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Daily News Analysis 12-10-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Our support for Palestine remains steadfast, says Pranab (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     President Pranab said that Indias traditional support for the Palestinian cause remains steadfast and unwavering, and the country is ready to work with all like-minded nations for amicably solving the Israel-Palestinian conflict.

2.

Veteran communist elected Nepal PM (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Political turbulence in Nepal appears to be far from over despite the election of veteran communist leader K.P. Sharma Oli as the countrys first Prime Minister under the newly introduced constitutional system.

3.

Russia will not conduct ground operation in Syria (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     President Putin said that Russia would not deploy ground troops to Syria, where it has been conducting air strikes against what it says are Islamic State targets.

4.

Honouring a robust civil society (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     The award of the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize to the National Dialogue Quartet comprising the Tunisian General Labour Union, the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts, the Tunisian Human Rights League and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers, is richly deserved.

5.

Victory for the worlds chidren (Page 11)

a)     International

b)     Social issue

a)     The UN Sustainable Development Goals have understood that without child development, human development is impossible.

6.

Fiscal balance turns surplus after 8 years (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     The latest data from the Controller-General of Accounts show that (for the first time in 8 years) Indias fiscal balance turned from deficit to surplus in the month of August.

7.

Andamans yield a sweet banana with orange pulp (Page 20)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Scientists at the Botanical Survey of India have discovered a new species of banana from a remote tropical rain forest on the Little Andaman islands.

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Our support for Palestine remains steadfast, says Pranab (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Palestine relations

b)     Palestinian issue

c)     Israel-Palestinian conflict

d)     Gaza conflict

e)     UNHRC

a)     President Pranab said that Indias traditional support for the Palestinian cause remains steadfast and unwavering, and the country is ready to work with all like-minded nations for amicably solving the Israel-Palestinian conflict.

b)     He said our bilateral relations with Israel are independent of our relations with Palestine. India supports a negotiated solution resulting in a sovereign, independent, viable and united state of Palestine, with East Jerusalem as its capital, living within secure and recognised borders.

c)     In July, India (for the first time) abstained from voting on a resolution on Palestine adopted at the UNHRC that called for accountability by parties involved in last years conflict in Gaza, raising questions whether the Modi govt was deviating from the countrys traditional Palestine policy even as it pursues stronger ties with Israel.

d)     But the President has re-emphasised the proactive role India has played in garnering support for Palestinian cause in all multinational forums. His comments come at a time when tension is rising between Israel and Palestinians in West Bank.

e)     He said India was happy to provide budgetary, economic and developmental assistance to Palestine.

f)     Earlier in the day, he met with Jordanian PM Abdullah Ensour and Deputy PM Nasser Judeh on regional and bilateral issues, where both nations called for a political solution to the Syrian crisis.

g)     India and Jordan have also signed six MoUs in areas such as maritime transport and communication. Besides, Indo-Jordanian universities have signed 10 MoUs to strengthen cooperation in the realm of education and research.

2.

Veteran communist elected Nepal PM (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Nepals internal issues

b)     Nepals new Constitution

c)     Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist)

 

 

a)     Political turbulence in Nepal appears to be far from over despite the election of veteran communist leader K.P. Sharma Oli as the countrys first PM under the newly introduced constitutional system.

b)     In a tense election, Oli (of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist)) secured 338 votes out of a total of 598. He defeated incumbent Prime Minister Sushil Koirala of the Nepali Congress.

c)     The upset Madhesi leadership has termed the veteran communists election a hasty action that should not have taken place without first addressing the anxiety of the Madhesh region.

d)     Officials have told that India conveyed to Oli that it wished to see progress in talks between the Madhesi parties and the govt of Nepal, and constitutional amendments that address Madhesi grievances.

3.

Russia will not conduct ground operation in Syria (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Syria crisis

b)     Islamic State (IS)

a)     President Putin said that Russia would not deploy ground troops to Syria, where it has been conducting air strikes against what it says are Islamic State targets.

b)     Using modern jets and older Soviet aircraft, Russia has bombed command posts and training camps of what it says are radical terrorists, backing a ground offensive by the forces of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

c)     Putin said that the Russian operations objective was to stabilise legitimate authorities and create conditions for finding a political compromise.

4.

Honouring a robust civil society (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     Nobel Peace Prize

b)     Transition in Tunisia

c)     Jasmine Revolution

d)     Arab Spring

e)     National Dialogue Quartet

f)     Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT)

g)     Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA)

h)     Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH)

i)     Tunisian Order of Lawyers

a)     The award of 2015 Nobel Peace Prize to the National Dialogue Quartet comprising the UGTT, the UTICA, the LTDH and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers, is richly deserved.

b)    This quartet of civil society institutions (that came together in 2013) had managed tortuous political negotiations for a consensus-based Constitution and a transition to a robust democracy in Tunisia.

c)     The UGTT in particular played a pivotal role, after massive protests erupted in 2013 against the Ennahda-led govt. These followed political assassination of left-wing dissidents and moves by the govt to pack the independent bureaucracy with members of the ancient regime.

d)     The transition in Tunisia has been unique among the countries that experienced similar change. Tunisia was the site of the first set of popular uprisings in 2011, which came to be known as the Jasmine Revolution and caused similar protests across the Arab world in what was termed the Arab Spring.

