took part in the Second World War. The book is the first in a grand cycle (Voices of Utopia) that depicted life in the Soviet Union from the point of view of ordinary citizens.

d)   The Nobel in literature (one of the most prestigious prizes in the literary world) is given in recognition of a writers entire body of work rather than a single title.

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