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Daily News Analysis 21-10-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Communist Party of China values ties with CPI(M) (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)    China has signalled that it is according top priority to its engagement with the Indian Left parties, after SitaramYechury(the CPI(M) general secretary) called on President Xi Jinping and Vice-President Li Yuanchao.

2.

Folk dances, fusion music to mark start of India-Africa summit (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)    The third edition of the four-day India-Africa Forum Summit (which is expected to be all about diplomacy and trade) will begin with a spectacular cultural show on October 26.

3.

Time to refresh Afghan relationship (P13)

a)     I.R

a)    The geopolitical changes around Afghanistan and the organisational struggles within the Taliban make the time right for India to reassess its role in Afghanistan.

4.

Nuclear deal not on Sharifs agenda (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     International

a)    Ahead of Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharifs three-day tour of US, both countries ruled out a nuclear deal between them, but Pakistan went a step further to emphasise that they were not even discussing any such deal.

5.

Protect Tibet from global warming (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     The Dalai Lama urged the world to protect Tibet from global warming, saying his Himalayan homeland was crucial to the health of the world.

6.

Liberals script stunning win (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     The nine-year reign of Canadas PM Stephen Harper and his Conservative Party came to a sudden and stunning end at the hands of Justin Trudeau, the young leader of the Liberal Party.

7.

Pomp and protests greet Chinas Xi Jinping in UK (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Chinas President Xi Jinping rode in a gilded carriage to Buckingham Palace with Queen Elizabeth II past protesters at the start of a visit to Britain expected to focus on massive business deals.

8.

Resume the engagement (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     The latest escalation of violence in East Jerusalem and parts of the West Bank has led to the question whether a third intifada is on the way.

9.

Open to new norms for collegium, says CJI (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)   Faced with the historic admission from his own court that the collegium system of judicial appointments was flawed, CJI H.L. Dattusaid that the judiciary was open to consider guidelines that may be framed by a Constitution Bench to improve the system.

10.

Give attention to agriculture (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)    M.S. Swaminathan said that PMModis statements on poverty eradication and agriculture sector indicate good intentions but they have not been translated into action on the ground yet.

11.

Gap widening betweenrural and urban India (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)     While inflation has been slowing both in rural and urban areas of the country, there is a widening difference between the two as rural inflation is decelerating at a much slower pace.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Communist Party of China values ties with CPI(M) (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     International Conference of Asian Political Parties (ICAPP)

c)     Chinas one belt one road concept

d)     Chinas Maritime Silk Road (MSR)

e)     Indias Maritime Spice Route

f)     Communist Party of India (CPI)

g)     Communist Party of China (CPC)

a)    China has signalled that it is according top priority to its engagement with the Indian Left parties, after SitaramYechury(the CPI(M) general secretary) called on President Xi Jinping and Vice-President Li Yuanchao.

b)     Yechury said that Xi conveyed to him that the CPC highly valued its relations with the CPI(M). Xi added that the CPI(M) was a strong votary for driving the relationship between China and India, including people-to-people ties.

c)     Yechury said his conversation with Li Yuanchao focused on ongoing economic transition in China. Li pointed out that CPC was developing ties with all Indian political parties, including the CPI(M).

d)     At the ICAPP (which had Chinas Silk Road connectivity projects as its core theme), Yechury had advocated convergence between Chinas Maritime Silk Road concept and Indias Maritime Spice Route. He stressed that Chinas one belt one road concept (of which MSR is a part) cannot comprehensively realise the inherent potential of the region unless Maritime Spice Route is simultaneously revived.

2.

Folk dances, fusion music to mark start of India-Africa summit (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Africa relations

b)     India-Africa summit

c)     Cultural ties

 

a)    The third edition of the four-day India-Africa Forum Summit (which is expected to be all about diplomacy and trade) will begin with a spectacular cultural show on October 26.

b)     The show is expected to begin with contemporary and folk dances of India. The second segment will showcase African dance and music.In the third segment, Indian and African artistes will perform in harmony to create a fusion number.

c)     The Indian performers will highlight yoga, bhangra and other soft power exports of India.

3.

Time to refresh Afghan relationship (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Afghanistan relations

b)     Afghanistans situation

c)     Taliban

d)     Taliban-Afghan government peace talks

e)     Islamic State (IS)

f)     Syria crisis

a)    According to the authors, the geopolitics of Afghanistan, Central and West Asia has witnessed several important changes over the last six months, which makes the time right for a fresh Indian initiative that reaches out to old friends in northern Afghanistan along with anti-Taliban elements in the southern parts.

b)     Two changes have given rise to this opportunity. The first is the changing equations of balance of power in Afghanistan; the second deals with the current status of Talibans capacities in southern Afghanistan.

