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Daily News Analysis 15-11-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

People-to-people ties get a boost (Page 16)

a)     I.R

a)     UKs Minister of Employment Priti Patel says that people-to-people ties, especially those between British Indians and Indians have been strengthened as a result of PM Modis visit to the UK.

2.

Terror strikes France again (Pages 1 and 18)

a)     International

a)     In a deadly terror strike that reminded the world of the attack on Mumbai on Nov 26 2008, suspected Islamic State gunmen launched a coordinated assault on Paris, leaving 129 dead and 352 injured.

3.

Paris, Syria, terror to dominate G-20 talks (Pages 1 and 16)

a)     International

a)     The Paris terror attacks have added fresh urgency to the scheduled talks on terror, a key theme on the agenda at the two-day Group of 20 Summit starting on Nov 15.

4.

Vienna talks agree on concrete calendar for transition in Syria (Page 18)

a)     International

a)     The discovery of a Syrian passport on an attacker in Paris has once again underlined the urgent need to begin a peace process in Syria which is facing a multi-cornered civil war since February 2011.

5.

Lean and mean IS poses danger to India (Pages 1 and 17)

a)     International

b)     National

a)     With its global appeal, low-cost, high-impact tactics and swelling ranks, the Islamic State is turning out be the deadliest terrorist organisation of modern times, outranking groups such as Al-Qaeda.

6.

NCAER lowers GDP forecast to 7.4 percent for next fiscal (Pg 19)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Economic think tank NCAER marginally lowered GDP forecast at 7.4 percent because of slowdown in agriculture due to deficient monsoon.

7.

Chinas yuan takes another step towards SDR basket inclusion (Page 19)

a)     Economy

a)     Chinas currency (the yuan) took another step forward towards joining the elite group of global reserve currencies when the IMFs staff recommended that the Chinese currency be included in the IMFs benchmark foreign exchange basket, a move that will indirectly benefit India as well.

8.

The Sun shines on Indias Aditya (Page 14)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Indias solar mission will study the Suns outer most layers (the corona and the chromospheres) and collect data about coronal mass ejection.

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

People-to-people ties get a boost (Page 16)

a)     I.R

a)     India – UK relations

b)     Trade ties

a)     UKs Minister of Employment Priti Patel says that people-to-people ties, especially those between British Indians and Indians have been strengthened as a result of PM Modis visit to the UK.

b)     She said trade between India and the UK has been dipping since 2011, mainly over regulation and taxation issues, and it has been hoped that the revival of the India-UK CEO Forum announced during Modis visit as well as 28 MoUs worth about $13.6 billion will change the equation when they come to fruition.

2.

Terror strikes France again (Pages 1 and 18)

a)     International

a)     Paris terror attacks

b)     Islamic State (IS)

 

a)     In a deadly terror strike that reminded the world of the attack on Mumbai on Nov 26 2008, suspected Islamic State gunmen launched a coordinated assault on Paris, leaving 129 dead and 352 injured.

b)     French President Francois Hollande announced that he held the IS responsible for the attack and France considered it an act of war. He announced a state of emergency (the first in France since 2005) and the deployment of 1500 soldiers.

c)     He vowed to attack the IS group without mercy as the jihadist group claimed responsibility for orchestrating the deadliest attacks on France since World War II.

3.

Paris, Syria, terror to dominate G-20 talks (Pages 1 and 16)

a)     International

a)     G-20 Summit

b)     Terrorism

c)     Islamic State (IS)

d)     Syria crisis

e)     Climate change

f)     Paris Climate Conference 2015

a)     The Paris terror attacks have added fresh urgency to the scheduled talks on terror, a key theme on the agenda at the two-day Group of 20 Summit starting on Nov 15.

b)    Leaders of G-20 (including the US, China, Japan, Russia, Canada, Australia and Brazil) will discuss climate change and global cooperation to unearth black money. The leaders will discuss terrorism and migration.

c)     US President Obama is expected to seek support for his administrations strategy to defeat the IS in West Asia and bring a negotiated end to the civil war in Syria. Turkey (the host country) has also pressed for a discussion on the conflict in Syria and the worst migrant crisis since World War II.

d)     PM Modi is scheduled to be the lead speaker at its inaugural session on Climate Change and Development.

e)     Speaking for developing countries (in his address to the G-20 Leaders), Modi will oppose the proposed move for eliminating fossil fuels subsidies.

f)     He will also voice strong objections to the environment and social safeguards standards being pushed by the World Bank and other multilateral agencies for project finance and loans. He will call for a balance at the Conference of Parties (COP) 21 December talks in Paris so that development is not compromised as a result of the focus on climate change.

g)     Modi is also expected to emphasise that the commitment from the developed countries to make available from 2020 $100 billion of climate finance every year to developing countries has to be ensured and a road map for this should be laid down over the next five years.

h)     Besides Climate Change and Development, the themes of the summit include global growth strategies, including for employment and investment, and enhancing resilience, which includes financial regulation, international taxation and the International Monetary Funds governance and quota reforms. 

i)      Sources said that PM Modi is also expected to raise issues related to terrorism.

4.

