UPSC IAS The Hindu Current Affairs 24th May 2018 highlights are:
- They allow for flexibility to continue political engagement and economic cooperation with their common adversary.
- They avoid entrapment of being dragged in to a partners dispute and potentially in to a conflict.
- At the same time, strategic partnership provides for regular political and military interactions for a collaborative approach to strategic policies.
India and Japan relations perfectly figure in to the above relationship.
- India will not get deep in to Japan disputes and the same is the case with Japan. A mutual cooperation exists on the wider issues where win win situation exists.
Important developments of India – Japan special strategic and global partnership are
- Japan is the only country India allowed to invest in infrastructure in North east.
- There is a joint infrastructure project development – Asia – Africa Growth corridor.
- Japan and India agreed to have annual summits and 2+ 2 format for defence and foreign ministers meeting.
- India is buying ShinMaywa Amphibious ships from Japan.
- Japan is investing in infrastructure development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nuclear deal in danger
Trump’s continuous tirade against Iran nuclear deal appears to be an end to Obama era pragmatism. Nuclear deal was successfully able to stop Iran form developing a nuclear weapon. Added to this, Iran never violated the deal. In these circumstances USA imposing sanctions against Iran, will set a dangerous precedent in international agreements. Iran nuclear deal being multilateral agreement, President shall end his rhetoric.
A big broom
Government effort to release names of shell companies, Name and shame its directors may not yield sufficient results to fight unaccounted money. In the process, there is a possibility of harassing genuine companies or directors.
The best way forward is to arrest systemic shortcomings.
Tax payer rights and obligations
Indian tax administration system shall move from an enforcement to a service based model. Intentions of reforms are good but they are reactive. DTAA, GAAR, transfer price mechanism, implementation of GST all have challenges.
improvement in taxpayers’ service, enhanced use of information and communication technology, exchange of information with other agencies, expansion of tax base, compliance management, etc. Need to be improved to make tax administration Service oriented.
Beyond social Media
In India Geographical indications (Registration and protection) act 1999 has provided for registration of Geographical indications. There is no effective monitoring mechanism for quality compliance of the same. Unlike this in the European regulation clearly provides for monitoring at multiple levels. India also shall have the same.
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24 May 2018
China wants Pakistan to relocate Hafiz saeed to a west Asian country.
Chinese president Xi Jingping apparently advised Prime Minister of Pakistan to relocate Jammat Ud dawa chief Hafeez Sayeed out of Pakistan.
No change in Monsoon Arrival
IMD stated that conditions are very favourable for the south west monsoons to move in to south Andaman sea in the next 72 hours. This year monsoon is expected to be normal.
Do we need the office of the governor?
Office of governor has a colonial origin. As per Government of India act, office is meant to check elected ministers authority. In a way, it is an attempt to continue British authority over Indian leaders.
In the constitution assembly, dearth of competent legislators in the state, need for centralisation to keep country united have guided our leaders to retain governor office. though, doubts are expressed about his role in Government formation – it was dismissed as a rare possibility. Governor office is viewed as a constitutional office with no power interfere with day to day administration.
Today, the very reasons for continuation of office of governor stands irrelevant. India proved and established itself as a nation and strong leadership developed at state level. On the other side, fears over governor role during hung assembly become real. In 1952 itself, governor Sri prakasa called Rajaji of congress instead of UDF, a coalition of parties which enjoyed majority. Latest Karnataka example is a continuation of this saga. It need to bring a debate on constitutional role of governor.
Natural capital in the 21st century
In India, green accounting is not in practice. India can only understand its national wealth comprehensively only If it takes loss of natural capital in economic growth in to consideration. Though compendium of economic statistics 2013 of ministry of statistics mentions of green GDP and methodology to conduct it, it did not move forward.
Lack of micro level data on capital formation is a major challenge.
Philip roth – an author from USA passed away. His American trilogy – American pastoral, I Married a communist and the Human stain were a clear depiction of post war changes in American society. He was unmatched in his unflinching depiction of post war America.
Justice and redemption
Society and parents have a collective responsibility to provide a safe environment for children to grow. Failure to provide for this is depicted as rise in violence against them. If a child faces brutality, society’s contract with its own spirit is violated.
Black, white or in-between
Social Media is able to reduce people opinions in to strict binaries. It is decreasing the space for debate.
Poll tactics alone wont defeat BJP
Prakash karat of CPM says that strong developmental agenda centred in Justice and equality need to be in place to fight right wing in India.
Maldives a challenge, says Navy chief
Navy chief Sunil lamba states that Maldives growing proximity to china is a concern for India.