c)  The geopolitical situation on Afghanistans borders is rapidly evolving, following Talibans takeover of Kunduz. What has really set the alarm bells ringing for Afghanistansneighbours is that the Taliban in Kunduz comprised not only Afghans, but an ensemble of Uzbeks, Tajiks, Turkmen, Kyrgyz, Kazakhs, Uighurs, Chechens, Dagestanis along with the Al Qaeda and Pakistanis.

d)     An immediate outcome of this mobilisation has been to bring Russia into the picture at a scale not seen since 2001. The Russian govt is concerned that local Daesh (IS) elements (comprising mainly Central Asian jihadis) could (along with Taliban) further fuel instability. There is also fear that the Daesh could retaliate against Russian targets in response to the happenings in Syria.

e)     On the other hand, the US (in search of an honourable exit from Afghanistan) has been shaken by the Kunduz incident. The Taliban operation makes it clear that the optimism generated by Pakistan-led round of talks was misplaced. The halt in troop withdrawal until 2017 is meant to buy time until the US finds a better roadmap to peace in Afghanistan.

f)     While the US and China still continue to place their bets on Pakistan-backed efforts, there is a growing realisation that the price Pakistan demands will never be acceptable to large sections of Afghans. Nevertheless, the US is said to be examining various other possibilities for securing peace.

g)     A resurgent Iran is also an important factor to reckon with. Tehrans concerns are threefold. One, it is worried that instability in Afghanistan could give a boost to Daesh. Second, an unstable Afghanistan will also lead to an increase in the illicit drug trade on Irans eastern border. Third, Iran is also worried that instability could lead to an influx of refugees. All these issues have motivated Iran to provide sanctuary to a few important segments of the Taliban.

h) Along with these geopolitical movements in the aftermath of the Kunduz attacks, the second important change has been the inability of Taliban to regain control of major cities in its traditional stronghold of southern Afghanistan. While Kunduz was meant to legitimise new Taliban under Mansours leadership, its operations in the south give the appearance of not being as robust.

i)     An unstated tenet of Afghan history is that the march for control of Kabul and the country is predicated on wresting control of Kandahar, the Talibans traditional base.

j)     The geopolitical changes around Afghanistan coupled with the ongoing organisational struggles of the Taliban provide an opportunity for Russia, Iran and India to reassess their roles in Afghanistan. Of course, this will materialise only in co-ordination with the Afghanistan unity govt for which it will first need to convince itself that over-reliance on a Pakistan-led solution is a non-starter.

k)     India played a pivotal role in resistance against the Taliban through the Northern Alliance, two decades earlier. That role was predicated on the existence of facilities and friends in the region. Now, India needs to re-establish contact not just with the old friends in the region but also factions within the Taliban and the anti-Taliban forces in the south, to help Afghanistan gain strategic autonomy.

l)     It is also imperative for India that Afghanistans south-eastern regions are prevented from exporting terror into India. Unlike the last time, India now has the financial muscle to do a lot more. What it needs is renewed vigour and a fresh initiative on Afghanistan.

4.

Nuclear deal not on Sharifs agenda (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     International

a)     Pakistan – US relations

b)     Pak – US civil nuclear deal

c)     Indo – US civil nuclear deal

d)    Indo-US 123 Agreement

a)    Ahead of Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharifs three-day tour of US, both countries ruled out a nuclear deal between them, but Pakistan went a step further to emphasise that they were not even discussing any such deal.

b)     The idea of a US-Pakistan civil nuclear deal (which will allow Pakistan access to civilian nuclear technology and material in a regulated manner in exchange for more transparency and restriction in its nuclear programme) has been around for a while.

c)     A recent newspaper article said such a deal was under discussion, drawing strong opposition from India, which reminded the US of Pakistans bad non-proliferation record.

d)     Incidentally, in 2008, the then External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee had welcomed such a deal. After the conclusion of the Indo-US 123 Agreement, he had told that in respect of civil nuclear cooperation between Pak and US, we would like to encourage civil nuclear cooperation (its full use of nuclear energy) as we believe every country has its right to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.

e)     While Pakistan has always sought a deal similar to the Indo-US civil nuclear deal, recent reports that the Obama administration is negotiating a restriction on its nuclear programme has caused a domestic reaction, forcing the govt to harden its posturing.  

5.

Protect Tibet from global warming (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Tibetan plateau

b)     Global warming

c)     Climate change

d)     Paris Climate Summit 2015

a)     The Dalai Lama urged the world to protect Tibet from global warming, saying his Himalayan homeland was crucial to the health of world.

b)     He called on the younger generation to play a more active role in fighting climate change as he launched a campaign by the Tibetan leadership ahead of crunch talks beginning in Paris next month.

c)     Tibet (the worlds largest and highest plateau) is often called the third pole because it stores more freshwater in the form of glaciers than any region on Earth, except the North and South poles.

d)     The region is warming at twice the global average, leading to accelerated melting of tens of thousands of glaciers that feed 7 major rivers flowing through India, Bangladesh, China and Southeast Asia.

6.

