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Daily News Analysis 25-10-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Do not expect much from Pak on LeT promise (Page 16)

a)     I.R

a)     South Asia watchers in the UScapital acknowledge that Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharifs commitment to take action against the Lashkar-e-Taiba is technically a new one, but warn that it may be too early to celebrate.

2.

China may supply 1000 MT of fuel to Nepal (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Amid a blockade of trade points between India and Nepal by agitating Madhesi parties, China is mulling providing 1000 metric tonnes of fuel to help the landlocked country tide over an acute shortage of petroleum products during the festival season.

3.

Sri Lankan leaders for closer ties with UN (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     The troubled relationship the pervious Rajapaksagovt had had with the UN came to the fore at an event to mark the 70th anniversary of the foundation of the UN and completion of 60 years of Sri Lankas membership.

4.

Russia urges elections in Syria (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Russian Foreign Minister said the Kremlin wanted Syria to prepare for parliamentary and presidential election, as Moscow intensified its drive to convert its increased clout with Damascus into a political settlement.

5.

Seven decades of the United Nations (Page 16)

a)     International

a)    In October 24 1945, Victors of World War II (China, France, UK, USSR and US) ratified United Nations Charter, creating UN Security Council.

6.

Supreme Court takes up cause of Muslim women (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Thirty years after the Supreme Court urged the govt to frame a uniform civil code to help in the cause of national integration in the Shah Bano case, a two-judge Bench of the court has suomotu ordered registration of a public interest litigation petition and asked the Chief Justice to set up a Special Bench to consider gender discrimination suffered by Muslim women.

7.

Women will soon pilot fighter aircraft of IAF (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

a)    The govt announced that the first batch of women fighter pilots will be serving the Indian Air Force by June 2017, dramatically altering the male-dominated combat frontiers of the countrys military.

8.

Buddhism on the ascendant (Page 10)

a)     National

a)    Driven by conviction, scores in Telangana have started walking along the eight-fold path or AshtangaMarg to pursue the Buddhist way of life.

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Do not expect much from Pak on LeT promise (Page 16)

a)     I.R

a)     US – Pakistan relations

b)     India – Pakistan relations

c)     Terrorism

d)     Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)

a)     South Asia watchers in the UScapital acknowledge that Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharifs commitment to take action against the LeT is technically a new one, but warn that it may be too early to celebrate.

b)   They point out that Pakistan has made commitments on similar issues earlier too but what matters is the extent of its willingness and ability to make good on its commitment. They found it interesting that Sharif has acknowledged for first time in a joint statement Pakistans obligations to target LeT.

c)     The joint statements reference on the importance of regional balance and stability in South Asia, coming as it does in the wake of Pakistans complaint that US-India proximity was tilting strategic balance in the region is curious.

d)     While the US has categorically stated it does not intend to interfere in India-Pak relations unless asked by both countries, its anxiety about the stalled bilateral dialogue is apparent in joint statement that called for sustained dialogue.

2.

China may supply 1000 MT of fuel to Nepal (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     China – Nepal relations

b)     Economic blockade between India and Nepal

c)     Nepals new Constitution

d)     Madhesis concerns

 

a)     Amid a blockade of trade points between India and Nepal by agitating Madhesi parties, China is mulling providing 1000 metric tonnes of fuel to help the landlocked country tide over an acute shortage of petroleum products during the festival season.

b)     Nepals new govt has mobilised various agencies to bring fuel and cooking gas from China in the wake of shortage of essential goods during festivals due to the Madhesi-led agitation in the southern plains.

3.

Sri Lankan leaders for closer ties with UN (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas internal issues

b)     Sri Lankas human rights issue

c)     UNHRC

a)     The troubled relationship the pervious Rajapaksagovt had had with the UN came to the fore at an event to mark the 70th anniversary of the foundation of the UN and completion of 60 years of Sri Lankas membership.

b)   PMRanilWickremesinghe felt that ignorance on the part of a section of politicians and officials of the previous regime put the country on the path of collision with the UN and international community.

c)     He expressed the hope that there would not be any clash with the UN in the future while Sirisena praised UN for its role in addressing social, economic, humanitarian and cultural challenges of the country.

4.

Russia urges elections in Syria (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Syria crisis

b)     Islamic State (IS)

a)     Russian Foreign Minister said the Kremlin wanted Syria to prepare for parliamentary and presidential election, as Moscow intensified its drive to convert its increased clout with Damascus into a political settlement.

b)     US Secretary of State John Kerry said he expected new talks on Syria to begin as soon as next week, and did not rule out the participation of Iran, something Moscow has pushed for.

c)     Russian Foreign Minister said he wanted Egypt, Jordan, Qatar and UAE to be included as well as Iran, and spoke of the need for the European Union to start to play a bigger role too.

5.

