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Daily News Analysis 25-11-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

India, Singapore enter into strategic tie-up (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India and Singapore signed a joint declaration envisaging a Strategic Partnership, which aims to catalyse new ones ranging from political, defence and security cooperation to economic, cultural and people-to-people contacts.

2.

India to press for equity at climate talks despite pressure (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     International

a)     Indias strategy at the Paris Climate Change summit will be to work with emerging economies and press the developed world to concede that responsibility for cutting carbon emissions after 2020 cannot be shared equally by rich and poor nations.

3.

Turkey shoots down Russian plane for violating airspace (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     International

a)     Turkish fighter jets on patrol near the Syrian border shot down a Russian warplane that Turkey said had violated its airspace, a long-feared escalation that could further strain relations between Russia and the West.

4.

Crime & penalty in Bangladesh (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     The ongoing war crimes trial in Bangladesh, which seeks to heal decades-old wounds in society by finding and punishing those who committed grievous crimes during the countrys liberation war in 1971, has invited applause and also raised concerns.

5.

Focus now is on counter-radicalisation (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     Though Indian intelligence agencies were little late to wake up to the dangers posed by the IS, with already six of 23 who joined the fight in Iraq and Syria dead, the agencies and the govt have finally put their act together.

6.

GST Bill tops agenda for Winter Session (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     In what promises to be yet another difficult session of Parliament (scheduled to commence on Nov 26) coming as it does soon after the Bihar elections, the govts top priority remains the controversial GST Bill.

7.

Take Chetia on board, says ULFA faction (Page 13)

a)     National

a)    The pro-talks faction of ULFA appealed to the Centre to include its recently deported general secretary Anup Chetia in the peace process, saying without his participation the dialogue would remain inconclusive.

8.

Not without our girls (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)    New data from the Census have confirmed yet again what is now very well known - the Indian desire for a male child (even if at the exclusion of a female child) is widespread and well-established.

9.

India to sell rupee bonds: Modi (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     India has decided to start selling Rupee Bonds in some countries to provide long-term finance for infrastructure development in the country.

10.

New species of tree frog discovered (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     A new species of tree frog was discovered and another species of bush frog was rediscovered by a team of researchers during their recent exploration in the Western Ghats.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

India, Singapore enter into strategic tie-up (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Singapore relations

a)    India and Singapore signed a joint declaration envisaging a Strategic Partnership, which aims to catalyse new ones ranging from political, defence and security cooperation to economic, cultural and people-to-people contacts.

b)     MoUs were signed for curtailing drug trafficking and improving cybersecurity, enabling Singapore and India to collaborate on technology and research.

c)   Agreements were signed for collaboration in urban planning and wastewater management and to extend long-term loan of Indian artefacts to the Asian Civilisations Museum of Singapore and for cooperation in the fields of arts, museums, archives and monuments.

d)     Setting the tone for Paris climate change conference, PM Modi said that India would not create any problems for the world in combating global warming, an apparent response to USs contention that it would be a challenge at the meet.

2.

India to press for equity at climate talks despite pressure (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     International

a)     Paris climate talks 2015

b)     Climate change

c)     Greenhouse gas emissions

d)     UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

e)     Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)

f)     Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR)

g)     Kyoto Protocol

 

a)     Indias strategy at the Paris Climate Change summit will be to work with emerging economies and press the developed world to concede that responsibility for cutting carbon emissions after 2020 cannot be shared equally by rich and poor nations.

b)    Two major issues that New Delhi will focus on at the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC are failed ambitions on transferring low carbon technologies to the developing world, and the lack of support for a plan to fund mitigation and adaptation efforts.

c)     The UN Convention on Climate Change has followed principle of CBDR, reflected in Kyoto Protocol and reinforced last year at Lima. Under this, poor countries were not required to cut emissions. India is emphasising this again and demanding that developing nations be allowed greater room in cutting emissions beyond 2020, as they seek to eliminate poverty through fast-paced economic growth.

