Current Affairs > Daily Current affairs

Back
Daily News Analysis 21-11-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Trade ties top Modis agenda at Asean meet (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     Enhancing the existing trade and economic ties with the ASEAN is top on the agenda of the PM Modi, who is arriving Kuala Lumpur on Nov 21 to participate in the thirteenth Asean-India and the tenth East Asia summits.

2.

Call for review of naval ties with Sri Lanka (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     A recent observation made by a UN Working Group about the existence of a secret detention centre at the Trincomalee Naval base in the past has caused a demand for the review of naval cooperation by other countries with Sri Lanka.

3.

Mali battles gunmen in capital as Islamists hit Iraq, Yemen (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Mali is in the grip of Islamist violence, one of the most brutal since the landlocked West African country gained independence from France in 1960.

4.

Shadows in the city of light (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     As Paris tries to get back to its celebrated pace, how Parisians come to grips with uncertainty and anxiety will define the French Republic for a long time to come.

5.

An expected raise (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     The Seventh Pay Commissions recommendations represent quite a bonanza for government employees, both current and retired.

6.

India must be wary of new influenza viruses (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Health

a)     According to an expert, India should be prepared for the invasion of new influenza viruses of avian origin, especially H9N2.

7.

SC to decide if exotic pet birds have a right to fly (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)     A Bench led by Chief Justice of India H.L. Dattu admitted a challenge to a May 2011 order by the Gujarat High Court, which had held that caging of birds amounted to illegal confinement and curbing of their fundamental right to move.

8.

ISRO working on 4-D, 5-D imaging technology: scientist (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     ISRO official said work on 4-D and 5-D imaging technology was part of the space agencys engagement with hyperspectral imaging, which is a new and emerging area in Geographic Information System.

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Trade ties top Modis agenda at Asean meet (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     ASEAN-India summit

b)     East Asia summit

c)     Business and Investment Summit

d)     Indias Act East policy

a)     Enhancing the existing trade and economic ties with the ASEAN is top on the agenda of the PM Modi, who is arriving Kuala Lumpur on Nov 21 to participate in the thirteenth Asean-India and the tenth East Asia summits.

b)     Besides the two summits, he is slated to address Business and Investment Summit, where he wants to emphasise the need for closer economic cooperation and investment opportunities.

c)     The Asean today is Indias fourth largest trading partner. In turn, India is the sixth largest partner for Asean. Trade between India and the Asean stood at $ 76.52 billion in 2014-15. Indias exports to the Asean were $ 31.81 billion and imports were $ 44.71 billion.

d)     The Asean-India strategic partnership was stated to have acquired further momentum after the enunciation of the Act East Policy by Modi at the 12th Asean-India Summit in Nov 2014.

e)     At the Asean-India Summit, leaders are expected to take note of the new Plan of Action (2016-2020) to further cooperation along the politico-security, economic and socio-cultural pillars.

2.

Call for review of naval ties with Sri Lanka (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas internal issues

b)     International Truth & Justice Project

 

a)     A recent observation made by a UN Working Group about the existence of a secret detention centre at Trincomalee Naval base in the past has caused a demand for the review of naval cooperation by other countries with Sri Lanka.

b)     The call was made by International Truth & Justice Project (Sri Lanka), which is affiliated to the Foundation for Human Rights in South Africa. The group said national governments should review joint exercises and training with the Sri Lankan Navy.

3.

Mali battles gunmen in capital as Islamists hit Iraq, Yemen (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Islamic State (IS)

b)     Paris terror attacks

c)     Operaton Barkhane

a)     The raid on the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako comes a week after IS militants killed 129 people in Paris.

b)     The attack is not the first such incident occurring in the West African country. Despite a French intervention in its former colony in 2013, Islamists rebels (who have bases in North) have continued in the countrys central belt on the southern reaches of the Sahara, and in Bamako.

c)     In the wake of last weeks Paris attacks, an Islamic State militant in Syria told that the organisation viewed Frances military intervention in Mali as another reason to attack France and French interests.

d)     France has more than 1000 troops in Mali, a key battleground of Operaton Barkhane, a counter-terror operation spanning 5 countries in Africas restive Sahel region.

e)     Islamist groups have continued to wage attacks in Mali despite a June peace deal between former Tuareg rebels in the countrys north and rival pro-government armed groups. The countrys north fell under the control of Tuareg rebels and jihadist groups linked to Al-Qaeda in mid-2012.

f)     Mali is in the grip of Islamist violence, one of the most brutal since the landlocked West African country gained independence from France in 1960.

4.

Shadows in the city of light (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     Paris terror attacks

b)     Islamic State (IS)

c)     Charlie Hebdo attacks

a)     Paris has been a soft target for extremists. When jihadist gunmen mowed down journalists at the offices of the publication (Charlie Hebdo) in Jan this year, it was the press and freedom of expression that were the targets. However, the motivations of the gunmen appeared to be clear.

b)     As a society, the French have been much more tolerant of religious mockery and satire than most other Western nations. Charlie Hebdos fierce independence has long attracted admiration and criticism, as does its relentless pursuit of politicians and public figures who abused the public trust.

c)     Whether it was child abuse in the Catholic church, the violence of jihadists claiming they were acting for Islam and Muslims, or the godheads of religions, Charlie Hebdo subjected all to its penetrating and irreverent scrutiny.

d)    However, the terror attacks this month were different. The do-and-die conspiracy was conceived outside France, it involved meticulous planning and sophisticated resources (like the suicide jackets that the terrorists used), and it engaged assassins of nationalities other than French as well.

