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Daily News Analysis 11-10-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Jordan backs Indias bid for UN Council membership (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)    In the first leg of his historic six-day tri-nation tour to West Asia, President Pranab Mukherjee held talks with Jordanian King Abdullah II in Amman on various bilateral issues including trade and investment, counter-terrorism and United Nations Security Council reforms.

2.

ICC calls for Bashirs arrest, Delhi says no (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)    The India-Africa summit to be held in Delhi in Oct 26-29 is expected to be a grand affair, with a record 52 of 54 African countries confirming their acceptance. However there may be some anxious moments as the International Criminal Court has called for India to arrest one of the guests expected to attend, Sudan President Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted for war crimes by ICC.

3.

Sharif invites Geelani to Pakistan (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)    Days after India hosted Baloch leader NawabzadaHyrbyairMarri in New Delhi, Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif invited Syed Ali Geelani(chairman of a faction of the Hurriyat) to Islamabad.

4.

China monitors Japans role in Indo-US naval ties (Page 14)

a)     International

a)    China is carefully monitoring the upcoming Malabar naval exercises to gauge whether Japan will become a permanent participant in the Indo-US manoeuvres in the Indian Ocean.

5.

China vows to keep building in disputed reefs (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     China vowed to continue building in disputed reefs of the South China Sea, as state media said construction had finished on two lighthouses on reefs claimed by other countries.

6.

Thousands protest in Berlin against EU-US trade deal (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Hundreds of thousands of people marched in Berlin in protest against a planned free trade deal between Europe and US that they say is anti-democratic and will lower food safety, labour and environmental standards.

7.

Kim: ready for war with US (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     North Koreas leader Kim Jong-Un said his country could fight any war waged by US, as he presided over a vast military parade to mark the 70th anniversary of the ruling Workers Party.

8.

Art 370 cant be touched: J&K court (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     A Division Bench of the J&K High Court described Article 370 as a permanent provision of Constitution and Article 35A as one giving protection to existing laws.

9.

Raising wages can boost growth in India, says ILO (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)    The latest International Monetary Fund report has warned of a global slowdown of economic growth to 3.1 percent, even though countries such as India and China have been projected as doing relatively better when compared to other advanced economies.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Jordan backs Indias bid for UN Council membership (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Jordan relations

b)     UNSC

c)     West Asia crisis

a)    In the first leg of his historic six-day tri-nation tour to West Asia, President Pranab Mukherjee held talks with Jordanian King Abdullah II in Amman on various bilateral issues including trade and investment, counter-terrorism and UNSC reforms.

b)     The King said that Jordan fully supported Indias bid for a permanent membership in a reformed UNSC. He has also offered long-term contracts for enhancing exports to India, and said that an arrangement would be created within the royal court to look into problems faced by Indian workers.

c)     On its part, India offered a $100-million line of credit to expand trade and investment relations between the two countries.

d)     Pranabtold King Abdullah that Jordan can play an enhanced role in Indias food and energy security. India is the largest importer of Jordanian phosphate. At present, around 20 Indian companies are operating in Jordan with $300 million investments. Both nations are planning to increase bilateral trade to $5 billion a year, from $2 billion now.

e)     Both leaders have reiterated the need for greater cooperation in counter-terrorism. The President noted that Jordan is in the forefront of fighting terrorism in West Asia.

f)     This is the first time an Indian President is visiting the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Former PM Rajiv Gandhi had visited the country in 1988. Pranabs visit comes at a time when India is seeking to strengthen ties with West Asian countries (both Arab nations and Israel) and the region is grappling with increasing terror threats.

2.

ICC calls for Bashirs arrest, Delhi says no (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India-Africa summit

b)     International Criminal Court (ICC)

c)     Darfur conflict of 2003

d)     UNSC resolution 1593

 

a)    The India-Africa summit to be held in Delhi in Oct 26-29 is expected to be a grand affair, with a record 52 of 54 African countries confirming their acceptance. However there may be some anxious moments as the ICC has called for India to arrest one of guests expected to attend, Sudan President Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted for war crimes by the ICC.

b)     It is important to note that UNSC resolution 1593 urged all States (including non-States Parties to the ICC as well regional and other international organisations) to cooperate fully with the ICC. This includes arresting Al-Bashir.

c)     However, India is not a signatory to the ICC, which is an independent international court not part of the UN system which has 123 member States. Officials said there was no question of regarding the ICCs plea, as the UNSC resolution wasnot internationally binding on non-member States.

d)     President Omar al-Bashir has been indicted by the ICC for war crimes and genocide during the Darfur conflict of 2003. Among the charges against Bashir is the funding of the pro-Arab Islamist militia (Janjaweed), accused of carrying out systematic ethnic cleansing of black non-Arab African groups who took up arms against the Bashir govt.

3.

Sharif invites Geelani to Pakistan (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Kashmir issue

a)    Days after India hosted Baloch leader NawabzadaHyrbyairMarri in New Delhi, Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif invited Syed Ali Geelani(chairman of a faction of the Hurriyat) to Islamabad. A letter from Sharif was handed over to Geelani by Pakistan High Commissioner Abdul Basit.

b)    A spokesman quoted Sharif as saying that Kashmir is not any border dispute but it is the issue of right to self-determination of 20 million Kashmiri people, and we had conveyed to India in clear terms that there are no possibilities of progress in the relations between two countries without Kashmir issue being addressed.

c)     He said the letter promised full support to Kashmiri nation on political, diplomatic and moral fronts. It says that Kashmir is unfinished agenda of the Pakistan formation and ignoring this agenda can never establish friendly relationship between the two countries.

4.