Seven decades of the United Nations (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     United Nations Charter

b)     UN General Assembly

c)     UNSC

d)     UN Secretary-General

e)     UNHCR

f)     Montreal Protocol

g)     Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty

h)     International Criminal Court

 

a)    In Oct 24 1945, Victors of World War II (China, France, UK, USSR and US) ratified United Nations Charter, creating UNSC. In Jan 1946, first UN General Assembly takes place in London, UK.

b)  In Dec 1948, under guidance of Eleanor Roosevelt, General Assembly adopts Universal Declaration of Human Rights.In Oct 1954, UNHCR wins Nobel Peace Prize for its work with post-war refugees in Europe.

c)     In Nov 1956 – June 1967, first UN peacekeeping force established to secure withdrawal of foreign troops from Egypt after Suez crisis.

d)     In Nov 1967, following Israels Six-Day War against Egypt, Jordan and Syria, Security Councils Resolution 242 calls for withdrawal of Israel from occupied land.

e)     In Sept 1987, signing of Montreal Protocol leads to start of recovery of Antarctic ozone hole – UNs most successful treaty.

f)     In Sept 1996, UN adopts Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty.In July 2002, International Criminal Court is established followed Rome Statue.

g)     In Nov 2012, General Assembly accords non-Member Observer State status to the State of Palestine.

6.

Supreme Court takes up cause of Muslim women (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Uniform Civil Code (UCC)

b)     Gender discrimination

c)     Articles 14, 15 and 21 of the Constitution

d)     Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act 1986

e)     Public Interest Litigation (PIL)

f)     Supreme Court

a)     Thirty years after the Supreme Court urged the govt to frame a UCC to help in the cause of national integration in the Shah Bano case, a two-judge Bench of the court has suomotu ordered registration of a PIL petition and asked the Chief Justice to set up a Special Bench to consider gender discrimination suffered by Muslim womendue to arbitrary divorce and second marriage of their husbands during the currency of their first marriage.

b) Justices Anil R. Dave and Adarsh Kumar Goel issued notice to the Attorney-General and the National Legal Services Authority of India to reply whether gender discrimination suffered by Muslim women should not be considered a violation of the fundamental rights under Articles 14, 15 and 21 of the Constitution and international covenants.

c)     The Oct 16 verdict refers to dozens of its judgments since the 1990s to record the courts growing realisation that gender discrimination violated the constitutional rights of women.

d) Even in the 1985 Shah Bano case, the court had only reminded the govt of the lack of evidence of any official activity for framing a common civil code for the country. It had said a common civil code will help in cause of national integration by removing disparate loyalties to laws which have conflicting ideologies.

e)     Justice Goel wrote that the decision to consider the rights of Muslim women came up during discussions with lawyers on gender discrimination at the hearing of a batch of civil appeals on the issue of a daughters right to equal shares in ancestral property under the Hindu succession law.

f)     In the Latifi case, the court attempted to uphold the constitutional validity of the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act 1986, by extending the right of a Muslim woman to get maintenance till she re-marries. This Act had diluted the Shah Bano judgment and reduced the period of maintenance to the completion of iddat.

7.

Women will soon pilot fighter aircraft of IAF (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

a)     Indian Air Force (IAF)

b)     Gender inequality

 

a)    The govt announced that the first batch of women fighter pilots will be serving the Indian Air Force by June 2017, dramatically altering the male-dominated combat frontiers of the countrys military.

b)     The induction of women into the fighter stream would be the first formal entry of women into combat role with any arm of the military.

c)     Ministry said it had taken up a comprehensive review relating to induction of women in the armed forces, both in short-service commission and permanent commission and once finalised more and more branches would be opened up for induction of women to give them space which they deserve in armed forces of the country.

d)     Historically, the armed forces employed women only as doctors or nurses, and started allowing them to serve as short service commission officers in the 1990s.

e)Several countries allow women into combat duties, including as fighter pilots. Pakistan, the UAE, Israel, the UK, Canada, Germany and the US already allow women into combat roles.

8.

Buddhism on the ascendant (Page 10)

a)     National

a)     Buddhism

a)    Driven by conviction, scores in Telangana have started walking along the eight-fold path or AshtangaMarg to pursue the Buddhist way of life.

b)     The path which stresses on pursuit of the right view, intension, speech, conduct, livelihood, effort, mindfulness and concentration, has found a record number of 750 followers distributed across the 20 Buddha Viharas in Hyderabad, only the previous year.

c)     A sizeable population of those adopting Buddhism in TelanganaareAmbedkarites who follow the ideology, life and teaching of B.R Ambedkar.

d)  Apart from Telugu-speaking population, those following the religion in Telangana include settlers from Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

e)     As per population census, the number of Buddhists in both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana has grown from 32,037 in 2001 to 36,692 in 2011.

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