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Daily News Analysis 10-11-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

PMs visit to Turkey may not end political differences (Pg13)

a)     I.R

a)    PM Modis visit to Antalya for the G20 summit (Nov 15-16) will focus on multilateral diplomacy, but the visit will also mark the beginning of his personal diplomacy with Turkey.

2.

India-Africa summit: beyond the event (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     For most African countries, India does not represent just a trading partner but a country with similar challenges of poverty and disease that it has overcome through low-cost innovations.

3.

Pakistan will accept Vajpayee formula on J&K, says Farooq (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     I.R

b)     National

a)     J&Ks former CM Farooq Abdullah said that PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee (on his trip to Lahore in 1999) had offered Pakistan a solution to the long-standing Kashmir dispute - that Pakistan should extend its sovereignty over PoK and let the Indians do the same on their side.

4.

Pakistan invites India for key Afghan meet (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Pakistan has invited External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj for a crucial regional conference on Afghanistan, a move that could provide an opportunity for the two neighbours to mend their frosty ties.

5.

Suu Kyis party on course for landslide (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Myanmars ruling party conceded defeat in a general election as the Opposition led by democracy figurehead Aung San Suu Kyi appeared on course for a landslide victory that could ensure it forms the next government.

6.

Magnificent election in Myanmar (Page 10)

a)     International

a)    With counting in progress and Aung San Suu Kyis National League for Democracy inching towards a likely landslide victory, Myanmar is indeed poised for great change at many levels, each of which must be rejoiced.

7.

Sun Yat-sen commemoration to cement China-Taiwan ties (P 14)

a)     International

a)   China has decided to host a string of events next year to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Sun Yat-sen - a major move to help bridge cross-strait ties with Taiwan.

8.

Institutions should not be resistant to change: Modi (Page 13)

a)     National

a)     In an obvious reference to Supreme Court judgment scrapping the NJAC law to restore the collegiums system of judicial appointments, PM Modi spoke against institutions taking a rigid attitude to change.

9.

NSCN factions making inroads in Arunachal (Pg 13)

a)     National

a)     The framework peace agreement signed by the NDA govt with the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isaak-Muivah) has returned to haunt the govt.

10.

Controversial Manipur Bills sent for Presidential assent (Page 13)

a)     National

a)     The acting Governor of Manipur has forwarded three Bills (the passage of which led to a month-long protest) to the President for his assent.

11.

Courting the peoples views (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     The Supreme Court has gone as far as invalidating an attempt to provide a legislated alternative to its own collegium system of judicial appointments.

12.

Agni-IV successfully test-fired (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Indias strategic missile Agni-IV (which has a strike range of 4000 km) was successfully test-fired from the Wheeler Island, off the Odisha coast on Nov 9.

13.

Jumbos skip waterholes in Karnataka sanctuaries (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)    With the elephant population relatively stable and reaching saturation point in many reserves, the focus had shifted to habitat management - that is, creation of water and food sources within National Parks to prevent elephants from venturing to the veritable buffet of cultivated crops that lie in the plains outside.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

PMs visit to Turkey may not end political differences (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Turkey relations

b)     G-20 summit

c)     Make in India project

d)     Skill India project

e)     Smart City project

a)    PM Modis visit to Antalya for the G20 summit (Nov 15-16) will focus on multilateral diplomacy, but the visit will also mark the beginning of his personal diplomacy with Turkey.

b)   PMs engage Turkey process will be based on schemes such as Make in India, Skill India and Smart City projects and Turkey does not want to miss any opportunity in the present Indian economic scenario.

c)     Turkeys official said his countrys immediate focus is on increasing aviation connectivity with India. We are hopeful the aviation agreement for allowing flights to these cities will be signed during the visit of Modi.

d)     Defence ties with Turkey are a major source of support for Pakistan and will cast a shadow on Turkeys engagement with India.

e)     The other major area of concern is Turkeys presence in Afghanistan. Official said Turkey-Afghanistan ties are independent of the other international peacekeeping strategies in Afghanistan.

f)     Experts have been pointing out that inherent political differences have forced India to keep Turkey from opening its long expected cultural centre in New Delhi. The G-20 summit will provide a platform to Modi to probe Turkey. But Turkeys interest is clearly in the Indian market and not Indias foreign concerns.

2.