d)     Modi govt is approaching the CoP with the view that the domestic actions proposed under INDCs submitted to the UNFCCC are truly progressive. National per capita emissions are very low at 1.56 tonnes CO2 equivalent (about a tenth of some developed nations), and Indias share of cumulative global emissions only 3 percent.

e)     In the run-up to the CoP, India has been engaging 60 countries ranging from the Small Island Developing States and Least Developed Countries to the developed nations to evolve a consensus.

f)     According to Indian officials, two areas of failure in the climate process so far are creation of $100-billion annual climate finance fund that had been initiated six years ago in Copenhagen, and transfer of green technologies.

g)     Another contested area is that of transparency norms for use of funds. This has been proposed by the industrialised countries in form of a common framework from 2020, but has also not found favour since it goes against the principle of differentiated capabilities. The overall approach of the rich countries is seen as expanding the base of contributors while shrinking the base of recipients.

h)    India is also taking the lead in demanding the major share of the carbon space (the ceiling of 800 or 900 gigatonnes of carbon emissions that the earth can still absorb to keep a rise in global temperature below the agreed 2 degree Celsius mark) for the developing world. Cutting emissions to stay within this limit requires robust finance and technology transfer mechanisms.

i)     India and other developing countries argue that far from making progress on flow of assistance, advanced nations are trying to include regular overseas development funding under the 100 billion dollar category, in a case of fudging and double accounting.

j)     One highlight of the Indian approach to curbing emissions is a major scaling up of renewable energy to 175 GW by 2022, outlined in the INDC.

k)    Overall, Indias effort along with other developing countries such as Brazil, China and South Africa would be to reinforce equity in any climate agreement arrived at in Paris, and for developed countries to enhance action on cutting their carbon emissions in the period before 2020.

3.

Turkey shoots down Russian plane for violating airspace (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     International

a)     Islamic State (IS)

b)     Syria crisis

c)     NATO

a)  Turkish fighter jets on patrol near Syrian border shot down a Russian warplane that Turkey said had violated its airspace, a long-feared escalation that could further strain relations between Russia and the West.

b)     Russian President Putin said that he found it suspicious that Turkey had reached out to its NATO allies after downing of a Russian jet over the Syrian border but not to Moscow.

c)     Russias entry into heavily trafficked skies around Syria raised immediate concerns about mishaps that could lead to confrontations involving Turkey (a NATO member) and the US. Turkey has warned Moscow about intrusions in its airspace at least two times since it began its bombing campaign in September and last week shot down an unmanned aerial device that analysts said was likely of Russian origin.

d)     Meanwhile, the US and France said they would like Russia to be part of their joint efforts to fight IS in Syria and Iraq, but put the onus on Russia to prove its credentials by giving up its support to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

4.

Crime & penalty in Bangladesh (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     War crimes trial in Bangladesh

b)     Bangladesh liberation war 1971

a)     The ongoing war crimes trial in Bangladesh, which seeks to heal decades-old wounds in society by finding and punishing those who committed grievous crimes during the countrys liberation war in 1971, has invited applause and also raised concerns.

b)     After more than 40 years of independence, justice is finally being seen to be done as the Sheikh Hasina govt took it upon itself to see the trials through. These crimes remained unresolved all these years because of Bangladeshs complex post-liberation history.

c)     While theres little doubt that the Awami League govt is committed to doing what it can to punish the war criminals, what acts as a dampener is its embrace of the death penalty as a means to bring in justice.

d)     From a moral standpoint, executions actually weaken the Bangladesh govts position in its struggle with the extremists. On the other side, these executions happen at a time when Bangladesh is grappling with the problem of Islamist fundamentalism.

e)     The hard-line position the govt is taking against the opposition could help extremist groups recruit followers from among embittered opposition sympathisers. Despite the govts tough position and the hanging of its leaders Jamaat-e-Islami (the countrys largest Islamist party) is still organisationally strong, and has vowed to take revenge by establishing Islam in Bangladesh.

f)   The challenge before Dhaka is huge. It has to ensure that those who committed crimes against humanity during war are brought to justice, while at the same time preventing Islamist forces from using that process to their benefit.

