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Daily News Analysis 01-11-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Sudan President lauds India for defying ICC warrant against him (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)    Lauding India for standing by Sudan in defying the International Criminal Courts warrant against him, Sudans President Omar Al-Bashir said that we managed to expel all western companies involved in oil extraction and replaced them with Chinese and Indian companies.

2.

Africa makes outreach beyond China (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)    The economic diplomacy of India is sending the indication that like India, which has reached out to engage Africa in a robust manner, Africa too is unafraid of antagonising China as it explores Indias seriousness on reaching out to Africa.

3.

Pakistan to attend disaster management drill in India (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)    Ministry of Home Affairs is all set to welcome a 10-member delegation from Pakistan to attend a simulation exercise on disaster management in India.

4.

US backed Syrian alliance takes on IS (Page 14)

a)     International

a)    A coalition of US-backed Kurdish militia and rebel groups has launched its first operation against territory controlled by the IS jihadist group in northeast Syria.

5.

Multiplicity is Indias power, says Pranab (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Relentless in his espousal of tolerance and understanding, President Pranab Mukherjee has said multiplicity is Indias collective strength which must be preserved at all costs.

6.

End vigilante acts, says Rajan (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     A day after Moodys Analytics asked PM Modi to rein in his party members or risk losing global credibility, RBI Governor RaghuramRajan called for an end to vigilante acts to enforce bans, saying they would stifle economic progress.

7.

India eyes bankruptcy reform to ease decades of gridlock (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     A group of government-appointed advisors has recommended sweeping changes to Indias outdated and overburdened bankruptcy system, aiming to modernise a process that takes several years and costs investors and taxpayers billions.

8.

AnSI study says Shompen women outnumber men (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)    The Anthropological Survey of India has come up with the first authentic demographic database of the Shompen tribe - one of the least known particularly vulnerable tribal groups in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Sudan President lauds India for defying ICC warrant against him (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India-Africa Forum Summit

b)     India – Sudan relations

c)     Darfur conflict

d)     International Criminal Court (ICC)

e)     Amnesty International

f)     Human Rights Watch

g)     UNSC

a)    Lauding India for standing by Sudan in defying the ICCs warrant against him, Sudans President Omar Al-Bashir said that we managed to expel all western companies involved in oil extraction and replaced them with Chinese and Indian companies. This is why West is targeting us through the ICC.

b)     In a statement earlier this month, the ICC Prosecutor called on India to cooperate fully with ICC warrants against Bashir issued in 2009 and 2010 for war crimes in the Darfur conflict.

c)     Rejecting the ICC statement and calls by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch on the issue, India had explained that it was not a signatory to the Rome Statute that created the ICC.

d)     India is the second biggest exporter to Sudan, accounting for 11 percent of Sudans imports, behind China which accounts for 31 percent.

e)     Speaking of the vast potential in commercial ties between both countries, Bashir told that he had told PM Modi that India should invest in big projects in Sudan.

f)     Bashir spoke of Indias and Africas call for the UN reforms and the Security Council restructuring at the summit, which he termed a success that will represent a big leap in India-Africa ties.

g)     On the other contentious issue of pharma pricing, Bashir said Africa counted on India to help keep the prices of much-needed generic drugs low.  

2.

Africa makes outreach beyond China (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India-Africa Forum Summit  

 

a)     The India-Africa Forum Summit ended with a globally relevant declaration. But following the summit, an obvious question has emerged over the larger message that the summit sent out.

b)     Though India and African countries meet often in international platforms, IAFS 2015 will remain unique because it was the first time that India appeared before Africa speaking the language of pure economic development and finance capital, in a departure from the ideology-dominant days of Jawaharlal Nehru in the 1950s.

c)     The economic diplomacy of India is sending the indication that like India, which has reached out to engage Africa in a robust manner, Africa too is unafraid of antagonising China as it explores Indias seriousness on reaching out to Africa.

d)     However, a casualty of pure economic diplomacy has been ideological commitment to democracy and freedom that India refused to project into Africa during the summit.

3.