e)     Will the attacks weaken the concept of Laicite, the form of French secularity that draws a red line between Church and state in French public life? Will it give ground for the National Front, the far right in French politics to conflate and fan fears over Islam, immigration and terrorism?

f)     In 2004, France passed a law to reassert the right of the govt to ban the wearing of conspicuous religious symbols such as headscarves, skullcaps and crosses from public schools. In 2011, it extended the ban to wearing of full-face veils in public places. These were measures that received public support of 82 percent.

g)  Social divisions may deepen with political and religious crispation, with an extreme-right capitalising on fear and racism. Our society is already divided, and it will be hard to prevent an intensification of structural tensions.

h)   The only long-term solution is a revival of the notion of social republic that is a national pact centered on equality, that would combine highest level of political and cultural freedom and a strong commitment to social and economic justice.

i)     The economic and social exclusion that French immigrants suffer can be seen in the suburbs of Paris. France has its own long history of immigration (shaped by colonialism) with the Muslim world. Most immigrants came after World War II. French Muslims are highly diverse with a large section from the Maghreb. 

j)   As French law prohibits the collection of data (like census data for example) on race or religion, population estimates of the Muslim immigrants vary widely, though it is believed to be around 5 million. Large sections of Muslim population remain excluded with lower education and skill levels. National data suggests that in 2013 the unemployment rate for all immigrants was approximately 17 percent, as against the national average of 9.7 percent.

k)    Of concern too is impact of the new constitutional changes envisaged by President Francois Hollande to beef up internal security. He has received parliamentary approval for a 3-month extension of internal emergency, but hopes that the constitutional changes (once passed) will give constitutional status to several emergency measures.

l)     Under internal emergency called by Hollande, anyone suspected of being a threat to public order can be placed under house arrest. Search operations can be conducted by the police without a magistrates warrant; websites and social media can be blocked; and organisations banned.

m)     There are also concerns about the merits of the French aerial bombing of Syria and whether these air raids are actually finding their IS targets or if the collateral damage is greater than intended damage.

5.

An expected raise (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Seventh Pay Commission

b)     Sixth Pay Commission

c)     Indias economic growth

d)     GDP

e)     Inflation

a)     The Seventh Pay Commissions recommendations represent quite a bonanza for govt employees, both current and retired.

b)     The 23.55 percent increase in pay, allowances and pension that is recommended may be lower than the 40 percent increase that the Sixth Pay Commission brought, but this difference is accounted for by the fact that India currently has a weaker economic and financial situation.

c)     As it is, the recommendations increase expenditure by 0.65 percent of GDP. Besides, the impact of the salary raises on the States fiscal resources cannot be underestimated.

d)     The Finance Ministry is of the opinion that a higher GDP growth rate next year will help fund the extra expenditure of Rs.1.02 lakh crore. The assumption is that higher incomes will lead to higher spending by employees on consumer goods, which will spur the manufacturing sector out of its stupor. But the flip side to this is higher inflation and the possible negation of all that the Reserve Bank of India has been doing this past year.

e)     The implementation of recommendations by successive Pay Commissions has been followed by a jump in retail inflation, which can be assumed to occur again.

f)  That said, there remain some non-macroeconomic issues. The most important seems to be the proposed pay matrix, which seeks to replace the existing pay bands and pay scale structure.

g)     Overall, with inflation having hit double digits for a few years following the implementation of the Sixth Pay Commission report, an increase of this magnitude was expected. It is to be hoped that all the rest (especially the boost to consumer demand) also goes according to plan.  

6.

India must be wary of new influenza viruses (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Health

a)     H9N2 influenza virus

b)     H7N9 influenza virus

c)     H5N1 influenza virus

a)     According to Robert G. Webster (a world-renowned authority on influenza viruses and emeritus Professor), India should be prepared for invasion of new influenza viruses of avian origin, especially H9N2.

b)   He says it is a rather benign but extremely dangerous virus which can sometimes affect humans and which is currently very active in poultry markets in Bangladesh and China.

c)     The other potential threat for India was the H7N9 influenza virus, which could be carried across the Himalayas from China by geese, the same way H5N1 came in 2006.

7.

SC to decide if exotic pet birds have a right to fly (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)      Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960

b)     Wildlife Protection Act 1972

a)     A Bench led by CJI H.L. Dattu admitted a challenge to a May 2011 order by the Gujarat High Court, which had held that caging of birds amounted to illegal confinement and curbing of their fundamental right to move.

b)   The High Court had ordered to release all caged birds. This meant that anyone could file complaints against bird sellers and pet shop owners and have them booked under Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act and the Wildlife Protection Act.

8.

ISRO working on 4-D, 5-D imaging technology: scientist (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Geographic Information System (GIS)

a)     ISRO is working on 4-D and 5-D imaging technology. Official said work on 4-D and 5-D imaging technology was part of the space agencys engagement with hyperspectral imaging, which is a new and emerging area in GIS.

b)   He said researchers, doctors and students would soon be able to use the most advanced GIS tool for welfare activities.

c)     GIS could be used to address a possible outbreak of post-flood epidemic. The breeding space for diseases can be identified through GIS and necessary healthcare measures can be taken.

Branches

Ashok Nagar Branch
1-10-223/A, Sub-register office Line
Hyderabad
+91 9052 29 29 29, 9052 19 29 29

Madhapur Branch
Plot No.3, 2nd floor, Raghuma Towers
Hyderabad
+91 9052 492929

Delhi:
Old Rajendra Nagar

Send to mail

Request for call