China monitors Japans role in Indo-US naval ties (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Indo-US naval ties

b)     Malabar naval exercises

c)     US Pivot to Aisa

d)     Diaoyu Island (Senkaku Island)

e)     South China Sea

a)     China is carefully monitoring the upcoming Malabar naval exercises to gauge whether Japan will become a permanent participant in the Indo-US manoeuvres in the Indian Ocean.

b)     Chinese sources observed that US is pushing for making the Malabar naval exercises between India and the US into a trilateral framework to involve Japan as a permanent participant. China had objected to the participation of Japan, Australia and Singapore in Malabar 2007 exercise, which was hosted by India in Bay of Bengal. Since then, these drills (when held in a trilateral format that included Japan) took place in the West Pacific.

c)     The sharp deterioration in Sino-Japanese ties, following the controversy over the jurisdiction over the Diaoyu Island (also called Senkaku by Japan) and the security bills in Parliament that (if passed) would free Japan to contribute forces in global hotspots, has heightened Beijings security concerns. Analysts say that alarm bells are likely to ring loud in China by perceptions that Japans out-of area reach was being enhanced in the Indo-Pacific zone through naval exercises such as Malabar 2015.

d)     The Chinese also want to ensure that India (which is fast becoming an active player in the Indo-Pacific) does not join Japan, Australia and South Korea in bolstering the US led, China-centred containment policy under President Obamas Asia Pivot doctrine.

e)     The US concept of Asia Pivot revolves around isolating China and creating a block of Regional and Extra Regional 2nd tier powers to strategically suffocate China in 21st century. These 2nd tier powers include India, Australia and Japan.

f)     Observers point out that Chinese concerns have been heightened by the first trilateral meeting of Foreign Ministers from India, US and Japan that was held last month in New York.

5.

China vows to keep building in disputed reefs (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     South China Sea

b)     Spratly islands

c)     Cuateron Reef

d)     Johnson South Reef

a)    China has been bolstering its claim to almost all the South China Sea by rapidly building large artificial structures resembling islands, straining ties with neighbours.

b)     Sources said the 50-metre-high lighthouses on Cuateron Reef and Johnson South Reef in the Spratly islands have been officially opened.

b)Chinas building has increased tensions with US, which has condemned the structures.

6.

Thousands protest in Berlin against EU-US trade deal (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     EU-US trade deal

b)     Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

a)     Hundreds of thousands of people marched in Berlin in protest against a planned free trade deal between Europe and US that they say is anti-democratic and will lower food safety, labour and environmental standards.

b)     Opposition to the so-called TTIP has risen over the past year in Germany, with critics fearing the pact will hand too much power to big multinationals at the expense of consumers and workers.

c)     The level of resistance has taken Chancellor Merkelsgovt by surprise and underscores the challenge it faces to turn the tide in favour of the deal which proponents say will create a market of 800 million and serve as a counterweight to Chinas economic clout.

7.

Kim: ready for war with US (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     North Korea – US relations

 

a)     North Koreas leader Kim Jong-Un said his country could fight any war waged by US, as he presided over a vast military parade to mark the 70th anniversary of the ruling Workers Party.

b)     Thousands of troops marched through the capital followed by columns of tanks, armoured vehicles and ballistic missiles, in what was tipped to be one of the largest ceremonial displays of military strength in North Koreas history.

8.

Art 370 cant be touched: J&K court (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Article 370 of the Constitution

b)     Article 35A of the Constitution

a)     A Division Bench of the J&K High Court described Article 370 as a permanent provision of the Constitution and Article 35A as one giving protection to existing laws.

b)     The double Bench of court observed that the Constituent Assembly of 1957 is conferred power to recommend to the President that Article 370 be declared to cease to be operative or operate only with exceptions and modifications. However,the Constituent Assembly did not make such a recommendation before its dissolution on January 25 1957.

c)     Resultantly, Article 370 (notwithstanding its title temporary provision) is a permanent provision of the Constitution. It cannot be abrogated, repealed or even amended as mechanism provided under Clause (3) of Article 370 is no more available.

d)     The court stressed that Jammu and Kashmir while acceding to Dominion of India, retained limited sovereignty and did not merge with Dominion of India, like other Princely States that signed Instrument of Accession with India.

9.

Raising wages can boost growth in India, says ILO (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)    Indias economic growth

b)     Make in India programme

c)     FDI

d)     International LabourOrganisation (ILO)

e)     International Monetary Fund (IMF)

a)    The latest IMF report has warned of a global slowdown of economic growth to 3.1 percent, even though countries such as India and China have been projected as doing relatively better when compared to other advanced economies.

b)     Given this global context, ILOs Deputy Director-General (Policy) Sandra Polaski told that increasing wages through state intervention will be the way forward for India to protect its workers and also shield its economy from the ripple effects of slow growth globally.

c)     She was visiting India this week to hold discussions with the Union govt regarding ILOs Decent Work programme, which focuses on promoting jobs, guaranteeing rights at work, extending social protection and promoting social dialogue.

d)    Referring to Chinas wisdom in not banking on export-led growth and boosting domestic demand by raising wages at home, she suggested that India do the same.

e)     Referring to the labour reform policies of the Modigovt, where measures are being taken to make it easy to hire and fire workers, with an eye on foreign investors likely to invest in the country under the Make in India programme, she said that such measures alone cannot guarantee better FDI.

f)     She said more and more investors from the West were finding that portfolio investment, where bonds and stocks are purchased in the short-term and them sold for a profit (especially with govt bonds) provided a higher rate of return and were opting for it. Therefore, a balance of domestic demand and increase in export demands was the way forward for countries like India to improve growth. 

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