Pakistan to attend disaster management drill in India (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     South Asian Annual Disaster Management Exercise (SAADMEx)

c)     SAARC

d)     National Disaster Response Force

a)    Ministry of Home Affairs is all set to welcome a 10-member delegation from Pakistan to attend a simulation exercise on disaster management in India.

b)     After the cancellation of National Security Adviser-level talks in August this year, this is the second big event involving Pakistan, the first being the Director-General-level talks between the BSF and the Pakistan Rangers in September.

c)     Post-Nepal earthquake, India took the lead to begin the process of Simulation Exercises on Disaster Management in the region, coined as SAADMEx. India requested the participation of all SAARC countries for augmenting current levels of individual and joint preparedness for rescue, relief and response efforts during disaster situations. The exercise will be held from Nov 23-26.

d)     Besides Pakistan, other SAARC members Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Maldives and Bhutan have confirmed their attendance. The National Disaster Response Force is the nodal agency for the exercise.

e)     The main focus of SAADMEx - 2015 will be to test inter-governmental coordination efforts, create synergy and synchronise efforts to institutionalise regional cooperation on disaster response among the member-countries.

4.

US backed Syrian alliance takes on IS (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Syrian crisis

b)     Islamic State (IS)

c)     Kurdish forces

a)    A coalition of US-backed Kurdish militia and rebel groups has launched its first operation against territory controlled by the IS jihadist group in northeast Syria.

b)     The Syrian Democratic Forces were formed in mid-October as an alliance between the powerful Kurdish Peoples Protection Units and other Syrian rebel groups.

5.

Multiplicity is Indias power, says Pranab (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Multiplicity

b)     Tolerance

c)     National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) Act

d)     Judicial activism

e)     Judicial independence 

a)     Relentless in his espousal of tolerance and understanding, President Pranab Mukherjee has said multiplicity is Indias collective strength which must be preserved at all costs. His remarks coincide with protests from writers and scientists demanding that the Modi govt take seriously the threats to the countrys secular fabric.

b)   He said that India thrived owing to its power of assimilation and tolerance. Our pluralistic character has stood the test of time. Our ancient civilisation has over the centuries accommodated our diversities.

c)     The President suggested that the judiciary help maintain social order by swiftly and effectively dealing with those on the wrong side of the law. As an upholder of the rule of law and enforcer of the right to liberty, the judiciary has a sacrosanct role.

d)     Close on the heels of the Supreme Court striking down the NJAC Act, he said no one could meddle in the process of appointment of judges to the Supreme Court and High Courts. He called for adopting the highest standards of probity in the process for appointments.

e)     He said an affordable judicial system was a must for a country having many citizens at the bottom of the socio-economic pyramid. Quick delivery of justice is the third in the trinity of an effective judicial system, the other two being accessibility and affordability.

f)     While appreciating the judiciary for enlarging the scope of justice, he stressed that judicial activism should not lead to the dilution of separation of powers.

6.

End vigilante acts, says Rajan (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Vigilante acts

a)     A day after Moodys Analytics asked PM Modi to rein in his party members or risk losing global credibility, RBI Governor RaghuramRajan called for an end to vigilante acts to enforce bans, saying they would stifle economic progress.

7.

India eyes bankruptcy reform to ease decades of gridlock (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     Bankruptcy system

b)     Ease of Doing Business

a)     A group of govt-appointed advisors has recommended sweeping changes to Indias outdated and overburdened bankruptcy system, aiming to modernise a process that takes several years and costs investors and taxpayers billions.

b)     The changes would be the most ambitious overhaul to date of rules governing the liquidation or revival of companies in India, a country with no single bankruptcy code and where competing laws, unclear jurisdictions and inadequate resources can leave cases languishing for decades.

c)     India ranks 130 out of 189 in the World Banks Ease of Doing Business report (below Lesotho and Cameroon) not least because of its poor performance in resolving insolvency.

8.

AnSI study says Shompen women outnumber men (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Shompen tribe

b)     Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

c)     Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI) 

 

a)    The Anthropological Survey of India has come up with the first authentic demographic database of the Shompen tribe - one of the least known particularly vulnerable tribal groups in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

b)    One of the most significant findings is that contrary to the earlier belief that Shompens are a homogeneous tribe, the study revealed that the group is heterogeneous with even differences in their dialect (the spoken language is known as Shompenese).

c)     During the study, the researchers came across 78 members of the tribe. Anthropologists say the Shompen population could be between 200 and 300. 

d)     The researchers found that Pandanus (a tropical plant found in the islands), whose fruits resemble the woody pineapple, is the staple food of the Shompens. Hunting of wild pigs, monkeys, monitor lizards and sometimes pythons are common among the tribe.

e)     Different groups of Shompens have developed different levels of symbiotic relationship - particularly a barter system with the Great Nicobarese who are coastal dwellers and categorised as a Scheduled Tribe and others who have settled on the island.

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