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Daily News Analysis 08-11-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

China, India cooperation a necessity (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     Vice-President Li Yuanchao of China focussed on the achievements of India-China cooperation (especially in the South Asian region) to mark his visit to India.

2.

China, Taiwan hold historic talks (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Taiwan and China have identified a broad agenda of engagement (including talks to narrow down differences over a one-China formulation, easing security tensions and collaboration in Beijing-led connectivity projects, following historic talks after a gap of 66 years) between Chinese President Xi and his Taiwanese counterpart.

3.

US will continue to fly, sail anywhere law permits: Carter (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     As it voiced concern over Beijings activities in the disputed South China Sea, the US has said that China is a growing military power but countries like India and Japan are also following through in the region by increasing their defence rollout.

4.

Nepal to import fuel from Bangladesh (P 16)

a)     International

a)     Nepal has struck a deal with a private supplier to fly in fuel from Bangladesh to ease crippling shortages that have sparked fears of domestic flights being grounded.

5.

Emergency for ensuring security (Page 15)

a)     International

a)     The Maldives govt has dismissed criticisms over the declaration of emergency, saying the decision was taken to deal with extraordinary security challenges that emerged after a blast on the presidential boat on Sept 28.

6.

WHO declares Sierra Leone Ebola-free (Pg16)

a)     International

a)     The World Health Organisation declared that Sierra Leones deadly Ebola outbreak is over, prompting jubilant celebrations as thousands massed in the capital Freetown.

7.

Swachh Bharat cess wont burden citizens: Nirmala Sitharaman (P 17)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Union Commerce Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that the levy of the Swachh Bharat cess would neither burden citizens nor add to their inflationary woes.

8.

Efforts to roll out GST from next fiscal: Sinha (Page 18)

a)     Economy

a)     Union Minister Jayant Sinha expressed hope that Goods and Services Tax will be rolled out from next fiscal even as he held Congress Vice President Rahul Gandhi responsible for creating impediments in the implementation of the taxation reform.

9.

Army successfully test-fires BrahMos supersonic missile (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     The Army successfully test-fired the land attack variant of the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile at the Pokhran test range in Rajasthan.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

China, India cooperation a necessity (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) Economic Corridor

c)     Chinas Belt and Road Initiative

a)     Vice-President Li Yuanchao of China focussed on the achievements of India-China cooperation (especially in the South Asian region) to mark his visit to India.

b)     While welcoming Indias participation in Chinese projects like the Belt and Road Initiative, Li said that China and India have proposed and promoted the development of the BCIM Corridor.

c)     Earlier, Li (during his meeting with Vice President Ansari) sealed two agreements on sharing of hydrological data of the Satluj river and on an exhibition of Indian ancient culture in China to be held next year. He hailed the dynamic leaderships of China and India and said the combined GDP of $12 trillion made China and India cooperation a necessity.

2.

China, Taiwan hold historic talks (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     China – Taiwan relations

b)     One-China concept

c)     Chinas Belt and Road initiative

d)     South China Sea

 

a)     Taiwan and China have identified a broad agenda of engagement (including talks to narrow down differences over a one-China formulation, easing security tensions and collaboration in Beijing-led connectivity projects, following historic talks after a gap of 66 years) between Chinese President Xi and his Taiwanese counterpart Ma Ying-jeou.

b)     Analysts point out that both leaders have a tough task ahead of bridging their gap on their perception of a one-China concept that the two neighbours had flagged in 1992 when they had agreed that there was only one China, but acknowledged their differences on its interpretation. In his remarks, President Ma noted that China and Taiwan needed to make progress in consolidating the consensus reached in 1992.

c)     The talks also covered major issues, including concerns about deployment of Chinese missiles facing Taiwan, and the possible benefits that Taiwan could avail from the mainlands Belt and Road connectivity initiative.

d)    Chinas President Xi waded into the controversy regarding unimpeded access to the sea lanes of South China Sea, by pointing out that Beijing was committed to ensuring freedom of navigation in these waters.

3.