Vienna talks agree on concrete calendar for transition in Syria (Page 18)

a)     International

a)     Syria crisis

b)     Islamic State (IS)

a)     The discovery of a Syrian passport on an attacker in Paris has once again underlined the urgent need to begin a peace process in Syria which is facing a multi-cornered civil war since February 2011.

b)     German Foreign Minister said world diplomats who gathered in Vienna had agreed on a fixed calendar for Syria that would see a transition government in six months and elections in 18 months.

c)     The American and Russian diplomatic teams were among the larger group of participants in the Vienna talks among the backers of rival parties in Syria.

5.

Lean and mean IS poses danger to India (Pages 1 and 17)

a)     International

b)     National

a)     Islamic State (IS)

b)     Terrorism

c)     Paris terror attacks

a)     With its global appeal, low-cost, high-impact tactics and swelling ranks, the Islamic State is turning out be the deadliest terrorist organisation of modern times, outranking groups such as Al-Qaeda.

b)    The attacks in Paris, the earlier incidents in France, and the lone wolf attacks in various countries (including Bangladesh) are warnings to India to be on alert. While Indian agencies are ruling out any immediate threat, it is a high possibility.

c)     And it also means the political establishment needs to wake up to the possibility of local grievances finding global echo and refuge in IS propaganda. In the new political environment dominated by divisive and regressive discussions, fringe elements are already flourishing.

6.

NCAER lowers GDP forecast to 7.4 percent for next fiscal (Page 19)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Indias economic growth

b)     GDP

c)     Inflation

d)     National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER)

a)     Economic think tank NCAER marginally lowered GDP forecast at 7.4 percent because of slowdown in agriculture due to deficient monsoon.

b)     It said this marginal fall is due to anticipated slowdown in the agriculture sector. Industrial growth continues to gather strength while the outlook for the services remains mixed.

c)     In August, it had projected economic growth at 7.5 percent for the current fiscal.

d)     The Finance Ministry has pegged the growth rate for the financial year 2015-16 at around 8.1-8.5 percent, which now looks difficult to achieve as the growth in the first quarter worked out to be only 7percent.

e)     NCAER said the inflation has declined over the period of the last one and half years.

7.

Chinas yuan takes another step towards SDR basket inclusion (Page 19)

a)     Economy

a)     Global reserve currencies

b)     Chinas yuan

c)     Special Drawing Rights (SDR)

d)     IMF

 

a)     Chinas currency (the yuan) took another step forward towards joining elite group of global reserve currencies when the IMFs staff recommended that the Chinese currency be included in the IMFs benchmark foreign exchange basket, a move that will indirectly benefit India as well.

b)     SDR are not a currency themselves, but are a certain number of rights given by the IMF to countries who (in a crisis) can draw upon any of the reserve currencies in the basket - currently the dollar, euro, yen and pound.

c)     The inclusion of the yuan in this basket has been endorsed by almost all of the major economies of world, including Germany, Britain, France and Italy. The US was historically cautious about this, but recently softened its stance in September when President Obama said the US would support Chinas bid for inclusion in the SDR basket.

8.

The Sun shines on Indias Aditya (Page 14)

a)     S&T

b)     Geography

a)     Aditya mission

b)     Corona

c)     Chromosphere

d)     Coronal Mass Ejections

e)     Mars Orbiter Mission

f)     ISRO

a)    After a seven-year-long wait, Aditya (Indias first dedicated scientific mission to study the Sun) is likely to get a go-ahead from the Prime Ministers Office this week.

b)     The ambitious solar mission will study the suns outer most layers (the corona and the chromosphere) and collect data about coronol mass ejection and more, which will also yield information for space weather prediction.

c)     It now aims to put a heavy satellite into what is called a halo orbit around the L1 point between the Sun and the Earth. This point is at a distance of about 1.5 million km from the earth. With the excitement about the Mars Orbiter Mission yet to settle down, this could be the next most complicated feat by ISRO.

d)     In a three-body problem such as this (with the earth and sun engaged in an elliptical orbit and a relatively very light satellite being placed in between) there are 5 so-called lagrangian points in space where the light, third body (in our case, the satellite) may be placed so that it can maintain its position with respect to the two others. One of these is the L1 point, which is about 1.5 million km from the earth.

e)     A halo orbit would be a circular orbit around the L1 point. The satellite will have to use its own power (spend energy) to remain in position within in this orbit without losing its way. Such orbits have not been attempted too often.

f)     Among the suite of instruments in the payload would be a solar coronagraph. A combination of imaging and spectroscopy in multi-wavelength will enhance our understanding of the solar atmosphere. It will provide high time cadence sharp images of the solar chromosphere and the corona in the emission lines.

g)     Expert said these images will be used to study the highly dynamic nature of the solar corona including the small-scale coronal loops and large-scale Coronal Mass Ejections.

h)     The corona is the outer-most layer of the Sun and the chromosphere is the second inner layer. Data such as this can help us understand the corona and solar wind, which is a spewing of charged particles into space, at speeds as high as 900 km/s and at about 1 million degrees Celsius temperature, affecting the environment there.

i)     Expert remarks that the data from Aditya mission will be immensely helpful in discrimination between different models for the origin of solar storms and also for constraining how the storms evolve and what path they take through the interplanetary space from the Sun to the Earth.

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