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Daily News Analysis 19-11-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Brazil keen on tie- up with India in nuclear energy (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India Brazil Strategic Partnership (since its beginning in 2006) has focused on multilateral diplomatic team work for common global goals, sidelining difficult issues such as nuclear energy. But Brazil is impatient for nuclear collaboration with India.

2.

Chinese Army entered India before Modi met Xi at G-20 (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     A day before PM Modi was scheduled to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping ahead of the G-20 summit in Antalay (Turkey), the Indian Army reported a transgression by the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army at Chushul in Jammu and Kashmirs Leh district.

3.

Stop this brinkmanship (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     As Nepal reels under shortages of essential supplies just months after a debilitating earthquake brought distress to many of its citizens, the answer to why it is happening depends on to whom the question is posed.

4.

China, Russia urge unified global front against terrorism (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Russia and China have stepped up their campaign to form a unified international front to counter terrorism following the bloodbath in Paris and the downing of a Russian airliner in Egypt.

5.

Paris confirms ISs weakness (Page 11)

a)     International

a)     Finding political solutions for the Syrian and Iraqi conflicts is not something Western governments are equipped to do. It is an effort that must emerge from within the Arab world.

6.

Probe enforced disappearance cases: UN tells Colombo (Pg 14)

a)     International

a)     A working group of the UN has called for the prosecution of all cases of enforced disappearances in Sri Lanka.

7.

Suu Kyi sounds a provocative note (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     For two decades, Aung San Suu Kyi was a radiant symbol of dignified non-violent resistance, most of that time confined to house arrest by the generals who have governed Myanmar for half a century.

8.

Strike at the root of terror funding: Modi (Page 13)

a)     International

b)     National

a)     PM Modi said in New Delhi that the Paris attacks were a grim reminder that terrorists had shown remarkable flexibility and adaptability in generating finances to fund their activities.

9.

SC nod for draft paper on appointment of judges (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)   Having trashed the NDA govts NJAC law last month, the Supreme Court lobbed the ball back into the Centres court by accepting an offer made by Attorney-General Rohatgi to prepare a draft memorandum replacing the 1999 one laying down the procedure for  appointing judges to the Supreme Court and High Courts.

10.

Stage set for interceptor missile launch (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     An interceptor missile will lift off from the Wheeler Island (off the Odisha coast) on November 22 against an electronic target which will be simulating the trajectory of a ballistic missile coming from an enemy country.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Brazil keen on tie- up with India in nuclear energy (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Brazil relations

b)     Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)

c)     Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)

a)     India Brazil Strategic Partnership (since its beginning in 2006) has focused on multilateral diplomatic team work for common global goals, sidelining difficult issues such as nuclear energy. But Brazil is impatient for nuclear collaboration with India.

b)    Minister of Foreign Affairs of Brazil gave the assurance about Brazil being committed to peaceful use of nuclear power. Brazils Constitution has enshrined its commitment to non-weaponisation of nuclear energy.

c)     Brazils nuclear industry began in 1950s. Brazil (which is a member of NSG) has also been eyeing supply contracts for Indian nuclear majors.

d)    Brazil was one of the major powers to push for dialogue with Iran when tension ran high between Tehran and the US over Irans nuclear energy programme and believes that every country should be free to choose its mode of energy production.

2.

Chinese Army entered India before Modi met Xi at G-20 (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     Line of Actual Control (LAC)

d)     Chinese Peoples Liberation Army (PLA)

 

a)     A day before PM Modi was scheduled to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping ahead of the G-20 summit in Antalay (Turkey), the Indian Army reported a transgression by the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army at Chushul in Jammu and Kashmirs Leh district.

b)     Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh is now on a six-day visit to China. A senior official said members of PLA entered into Indian territory on Nov 14 and were reportedly shown banners to go back.

c)     The Chinese are not uncommon along LAC, what worries the agencies is the spike in such incidents whenever an important event involving the two countries is under way. 

3.