US will continue to fly, sail anywhere law permits: Carter (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     US – China relations

b)     South China Sea dispute

c)     US Pivot to Asia

a)     As it voiced concern over Beijings activities in the disputed South China Sea, the US has said that China is a growing military power but countries like India and Japan are also following through in the region by increasing their defence rollout.

b)     As the US and China engaged in a standoff last week over an American guided missile destroyer in Chinese-claimed waters in the South China Sea, he said there was no question that the US had some points of contention with China and objections to things they were doing.

c)     The US move to send USS Lassen to the South China Sea brought angry denunciations from China, which said its sovereignty had been violated and warned America not to take dangerous actions.

4.

Nepal to import fuel from Bangladesh (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Nepals internal issues

b)     India – Nepal economic blockade

c)     Nepals new Constitution

d)     Madhesis concerns

a)     Nepal has struck a deal with a private supplier to fly in fuel from Bangladesh to ease crippling shortages that have sparked fears of domestic flights being grounded.

b)     The agreement comes after Nepal signed its first-ever petroleum supply agreement with China last week, ending a decades-long monopoly by India.

c)     Nepal has faced crippling fuel shortages since Sept 24, when demonstrators from the Madhesi ethnic minority kicked off a blockade in southern town of Birganj. They are protesting against the new Constitution which they say will leave them politically marginalised.

5.

Emergency for ensuring security (Page 15)

a)     International

a)     Maldives internal issues

b)     Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP)

c)     Amnesty International

a)     The Maldives govt has dismissed criticisms over the declaration of emergency, saying the decision was taken to deal with extraordinary security challenges that emerged after a blast on the presidential boat on Sept 28.

b)     The declaration of emergency is latest in a series of steps the administration has taken recently to bolster President Abdulla Yameens authority amid political challenges. After the September blast, Defence Minister Moosa Ali Jaleel was sacked. Vice-President Ahmed Adeeb was arrested in connection with the blast and then impeached.

c)     Declaration of emergency has also been widely criticised by the domestic opposition as well as international rights groups such as Amnesty. The MDP (the main Opposition) has termed the emergency a desperate attempt by a President (who is losing his grip) to cling onto power.

d)     Foreign Minister Dunya Maumoon said that multi-party democracy was the only way forward for the Maldives. The govt, and our nation, are fully and absolutely committed to multi-party democracy.

6.

WHO declares Sierra Leone Ebola-free (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Ebola

b)     World Health Organisation (WHO)

a)     The WHO declared that Sierra Leones deadly Ebola outbreak is over, prompting jubilant celebrations as thousands massed in the capital Freetown.

b)     Ebola killed almost 4000 citizens and plunged the economy into severe recession.

7.

Swachh Bharat cess wont burden citizens: Nirmala Sitharaman (Page 17)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Swachh Bharat Campaign

b)     Swachh Bharat cess

c)     Inflation

 

 

a)     Union Commerce Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that the levy of the Swachh Bharat cess would neither burden citizens nor add to their inflationary woes. She said the 0.5 percent levy should be delinked from the other duties and seen in the correct context in which it was imposed.

b)     She said that India is in a mission mode with the Swachh Bharat campaign, on which not only the Prime Minister but also the citizens have put in a lot of efforts.

c)     She said inflation has been under control for quite some months now, even leading to the decision to levy the Swachh Bharat cess.

8.

Efforts to roll out GST from next fiscal: Sinha (Page 18)

a)     Economy

a)     Goods and Services Tax (GST)

a)     Union Minister Jayant Sinha expressed hope that GST will be rolled out from next fiscal even as he held Congress Vice President Rahul Gandhi responsible for creating impediments in implementation of the taxation reform.

b)     Regretting at low tax payment, the Minister said the Modi-led government at the Centre (which has a mandate to provide corruption free and transparent regime) had toughened laws to prevent tax evasion and curb black money.

9.

Army successfully test-fires BrahMos supersonic missile (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     BrahMos

a)     The Army successfully test-fired the land attack variant of the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile at the Pokhran test range in Rajasthan.

b)     BrahMos (a joint effort between India and Russia) is the only supersonic cruise missile in the world capable of flying at 2.8 times the speed of sound and can be launched from land, sea and air.

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