UPSC IAS The Hindu Current Affairs 17th April 2018 highlights are:
- They allow for flexibility to continue political engagement and economic cooperation with their common adversary.
- They avoid entrapment of being dragged in to a partners dispute and potentially in to a conflict.
- At the same time, strategic partnership provides for regular political and military interactions for a collaborative approach to strategic policies.
India and Japan relations perfectly figure in to the above relationship.
- India will not get deep in to Japan disputes and the same is the case with Japan. A mutual cooperation exists on the wider issues where win win situation exists.
Important developments of India – Japan special strategic and global partnership are
- Japan is the only country India allowed to invest in infrastructure in North east.
- There is a joint infrastructure project development – Asia – Africa Growth corridor.
- Japan and India agreed to have annual summits and 2+ 2 format for defence and foreign ministers meeting.
- India is buying ShinMaywa Amphibious ships from Japan.
- Japan is investing in infrastructure development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nuclear deal in danger
Trump’s continuous tirade against Iran nuclear deal appears to be an end to Obama era pragmatism. Nuclear deal was successfully able to stop Iran form developing a nuclear weapon. Added to this, Iran never violated the deal. In these circumstances USA imposing sanctions against Iran, will set a dangerous precedent in international agreements. Iran nuclear deal being multilateral agreement, President shall end his rhetoric.
A big broom
Government effort to release names of shell companies, Name and shame its directors may not yield sufficient results to fight unaccounted money. In the process, there is a possibility of harassing genuine companies or directors.
The best way forward is to arrest systemic shortcomings.
Tax payer rights and obligations
Indian tax administration system shall move from an enforcement to a service based model. Intentions of reforms are good but they are reactive. DTAA, GAAR, transfer price mechanism, implementation of GST all have challenges.
improvement in taxpayers’ service, enhanced use of information and communication technology, exchange of information with other agencies, expansion of tax base, compliance management, etc. Need to be improved to make tax administration Service oriented.
Beyond social Media
In India Geographical indications (Registration and protection) act 1999 has provided for registration of Geographical indications. There is no effective monitoring mechanism for quality compliance of the same. Unlike this in the European regulation clearly provides for monitoring at multiple levels. India also shall have the same.
Prelims Roundup (2000) –www.laex.in/testprep
NCERT Videos Available at www.laex.in/testprep
17 April 2018
Foreign policy of India and SAARC region in general are on a strong footing for reset.
China : Post Doklam standoff, built up of military infrastructure by china is not given serious and hard look by India. There are high level visits between the countries. China is expected to support India’s entry in to NSG and CPEC is expected to be extended to Afghanistan as PACE. Added to this, China is willing to take India’s sovereign accounts in to consideration to keep projects in Gilgit- Baltistan region, PoK out of scope of Belt and road initiative. Added to this, India can generate a collective opinion among south Asia countries on sustainability of debt related to OBOR.
Nepal : India has welcomed Nepal Prime Minister Oli with open mind and constitutional aspects Nepal were out of discussion and a thing of past.
Maldives :Inspite of pressure from opposition and USA in Maldives, India has desisted itself from invoking with emergency imposed sin Maldives
Pakistan : Government admitted in Parliament about the ongoing interaction at National security advisor level. As Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal are requesting, India is also expected to take more conciliatory note on SAARC summit to be held in Pakistan.
Its time to replace UGC act
In order to overhaul higher education in India. UGV need to be replaced with Higher education regulatory commission, an advisory council and finance, accreditation boards. Added to this, universities need to be categorised based on quality and shall be awarded autonomy in proportion to the same.
At Home and in Exile
Climate change is bringing in climate exiles – an internally displaced population. South Asia is expected to have highest number of climate exiles. They are going to pose a challenge to urbanisation and planning. The poor would be the worst affected.
So integrating internal migration with ongoing development programs is essential. Peri urban areas need to be given greater attention. Eco systems, part of the natural resources in Peri Urban areas, ought to be protected as special economic zones.
Publish or perish
Making original research mandatory in medical intuitions without building research infrastructure is unrealistic. It will encourage bio data publications that are poor in quality. It also deflects attention away from clinics, academics and social mission.
In the lord’s hands
The UK Government faces a tough Brexit week with a crucial vote in Parliament. Jeremy corbynof labour party, Brexit supporters are now looking other way round to have a common customs union with EU. It is expected to reduce the risk of hard border between Britain and republic of Ireland and isolation of Britain.