Stop this brinkmanship (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Nepal relations

b)     India – Nepal economic blockade

c)     Nepals new Constitution

d)     Madhesis concerns

e)     Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)

a)     As Nepal reels under shortages of essential supplies just months after a debilitating earthquake brought distress to many of its citizens, the answer to why it is happening depends on to whom the question is posed.

b)    PM K.P. Oli puts the blame on an economic blockade by India. But the plains-dweller protesting against the fact that the new Constitution insufficiently addresses the concerns of the Madhesis, pins it on Kathmandus insensitivity.

c)     New Delhi has meanwhile denied there is any blockade and put on Nepals ruling establishment the onus of resolving the instability in its southern plains in order to help ease movement of goods across the open border between the two countries.

d)     It is true that economic coercion of the covert kind practised by India at the border has given a fillip to what Nepali hill elite has taken recourse to for years - anti-India jingoism. At the same time, the fact that even after a six-year-long constitutional deadlock over the question of inclusive federalism the Madhesi concerns have not been sufficiently addressed has heightened the anger in plains.

e)   Oli and his close colleagues in the CPL(UML) have for long espoused status quoist positions and been least enthusiastic about the countrys transition to a republic and the state restructuring demand. It remains to be seen whether Oli would be willing to break away from the habitual recourse to nationalism as a ploy to prevent further democratisation in Nepal.

f)     For New Delhi, there are a lot more options and ways to register its concern with the instability in Nepal than prolonging the acts of economic coercion at the border. It is high time the major actors both in Kathmandu and New Delhi ended the brinkmanship.

4.

China, Russia urge unified global front against terrorism (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Terrorism

b)     Paris terror attacks

c)     Islamic State in Syria (ISIS)

 

a)     Russia and China have stepped up their campaign to form a unified international front to counter terrorism following the bloodbath in Paris and the downing of a Russian airliner in Egypt.

b)     The Russians have already energised their diplomacy to form a unified front by their bid to rope in France as a partner in the air campaign in Syria, which targets the ISIS - the alleged perpetrator of the Paris horror. The ISIS is also the prime suspect in the crash of the Russian passenger airliner.

c)     Sources said that the Russian and French Presidents focused on building bilateral and multilateral cooperation to counter international terrorism following the terror strikes in Paris and the attack on the Russian plane.

5.

Paris confirms ISs weakness (Page 11)

a)     International

a)     Islamic State in Syria (ISIS)

b)     Syria and Iraq crisis

c)     Paris terror attacks

d)     Al-Qaeda

e)     Kurdish forces

f)     Boko Haram

g)     Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula

a)     According to the author, it should come as no surprise that radical Islamists associated with the IS have engaged in terrorist attacks in Paris. The IS or ISIS has always called on Muslims to engage in violent, lone wolf, attacks in the West, if they are unable to emigrate to its territory in Syria and Iraq.

b)     The priority in ISISs ideology is for Muslims to travel to build the caliphate, where they can lead a virtuous life in ISIS-land. Indeed, this is framed as a religious obligation along with formal recognition of, and swearing allegiance to, Ibrahim bin Awwad al-Badri as the supreme leader (caliph) of the imperial and global Islamic State or caliphate.

c)     However, what makes the Paris attack different is its complexity and coordination - it is not a lone wolf attack. Rather, it appears to have been organised and directed by IS, and, as such, resembles an al-Qaeda-style overseas operation that ISIS leaders have explicitly condemned in the past.

d)     For ISISs ideologues, organised violence has invariably been focussed on the enemy that is near, principally Shias and agents of apostate Arab governments (e.g., Iraq or Saudi Arabia).

e)     ISIS leaders have often criticised al-Qaeda for the 9/11 attacks because this led to the crushing of the movement in Afghanistan and the defeat of its host, the Taliban regime. Furthermore, attacking the distant infidel is not a priority given the closer and more dangerous enemies at hand such as the Shias.

f)     ISIS has been dealt a string of recent defeats with the loss of territory, the death of many of its top commanders and numerous fighters as well as the drying up of its recruitment networks. ISIS has lost territory in both Syria and Iraq, most recently the towns of Sinjar to the Kurds and Baiji in October to the Iraqi government and irregular forces.

g)     After ISISs suicide attack in Ankara in October, Turkey effectively stopped the pipeline that was feeding the movement with recruits through its territory. At the same time, the Russian air force became involved in Syrian war on the side of Bashar al-Assad regime and ISIS has been targeted.

h)     Furthermore, the allied air campaign (including the French air forces from October) has been devastating. But the most decisive military factor has been the coordination of air power with local ground forces, such as the Kurds.

i)     Farther away from Syria and Iraq, ISISs situation has also worsened militarily: its top commander in Libya was recently killed, and Boko Haram (its affiliate in Nigeria) is suffering defeat too. Even in Yemen, ISIS appears to have been eclipsed by other Sunni forces, including al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.

j)     This combination of factors helps explain why ISIS feels the need to engage in attacks in places like Paris and to break with its previous policy of focussing on the local. ISIS is looking increasingly like a lost cause and it needs to place itself back at the centre of global events, to prove its relevance, and resilience, as well as to attract new recruits.