India-Africa summit: beyond the event (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Africa summit

b)     African Union (AU)

c)     New Africa Partnership for Africas Development (NEPAD)

d)     Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR)

e)     UNSC

 

a)     According to the author, much has been made of the fact that a record 41 of 54 leaders of African Union came together in Delhi for India-Africa summit, compared with previous participation of just 15 leaders or less in 2008 and 2011.

b)     Previously, it followed what was called the Banjul formula, that the AU would be represented by 15 leaders chosen from the 5 founders of the New Africa Partnership for Africas Development - South Africa, Nigeria, Algeria, Egypt and Senegal, eight Regional Economic Coordinators, the current and incoming AU Chairperson, and the AU Commission Chair.

c)    As a result, there was some consternation when India, under PM Modi, now wanted to invite all 54 African Heads of State or Heads of Government, even though this was by far a more democratic format, followed by China and US Officials from Nigeria and South Africa in particular, two countries which together account for nearly half of India-Africa trade, wondered if they were being equated with countries which have no relations with India at all.

d)     The attendance of all led to an additional problem, as the dispute between the AU and Morocco over Western Sahara state called Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic erupted. Morocco claims the SADR, while the AU recognises it as a full state, which led Morocco to walk out of the AU in 1984. India recognised the SADR in 1985, but then withdrew recognition in 2000.

e)     The other disappointment was on the language in the IAFS declaration on a Security Council seat, which mirrored the ambiguous language used by countries like China. It read that Africa takes note of Indias position and its aspirations to become a permanent member with full rights in an expanded UNSC. Given that both PM Modi and External Affairs Minister Sushma publicly pitched for support to Indias case at the summit, this would have been a blow indeed, but one that can be fixed at a more bilateral level.

f)     On other issues, the declaration has much to commend it. Official comments and headlines sought to portray this as a donor conference, more about Indias announcements of $10 billion fund, 50,000 scholarships and infrastructure projects than about shared projects.

g)     In truth, each of Indias Line-of-Credit projects benefit India as much as they do Africa, giving a toehold in a continent where China and US already have a greater presence.

h)     For most countries there, India does not represent just a white knight or trading partner; it represents a country with similar problems, tropical climate, and challenges of poverty and disease, but has overcome many of these challenges through low-cost innovations. As a result, Indias rural healthcare, water conservation techniques, scientific expertise, educational facilities and programmes for women mean much more than the amount of aid would.

i)     In the IAFS declaration, the clauses on cooperation on food security, solar power technology, satellite weather research and the blue, or maritime, economy will probably go the longest way on India-Africa partnership. India and Africa are a country and a whole continent, and cant really be compared as equals.

j)     Going forward, it is still important to unite against new attempts at exploitation, so they are not bullied into adopting unsustainable standards on issues like poverty alleviation or patents for generic drugs that India produces for Africa. It is this futuristic course that draws closer the ties between the African continent and the Indian subcontinent.

3.

Pakistan will accept Vajpayee formula on J&K, says Farooq (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     I.R

b)     National

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Kashmir dispute

c)     Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK)

d)     Agra Summit 2001

a)     J&Ks former CM Farooq Abdullah said that PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee (on his trip to Lahore in 1999) had offered Pakistan a solution to the long-standing Kashmir dispute - that Pakistan should extend its sovereignty over PoK and let the Indians do the same on their side.

b)     In an interview, Abdullah said that in 2001, the Pakistani govt turned down Vajpayees offer, but the current one led by PM Nawaz Sharif is willing to accept it.

c)     Abdullah said that he had spoken to Pakistans top people, who (according to him) have reconciled with accepting Indias control over one half of Kashmir while Pakistan has the other half.

d)    On the 2001 Agra Summit, Abdullah said nobody is talking about what was decided at the Agra Summit or why it broke up. The only thing we know from Musharraf at that time and (Khurshid) Kasuri is that they had nearly settled the situation.

4.

Pakistan invites India for key Afghan meet (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Heart of Asia conference

c)     Afghanistan situation

a)  Pakistan has invited External Affairs Minister Sushma for a crucial regional conference on Afghanistan, a move that could provide an opportunity for the two neighbours to mend their frosty ties.

b)     The Heart of Asia conference will be held on Dec 7 and 8, where representatives from Azerbaijan, China, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and the UAE are expected to attend.

c)     The meet provides a moment to unfold the process for a dialogue between the two countries after recent hiccups in their ties. Indo-Pak ties are under strain after cancellation of NSA-level talks. 

5.

