UPSC IAS The Hindu Current Affairs 13 March 2018 highlights are:
- They allow for flexibility to continue political engagement and economic cooperation with their common adversary.
- They avoid entrapment of being dragged in to a partners dispute and potentially in to a conflict.
- At the same time, strategic partnership provides for regular political and military interactions for a collaborative approach to strategic policies.
India and Japan relations perfectly figure in to the above relationship.
- India will not get deep in to Japan disputes and the same is the case with Japan. A mutual cooperation exists on the wider issues where win win situation exists.
Important developments of India – Japan special strategic and global partnership are
- Japan is the only country India allowed to invest in infrastructure in North east.
- There is a joint infrastructure project development – Asia – Africa Growth corridor.
- Japan and India agreed to have annual summits and 2+ 2 format for defence and foreign ministers meeting.
- India is buying ShinMaywa Amphibious ships from Japan.
- Japan is investing in infrastructure development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nuclear deal in danger
Trump’s continuous tirade against Iran nuclear deal appears to be an end to Obama era pragmatism. Nuclear deal was successfully able to stop Iran form developing a nuclear weapon. Added to this, Iran never violated the deal. In these circumstances USA imposing sanctions against Iran, will set a dangerous precedent in international agreements. Iran nuclear deal being multilateral agreement, President shall end his rhetoric.
A big broom
Government effort to release names of shell companies, Name and shame its directors may not yield sufficient results to fight unaccounted money. In the process, there is a possibility of harassing genuine companies or directors.
The best way forward is to arrest systemic shortcomings.
Tax payer rights and obligations
Indian tax administration system shall move from an enforcement to a service based model. Intentions of reforms are good but they are reactive. DTAA, GAAR, transfer price mechanism, implementation of GST all have challenges.
improvement in taxpayers’ service, enhanced use of information and communication technology, exchange of information with other agencies, expansion of tax base, compliance management, etc. Need to be improved to make tax administration Service oriented.
Beyond social Media
In India Geographical indications (Registration and protection) act 1999 has provided for registration of Geographical indications. There is no effective monitoring mechanism for quality compliance of the same. Unlike this in the European regulation clearly provides for monitoring at multiple levels. India also shall have the same.
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13 March 2018
Maharashtra CM bows to demands of farmers
Maharashtra Government has offered a six month road map to address agrarian distress. Fifteen thousand farmers have marched to Mumbai walking 200km to show their grievances. March was organised by All India Kisan Sabha. March received a warm reception from mumbaikars. It clearly shows urban sensitivity to issues of farmers.
Indo French Harmony
president of France Emmanuel Macron is on a visit to India and important developments are
Joint vision statement on the Indian Ocean region : It is clearly aimed at countering China’s influence in the region.
International solar alliance : India has pledged $1.4bn for international solar alliance.
Nuclear energy : Both countries expressed their commitment to Jaitapur nuclear energy plant.
Reciprocal logistics support : Prime Minister Modi called it as a gold step in defence cooperation. It also clearly shows that india and France wants to diversify strategy postures beyond current choices.
India and France are bringing in a new global partnership surrounding clean energy.
Mr . Macron also have a parallel commitment to china to help lead the Belt and Road initiative with China. so, cooperation in Indian Ocean region as it stands today is more symbolic than substantive.
In a transformed electoral arena
Indian politics have got a substantial shift to right. It is in line with global trend. There is a general trend of decreasing presence of moderate left and social democrats. The major reasons for the change in India are
BJP is a votary of young, assertive leadership.
Effective use of social Media
Use of science of psychometrics in elections.
Micro management of elections.
The cost of Education
A balance is required between private educational institutions autonomy to generate surplus and public need for an affordable, quality education. There is no proper legal clarity on this issue.
Supreme Court of India in TMA Pai foundation vs state of Karnataka has stated that Government can only regulate academic standards, atmosphere, infrastructure and prevention of man administration by the school management.
In Islamic academy of education vs state of Karnataka supreme court held that private institutions have the autonomy to generate surplus which must be used for their betterment and growth.
States like Tamilnadu, Karnataka have imposed limitations on maximum fees private institutions can collect. but, lack of effective institutions, financial mismanagement by school managements are the challenges that need to be addressed.
Ineffective and Arbitrary
Imposing death penalty as a punishment for perpetrators of child rape is not based on empirical evidence. Govt can effectively its resources on
Preventive measures like risk assessment and management, cognitive behavioural treatment, community protection measures etc.
POCSO act, 2012 need to be effectively implemented. Certainty of punishment is more important than the severity of punishment.
Child protection and rehabilitation services, child friendly legal procedures are essential.
Death penalty India report of 2016 states that a very large proportion of death row prisoners are extremely poor and belong to marginalised groups. Hey barley have any access to legal representation. In this, severe punishments can cause miscarriage of Justice.