UPSC IAS The Hindu Current Affairs 30th May 2018 highlights are:
- They allow for flexibility to continue political engagement and economic cooperation with their common adversary.
- They avoid entrapment of being dragged in to a partners dispute and potentially in to a conflict.
- At the same time, strategic partnership provides for regular political and military interactions for a collaborative approach to strategic policies.
India and Japan relations perfectly figure in to the above relationship.
- India will not get deep in to Japan disputes and the same is the case with Japan. A mutual cooperation exists on the wider issues where win win situation exists.
Important developments of India – Japan special strategic and global partnership are
- Japan is the only country India allowed to invest in infrastructure in North east.
- There is a joint infrastructure project development – Asia – Africa Growth corridor.
- Japan and India agreed to have annual summits and 2+ 2 format for defence and foreign ministers meeting.
- India is buying ShinMaywa Amphibious ships from Japan.
- Japan is investing in infrastructure development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nuclear deal in danger
Trump’s continuous tirade against Iran nuclear deal appears to be an end to Obama era pragmatism. Nuclear deal was successfully able to stop Iran form developing a nuclear weapon. Added to this, Iran never violated the deal. In these circumstances USA imposing sanctions against Iran, will set a dangerous precedent in international agreements. Iran nuclear deal being multilateral agreement, President shall end his rhetoric.
A big broom
Government effort to release names of shell companies, Name and shame its directors may not yield sufficient results to fight unaccounted money. In the process, there is a possibility of harassing genuine companies or directors.
The best way forward is to arrest systemic shortcomings.
Tax payer rights and obligations
Indian tax administration system shall move from an enforcement to a service based model. Intentions of reforms are good but they are reactive. DTAA, GAAR, transfer price mechanism, implementation of GST all have challenges.
improvement in taxpayers’ service, enhanced use of information and communication technology, exchange of information with other agencies, expansion of tax base, compliance management, etc. Need to be improved to make tax administration Service oriented.
Beyond social Media
In India Geographical indications (Registration and protection) act 1999 has provided for registration of Geographical indications. There is no effective monitoring mechanism for quality compliance of the same. Unlike this in the European regulation clearly provides for monitoring at multiple levels. India also shall have the same.
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30 May 2018
Centre’s offer of talks not clear, says Jammu and Kashmir separatists
In the first formal response, separatist leaders in Jammu and Kashmir held that centre offer fro talks is not clear and concrete. Stressing the need to have dialogue for political redressal, they held that dialogue need to involve all stake holders and it has to be result oriented.
Bengal’s Chat mask acquires GI fame
Chau mask of Purulia, the wooden mask of Kushmandi, the patachitra, the okras of Bengal and Madhurkathi have been presented with GI tag.
Data in a post truth age
In a post truth world, official data generated by Government agencies appears as a rescuer. But, people confidence on official data appears to be weaning. It will have serious consequences to debate and thereby to democracy in India.
To instil trust, data has to demonstrate competence, reliability and honesty. India is about to announce a national policy on official statistics and it shall take above three qualities to make them true worthy.
- Competence and honesty can be vouched through inclusion of permanent, trained employees rather than including temporary hired people on an ad hoc basis. Conduct of a survey needs a tact and it can only be acquired trough experience.
- Reliability can be increased by making data collection and conduct of survey cross disciplinary. Questionnaires can be developed by a cross section of intellectuals across the disciplines.
Indian statistical institutions have always worked closely with government officials. Any dichotomy between these two can undermine the quality of data.
Added to this, National policy on official statistics proposes for a centralised institution/society to coordinate different levels of Government for data needs. It can centralise the entire exercise. It is better to create an eco system to harness data from various sources – private, NGO, Government etc.
A maritime stretch
India and Indonesia are developing a strong maritime relationship and it is expected to be a win win situation. To consolidate the same Prime Minister modi is making a visit to Indonesia. They aim to synergise global maritime fulcrum and act east Asia policy.
- Indonesia invited India to develop satang port and an economic zone. It is a strategic port located at the mouth of straits of Malacca. It will help Indian navy to collect data on shipping lines in malice straits and it can also help India to check growing influence of China in Eastern Indian ocean.
- Both India and Indonesia are willing to jointly manage other strategic choke points. Straits of Lombok and sunda. It is Indian Navy’s primary area of interest. India is expected to gain access to Naval bases in lampung on Sunda strait, Denpasar and Banyuwangi on the lombong strait.
- A comprehensive defence cooperation agreement is expected to be signed between India and Indonesia.
- India aims to grow itself as a net security provider in the region. Logistical partnership with Indonesia, Australia is expected to make it possible.
- Cruise tourism is also proposed between sabang, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
- A territorial dispute exists for Indonesia with china in Natuna Sea. Indonesia is also uncomfortable with chinese aggressive stand on south china sea.
Stress and disorder are increasing in parliament – Interview with P J Kurien.
- To ease disruptions , back channel communications need to be strong between Government and opposition.
- An intermediate session can be conducted to makeup for the loss of time in a session.
- Disruption in parliament is a collective failure of Government and opposition.
India, UK to talk amid rows
India and UK are talking on
- Extradition of economic fugitives
- Mutual legal assistance cases – Khalistan groups
- Return of undocumented Indian Immigrants in UK.