Suu Kyis party on course for landslide (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Myanmar elections

b)     National League for Democracy (NLD)

c)     Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP)

a)     Myanmars ruling party conceded defeat in a general election as the Opposition led by democracy figurehead Aung San Suu Kyi appeared on course for a landslide victory that could ensure it forms the next government.

b)     It was Myanmars first general election since its long-ruling military ceded power to President Thein Seins quasi-civilian government in 2011, ushering in a period of reform and opening up to foreign investment.

c)     The election was a landmark in the countrys unsteady journey to democracy from the military dictatorship that made the former Burma a pariah state for so long.

d)     It is also a moment that Suu Kyi will relish after spending years under house arrest following the countrys 1990 election, when the NLD won a landslide victory that was ignored by the junta.

e)     But although the election appears to have dealt a decisive defeat to the USDP, a period of uncertainty still looms over the country because it is not clear how Suu Kyi will share power easily with the still-dominant military.

f)     The military-drafted constitution guarantees one-quarter of Parliaments seats to unelected members of the armed forces and allows the Commander-in-Chief to nominate the head of three powerful ministries, interior, defence and border security.

6.

Magnificent election in Myanmar (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     Myanmar elections

b)     National League for Democracy (NLD)

c)     Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP)

a)    With counting in progress and Aung San Suu Kyis NLD inching towards a likely landslide victory, Myanmar is indeed poised for great change at many levels, each of which must be rejoiced.

b)     Suu Kyi will still face the twin hurdles of the 664-seat Parliament including 25 percent of the military or Tatmadaws nominees, and constitutional restrictions on her own nomination as President. Even so, with her popularity strong nationwide, and worldwide support for democracy in Myanmar, Suu Kyi will carry much goodwill to aid her govt.

c)    Myanmar is amongst Asias poorest countries, where govt schemes reach less than 3 percent of the population. It is a country rife with armed ethnic groups, and despite a ceasefire accord signed by the President last month, major guerrilla groups from the Wa and Kachin states have not yet signed on.

d)    Adding to that are religious tensions, as the increasingly vocal Buddhist groups adopt majoritarian and often brutal methods with religious minorities, including the Rohingya Muslims.

e)     Finally, Myanmar faces the challenges of development, to ensure that the rush of big corporations it has invited to fuel an economic boom does not deplete its natural resources. Owing to the growth of construction, mining and manufacturing industries in the past few years, Myanmar has the third-highest rate of deforestation in the world.

f)     These are all challenges the new government will have to tackle quickly. India too must seize the opportunity to launch a new partnership with a much-neglected neighbour, that is also its only link and gateway to the East.

7.

Sun Yat-sen commemoration to cement China-Taiwan ties (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     China – Taiwan relations

b)     One China policy

c)     Qing Dynasty

 

a)   China has decided to host a string of events next year to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Sun Yat-sen - a major move to help bridge cross-strait ties with Taiwan.

b)     Sun Yat-sen (the founder of Kuomintang) pioneered the 1911 revolution, ending the imperial rule of Qing Dynasty - an event that established a republican govt in Nanjing. Analysts say recognition of his common legacy could become a powerful political symbol binding the two sides.

8.

Institutions should not be resistant to change: Modi (Page 13)

a)     National

a)     Collegium system

b)     National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) law

c)     National Legal Services Authority (NALSA)  

a)     In an obvious reference to the Supreme Court judgment scrapping the NJAC law to restore the collegiums system of judicial appointments, PM Modi spoke against institutions taking a rigid attitude to change.

b)     He said a favourable attitude to render legal aid to the poor should be made a criterion in the selection of judges. This statement comes even as a five-judge Constitution Bench is wrestling with new ideas and suggestions to open up the collegium.

c)     Assuring unconditional support to the efforts of the NALSA in ensuring justice to the poor, he said an institution should be ready to change its contours, boundaries and strengths to fulfil the purpose of its existence and bring justice.

9.