5.

Focus now is on counter-radicalisation (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     Counter-radicalisation

b)     Islamic State (IS)

a)   First it was Badla (revenge), after Batla House encounter it was Farz (duty) and now it is Deen (religion) - this is the opening line of a secret document prepared by the Telangana Police to explain the influence of the dreaded militant outfit (the IS) in India.

b)     Though Indian intelligence agencies were little late to wake up to the dangers posed by the IS, with already six of 23 who joined the fight in Iraq and Syria dead, the agencies and the government have finally put their act together. The thrust is on counter-radicalisation.

c)     From roping in heads of Muslim religious bodies to issue fatwas against the IS to that of keeping an eye on educational institutions, the agencies are acting behind the curtain to discourage young Muslim men and women from being attracted to the IS.

6.

GST Bill tops agenda for Winter Session (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Goods and Services Tax (GST) Bill

 

a)     In what promises to be yet another difficult session of Parliament (scheduled to commence on Nov 26) coming as it does soon after the Bihar elections, the govts top priority remains the controversial GST Bill. PM Modi made this clear in Singapore on Nov 24.

b)     But the govts success in taking its reforms agenda forward will hinge on how many concessions it is willing to make to Congress that has drawn several red lines through present draft Bill. Meanwhile, the Congress leaders continued to maintain that no effort has been made by the government to narrow down differences on the contentious law.

7.

Take Chetia on board, says ULFA faction (Page 13)

a)     National

a)     Northeast peace process

b)     ULFA

a)    The pro-talks faction of ULFA appealed to the Centre to include its recently deported general secretary Anup Chetia in the peace process, saying without his participation the dialogue would remain inconclusive.

b)     ULFA leader Shashadhar Choudhury said the next round of talks with the Central govt would be held in December in which Chetia is expected to take part.

8.

Not without our girls (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Sex Ratio

b)     Census 2011

c)     Gender equality

d)     Demographic transition

a)    New data from the Census have confirmed yet again what is now very well known - the Indian desire for a male child (even if at the exclusion of a female child) is widespread and well-established.

b)  However, within this known phenomenon are two different and in some ways contrasting processes that are going on simultaneously among different socio-economic groups, processes with great import for Indias demographic future.

c)     On the one hand, there is a clear birth advantage for male children in India, an advantage of such magnitude that it is almost certainly artificial. Among women who had one child, 22 million said that they had a girl and 28.5 million had a boy, clearly indicating a disproportionately large number of boys being born.

d)     Even given the small genetic and biological advantage that boys enjoy, meaning that a slightly larger number of boys than girls are naturally born, there is an implication of pre-natal sex selection which is leading to more boys being born.

e)     India has had remarkable success in lowering fertility to the extent that its southern States have now reached replacement levels of fertility, at which the population growth will stabilise and the population as a whole will stop growing.

f)     India must build on its success at bringing down fertility levels, but it cannot be unmindful of immense cost to its girl children this is coming at. It must begin a meaningful conversation on gender equality, backed with a gender-equal economic regime, going forward, or this will be a hollow demographic transition.

9.

India to sell rupee bonds: Modi (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     Rupee Bonds

b)     National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF)

c)     Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

a)     India has decided to start selling Rupee Bonds in some countries to provide long-term finance for infrastructure development in the country. This will be in addition to the setting up of the NIIF and introduction of the tax-free Infrastructure Bonds.

b)    Stating that his govt had taken dynamic steps early this month to further open up the economy for FDI, Modi said that with this last round of reforms, India will be among most open economies for FDI.

c)     He said new sectors have been fully opened for FDI, adding that entry and exit norms had already been relaxed to a great extent. For most of the sectors, the FDI clearances were now on automatic route.

10.

New species of tree frog discovered (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Rhacophorid tree frog

b)     Western Ghats

a)     A team discovered a new species of Rhacophorid tree frog of the genus Ghatixalus. The new species is named Ghatixalus magnus after its large size making it the biggest known tree frog from the Western Ghats. The team has also rediscovered a frog that had been evading for the past many decades.

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