e)     Egypt saw the return of a managed democracy with a military leader coming to power following a political coup against the popularly elected but increasingly authoritarian Muslim Brotherhood-led govt. Libyas uprising threatened to turn bloody, leading to the intervention of NATO, and following death of Muammar Qadhafi that country descended into anarchy. Syrias woes have been well-documented.

f)     As Indias own history shows, Democratisation is invariably a slow and tortuous process. Its success is predicated by the strength of civil society organisations, the legitimacy of political organisations, and forbearance and foresight of exceptional individuals who are willing to look beyond the immediate and the expedient.

g)     UGTT has a long history, having been formed in 1946. Its members constitute 5 percent of countrys population. Its clout as an economic bargaining entity, its widespread presence in Tunisia and its leaders extensive experience in the art of negotiations, helped bring political parties to agree to a new political road map in 2013. This led to the creation of a largely progressive Constitution in Jan2014 and to parliamentary elections in Oct 2014.

h)     Legitimacy was accorded to the UGTTs negotiating role by the other members of the Quartet, which have also had a historical presence. The lesson from the story of Tunisias unique success in the post-Arab Spring set of events in the Arab world is that a robust civil society with organised labour power as a pivot has an important role to play in any process of democratisation.

5.

Victory for the worlds chidren (Page 11)

a)     International

b)     Social issue

a)     UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

b)     Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

c)     Sustainable development

d)     Globalisation

a)     According to the author (Kailash Satyarthi, a child rights campaigner and Nobel Peace Laureate 2014), the last few weeks have been landmark in global development discourse. The UN brought in a new development agenda for the world, which is a charter of our collective vision of next 15 years. Over 200 world leaders descended upon New York to pledge to achieve 17 goals (called the UN SDPs) in unison.

b)     While the erstwhile MDGs tackled poverty, hunger, among other problems, this is the first time when crucial child issues have gained spotlight. It is a clear victory for millions of children reeling under various forms of abuse.

c)     The world has finally recognised that if child labour, slavery, trafficking, and violence against children continue, we will fail to accomplish any of other goals. Fortunately, the UN SDGs have understood that without child development, human development is impossible.

d)     Finally, childrens cries have been considered. It is a major win for civil society members who have been fighting tooth and nail for decades to make children a priority through policy, budgets and strong enforcement measures.

e)     For years, the authors organisation Global March and the partners have been spearheading a worldwide movement to bring these issues to the notice of global agenda formulators. Through the invaluable contribution of fellow activists, workers, educators, and businesses, the campaign became a resounding success with the inclusion of slavery in one of the targets of the SDGs.

f)     In the Global Education First Initiative event, several world leaders promised to achieve education for all in the next 15 years. In the Up for School event, a petition with a whopping 10 million signatures was submitted to the UN Special Envoy for Global Education, Gordon Brown.

g)     The author urged that the govts prioritise child-related SDGs in national legislation and planning. They must invest in them fully, and take accountability measures to ensure enforcement. In this context, India still lags behind most of the countries, in having a strong law against child labour. If the govt of India aims to etch a golden development story, it has to take crores of children of the country into account.

h)     He asked businesses to shoulder their responsibility in making a better world by pursuing business with compassion. They have the power, funds and technology needed to bring about social change. Globalisation of knowledge, of economy and of products is rampant; let us turn it into the globalisation of human responsibility too.

i)     He has written letters to Presidents or heads of State of each of the 193 UN member countries, to live up to the promises made to children from the lofty pedestal of the UN. Today, change is knocking on the door in the form of those raring for development, inclusivity and peace.

6.

Fiscal balance turns surplus after 8 years (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Fiscal deficit

b)     GDP

a)     The latest data from the Controller-General of Accounts show that (for the first time in 8 years) Indias fiscal balance turned from deficit to surplus in the month of August. The fiscal deficit (the excess of Centres expenditure over its revenues) was (-) Rs. 15,808 crore in Aug.

b)     A sharp surge in the Centres revenue receipts as well as a steep decline in its total expenditures made the fiscal surplus possible.

c)     Though Augusts surplus is not wide enough to offset the Centres fiscal deficit year to date.

d)     The cumulative fiscal deficit (at 66 percent of the full-year budget target) is one of the lowest in 4 years. Last year, the Centre had reached 75 percent of its full-year budget target by the end of August. Finance Minister Jaitley had laid down in the budget a target of 3.9 percent of GDP for this years fiscal deficit.

7.

Andamans yield a sweet banana with orange pulp (Page 20)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Musa indandamanensis

b)     Tropical rain forests

c)     Krishna Nalah forest

d)     Little Andaman islands

e)     Botanical Survey of India (BSI)  

 

a)     Scientists at the BSI have discovered a new species of banana from a remote tropical rain forest on the Little Andaman islands. The species (Musa indandamanensis) was located about 16 km inside the Krishna Nalah forest in the island.

b)     The scientists who have made the discovery describe it as a distinct global species with unique green flowers and fruit bunch lux (axis) thrice the size of a regular banana species.

c)     Approximately 52 species of banana are reported to occur in the wild across the world and 15 such species are reported to occur in India.

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