NSCN factions making inroads in Arunachal (Page 13)

a)     National

a)     Naga Peace Accord

b)     National Socialist Council of Nagalim (NSCN)

c)     NSCN(K)

d)     NSCN(R)

e)     Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA)

f)     United National Liberation Front of Western South East Asia (UNLFW)

g)     ULFA(I)

h)     Kamtapur Liberation Organisation (KLO)

i)     National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB)

a)     The framework peace agreement signed by the NDA govt with the NSCN (Isaak-Muivah) has returned to haunt the govt.

b)     In a notification issued recently by the Ministry of Home Affairs to extend the imposition of the AFSPA in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh by another six months, the MHA has said the two breakaway factions were making inroads in the State.

c)     The framework agreement (signed in the presence of PM Modi) had been criticised by the CMs of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland as they were kept out of the proceedings.

d)     NSCN(K) has managed to gain a foothold in parts of Longding district and the newly formed NSCN(R) is aiming to make inroads by positioning its cadres at strategic locations in areas which were hitherto dominated by NSCN(IM) and NSCN(K).

e) It said various militant outfits (ULFA(I), NSCN-K, KLO and NDFB (S)) had joined hands to form a new outfit called the UNLFW. Its constituents use areas along Assam-Arunachal boundary as a transit route for infiltrating to/from Myanmar.

10.

Controversial Manipur Bills sent for Presidential assent (Page 13)

a)     National

a)     Protection of Manipur People Bill 2015

b)     Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms (Seventh Amendment Bill) 2015

c)     Manipur Shops and Establishments (Second Amendment Bill) 2015  

a)     Meghalaya Governor V. Shanmuganathan (who holds additional charge of Manipur) recently referred the three Bills (The Protection of Manipur People Bill 2015, The Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms (Seventh Amendment Bill) 2015 and The Manipur Shops and Establishments (Second Amendment Bill) 2015) for Presidential assent.

11.

Courting the peoples views (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Collegium system

b)     National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) Act

c)     Supreme Court

a)    Supreme Court has gone as far as invalidating an attempt to provide a legislated alternative to its own collegium system of judicial appointments. After restoring the judge-made system, it has to necessarily see farther and come up with improvements that will enhance transparency in appointments and provide reasonable eligibility criteria for prospective judges.

b)     Having both struck down the Constitution amendment to set up a NJAC and admitted to serious shortcomings in system it has been implementing for over two decades, the court has to take the next logical step of reforming existing mechanism. It has embarked on a unique process to involve the entire society in exercise by inviting suggestions from the public.

c)     Public participation may provide a rare opportunity for the govt and the judiciary to understand the expectations of the public. It is time for the stakeholders to come together, leaving behind any hint of a conflict between parliamentary sovereignty and judicial primacy.

d) What the court has embarked on is indeed an onerous task, combining as it does the responsibility to deliver on its promise to remove acknowledged shortcomings and the duty to have a selection process that will be qualitatively superior.

e)     But one question remains. How will the impression that the court is legislating from the Bench be overcome? Is it enough if improved procedures and guidelines are in place for selection of candidates for the superior judiciary? The law laid down by the Supreme Court is binding on all, and may normally not require any other source of authority.

f)     However, this issue concerns the judiciary itself. It has arisen only because of widespread dissatisfaction over the appointments process being treated as its internal matter. In this backdrop, it will be wiser if the norms to be laid down are converted into law. The government should offer to bring in legislation in line with the courts own mechanism.

12.

Agni-IV successfully test-fired (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Agni-IV

b)     Wheeler Island

a) Indias strategic missile Agni-IV (which has a strike range of 4000 km) was successfully test-fired from the Wheeler Island, off the Odisha coast on Nov 9.

b)     It was fired from a road mobile launcher by the Armys Strategic Forces Command. After a flight of about 15 minutes, Agni-IV (carrying a dummy payload) splashed down near the pre-designated target point in Indian Ocean.

13.

Jumbos skip waterholes in Karnataka sanctuaries (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Bandipur National Park

b)     Nagarahole National Park

c)     Nilgiri biosphere

d)     Western Ghats

a)     With the elephant population relatively stable and reaching saturation point in many reserves, the focus had shifted to habitat management - that is, creation of water and food sources within National Parks to prevent elephants from venturing to the veritable buffet of cultivated crops that lie in the plains outside.

b)    A study focussed on nearly 1850 sq-km area of Bandipur and Nagarahole National Parks which spend up to 30 percent of their annual budgets to create artificial waterholes. The parks are a part of 6000-sq-km Nilgiri biosphere which supports the single largest Asian elephant population in the world.

c)    With man-elephant conflict frequently reported on the fringes of these forests, habitat manipulation was touted as way to increase the forests capacity to hold more elephants. The proposed hydroelectric and river diversion projects planned upstream in Western Ghats will have an effect on the elephants inside the national park limits.

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