Current Affairs > Daily Current affairs

My notes - November 10, 2015 10-11-2015

A complex peace in Myanmar

  • Peace talks of Myanmar government with extremist elements are at various stages . Some of the outfits such as Kachin independence organisation, Taan national liberation army, the arakan army signed the caesefire agreement. Other groups such as karen national union signed a standstill agreement (cessation of operations).
  • Role of china, political transformation in Myanmar, growing strength of these militant outfits through drug and arms smuggling make the peace process much complex.


Elections in Myanmar

  • NLD - National League for Democracy led by Aang san suu kyi and Union solidarity and development party backed by military and headed by Thein sein are the major contenders.
  • In the parliament 25% of seats are filled with unelected military rulers. It means, if USDP wins 1/3 rd of seats it can have control over presidency. Constitution cannot be amended without military s permission.
  • Key security ministries like defence, home, border affairs are selected by the head of army and not president.
  • 2008 constitution sets out a complex process of president election and a parent with foreign offspring cannot be a president. It disqualifies suu kyi to be a president as she has a child with British citizenship.
  • Firstly the Hluttaw( parliament of Myanmar) will divide into three groups: the elected representatives of the Lower House, the elected representatives of the Upper House, and the unelected army representatives.

Each group puts forward a candidate and then the three of them face a vote in a joint session that includes all the elected and unelected representatives of both Houses.

The winner becomes president and the two losers vice-presidents.


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Issue - Rohingya Muslims - They are denied with citizenship, travel and voting rights.


Election result

  • Aang san suu kyis NLD won more than 70% of seats in the parliament. Full result need to be declared.

Challenges ahead for Myanmar

  • Sustaining democracy and achieving a full democracy from the existing disciplined democracy.
  • Many of the Ethnic armed groups still did not sign cease fire or peace treaty
  • Growing atrocities against minorities. Rohingyas are denied voting rights and violence of Buddhists are increasing on them.
  • Poverty - Only 3% of Myanmar’s citizens receive benefits from the state.
  • Deforestation - Myanmar is at third position on degradation of forest resources. Growing manufacturing sector and private industry are having a toll on environment.






An analysis of India - AU summit

  • India failed to gain a complete support of AU on its claims for permanent membership for India. The declaration says, it only took note of India’s claims.
  • The major area of cooperation in the future will be poverty reduction, energy and India’s ground level low cost Innovations can help Africa to gain from. Any attempt to undermine the supply of generic drugs for HIV/AIDS in the name of patents will adversely affect the disease control in Africa.
  • Finally, India and Africa are bound by long term fight against exploitation, colonialism and they are together in protecting their sovereignty under NAM during cold war era. So, President Nelson Mandela has rightly described the ties as a golden thread woven in the common struggles against injustice and oppression.



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