k)     The campaign by Western allies (including at times an uncomfortable coordination with Russia) to contain and degrade ISIS is working. And Paris attacks are unfortunately a sign of this success. But this success, and the ultimate military victory against ISIS, is fraught with difficulty because ISIS represents more than an organisation.

l)     ISIS is an expression and symptom of the political disenfranchisement and humiliation that many Sunnis, in particular Sunni Arabs, feel in todays world. Such feelings arise from a complex set of factors.

m)     Among these, certainly, is Western intervention, such as the US invasion of Iraq and its devastating effects on Iraqi society. But perhaps more important has been the decades long brutalisation of, and the provision of a poor education for, Arab populations by their own governments, who also have not delivered on promises of economic development.

n)     The answer must involve finding political solutions for the Syrian and Iraqi conflicts, and engaging in cultural and educational efforts to defeat ISISs ideology that sanctifies violence as the only means for Sunni empowerment and glory. This is not something Western governments are equipped to do or capable of accomplishing. It is an effort that must emerge from within the Arab and Muslim communities.

6.

Probe enforced disappearance cases: UN tells Colombo (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas internal issues

b)     UN probe on disappearance cases in Sri Lanka

c)     Eelam War

a)     A working group of UN has called for the prosecution of all cases of enforced disappearances in Sri Lanka.

b)     A very high number of cases before the group related to disappearances occurred in the late 1980s and early 1990s in relation to the violent targeting of Sinhalese youth suspected of links to the Janatha Vimukti Peramuna.

c)     Another very considerable number pertained to the disappearance of Tamils during the Eelam War, which ended in May 2009.

7.

Suu Kyi sounds a provocative note (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Myanmar elections

b)     National League for Democracy (NLD)

c)     Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP)

 

a)     For two decades, Aung San Suu Kyi was a radiant symbol of dignified non-violent resistance, most of that time confined to house arrest by the generals who have governed Myanmar for half a century.

b)     Today, she is at the pinnacle of adoration and power in the country, having led her party (the NLD) to a landslide victory this month in parliamentary elections.

c)     She has put reconciliation with the generals high on her agenda, but as she has moved toward dominance, her words have become provocative.

d)     Suu Kyis leadership style was evident in the marching orders she gave members of her party during and after the election. She kept her candidates on a short leash, making them her direct proxies.

8.

Strike at the root of terror funding: Modi (Page 13)

a)     International

b)     National

a)     Terrorism

b)     Paris terror attacks

c)     Islamic State (IS)

a)   PM Modi said in New Delhi that Paris attacks were a grim reminder that terrorists had shown remarkable flexibility and adaptability in generating finances to fund their activities.

b)     He said disrupting fund flow would constrain the capabilities of terrorists and reduce their ability to execute attacks. This involves putting in place both systemic safeguards and targeted economic sanctions based on credible counter-terrorism intelligence.

c)     Stating that targeting proceeds of crime was an important element in the fight against crime, he said there was an imperative need to focus on enhancing international cooperation in the field of asset recovery for fighting crime, corruption and terrorism.

9.

SC nod for draft paper on appointment of judges (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Collegium System

b)     National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC)

c)     Supreme Court

d)     High Court

a)   Having trashed the NDA govts NJAC law last month, the Supreme Court lobbed the ball back into the Centres court by accepting an offer made by Attorney-General Rohatgi to prepare a draft memorandum replacing the 1999 one laying down the procedure for appointing judges to Supreme Court and High Courts.

b)     A five-judge Constitution Bench (led by Justice Khehar) gave Rohatgi a broad outline of what it expected from the memorandum, including the establishment of an independent secretariat to help collegium. Another suggestion was to have the govt and the judiciary equally share the burden of evaluation of complaints against shortlisted candidates.

c)     The Bench suggested that complaints about the professional performance would be evaluated by the judiciary, while the government would probe charges against candidates integrity.

d)     The Bench undertook to reform the 21-year-old collegium system, which was restored after it struck down the NJAC. But the Benchs move to accept Rohatgis offer to prepare a draft memorandum evoked both positive and negative responses from top legal minds present in the courtroom.

10.

Stage set for interceptor missile launch (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Interceptor missile

b)     Wheeler Island

a)     An interceptor missile will lift off from the Wheeler Island (off the Odisha coast) on Nov 22 against an electronic target which will be simulating the trajectory of a ballistic missile coming from an enemy country.

b)     The interceptor (which will be a real missile) is an Advanced Air Defence version.

c)     It will receive the coordinates such as the lift-off time, trajectory, velocity etc. of the electronically simulated attacker missile, which will be launched from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur in Balasore district of Odisha.

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