Liberals script stunning win (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Canadas internal issues

b)     Liberal Party

c)     Conservative Party

a)     The nine-year reign of Canadas PM Stephen Harper and his Conservative Party came to a sudden and stunning end at the hands of Justin Trudeau, the young leader of the Liberal Party.

b)     Justine Trudeau will become Canadassecond-youngest PM and the first to follow a parent into office.

c)     While the Liberal Party had emerged on top in several polls over the past week, its lead was short of conclusive. Trudeau was an untested figure. However, there was no ambiguity in the results.

7.

Pomp and protests greet Chinas Xi Jinping in UK (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     China – UK relations

b)     Trade ties

 

a)     Chinas President Xi Jinping rode in a gilded carriage to Buckingham Palace with Queen Elizabeth II past protesters at the start of a visit to Britain expected to focus on massive business deals.

b)     PM David Camerons office said the visit will secure trade and investment deals worth more than 30 billion and lead to the creation of more than 3900 jobs.

c)     The most keenly awaited deal is an agreement for a new nuclear power plant in Britain.

8.

Resume the engagement (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Israel – Palestine conflict

b)     Palestinian issue

c)     Gaza conflict

a)     The latest escalation of violence in East Jerusalem and parts of the West Bank has led to the question whether a third intifada is on the way.

b)While the eruption of violence between Israelis and Palestinians is in itself not new, its pattern, and the increasing support among Palestinians for armed resistance against Israeli occupation, build into a familiar cycle.

c)     Israels response has expectedly been lethal. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says there wont be any peace talks until terror is stopped. He has deployed troops in East Jerusalem and the West Bank.

d)While it is clear that violence will hardly help Palestinians take their cause of statehood forward, most of the youth taking up weapons are frustrated by the deteriorating situation in the occupied territories. There are no peace negotiations currently on.

e)     Jewish settlements in the West Bank are only expanding. The blockade of Gaza is continuing, practically isolating the strip. President Abbass bid to get UN recognition for the Palestine state has failed.

f) Anyone following the Israeli-Palestinian conflict would understand that a single spark could cause a conflagration. The latest cycle of violence could well be one such turning point. Both sides (aided by the international community) should act immediately to prevent any further escalation. The best way to do so is to re-engage in serious negotiations to find a way forward.

g)     Talks should be supplemented by meaningful and earnest moves by Israel to respect the fundamental rights of Palestinians in the occupied territories, and simultaneous efforts by the Palestinian leadership to resolve their own differences and make a united and peaceful bid for statehood.

9.

Open to new norms for collegium, says CJI (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)    National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC)

b)     99th Constitutional Amendment

c)     Collegium system

d)     CJI

e)     Supreme Court

a)Faced with the historic admission from his own court that the collegium system of judicial appointments was flawed, CJI H.L. Dattusaid that the judiciary was open to consider guidelines that may be framed by a Constitution Bench to improve the system.

b)     The Justice J. S. Khehar-led Constitution Bench (which struck down the NJAC as unconstitutional) pushed for reforms to the collegium system followed in the past 21 years. Speaking for the Bench, he has now scheduled a hearing for November 3, inviting leaders of the Bar and the govt to suggest ways to improve the system.

c)     Asked whether the govtsrecent approval of collegiums recommendation to extend the term of 24 additional High Court judges was a signal that both could work together and leave the NJAC judgment behind, the CJI Dattusaid there was no confrontation to start with. These are only statements made in some quarters. Both the govt and the judiciaryare doing the best for the people.

10.

Give attention to agriculture (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)    Poverty

b)    Agriculture

a)    M.S. Swaminathan said that PMModis statements on poverty eradication and agriculture sector indicate good intentions but they have not been translated into action on the ground yet.

b)     On the immediate moves that the govt must make, he said more attention must be paid to agriculture and more autonomy must be given to science. He said a unified national agriculture market would also go a long way in tackling the hunger challenge in India.

c)     He said ensuring assured income for farmers is the most effective incentive and crucial tool in sustaining and managing agriculture output. Scientific community must take up the responsibility of more political and public education in order to prompt better public policies.

11.

Gap widening betweenrural and urban India (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)     Inflation

b)     Rural inflation

c)     Urban inflation

d)     Core inflation

a)    Data analysed by HSBC Global Research showthat while inflation has been slowing both in rural and urban areas of the country, there is a widening difference between the two as rural inflation is decelerating at a much slower pace.The resultantgap between rural and urban inflation has more than doubled over the last one year.

b)     According to the analysis, urban inflation momentum has slowed to 4.5 percent, which is lower than the RBIs target level of 6 percent. However, the trend in price gains in rural India is running at 6.5 percent.

c)   HSBC noted that the excess inflation in rural India is arising from food, fuel, transportation as well as from core inflation. The difference between rural and urban inflation is most stark for fuel and transportation, followed by core and to a lesser extent food.

d)Its analysis of the rural-urban output shows that a steeper decline in the potential growth of rural India is likely driving the excess core inflation.

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